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6The Daily Tar HeelThursday, September 15, 1983
Area's good luck may continue
Showers expected for week, weekend
By DONNA PAZDAN
It looks like Mother Nature cut Chapel Hill a break Tuesday
and Wednesday. And National Weather Service meteorologist
Rod Gonski said Wednesday that the good luck may last a few
The extended outlook for the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill
area calls for showers later this week and into the weekend.
"Some areas may get substantial amounts while others get lit
tle. That's how showers are," Gonski said.
The last substantial rainfall recorded in the Triangle was on
Aug. 24. "By substantial we mean more than tenths of an inch,"
Gonski said. "During September, we've had nothing except for a
small amount on Sept. 2 and the amount we are receiving this
The 30-day extended outlook for September, provided by
meteorologists in Washington, calls for above-normal tempera
tures and below-normal rainfall," Gonski said.
NWS hydrologist Alan Gustafson said this summer's hot
temperatures and lack of rain had caused the agricultural
drought. "We experienced a record high of 50 days with
90-degree or above temperature " n.istafson ww
"This week and the rest of September should bring relief with
temperatures in the 70s and 80s, but October and November are
usually the driest months of the year in this part of the state," he
To fully recover from the drought, the area needs 8.22 inches of
rain. As of Wednesday, less than one inch of rain had been re
ceived. "We are far from complete recovery," Gustafson said.
Students' awareness to the severity of the water shortage is mix
ed. Some find it amusing while others are very concerned.
"It's stupid that we are watering athletic fields when they are
limiting our showers to four minutes," one student said.
Likewise, sophomore Debbie Reinke said,, "We are trying to
take shorter showers. We got on one of our roommates for taking
too much time."
The assistant manager of Pizza Hut, David O'Leary, said, "We
used to let people get water for the heat. Nlow we only give to
those who ask."
Even those who live in other counties express concern.
"The drought doesn't really affect me directly, but I don't see
how they can curtail bathroom use especially with three home
football games in a row," said Randy Everhart of Chatham
Conservation pushed in light of shortage
By SUZANNE EVANS
The water shortage in the Chapel Hill
area has prompted student associations to
campaign for water conservation and Uni
versity departments to find other means of
supplying water for the campus.
The UNC Board of Governors met
Monday to discuss ways to make students
more aware of the water shortage, said
Mark Dalton, president of the Residence
Dalton said that as a result of the meet
ing, RHA will post letters in The Daily Tar
Heel asking students to do everything they
can to conserve water. RHA also will hang
posters on students' doors and in dor
mitory bathrooms prompting conservation
of water. Dalton said that he has en
couraged his governors to act as role
models for students by practicing the sug
Wayne Kuncl, director of University
housing, said that his department would
not impose any mandatory restrictions on
"We just hope that students will become
aware of the situation and comply with the
recommendations that we will put out,"
Farris Womack, vice chancellor for
business and finance, said that he distri
buted a memorandum Monday containing
a list of conservation suggestions from
OWASA to every member of the adminis
The list, which will also be sent to each
residence hall, contained suggestions such
as using disposable plates and plastic eat
ing utensils. It also suggested taking a
sponge bath and using less water when in
Womack also said that University offi
cials will not actually go into the dorms to
make sure students are following the
"I trust that the students will follow
them," he said. "I don't think students are
different from other citizens when it comes
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Gene Swecker Jr., director of the UNC
Physical Plant, said that he was not certain
how much water the University is using
every day, but that officials are making ef
forts to conserve.
"We have stopped irrigation altogether,
and we are using some well water at the
University laundry and in other areas,"
The University drilled 14 wells in 1977
when the last major drought occurred.
The wells yield approximately three million
gallons of water a month, he said.
Charles L. Carr, assistant football
coach, said the football field and intra
mural fields are being watered as usual
because the Athletic Association does not
use city water.
"We dug our own wells last spring in
case a shortage like the one we have now
ever occurred," Carr said. "We also make
announcements during football games
asking people to help out and conserve the
Water shortages part of history
By SUSAN OAKLEY
The water shortage of the past few
months is by no means an unusual oc
currence for the Chapel Hill area. For
the last 15 years, residents have been
plagued periodically with mandatory
water restrictions and insufficient water
The first major deficiency occurred in
1968 when the water level at University
Lake dropped 99 inches below full. The
situation was declared critical in
September of that year, and citizens
were urged to decrease their consump
tion rate from 5.4 gallons per day to 2.5
gallons per day. University officials
even considered suspending classes had
the situation not improved.
However, Chapel Hill residents did
reach minimum consumption levels by
October of that year, largely due to
University dining halls, sorority and
fraternity houses, the Carolina Inn and
N.C. Memorial Hospital Cafeteria serv
ed meals on plastic and paper plates.
The University also suspended physical ,
education classes to eliminate the use of
water for after-class showers.
Even the chancellor of the University
in 1968 took part in the conservation ef
fort by taking a bath every other day.
Chancellor J. Carlyle Sitterson said he
wanted to set an example for students,
v While limited water supplies con
tinued to be a problem in the early
1970s, the next major water shortage
occurred in 1976 when University Lake
dropped 63 inches below full. Man
datory water restrictions, which began
in August-of that year, were not lifted
until December of the same year.
Again, students were urged to take
only one shower every other day and
were asked to flush toilets only when
necessary. Room painting was also not
These guidelines were enforced by
resident assistants in campus dor
mitories. More than 5,000 posters and
cards reminded citizens to conserve
water in places such as shower rooms
Students returning to the University
the following year were faced with yet
another water shortage. University
Lake dropped 83 inches below full in
September, 1977, and once again man
datory restrictions were imposed.
But in 1977, money became as much
a problem as rainfall. The Orange
Water and Sewer Authority spent more
than $174,000 on water. OWASA paid
a large portion of this amount to the ci
ty of Durham, which at that time sup
plied Chapel Hill with about one-third
of the water consumed daily. Durham,
also having a low water supply, charged
OWASA 80 cents per thousand gallons,
an amount 2Vi times its standard in-city
Luckily, in 1977 the Community
Emergency Drought Act gave OWASA
$1.8 million in federal funds, which
were used to pay for the Durham water
purchases and for the construction of a
10-mile pipeline to Hillsborough.
But today, even after the construc
tion of the Hillsborough pipeline,
Chapel Hill's water supply remains in
sufficient to meet the needs of the com
munity. OWASA officials are now looking
toward Cane Creek, located 12 miles
west of Carrboro, as a probable solu
tion. A reservoir in this area could pro
duce an adequate water supply for the
next 30 to 50 years, said Everett Bill
ingsley, executive director of OWASA.
But regulatory matters and litigation
from opposing landowners have
delayed the development of this water
source, he said.
The Haw River and Jordan Lake also
have been proposed as alternative water
sources for Chapel Hill.
"Although mandatory provisions are
in effect, the heart of effectiveness is
with the voluntary efforts of people,"
Lake-water quality proposals approved
By DOUG TATE
After a public hearing Tuesday night, the Carrboro Board of
Aldermen unanimously voted to amend the Carrboro Land Use
Ordinance to preserve the water quality in University Lake.
The amended ordinance provides for graduation of density of
residential development, rezonirig of the water district, preserva
tion of natural buffers, limitations on impervious surfaces, defini
tion of hazardous substances and provision for sedimentation and
"We need a comprehensive strategy for development and pro
tection of the watershed," Alderman Steve Rose said.
Rose, who is chairman of the Carrboro Water Quality Task
Force, said the ordinance offered a balance to assure water quali
ty. The problem centers on "exotic pollutants," chemicals brought
to an area by ordinary development, such as asbestos from roads
and lead from gasoline. These chemicals ruin the soil and the
more development that occurs, the more these pollutants will get
into the ground, Rose said.
"The real culprit is sedimentation by rain," Rose said. "The
rain carries sediment and the pollutants into the lake. These types
of chemicals cannot be removed by ordinary water treatment."
University Lake is the main source of water for the 50,000
residents of the Chapel Hill-Carrboro area. The town of Carrboro
controls 70 percent of the lake's shoreline and, therefore, plays a
major role in the protection of the water's quality, Rose said.
The new ordinance is a result of a 2!2-year study by the task
force to formulate specific regulations for the development of the
About 80 residents attended the public hearing at Town Hall,
including Chapel Hill Town Council member Joe Straley and
former Carrboro Alderman Doug Sharer.
Straley characterized the Chapel Hill-Carrboro area as one of
the fastest growing areas in North Carolina and said the area
would need quality water for the growing population.
Sharer said that the water quality proposals are a reasonable
beginning to accommodate the people already living in the com
munity and give protection for the future.
Other members of the community spoke on behalf of the or
dinance urging its approval, including the Triangle Sierra Club
and the Chapel Hill League of Women Voters.
From page 1
Sarbanes and others on the committee argued
that the troops are clearly involved in hostilities,
and Reagan should say so.
"It is now essential for the president to make
his case and seek approval for deployments
under the terms of the War Powers Act," said
Sen. Alan Cranston, D-Calif.
Lawmakers of both parties also predicted
that Congress will eventually vote to keep the
Marines at their post, at least for a while.
Robinson argued that the president has com
plied with the act by reporting to Congress, and
is not required to say what part of the act he is
Although he and other officials said they
dislike the idea of time limits, they withheld
judgment on a resolution offered by Sen.
Charles McC. Mathias Jr., R-Md., which would
limit the troops' stay to six months without con
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MARTIN LUTHER KING LECTURE
Wednesday, September 28, 1983
Public Reception at Charlina Inn
Following the Lecture
Sponsored by the Chancellor's Committee on Established Lectures
This Lecture is Free and Open to The Public
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In October: KEVIN BURKE
IN THE SKY
PLUS: Ruth Bollinger & Tom Kenyon. The Bluegrass Experience. Jack and the Cadillacs. Paradox.
Gary and Tony Wdliamson, The Mutettes. Mickey Mills, the Blazers. Blast Crisis, the Swamp Cats.
Roily Gray and Sunfire. Steps and other local and regional talents.
Acoustic, jazz and R&B live music are featured Wednesday through Saturday, free jams on Sunday.
Happy Hotir Tuesday Sunday 5 7pm.
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