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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Monday, January 31, 1933
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
aws may crea te pro
1 . B
By KEITH BRADSHER
Photocopying an entire book is allowed at Copy
Quick, said employee Doug Baker who mans the
Franklin Street photocopying center alone. "I
don't have much of an understanding of copyright
laws as they apply," said Baker.
"I didn't get any permission from publishers,"
said professor James C. Ingram, who sends stu
dents to Universal Printing and Publishing Com
pany to order photocopies of a two-inch-thick
stack of 10- and 20-page photocopied articles.
Since it went into effect in 1978, the fair use sec
tion of copyright law has created confusion and
disagreement among publishers, professor and
copy centers. The section was written to facilitate
the use of copyrighted material for educational
and news reporting purposes.
The language of the legislation is vague: "the
factors to be considered will include " Factors
mentioned in the law are: whether or not the use of
the copyrighted material is for a non-profit educa
tional purpose; the nature of the copyrighted
work; the amount of the copied portion in relation
to the size of the work as a whole; and the effect
upon the potential market for the copyrighted
Because the law is applied on a case-by-case
basis, there are many different interpretations of
it. For example, under the guidelines sponsored by
the Association of American Publishers and 38
education organizations, a professor or student
may not copy more than a chapter from a book for
his or her own scholarly research.
The publisher's association had a much stricter
interpretation of copyright law than other authori
ties, said Edward G. Holley, Dean of the School of
The guidelines of the copyright division of the
Library of Congress permit the copying of an en
tire book for individual research.
In mid-December, nine members of the AAP
filed suit against New York University, nine mem
bers of its faculty, and a photocopying center near
its Washington Square campus for copyright in
fringement. The publishers seek an award for
damages and a permanent injunction against fur-,
ther illegal photocopying. The publishers accuse
the defendants of, "causing and engaging in the
ft to .
-w : i .-ft-. "
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Agony of Defeat
DTHChartes W. Ledford
UNC wrestler Tommy Gorry grimaces in agony as N.CState's
Tab Thacker watches. The two were wrestling Friday when Gorry
suffered a rib injury. See related story on page 5.
unauthorized and unlawful reproduction, antho
logizing, distribution, and sale of plaintiffs' copy
Chapel Hill copy centers vary widely in the pre
cautions they take to prevent copyright infringe
ments on their premises. At Copy Quick, texts of
the fair use doctrine are not available, said Baker.
Higher prices are charged on the photocopying of
books lo discourage their wholesale copying. But
Copy Quick is willing to make a copy of an entire
book for an educational purpose, Baker said.
Both Universal Printing & Publishing Co., a
private company, and UNC's own printing and
developing department rely upon the professor to
know and observe copyright laws. "We're not sup
posed to turn anybody down," said Robert
McMillan, operator of UNC Printing's Law
School copy center. UNC Printing only works for
university-recognized organizations with account
numbers for photocopying. "Generally we assume
that anything brought to us is for educational pur
poses. Otherwise we don't do it," said copy center
supervisor Burnice Hackney.
. "The professors involved must take care of any
legalities," said Crawford "Duffy" Gilligan,
Center helps victims
manager of Universal. There is no clear-cut answer
to whether a copy center is liable for infractions
committed by customers, said Holley. Holley serv
ed as chairman of the copyright committee of the
American Library Association for part of the time
when the fair use doctrine was being formulated by
Congress in the mid-1970s.
Copytron takes many precautions. The center
refuses to publish more than 10 to 25 percent of a
copyrighted work without written consent from
the publisher, said Mary Boren, co-owner of
Copytron. Questionable cases are referred to
Susan Ehringhaus, an assistant to the chancellor
who has advised a number of faculty members on
copyright matters, Boren said.
Like Universal and UNC Printing, Copytron
prominently posts copies of the fair use section.
Copytron further requires professors to sign a
statement of compliance with the fair use section,
particularly the question of whether copying will
damage the market for a copyrighted work.
"No professor is going to ask his students to buy
Time magazine from May 4, 1968," said Terry
Boren, co-owner of Copytron. "There are four
conditions that's only one," said Holley.
Spontaneity should be an important considera
tion, he said. If a professor decides immediately
before a lecture to use a copyrighted article and
there is not enough time to ask the publisher for
permission, the professor may reproduce the
work, he said.
He must still obey all other strictures, such as
not making a'profit, not making more copies than
there are students and using the reproductions only
for educational purposes. If the professor has time
to contact the publisher, he should, Holley said.
"A lot of people decide for themselves (about
the legality of copying). That may not be a good
thing," Ehringhaus said. Ingram said that he un
derstood that by sending each student to Universal
to obtain his or her own copy of the articles, the
whole class could obtain copies under the clause of
copyright law providing fair use for individual
scholarship. Some of the articles are copyrighted.
This is the second year that Ingram has had one or
more of the copyrighted articles copied. "I've talk
ed around with colleagues," Ingram said. Ingram
said he has not read the fair use law itself.
See COPY on page 2
jCSt O J ;
Ey OIARLOTTE HOLMES
Lori Ann was raped outside a Charlotte bus
terminal five years ago. Her bus, en route to
Virginia Beach from an Alabama football game,
had made a late-night stop in Charlotte to pick up
more passengers. The 23-year-old had ventured out
side the station to get fresh air and to stretch her
Five years after the young black man startled her
with a knife and raped her in a nearby abandoned
warehouse, Lori Ann thinks she has finally re
He grabbed her arm and motioned with his knife
as she was doing knee bends, she said,
. "Don't scream,' he said. 'Just do what I tell
you sndcLAVon't hurt you. Be good to mc, " she
Lori Arm remembers those words as if the inci
dent happened yesterday. - - , -. . .
Lori Ann, who asked that her red name be with-
i:itl:r zzxQ with Hit!? ryrl tr ?jrir j ty cm:
- plying with the rapist's demands. She did riot press
charges but fled quickly on the next bus to Virginia
Beach, where she lived alone and held a waitressing
But the emotional consequences were not as easi
ly escaped. ,
. "I was clinically depressed for months after the
.rape," Lori Ann said. "You feel really crummy;
you lose all self-esteem.
"I felt I had no control in my life anymore," she
said. "I had had anorexia nervosa since I was 14.
The rape just triggered my eating problems all over
Tjn. If I was going to feel so down, at least I
wasn't going to be fat."
One month after the bus station rape, a man
broke into Lori Ann's apartment while she was
asleep. She called the break-in the "straw that broke
the camel's back."
Lori Anil's reaction is characteristic of the rape
trauma syndrome experienced by many rape vic
tims, according to Mary Ann Chap, director of the
Orange County Rape Crisis Center.
This syndrome consists of two observable phases
the acute, which entails an abrupt disruption of
the victim's lifestyle by the rape crisis, and the long
term reorganization process, which involves coming
to grips with the rape, over time, Chap said.
Lori Ann was surprised at her initial response to
the rape, , .
"Most people think you would fall apart if some
thing like that happens to you," she said. "But I
think the instinct to stay alive and to calm down and
use your head prevails."
Lori Ann didn't buckle under pressure during the
assault. Only after it was all over, back in the bus
station, did she begin to cry. She hid in a luggage
compartment h the station, petrirled that he would
. come back to find her.
"I was scared for my life," she said. "He told me
he'd killed two other girls he raped. I just kept tell
ing myself, -'you've got to stay alive.'
rre rl .'TrhrncI icVovdr." a rape, according to
a hand-cut used to train Center volunteers. They
- found victims displayed two main styles of emotion:
either controlled or expressed. In the expressed style
of emotion, the victim showed anger, fear and anxi
ety with tears and a tense composure. In the con
trolled style, the victim's feelings were masked while
their composure was calm, the hand-out stated.
, During Lcri Ann's long-term reorganization, she
began to fed the impact of the rape and a subse
quent apartment break-in.
- "After the man broke into my apartment while I
was sIeepir-3, 1 went into a dinical depression' Lori
"I just stopped going to work. I was scared to
sleep in my apartment for fear the man would come
back to raps me, I slept in the back of a Pinto in the
parking let of a 24-hour grocery store. After two
months cf this depression, I got counseling and I
went for three years." '
Z mytn cceut rzpe victims is tnat tney
Chap said the recovery process varied with each
victim depending on a number of variables.
Fear, anger and a sense of loss of control are ,
three reactions common to most victims, Chap said.
The rape crisis center provides "companions," who
are volunteers on call 24 hours per day to respond to
victims Helpline calls,
"Our companion first helps the victim regain her
sense of control," Chap said. "During the rape, the
assailant has control and afterward the police and
the hospital have control never the woman."
Karen Winstead has been a "companion" at the
Orange County Rape Crisis Center for two and a
"First we make sure the woman is okay," Win
stead said. "If they need medical attention, we offer I
to take them to the hospital. Sometimes they don't
seek medical attention but prefer to just talk it over
with us. It seems to help the victims to know that -someone
is on their side. They want to find out if ;
what they are going through is normal'
"A lot of women get. the impression that they
brought the r?pe on themselves or that they are abnormal,'-Winstead
said. "We listen empathetically;
to them, allow them to vent anger and try to re-.
i spond to their feelings. It is a traumatic experience
for women and we need to hold everyone responsi
H ble for rape not just women."
Lori Ann and her boyfriend broke up shortly
after the rape. If it happened again, she said she
wouldn't tell her parents or a boyfriend of an
"It's really embarrassing," Lori Ann said. "I
wish I hadn't told anyone.It keeps coming up
again. I was the one raped by a black man."
Lori Ann said the rape "taught her a lesson." She
won't go anywhere alone anymore and professes a
general mistrust of people's intensions. After three
years of psychiatric therapy for her eating disorders
and for the rape, Lori Ann said she has recovered.
She says she winces when she sees a woman hitch
hiking alone. "I just want to tell them how foolish
. they are being."
RHA endorses iMontoe, DeRochL Ives
The Residence Hall Association Governing Board
Sunday endorsed Kevin Monroe for student body
president, Kerry DeRochi for Daily Tar Heel editor
and Brad Ives for Carolina Athletic Association
president. However, the board failed to endorse a
candidate for the RHA presidency.
The board made the endorsements after a five
hour closed forum, the first of the 1983 election
"We felt that to endorse one candidate is to say we
feel one candidate is significantly better than the
other," RHA President Scott Templeton said. The
board "could not determine that one was head and
shoulders above the other," Templeton said of Mark
Dalton and Henry Miles, two of the three RHA
But the board was concerned about the third can
didate for the office, Frank Winstead, Templeton
said. "Frank exhibited a very demeaning attitude
toward established authority, and he exhibited no
understanding of the established RHA structure."
The RHA endorsed Monroe for student body
president because of his ability to work with people
and his experience, Templeton said.
"Kevin perhaps summed up the things we liked
about him when he said 'the bottom line is the stu
dents."' Templeton said the board also was impressed that
Monroe was concerned with "getting things right"
inside Student Government before attempting to ex
pand. But the RHA officials expressed concern that
Jon Reckford, a second candidate for student body
president, appeared somewhat "rigidly structured,"
DeRochi' s journalism experience and administra
tive capabilities were reasons the board endorsed her
over the other DTH editorial candidate, John
Altschuler, Templeton said.
The board was impressed with Altschuler's plans
for the DTH, but was concerned with his lack of ex
perience, Templeton said.
The board endorsed Brad Ives for CAA president
because he "seems to have some very strong ideas
about making CAA a more important force in the
athletic department," Templeton said.
The board also was impressed with Ives' proposals
for basketball ticket distribution, block seats for
football games and his "potentially good home
coming ideas," Templeton said.
During the forum, the student body presidential
candidates were asked to spek on the relationship
between the Student Government "and RHA; RHA
and Student Government functions concerning hous
ing; and the role each candidate would take with the
v Although Student Government and RHA are two
separate organizations, there is overlap and boun
daries are difficult to set, Monroe said, adding that
he wants to gain the respect of the students and the
"For example, on issues like the food service and
the cooking policy, the main problem was not just a
lack of communication, but a lack of the right kind
of communication," Monroe said. "We are two dif
ferent organizations getting information from two
different groups of students."
Monroe also suggested running the Student
Government academic advising program in conjunc
tion with the RHA because "it's something that can
benefit from the energy of both bodies."
Reckford agreed that boundaries between Student
Government and RHA were unclear, and that the
two organizations should strive to work together to
represent the students.
Reckford said he felt he was in a good position to
deal with the University administration because of his
experience, and suggested assigning one student from
Student Government to cover South and Steele
buildings as a liaison.
The academic advising program should remain
under Student Government jurisdiction he said,
with only one academic adviser per area instead of
one per hall as the program has now. The advising
program may eventually become independent, he
The RHA board asked DTH editor candidates
Altschuler and DeRochi what their coverage of RHA
would be, how much responsibility the DTH had to
print stories at the request of students and student
organizations and whether they favored an increase
in the student fee.
Altschuler said he did not "see a need for having a
person hanging around RHA meetings," but he add
ed that his plan to orient the DTH toward more local
concerns would include the RHA.
"One thing I'm shooting for is student involve
ment," he said. "I want to change the back page of
the paper to an open forum so students can write in
about what they want to write in about."
Altschuler said he favored the student fee increase
but not for the DTH under its present format.
DeRochi said she would continue the paper's
policy of assigning a reporter to cover RHA. "But I
would work for better communication between the
reporter and the RHA and (University) housing department."
To give student organizations more recognition
DeRochi said she would start a weekly series which
would highlight various organizations. In the past the :
DTH has concentrated only on the larger organiza
tions such as Student Government, she said.
DeRochi said she favored the proposed student fee .
increase because the fee hasn't risen since 1977 and
production costs for the DTH have almost doubled
since then. .
RHA presidential candidates Dalton, Miles and
Winstead discussed what programs and events they
would like to see implemented by RHA
"I don't .like to see change just for the sake of
change," Dalton said. But he added that he would
like to see more programining by RHA, including an
RHA Awareness Week in the fall semester next year.
Miles also advocated an RHA Awareness Week,
and said he would like to see more all-campus pro
grams. Winstead said he wanted "to use RHA to fight
with (University) housing, basically," he said.
Both Dalton and Miles said that better publicity in
the form of an RHA newsletter would improve RHA
unity, while Winstead said that his campaign already
was promoting unity.
"I think my campaign is doing that '(promoting
unity) because it is so radical, people will think about
RHA more," he said.
The board asked candidates for the CAA presi
dency Debbie Flowers, Ives and Padraic Baxter
to propose a basketball ticket distribution system
which would not encourage students to miss class, as .
well as changes for the block seating procedures for
Flowers said she was considering a number of
basketball distribution policies, one of which would
resemble the system the University uses in registering
students for classes.
Her major proposal for a change in the block
seating system dealt with a priority system whereby
students not getting a block one week would be plac-.
ed on a priority list for the next home game.
Ives said he would like to put all the proposals for
block seating procedures before the students and let
them vote for a system. He also advocated moving
ticket distribution days to weekends.
Baxter, who has not formally announced his can
didacy, did not attend the forum but provided the
board with a prepared statement.
Compiled by staff writers Joseph Berryhill, Scott
Bolejack and Liz Lucas.
Altschuler is candidate
for 'Daily Tar Heel' editor
By SCOTT BOLEJACK
John Altschuler, a sophomore anthro
pology major from Cary, announced his
candidacy for The Daily Tar Heel editor
"I want to change the direction of the
paper," Altschuler said. "I would do this
by getting more student involvement in
the paper in other words, make the
student paper a student paper."
Altschuler said he would like to alter
the editorial page of the paper from its
present format to more of an "open
"This would make students feel more
involved with the paper and would make
the paper a medium of communication
for the campus," he said. "In addition, I
would like to change the focus of the
paper from the far-reaching world issues
to the more local concerns of students
and students' lives."
Altschuler said the DTH reached its
lowest point the more it tried to be serious
and he cited articles dealing with El Sal
vador and the Irish Republican Army as
"These articles have a tendency toward
inaccuracy because of the inability of the
writer to get proper firsthand informa
tion," Altschuler said. "These are often
unread or offensive.
"I feel that such articles-have a right to
be written, but they should be relegated
to the forum instead of given the status of
an endorsed article."
: Altschuler said the energy spent on
such articles could be diverted to stories
on things that students are interested in
and read about.
l think that the paper would be more
enjoyed if there were more features such
as record reviews and restaurant re-
views," he said. "This could be done
without adding to the cost of the paper."
Altschuler said he realized a major
function of a school paper was to train
journalism majors to be reporters, but he
added that a newspaper has other respon
sibilities. "I don't think that the DTH should
ever lose sight of the fact that it is a
( school paper supported by a great deal of
student money," he said. "In other
words, I think that the attitude that
comes across from the paper needs to
"Basically, I feel a paper does no good
to anyone if it isn't read. I believe that by
lightening it up, dealing more with fea
tures and opening it to more student in
teraction it could become an enjoyable
means of communication that students
could take pride in."
Altschuler's other interests include ap
plied mathematics, and he is currently
manager of a Raleigh restaurant. His
journalism experience includes work on
his junior high school newspaper.