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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Volume si. Issue ijjf- $
Friday, March 25, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
While these two UNC students
Kistenberg (left) of Greensboro
By PERRY TWISDALE
Gov. Jim Hunt opened the 46th annual
session of the N.C. Student Legislature
Wednesday in Raleigh.
Hunt, a former governor of the NCSL,
spoke tp the delegates of 15 North .
Carolina colleges and universities gathered
in the House chambers of the Old Capitol
Thirty-five delegates from the UNC
chapter of NCSL are attending the five
day session, which operates under the
same legislative procedures as the' N.C.
"The annual session is sort of the climax
of the NCSL year," said senior Gina
Wheeler, president of the UNC delegation.
The funding for the NCSL comes from
the delegations of each school, according
to Joe D'Amico, NCSL governor and
former Chapel Hill delegate.
. "Some schools get student funding to
cover part of their expenses," D'Amico
said. The UNC chapter receives funding
from the Campus Governing Council.
D'Amico said that the NCSL was a
non-profit, tax-exempt organization,,
which allowed them to accept donations
from private business.
North Carolina National Bank and
Wachovia Bank will be sponsoring a
speech by U.S. Sen. William Proxmire on
Saturday at the Carolina Power and Light
Building as part of the session.
The NCSL is the oldest student legis
lature in the South and the first student
organization to be integrated, with the first
black delegates attending the session in
The UNC delegation this year contains
35 delegates and four interns from Chapel
Hill High School. The delegation is one of
the largest in the NCSL, Wheeler said.
The Chapel Hill delegation has spon
sored two bills in the session, one calling
for five-year contracts for career teachers
and another to support equitable distribu
tion of marital property, Wheeler said.
The delegations choose bills from
various issues that are discussed as topics
in individual meetings. Bills are introduced
by delegations and the process of voting
follows the rules of the North Carolina
"We are a model general assembly,"
said Wheeler. "While we do address issues
that concern us as students, we do try to
address a variety of issues facing North
"We have already passed a resolution
earlier this year protesting raising the legal
drinking age to 19," she said.
During the NCSL meeting Wednesday
night, Jim Slaughter, a freshman delegate
from Chapel Hill, was elected speaker of
the House and Wheeler was elected
may have worked on suntans earlier this
and Kerin Butler of Fayetteville battled
t l '
; 5 4
. ' I
speaker pro tern of the House.
In his speech, Hunt stressed the advan
tages of the NCSL and noted the number
of politicians that began their political
"I think this is one of the best ways to
learn the ins and outs of the legislative pro
cedure," Hunt said. "This week you
delegates are going to be facing the same
kinds of issues that we face here in the
The governor's address was followed by
a reception in the Capitol rotunda attend
ed by Gov. Hunt, Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green,
State Auditor Ed Renfrew, Insurance
, Commissioner John Ingram, N.C.
Secretary of State Thad Eure, . N.C.
Supreme Court Justice Burley Mitchell,
N.C. Supreme Court Justice Joseph
Branch, 85 N.C. representatives and 25
"Students have good ideas on issues,"
Hunt said following his address.
"Most of the time they are ahead of the
wave, and usually society comes to their
point of view. The NCSL is a place where
this has clearly happened. -
Eure said that he aided Professor Edwin
H. Paget of North Carolina State College
in the first meeting of the NCSL in 1937,
making the NCSL the oldest state student
legislature in the nation.
"I think the NCSL has more than met
the expectations that it began with," Eure
x v. - IV "
week, that certainly wasn't the case
in front of Connor Dorm during the
- .. . :::' . -Xvss
- - " f
The Associated Press .
- WASHINGTON' Iri'S Stinging1 rebukeTd President
Reagan, the House passed 229-196 Wednesday night a
Democratic budget plan that would slash his defense
buildup by more than half, raise $30 billion in new taxes
and restore $33 billion of his proposed cuts in social pro
grams. The vote came just as Reagan delivered a nationwide
broadcast in which he called for the development of
futuristic anti-missile weapons and urged Americans "to
tell your senators and congressmen that you know we
must continue to restore our military growth."
But an exultant House Speaker Thomas P. "Tip"
O'Neill, D-Mass., declared "The people believe that
Reagan policies are unfair and have gone top far. This
evening the House voted to restore fairness and balance to
our national policies."
Said Reagan: "If we stop in midstream, we will not on
ly jeopardize the progress we have made to date we will
mortgage our ability to deter war and achieve genuine
arms reductions. And we will send a signal of decline, of
lessened will, to friends and adversaries alike."
Only four Republicans, Reps. Matthew Rinaldo of
New Jersey, William Green of New York, Claudine
Schneider of Rhode Island and James Jeffords of Ver
mont, joined 225 Democrats on the prevailing side. There,
were 36 Democrats and 160 Republicans voting against
the Democratic plan.
N.C. 4th District Rep. Ike F. Andrews said he voted for
the Democratic proposal even though he hoped defense
By DON SOLOMON
. Staff Writer
The divestment of University funds in
companies operating in South Africa
could cause either revolution or the
return of human rights to the oppressed
blacks, according to the two opposing
sides at a debate Wednesday night in
About 60 students heard the arguments
of four native South, Africans in a debate
sponsored by the Public Interest Research
Group at UNC. Interest among students
has been marked by the majority vote in
Feb. 8 campus elections by students sup
porting divestment and a year-long cam
paign by PIRG.
"My position of anti-divestment is hot
support of the South African govern
ment," said junior Hamish Stevenson.
Stevenson, a political science major from
Zululand, South Africa, said that the .
University could influence the policies of
American companies as long as they re
mained investors and suggested that with
drawing would be equivalent to washing
their hands of the South African situa
tion. Rather than pulling out of South
Africa, American companies should be a
lever' to promote peaceful, democrat?;
change, he said.
"I doubt the $30 billion in foreign in
vestments are going to be pulled out of
South Africa anytime soon," Stevenson
said. The blacks who need help are the
ones that would be hurt by such a move,
Graham Gell, a former citizen of South
Africa and a member of the Communist
Worker's Party, said that American cor
porations were assisting the South Afri
can government by providing them with
DTHCftarles W. Ledford
Thursday. Freshmen Cindy
untimely spring snowfall.
OKs plan slashing defense buildup
spending would be increased and domestic spending cut
when the bill goes to the Senate.
":"We have to get a budget; and it has to start some
where," Andrews said. "I am afraid the implication of
voting against it would be that I agree with the president. I
don't favor as much defense spending as he does. I don't
think we need further cuts in domestic spending, parti
cularly education and training."
Two N.C. Reps, broke rank and voted against the
Democratic budget plan in Congress yesterday.
N.C. Reps. I.T. "Tim" Valentine and Charles O.
Whitley said the proposal did not include enough money
The rest of the North Carolina delegation cast then
votes along party lines, with six Democratic congressmen
voting for the Democratic budget and the two Repub
licans voting against it. Democrat Stephen L. Neal, who
is recovering from a back operation missed the vote.
Valentine, from the 2nd Congressional District, said he
was troubled by the Democrats' proposal to increase
defense spending next year by 4 percent, compared with
the 10 percent increase requested by Reagan.
"I don't want to do anything that affects our ability to
defend the country," Valentine said. He also said he
thought the Democratic plan called for too many new
, Whitley, from the 3rd Congressional District, also said
he could not vote for the Democratic budget because of its
lower defense spending.
"I never could make up my mind that we should limit
defense as much as this budget called for," Whitley said
computer . technology and military sup
plies, keys to apartheid control.
American companies have no
moderating influence, rather they help
the government adhere to apartheid, he
said. Gell, who now lives in Durham,
maintained that peaceful change was not
possible, that it only served as a cover for i
Nick Addison, a first-year MBA stu
dent at UNC, said that the apartheid
government would not suffer from
divestment as much as the blacks.
American withdrawal would result in im
mediate unemployment for 50,000
blacks, he said. ,
Dynamic change has come through the
labor movement in the last few years, said
Addison,' who is from Natal, South
Africa. The consequences of American
divestment would be people in the streets
with nothing to eat, families starving and
further instability in an unstable country '
leading to revolution, he added. This
would only justify even" more repression
by the South African government and
further polarize the races, he said.
;;The only black South African parti
cipating in the debate, Esau Mampane,
said that apartheid was a crime, against
humanity. Divestment would not hurt
black South Africans, Mampane said. He
pointed out that South Africa was where
the first human heart was transplanted,
but that the infant mortality of blacks is
252 per 1,000. He asked what kind of suf
fering would be sufficient before they
The audience participated in a question
and answer session after the formal
debate and applauded during the debate
as the speakers made points concerning
the suffering in South Africa.
Tuesday in Chapel Hill, arboretum trees
were laden with white blossoms, resem
bling a coating of snow. Thursday, their
branches were covered with the real thing.
The snow-covered holly trees looked
more representative of yuletide than
Easter. Tire swings looked like oversized,
frosted doughnuts. Car windows needed
scraping. Scarves and mittens were
Winter was back, and it chose to make
its encore appearance in a part of the
country not known for cold weather the
The National Weather Service issued a
winter storm watch for the state Thursday,
as well as a traveler's advisory for
The snow resulted from a storm system
moving from the Gulf of Mexico to North
Carolina, the storm moved northeast
along the state coast Thursday night.
Clearing skies and windy conditions are
expected today, with highs in the 50s, ac
cording to the Associated Press.
One of the hardest cities was Atlanta,
where seven inches of the white stuff fell,
causing two highway deaths, grounding
most air traffic and shattering weather
"Every flake that falls is a record," said
Vince DiCarlo of the National Weather
Service in Atlanta.
Snow began falling about 10 a.m. in the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro area and by 1 p.m.
began sticking to the ground.
About two inches had accumulated in
By SHARON SI
effects of divestment
PIRG meeting with trustees
squelched by Thursday snowfall
By LYNDA WOLF
The Public Interest Research Re
search Group's rally for UNC's divest
ment in South Africa Thursday after
noon at the Carolina Inn was reduced
to a gathering of PIRG members when
the Board of Trustees Endowment
Fund canceled its meeting to discuss
UNC's divestment. The Endowment
Fund meeting was canceled because of
The purpose of the rally was to pro
test the fact that the BOT meeting was
closed to the public when the matter
of divestment and investment of UNC
funds was of public concern, said
PIRG member Joe Morris.
When askqd whether he thought the
committee would consider student
opinion on the issue, Morris said he
thought they should.
"The BOT is somewhat sensitive to
pressure, and with UNCs already
racist image they need to consider bad
publicity," Morris said. -
In a. referendum held during cam
"We can have a role to play in this,"
Gell reminded them. Divestment could
help bring about revolutionary change in
South Africa, he said.
"If you talk in terms of revolution in
South Africa, you talk about urban war
fare, urban unrest, multiple suffering and
the destruction of the economy," Addi
sion concluded by emphasizing his stand
for peaceful, moderate change through
the Triangle area by early Thursday even
ing. While the spring snowfall may have
been unexpected, it had only a few adverse
effects on Chapel Hill and Carrboro town
services. Duke Power and Southern Bell
reported no problems in customer service
resulting from snow or wind.
Chapel Hill Transit halted bus service at
8 p.m. Thursday. Superintendent of
operations Lois Magnell said the transit
service would make a decision early today
Harold Harris of the Chapel Hill Public
Works Department said that because of
the lack of accumulation on roads and
bridges, no sanding, salting or scraping
was necessary Thursday aftenroon.
The snow did fall hard enough for
Chapel Hill-Carrboro City Schools to
close at 1:30 p.m. Thursday.
On the UNC campus, confusion was the
rule as students who had expected rain
sprouted umbrellas in the snow.
"This is snowball weather. You're sup
posed to stick your tongue out and eat this
stuff," UNC senior Philip Boyle said.
"Chapel Hill is the only place I've ever
seen that uses umbrellas for snow."
"I feel like I'm in the twilight zone,"
sophomore Mary Grady Koonce said.
Freshman Kelly Deal spent spring break
at Ford Lauderdale, Fla.
"I think it's great, but I can't believe
it," she said. "I was just laying out last
week, and now it's snowing."
Allison Hemms intended to go to Myr
tle Beach, S.C., this weekend.
"I love snow, but hot today," she said.
"I think somebody's a little confused.
Once it starts sticking it'll be fun."
See SNOW on page 4
after the vote.
It was the first time since Reagan took office in 1981
that either house of Congress passed a tax and spending
blueprint that he opposed, though he was forced to
backpedal considerably from his proposals in last year's
Overall, the fiscal 1984 budget crafted by the Demo
cratic caucus calls for spending of $863.5 billion and
leaves a deficit of $174.5 billion. Reagan's, original
package, so unpopular that Republicans didn't even seek
a vote on it, called for less spending but had a slightly
The vote represented a substantial victory for O'Neill
and the entire Democratic leadership, who suffered one
defeat after another at the hands of Reagan and the
Republicans during his first two years in office.
The House plan undoubtedly will be revamped in the
Republican-controlled Senate, and some officials predict a
gridlock as the two houses try to reach agreement on the
final tax and spending prescription for the fiscal year
beginning Oct. 1. But Democrats counted on their victory
giving them leverage in the conference committee that will
have to iron out differences between the versions of the
Sen. Pete V. Domenici, R-N.M., chairman of the
Senate Budget Committee, declared the Democratic plan
"unworkable," adding "It's very questionable fiscal
policy. I don't believe it could be implemented, even in the
See HOUSE on page 4
pus elections Feb. 8, students voted to
approve recommending divestment to
Morris said there had been no
evidence that the committee would ap
prove the divestment. "As of today,
they are not willing to sacrifice profit
for social responsibility," Morris said.
Morris said he would be surprised if
the BOT approved divestment.
PIRG member Ted Johnson also
said he felt student opinion would be
given minimal consideration. Johnson
said the Endowment Fund would con
sider profit more since several board
members are heads of big corpora
tions such as North Carolina National
Bank and Liggett Myers.
"It is a hassle for the issue to be
raised because it raises a lot more
questions besides divestment, such as
the role of U.S. corporations and how
they will be affected," Johnson said.
The Endownment Fund meeting
has been postponed indefinitely,
.Virginia Dunlap, secretary of the
University, said on Thursday.
"You cannot tell the man with the gun
when to stop shooting," he said. He
claimed that a push for divestment and
imbalance in South Africa would be like
writing a death sentence for thousands.
Mampane concluded, however, that
action was past due and necessary. "We
are only trying to stop those, who are