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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 91, Issue 43
Monday, August 29, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business; Advertising 962-1163
for end to
By HOPE BUFFINGTON
"Martin Luther King, Jr. is here too to
day. I know that Martin is proud of you
and your commitment to jobs, peace and
freedom in this new coalition of con
science. . . today is Martin's Day. "
Coretta Scott King
WASHINGTON People from hun
dreds of cities in the United States and 40
different countries gathered in Washington
Saturday for the 20th anniversary of the
19634 Civil Rights march.
Thousands of people, many represent
ing minority and civil rights organizations,
flooded the Mall in downtown
Washington at 8 a.m. for the beginning of
the commemorative march. Martin Luther
King Jr. led the 1963 march.
Demonstrations carried signs with
slogans like "We Still Have A Dream,"
"Jobs, Peace and Freedom," "Bread Not
Bombs," "Dump Reagan" and "Solidari
ty." Other demonstrators identified their
groups by wearing different colored
Opening remarks by District of Colum
bia Mayor Marion Barry were followed by
statements by King's widow, Coretta Scott
King, feminist Gloria Steinem, D.C.
Delegate Walter E. Fauntroy and others.
At noon, comedian Bill Cosby and his
mannequin, Mr. Gregory, gave instruc
tions to the anxious crowd about the ac
tual march to the Lincoln Memorial.
Cosby, who received the most reaction
from the audience, tailed President
Reagan "a man who dances with his
mouth" and said to the audience, MAs we
march, I want you to think about God,
love and peace and people's feet
especially colored people's feet.
"Think how far we've come in 20
years. . .20 years ago we were scared. We
came to ask others to take care of busi
ness. Today, we take care of business
ourselves," Cosby said.
Approximately 250,000 people follow
ing various colored ballons, which de
signated certain groups, marched 14th
Street, peacefully and calmly.
At every lightpost sat a photographer or
cameraman. The crowd sang, "We shall
overcome, we shall overcome, we shall
overcome. Oh, deep in my heart, I do
believe, we shall overcome someday," a
song that was sung during the 1963 March.
Marchers washed their faces and drank
from the fountains on 16th Avenue to
relieve themselves of the sweltering heat
which reached 122 degrees inside the
crowd. During the march, people chanted
"Reagan come out here" and "Ronald
Reagan's gotta go."
President Reagan was on vacation in
Santa Barbara, Calif., during the rally.
See MARCH on page 15
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A crowd estimated to be 250,000 strong gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial on Saturday for the 20th anniver
sary march on Washington, commemorating the original march led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
March on Washin
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The Rev. Jesse Jackson led the march on Washington Saturday which commemorated the
20th anniversary of Martin Luther King's famous rally. Staff photo by Charles W. Ledford
Students join 'dream' march
By HOPE BUFFINGTON
Five buses left University Mall at 4 a.m. Saturday
for Washington to participate in the civil rights March held in
honor of the Civil Rights March in 1963.
Joe Herzenberg, one of the three bus captains in charge of
the gathering, said in addition to the 250 people on the buses,
another 100 to 200 people were driving to Washington in
People from the Durham and Chapel Hill areas wanted to
go to the peace march for various reasons.
Lisa Johnson, a senior at Chapel Hill High, said, "I want to
go to the march basically to show people that we (high school
youth) still care and still want equal rights for everyone. 'The
Dream' hasn't died," she said.
"I believe in Dr. King's Dream, and I'm here to keep it
alive," said Robert Bell, a staff member of the UNC division
of Health Affairs.
Robert Pharr, a freshman at UNC, went to the march for
other reasons. "It's my first chance to be involved in some
thing else besides academics and other than fraternities.
Also, I support anything that promotes racial unity."
Ashley McKinney, a junior at UNC, said, "I want to go
because I'm committed to jobs, peace and freedom. Even
though many legal barriers have been eliminated by the Civil
Rights Act, there still remain many economic barriers.
Things King called upon 20 years ago are still applicable to
day." Kathy Kerr, a UNC graduate student, said, "I'm here
because I still feel that after 20 years there are still many op
pressed people in the nation, and this march is to support the
potential political progress in the area of humari rights. It
(the United States) still hasn't changed internally in attitudes,
values and beliefs."
Jane Rowley of Chapel Hill said, "I'm going to protest
Reagan's policies all of them in general."
Ted Johnson, one of the bus captains, said, "I'm here to
help others understand the revolutionary legacy of Martin
Luther King, Malcolm X and the Black Panthers and see that
the demand for jobs, peace and freedom cannot be met by
(the U.S. political and economic system). And, therefore,
their revolutionary demands."
"I'm going primarily to see why everyone else is there and
to see what it's like. It's gotta be an interesting day and I
want to see it," said Suzy Hovey, a medical student at UNC.
Howie Machtinger, a computer programmer, wanted to
go to the march to, "honor Dr. King for his civil rights and
anti-war stuff and because some issues of the '63 march of
racism and U.S. intervention are issues today."
"I'm still sorry I missed the first march, so I am here,"
said Judy Baer, an assistant professor of political science at
Margaret Miller, a parent who lives in Chapel Hill, had
another purpose in going to the march. "It's a spiritual pil
grimage; black appreciation for sacrifices made by those at
the march 20 years ago and by those who have struggled
before and after King. I brought my children, Monica and
Billy, and two of their friends in hopes of their appreciating
what others did to be where we are."
, t -v , e
The Associated Press
JERUSALEM Prime Minister
Menachem Begin announced Sunday he
intended to resign but gave his stunned
political allies 24 hours to try to change
his mind. The decision triggered political
turmoil and the prospect of an election
two years ahead of schedule.
Begin's announcement, at the end of a
routine Cabinet meeting, came without
warning and Cited no reason.
It was quickly followed by an an
nouncement from Defense Minister
Moshe Arens that it would have no effect
on plans for Israeli troops to pull back in
to southern Lebanon soon.
Israel Radio quoted Begin as telling his
ministers: "I feel that I am not function
ing as a man with my responsibilities
Officials at the meeting said Begin
made his announcement in a few soft
spoken sentences at the end of the
Cabinet session. ' .
Those present said his words were
greeted with astonished silence, followed
by strong protests. "We received the news
with pain, sorrow and a refusal to accept
it," Education Minister Zevulun Ham
Begin left the Cabinet meeting looking
frail and solemn and climbed into his
bulletproof limousine for the short ride to
his home. Reporters were kept back and
he made no statement.
Cabinet ministers and leaders of the
parties in Begin's coalition were
unanimous in saying they would fight to
change the prime minister's mind.
Supporters set up booths in several
public places, seeking signatures on a
petition to keep Begin in office.
The 70-year-old prime minister was to
meet with heads of the coalition parties
Monday before deciding whether . to
tender his resignation officially to Statet
President Chaim Herzog. His closest
riJtadsted.they did not know whether
Begin's decision was final.
Begin has been prime minister for six
years and is known to be despondent over
the death of his wife in November and the
By KYLE MARSHALL
RALEIGH The N.C. General
Assembly, meeting Friday in a one-day
special session, amended the state's
alcohol-sales law by effectively requiring
sellers of alcohol to request identification.
Gov. Jim Hunt called the special session
last week so legislators could amend the
state's new discovery law. After the session
was scheduled, Hunt requested the
General Assembly to change the alcohol
sales law as well.
Under the amended law, clerks who sell
alcoholic beverages will not be able to use
a loophole that existed in the law's original
form, which was passed during the Legis
lature's regular 1983 session. The loophole
encouraged clerks to fail to ask buyers for
identification, supporters of the amend
ment said. When clerks are charged with
selling to a minor, the prosecutor would
not have been able to prove that the clerks
knowingly sold alcohol illegally if they did
not ask for identification.
The new law removes the word "know
ingly" a move which will require clerks
to check ID cards, supporters said.
"The original law needs to be stricter,"
said Rep. Dennis Wicker, D-Lee, the
amendment's House sponsor. "It was felt
that there was some disagreement over
whether the original law was workable.
With this amendment, the seller must be
sure that he's not selling to a minor."
Wicker said the amendment was sup
ported by the N.C. Merchants Associa
tion, bars, restaurants and the state
Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission.
The amendment also had the support of
Hunt, who had requested the General
Assembly to amend the alcohol sales law
in its special session.
"By amending the law prohibiting the
sale of alcoholic beverages to minors, the
Legislature has plugged a loophole that
would have allowed people to violate the
law with impunity," Hunt said Friday,
after the measure passed, in a prepared
Entertainment section B Pcrspcctivo c cfJcnD
-ports section C Orientation , E
ever-increasing Israeli casualty toll in
Lebanon. There has been no indication
that Begin is ill, despite a history of heart,
Deputy Prime Minister David Levy
said Begin planned to resign "for per
sonal reasons" but would not spell them
Begin's announcement opens three im
mediate possibilities: He could retract his
decision, resign and form a new coalition
or call an election. Israel Television said
the latter was the most likely, adding that
the voting would probably be held jointly
with municipal elections already set for
Oct. 25. '
If Begin chooses not to head the next
government, the strongest contender for
the post is Foreign Minister Yitzhak
Shamir, 68, one of the few politicians still
alive who go back with Begin to his days
as a guerrilla leader fighting the British
and Arabs for Israeli independence.
The most popular candidate, according
to the polls, is Arens, 57, but he has to be
elected to the Knesset, Israel's parlia
ment, in order to serve as prime minister.
He cannot be a candidate unless Begin
calls an election.
Also in the running are Levy, 45, a
Moroccan-born former construction
laborer who is popular among Sephardi
Jews native to Middle Eastern countries,
and Finance Minister Yoram Aridor, 49,
who has a firm power base in Begin's
governing Likud Bloc.
An outside candidate is former De
fense Minister Ezer Weizman, who was
expelled from Likud in 1981 for rebelling
against the prime minister but remains
popular with the public. Weizman recent
ly met with Begin, sparking speculation
he might be in line to return to a leader
With Sunday an ordinary working day
in Israel, people clustered around radios
to hear the latest on Begin.
"I'm not a Likud supporter, but Begin
is one of the greatest people ever to rule
this country, and it breaks my heart,"
said Yehuda Shimoni, manager of a Tel
Aviv coffee shop.
See BEGIN on page 11
statement. The amendment was approved
108-0 in the House and 45-1 in the Senate.
It sparked almost no debate in either
The new law takes effect Oct. 1.
The alcohol sales amendment was one
of two issues the General Assembly
discussed in its special session. The much
debated discovery law a new law that
requires prosecutors to give defense at
torneys statements that defendants have
made was amended to protect the
identities of confidential informants.
Lawmakers did not know they would
vote on the alcohol sales amendment until
Wednesday, when Hunt announced he
wanted them to amend the law.
Before the Senate approved the amend
ment Friday, Sen. Craig Lawing,
D-Mecklenburg, said legislators should
' have been notified sooner of a possible
vote on the amendment.
In an interview Friday afternoon, Rep.
Joe Hackney, D-Orange, said he sup
ported the alcohol sales amendment, but
he called it "much ado about nothing."
"In my opinion, the amendment
doesn't make much difference," Hackney
The special session cost taxpayers about
The new alcohol sales law is not a part
of the Safe Roads Act, passed June 3 by
the General Assembly. That law stemmed
from Hunt's desire to toughen laws against
drunken drivers and was the subject of five
months of debate. It took a legislative con
ference committee almost two months to
iron out differences between versions in
troduced in the House and Senate.
The Safe Roads Act also takes effect
Oct. 1. It raises the drinking age for beer
and wine from 18 to 19 and makes bars,
restaurants and stores liable for traffic ac
cidents caused by underagelcustomers.
It also includes a new driving while im
paired law that eliminates plea bargaining
and requires mandatory jail sentences for
serious violations. Drivers who record a
See ALCOHOL on page 7