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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 91, Issue 50
Thursday, September 8, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
The Associated Press
Airline pilots in Britain, Australia,
France and Denmark agreed Wednesday
to boycott flights to Moscow in retaliation
for the downing of a South Korean jumbo
jetliner, and Soviet Foreign Minister An
drei A. Gromyko said the plane was at
tacked after it "tried to escape."
The British pilots' association asked its
5,000 members to start a 60-day boycott
on Friday, and airline captains in other
European nations indicated they too
would join the protest.
NATO countries were considering back
ing the pilots' action with a formal em
bargo. British Foreign Secretary Sir Geoffrey
Howe told reporters after a morning
meeting of NATO foreign ministers in
Madrid that the West was determined to
respond forcefully to the Sept. 1 shooting
down of a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 by
a Soviet fighter. All 269 people on board
were presumed killed.
But "almost nothing that can be de
signed in this field can match the scale of
punishment that is necessary for the ex
tinction of 269 people's lives," he said.
Howe said the countries were consider
ing "restricting flights to the Soviet Union
or restricting flights by the Soviet airline,
or both, for a stated period of time."
The details of the boycotts by Aus
tralian, French and Danish pilots had not
been spelled out, but the French didn't ex
pect their action to take effect until next
A regular Aeroflot flight from Moscow
to Havana landed in Mexico City on Wed
nesday, and Mexican officials gave no in
dication they would go along with sanc
tions against the Soviet airline.
In Seoul, South Korea, more than
100,000 mourners, many screaming in
grief, packed a stadium Wednesday to de
nounce the Soviets. Prime Minister Kim
Sang-hyup told the mourners that "retri
bution and curse will fall upon them for
the crime they have committed."
Gromyko, attending the concluding ses
sion of the 35-nation Madrid Conference
on European Security and Cooperation
along with Howe and U.S. Secretary of
State George P. Shultz, charged Wednes
day that the South Korean airliner was on
"special duty" for the United States.
See PLANE on page 5
UNC a bargain
for its quality
By JOSEPH BERRYHILL
- Staff Writer
Editor's note: This story is one in a three-part
look at financing education at UNC. For related
stories, please see page 5.
UNC administrators who sometimes disagree
on matters concerning the University are in
agreement on one issue: UNC is a quality school,
especially for its price.
"I don't think there is a better education value
anywhere," said Fred Schroeder, director of the
department of student life.
"You have to think that if we're high on quality
and low on the dollar side, we have to be one of
the best of all institutions," said Wayne Jones,
associate vice chancellor for business and finance.
UNC's quality has been confirmed by various
polls, surveys and rankings. A recent nationwide
poll of college deans conducted by Family Circle
magazine ranks UNC among the top 1 1 public uni
versities and colleges in the country.
A recent edition of Change magazine ranked
UNC 18th among Ph.D.-granting institutions in
the arts, sciences and engineering. UNC does not
offer degrees in engineering and had to depend
upon its strength in the other two disciplines to
achieve its ranking.
And UNC is the only five-star academic uni
versity listed in the $4,000-and-under yearly tuition
category of Edward B. Fiske's Selected Guide to
Colleges, 1984-85. Five stars constitutes the highest
possible academic score under Fiske's rating
Most students interviewed, while unaware of the
exact tuition they pay to attend UNC, said they
thought UNC is a quality school.
"I think it stands up with just about any major
university for the price," said David Allison, a
junior from Statesville.
Jamie Cowart, a freshman from Canton,
"I think it (the quality) is pretty good," she
said. "It's probably the best in the state."
Jean Marshall, a senior from Mt. Airy, said that
quality and price together make UNC a good
"I think we're getting a pretty good deal here,"
she said. "This is really an inexpensive school com
pared to most."
Tuition and fees at UNC are $766 for residents
of the state and $3,128 for non-residents for the
1983-84 academic year. Most public institutions of
UNC's caliber have higher tuition and fees than
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Susan Epps, a sophomore from Concord, kicked off her shoes to study English literature on Monday
afternoon. Now that everyone is settled in their classes and back from their Labor Day break, it's time
for students all across campus to start hitting the books once again.
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UNC, according to statistics from the UNC Office
of Institutional Research.
Of the public institutions belonging to the
Association of American Universities, a select or
ganization of 25 public and 25 private institutions,
UNC has the second lowest undergraduate tuition
and fee level for its residents for the present
Only the University of Texas, with an annual
tuition and fee rate of $462, ranks lower than
The University of Virginia and the University of
Maryland, both members of AAU, have tuition
and fees of $1 ,586 and $1 ,332 for in-state students
this year. Pennsylvania State University's tuition
and fees are $2,312 this year.
Only five AAU public institutions have lower
non-resident levels of tuition and fees than UNC
this year. They are Iowa State University, the
University of Iowa, the University of Kansas, the
University of Nebraska, and the University of
UNC's quality can be directly attributed to its
faculty, said Farris Womack, vice chancellor for
business and finance.
"I'm persuaded that you don't attract and re
tain high quality people without paying them com
petitively," Womack said. "And lately we haven't
had the money to do that."
Jones agreed, citing salary increases that have
been few and far between recently.
"We've lost some good faculty members
already," Jones said, but added at this stage the
lack of money to competitively recruit faculty is
still a potential problem. .
See BARGAIN on page 5
Heat forces area schools to close early
By SUZANNE EVANS
Hot. Hotter. Will it ever end?
Classrooms have been transformed into saunas.
You sweat. You suffer. You use The Daily Tar
Heel as a fan.
The excessive heat that has been plaguing the
Triangle this week has forced some area public
schools to dismiss students early and has caused
some businesses to curtail operations.
As the mercury climbed into the upper 90s for
the third consecutive day this week, area school
superintendents closed school facilities that were
without air conditioning and that had poor ven
tilation. Guy B. Phillips Jr. High School in Chapel Hill,
the only school in the system that is not air
conditioned, closed at 1 p.m. Monday, Tuesday
School officials at Phillips reported that several
students have become ill from the excessive heat in
the classrooms. "We have students come to the of
fice feeling very drowsy and faint," said Pamela
Tedder, an aide at Phillips. "The heat is definitely
not good for them."
Cleveland Hammonds, superintendent of
Durham City schools, said neither of the two high
schools in his system had air conditioning, and on
ly one of the four middle schools did. All the
elementary schools have window air conditioners
and have not had to close early, he said.
Hammonds said that he has not heard any
reports of students becoming ill from the heat.
Reverse-discrimination trial comes
DURHAM Testimony concluded Wednesday
in U.S. District Court in a nine-year-old reverse-discrimination
suit brought against UNC by a group of
former and present UNC students.
A final decision, however, is not expected from
U.S. District Court Judge Frank Bullock for at least
The students claim that three UNC Student
Government and student judicial provisions are un
constitutional. One of those, they say, is the Student
Government Constitution requirement that at least
two minority students serve on the Campus Govern
The plaintiffs also charge that a provision within
the Instrument of Judicial Governance requiring
that 14 of the 42 members of the Undergraduate
Court be minorities is unconstitutional. Also being
challenged is a requirement allowing a minority stu
dent on trial before the Undergraduate Court to re
quest that four of the seven members of the panel be
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon American and
French jet fighters roared over Lebanon
for the first time Wednesday,, and their
navies moved closer to shore after Druse
gunners blasted U.S. Marine and French
positions in west Beirut.
Informed sources reported three French
peacekeepers killed and four wounded.
The shelling also killed 1 1 Lebanese and
wounded 38, and a car bomb killed six
people and wounded 27 near a mosque a
mile from the French compound, police
No Marine casualties were reported at
the aiqrt, but the Marines went on the
highest state of alert and dived into
A U.S. F-14 Tomcat, apparently from
the carrier Dwight D. Eisenhower off the
Lebanese coast, flew low over Beirut, and
two Super Etendard jets from the French
carrier Foch swept across the central
mountains searching for Druse artillery
As the shelling raged, ships from the
American, French and Italian navies
moved to within a few hundred yards of
the Beirut shoreline.
A French destroyer and one Italian fri
gate were seen offshore from the airport,
and an American destroyer and guided
missile carrier were posted opposite down
As darkness fell, at least nine shells
landed at the airport, and a new fire sta
tion at the field was set ablaze. The
Marines dived into bunkers under Condi
tion One, their highest state of alert,
according to Associated Press
photographer Don Mell, who was with the
The Marines said the firing was coming
from Druse-controlled areas east of the
airport, Mell reported by telephone.
The Lebanese army was trying to push
through the Druse-controlled area at the
airport's southern tip to drive out the gun
ners.. An officer saicf the army force in
cluded 350 men, nine tanks and 20 ar
mored personnel carrers.
In Paris, French Defense Minister
Charles Hernu declared the French jet
fighters would knock out the Druse moun
tain batteries if they did not stop firing at
The French Defense Ministry said one
"But this is probably because we send out caution
notices to teachers, especially those who teach
physical education, warning them to reduce their
schedules," he said.
Wednesday was the second day that schools
without cooling systems in the Durham City
School system closed early. Hammonds said that
he usually decides between 6 p.m. and 7 p.m.
whether to close early the next day.
"So far we have not had to close the elementary
schools since they have air conditioning, but
because of the tremendous rise in power usage late
ly, we may eventually have to close them too," he
said. ' -"
Of the 22 Durham County schools, only one,
Eno Valley School, has air conditioning. The other
schools are only partially air-conditioned.
Students are advised to listen to local radio sta
tions for school-closing information.
All three school systems have followed this
modified schedule in past heat waves during late
August and September.
The school systems do not plan to air-condition
the schools that have been forced to close early.
Dick Drake, maintenance worker for the Chapel
Hill-Carrboro schools, said that it would be too
expensive to put air conditioning in Phillips. "We
get our funding from the County Commissioners,
but right now the money is just not available."
Hammonds said that his system has been in
vestigating ceiling fans rather than air condi
tioners. "Since the hot weather does not last very
University oiticiab maintain that the Student
Government and student judicial provisions are
lawful exercises of the University's academic
freedom. The University also maintains that the
provisions are a means of fulfilling the consent
decree reached between the state and the- U.S.
Department of Education in 1981.
Throughout the nine-year history of the case,
there have been a number of "intervening" plain
tiffs who have sustained the suit since it was
originally filed in June 1974 by Lawrence Uzzell and
Robert Lane Arrington, then students at UNC. The
intervening plaintiffs are necessary because plain
tiffs are required to be enrolled at the time of trial.
The representative of the current plaintiffs is
Donald Lewis Elmore, a senior from Gastonia.
During Wednesday's proceedings, James
Cansler, associate vice chancellor of student affairs,
testified that four student body presidents in the last
10 school years have been forced to act on a clause
added to the Student Body Constitution in 1972.
That clause states that if there is not the minimum
number of minorities on the CGC as required by the
Constitution, the student body president can ap
officer was killed and two soldiers were
wounded in a barrage that hit the down
town Beirut headquarters of the French
contingent to the multinational peacekeep
However, reliable sources with the force
said three French soldiers, including a
paratroop lieutenant colonel, were killed
and four others wounded in two shelling
attacks on the French compound.
The Marines dived into
bunkers under Condition One
their highest state of alert.
AP photographer Don Mell
On Tuesday, two U.S. Marines were
killed and three other Marines and six
Italian soldiers were wounded by rocket
and mortar fire.
The Druse have been fighting both the
Christian Phalange forces and the
Lebanese army since Israel pulled back
from the Aley and Chouf Mountains on
Sunday. The Druse sect is an offshoot of
Sources in the Lebanese government
who asked not to be named said contacts
were under way in Syria to try to bring
about a cease-fire. The Syrians have been
backing the Druse.
U.S. presidential envoy Robert C. Mc
Farlane met for Wi hours in Damascus
with President Hafez Assad, but no re
ports were issued after the meeting.
One Lebanese government source said
"the Saudis are really helping" in the ef
fort to arrange a cease-fire. But Saudi In
formation Minister Ali al-Shaer told re
porters in Jidda the kingdom has decided
to freeze all its mediation efforts because
its efforts have failed.
Israel invaded Lebanon 15 months ago
ta crush the Palestine Liberation Organi
zation and decided to redeploy to positions
in the south in hopes of cutting its
Israel has said it will pull out of
Lebanon entirely under a U.S.-mediated
agreement, but only if the Syrians with
draw. The Syrians, who have been in the
country since snuffing out the 1975-76 civil
war, have refused.
long, it would not be worth the expense to air
condition those schools," he said.
Fortunately for the students, school officials
said the hours missed due to early dismissals would
not have to be made up later.
The heat wave and associated dry weather has
also caused a water shortage in the Chapel Hill
area. Orange Water and Sewer Authority imposed
mandatory restrictions on water use Tuesday. Re
strictions prohibit residents from washing cars or
outdoor areas such as sidewalks, patios or drive
ways with OWASA-provided water. Watering
lawns, shrubbery and flower and vegetable gardens
has been limited to Saturdays between 4 p.m. and
Local businesses such as car washes and laun
dromats are also feeling the adverse effects of the
heat wave. If dependent on OWASA-provided
water, businesses are required to cut back on their
J. Wade Degraffenreidt, owner of Sparkle Car
Wash in Carrboro, said that past water shortages
prompted him to install his own water system in
1967. "When the weather was hot like it is now,
business always slacked off," he said. "We even
had to close once for three months in 1967."
Carey McCloskey, manager of Soap's on West
Franklin Street, said that she had not been notified
of the water restrictions. "I heard about it through
a friend," she said. "I guess now I'll have to cut
down on the hours that I'm open."
to a close
point students to the remaining positions to fulfill
Another motion was made during Wednesday's
proceedings to remove UNC President William C.
Friday from the list of defendants on the grounds
that none of the testimony or evidence directly in
volved Friday. No decision was reached on the mo
tion. There are three teams of lawyers involved in the
case. Richard Voorhees of Gastonia is representing
the original plaintiffs. Deputy N.C. Attorney
General Elizabeth Bunting is representing UNC.
The plaintiffs who have stepped in since 1974 are
represented by Jim Fuller of Charlotte, and
Napoleon Williams of New York, who is a repre
sentative of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund.
Fuller said Wednesday that the provisions in the
student Constitution are an attempt "to provide a
lull range of experiences to blacks.
"That type of experience was denied for 200
,ears by law, and for a long time after that by prac
tice," he said.
Voorhees said that the key issue in the case was
. whether the quotas are legal.