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6The Daily Tar HeelFriday. September 16, 1983.
(5i lattg alar Mnl
opeless spark for hopeful fire
91st year of editorial freedom
Kerry DeRochi, Editor
Alison Davis, Managing Editor
LISA PULLEN, University Editor
CHRISTINE MANUEL, State and National Editor
MIKE DeSISTI, Sports Editor
BILL REEDY, News Editor
JEFF HlDAY. Associate Editor
John Conway, aty Editor
KAREN FISHER, Features Editor
Jeff Grove, a Editor
CHARLES W. LEDFORD, Photography Editor
An old and trustworthy product on the N.C. industrial scene
biocides has been relegated to placement on an already-long list of
threats ' to the state's environment. That deserved demotion followed a
report made last week by the state's Division of Environmental Manage
ment warning that biocides pose a significant chemical threat to life in the
state's rivers and streams. Most of those affected tributaries supply North
Carolina its drinking water.
Already the state must contend with environmental concerns such as
pollution, acid rain, drought and paraquat. But the newly discovered
dangers of biocides could catapult this issue to the head of the list.
"Biocides" is the nickname for toxic chemicals widely used to stop the
growth of bacteria in textiles, cooling equipment and other products. The
extremely toxic chemicals are licensed by the Environmental Protection
Agency, but a state study found that about 30 percent of the products did
not display a required warning label: "This product is toxic to fish.
Treated effluent should not be discharged where it will drain into lakes,
ponds, streams or public water." Unfortunately, that admonition did not
stop the more than 86 percent of professed users who said they dis
charged the chemical into municipal or private wastewater treatment
plants that flow into streams. The ones from which many of us drink.
If used properly, biocides never enter the environment and cause no
harm to it. But the careless handling of biocides, however, mandates that
steps be taken immediately to halt all illegal and unwise discharges of
biocides into streams that towns and cities use for drinking water. Much
of that burden rests with the companies themselves, some of whom have
voluntarily cooperated with officials in attempts to pinpoint the source of
toxic wastes. Two companies have already done so.
It remains to be seen, however, if other N.C. companies will voluntari
ly stop discharging the chemical into municipal or private treatment
plants. If they do not, municipalities must find out what is being dis
charged into their sewer systems and, if biocides or other contaminants
are discovered, track down the offenders. Then, criminal charges should
be filed against the company and the illegal discharges halted.
Biocides, although they enter a packed field on intense competitors vy
ing for the public's attention, could pose the most serious threat to con
tinued abuse of the N.C. environment.
Hold on referendum
The Campus Governing Council Wednesday night attacked the peren
nial problem of dwindling student fees in the face of inflation and a
severely curtailed general reserve. And so, like many of its predecessors
since 1977 when the fees were last raised it authorized a special stu
dent referendum to decide whether to raise the fees. The call this year is
for a $3 per semester per student increase. But the council, in calling for a
special referendum, has ignored recent history and is destined to fall
miserably in its attempt to draw students to the polls.
Last year, a similar bill was passed, but despite excessive publicity from
campus publications and other student organizations, only about 1,800
students gathered at the polls. At least 20 percent of the student body -or
about 4,100 students must vote in an election for it to be valid.
Student fees are the life blood of most student organizations. Yet these
organizations, which each year ask for a bigger chunk of the funds
available, will find themselves faced with $20,000 less from which to
draw. Last spring, the CGC allocated about $290,000 to student organi
zations $65,000 of which came from the general reserve. The next
council, however, will not have as much to allocate from the surplus be
cause of a staggering $70,000 loss on April's Carolina Concert for
By calling for a referendum this semester, rather than waiting until the
general election in February, when an adequate turnout of student voters
is ensured, the council hopes to add about $30,000 to the surplus fund.
The extra funds could be saved for the next council, or they could be
allocated to organizations for capital expenditures and subsequent appro
priations. But these well-meaning representatives are acting counter to their own
interests by scheduling a special referendum that will never draw the re
quired number of students.
THE WEEK IN REVIEW
It seemed like old times.
Sure, the hair looked a little thinner and the face a
bit softer. The blue eyes were dimmer and the neck
sagged noticeably. But the South Dakota voice, nasal
twang and all, was just as strong. So, too, were the
words, sounding oh-so-much like another campaign
and another time.
American troops are dying in the Middle East.
George McGovem wants to stop that. American
troops are parading around in Central America. The
former South Dakota senator wants to stop that, too.
So he's running for president. Again.
It's been 11 years since the soft-spoken McGovern
lost the presidency 6y the largest margin ever. It was in
a different day and age that the senator from South
Dakota took his stands, made his pledges and ran his
campaign. And on that long-ago election day,
McGovern carried only the state of Massachusetts and
the District of Columbia.
He hopes to do better this time. But if he doesn't,
that's OK, because three years after he was defeated
for re-election to the U.S. Senate, McGovern is back
in the limelight, saying what he wants to say and hop
ing someone will pay attention. There's no campaign
organization to speak of and all the big bucks have
been funneled into the campaign coffers of Mondale,
Glenn and associates. But at age 61, with even his wife
Eleanor refusing to campaign for him, McGovern is
going to take another shot at the presidency.-
As he told a crowd of friends and supporters at
George Washington University on Tuesday, "You
have to do what you have to do. This is something I
feel I must do."
So be it.
McGovern in '84 has little chance of winning even
one primary, much less the Democratic nomination
and the presidency. He seems to realize it, too. The
slow, patient tone of voice in which he makes his
speeches echoes a thoughtful man who sincerely cares
about what he is saying. He wants the presidency
because, as John Kennedy once said, "That is where
the power is." But McGovem, unlike some of his
fellow Democrats, doesn't need the White House,
doesn't lust after it like a junkie seeking another fix
Like most romantics, he just wants to change the
Even as he joined six other Democrats now seeking
their party's presidential nomination, McGovern
stood himself off to the political left. That's never
never land in these days of Reaganism and the New
Right. McGovern doesn't simply oppose increases in
military spending, he wants to cut the defense budget
by 25 percent. He wants the United States out of Cen
tral America and the Middle East, favors arms control
and wants to boost domestic spending to aid the large
number of Americans still unemployed. Explaining his
foreign-policy views, McGovern characteristically
said, "It's better for old men to lose their tempers at
the conference table than for young men to lose their
lives on the battlefield."
It's McGovern rhetoric all the way. He doesn't care
what some of the governments in Central America and
the Middle East think. For him, it is wrong for
.American troops to be fighting and dying in far away
wars with obscure and vague "peacekeeping" objec
tives. It was wrong in Vietnam in 1972, and it is still
Not bad. There may be hope for the Democrats in
1984 yet. So far, none of those candidates from the
party of Franklin Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson
have done anything to establish themselves as indepen
dent thinkers. They're all too busy trying to build an
identity in the public mind, something that will set
them apart from their campaign compatriots. But
now, with McGovern in the race, each of the Demo
cratic hopefuls will probably have to develop a few
specific ideas and proposals. A novel idea, yes, but it
might make for a more enlightening discussion of just
what the United States is supposed to be doing with
For example, just how does Walter Mondale feel
about the situation in Lebanon, and what would he
do? Mrs. Mondale may know, but no one else does.
McGovern, on the other hand, said, "We should bring
about some stability (there) and then as quickly as we
gracefully can, pull out. Are we on a path now where
we're going to find ourselves committing 100,000 or
150,000 Marines?" Agree with him or not, you at least
have a good idea of where he stands on the issue. It's
that kind of specificity that the Democrats are going to
need next year if they want to send Ronald Reagan
packing his bags for California.
McGovern, when asked what effect his shoe-string
candidacy would have on his party, pointed out that
no Democrat has generated any real enthusiasm, any
of that pulsating, throbbing movement for a candidate
or a cause. No one has struck the nerve yet, so he's go
ing to try. (Recent polls reflect that lack of enthusiasm
for any of the Democrats. Much of the "support"
they seem to enjoy is simply anti-Reagan sentiment.
And in 1984, that won't cut the cake.)
For McGovern, pulling together support for his
campaign won't be easy. It might, however, be fun.
Realizing his chances are slim, die ex-senator can
speak his peace free from the political necessity of
pleasing all the people, all the special interest groups.
This time around, McGovern need please only
himself, need answer only to his own conscience.
Ken Mingis is a senior journalism and political
science major from Raleigh.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Individuals' actions no reflection on team
To the editor:
Though I myself am not a lacrosse
player, I take much offense to DTH staff
writers Scott Wharton and Stuart Tonkin-"
son's handling of the story ("Three
lacrosse players arrested for assault,"
DTH,' Sept. 12) of the alleged Sept. 9
assault of a "woman by three UNC lacrosse
players. The story is in no way objective,
but only serves to show the reporters' pre
judice against lacrosse players as a group
and their attempt to propagate this view
in the University community.
First, the three men who allegedly com
mitted the assault were not at an officially
sponsored University lacrosse match, nor
were they acting in the name of the UNC
lacrosse team. They were acting as in
dividuals. The fact they were students,
lacrosse players, townspeople or whatever,
is information that should have been
treated as no more important than their
ages or where they live. These facts are ir
relevant to the real story that a crime was
allegedly committed, that charges were
filed and a court date set.
Second, UNC lacrosse coach Willie
Scroggs is not the parent or guardian of
any of the players he coaches, and while he
may see fit eventually to discipline his
players for misconduct, it is absurd for
these reporters to imply that he should.
Third, it is even more ludicrous for
DTH reporters to ask Scroggs if he would
discipline them and report his response,
especially before a court of law hears all
the facts and passes a judgment. In doing
this, Wharton and Tonkinson obviously
assumed the trio's guilt, never bothering
even to attempt to treat them as in
dividuals. Who knows? Only one of the
three, if any, may eventually be proven
guilty, while the other two may be inno
cent. And if all of this bias and assumption of
guilt wasn't bad enough, I find it represen
sible that the reporters took the opportuni
ty to drag out an almost two-year-old,
unrelated incident against completely dif
ferent individuals who happened to be
lacrosse players and attempt to use it to
assert that all lacrosse players are trouble
makers. It makes me wonder whether
these reporters and the DTH would in the
, future use two unrelated incidents both in
volving blacks, women, American Indians,
the members of certain clubs, fraternities,
sororities, orders, professions, majors or
whatever, and imply that these people are
I am sure that the majority of DTH
, staffers would not appreciate die implica
tion that by allowing this story to be print
ed that all DTH staffers hold bigoted
views, or think that the facts alone are not
enough to. make a story newsworthy, and
that sensationalism is necessary to make
those facts into readable news. But the
DTH editors and staff, by allowing this
story to be written and printed in this
form, especially on the front page, make
me wonder if my implication isn't true.
Lax reporting unfair
Card-throwing a bad deal
To the editor:
The continuation of a Carolina
football tradition, the half-time card
section, has been jeopardized by the
card-throwing incident during last
week's game. It is obvious that thrown
cards, especially the new laminated
ones, are dangerous to other fans
seated in the card section. As the card
section is in a period of transition,
with new cards being in use and with
new boxes on the way, spectator
cooperation is essential. Also, to en
sure the safety of future spectators,
security personnel will be requested to
remove anyone seen throwing the
The card section is operated for the
entertainment of the fans, and we
would appreciate your cooperation in
keeping it a part of the half-time
President, Sigma Phi Epsilon
To the editor:
We are writing in regard to the article
"Three lacrosse players arrested for
assault," DTH, Sept. 12). We feel that
there has been a great injustice done to
the lacrosse team and itl reputation.
The reference to the May 1981 incident
involving a lacrosse player in Four Cor
ners Restaurant was irrelevant due to the
fact that it occurred more than two years
ago. In addition, many other athletes
have been involved in this kind of inci
dent with no front-page article, if any
mention at all. There were at least three
incidents this summer involving UNC
athletes without the public's knowledge.
Because of this, we feel that the image
of the lacrosse team has "been degraded.
Further, the last quote by Art Chansky
"I will say that the lacrosse team's record
speaks for itself, both on and off the
field" is totally absurd! As for on the
field, with a record in the last three years
of two NCAA championships and a
t 26-game winning streak (the third-longest
in NCAA history), the team's record does
speak for itself!
U. S. Marines to use naval, air power
By FRANK BRUNI
A new chapter in U.S. military involvement in
Lebanon seemed to commence when the Reagan
administration announced Tuesday that the U.S.
Marines in Lebanon are authorized to call on U.S.
naval and air power in certain circumstances related
Upon their arrival in Beirut nearly a year ago, the
Marines were authorized only to shoot in self
defense. Since then, the situation in Lebanon has
deteriorated, as four Marines have been killed in
fighting between the Lebanese army and Moslem
Druse militiamen. Battles have also erupted five
miles southeast of Beirut between leftist Druse and
rightist Christian militias.
The new instructions from Washington allow
Marine commanders to employ offshore naval and
air power to aid both the Italian, French and British
contingents of the multinational peacekeeping force
and the Lebanese army itself. Although administra
tion officials argue that the new orders represent a
mere extension of the self-defense policy and relate
only to circumstances in which U.S. Marines may
be endangered, congressional leaders are concerned
about an escalation of U.S. military involvement in
In Washington, Senate Democrats called on
President Reagan Wednesday to acknowledge that
the threat to U.S. Marines in Lebanon mandates
that American military presence there be subject to
congressional approval under the War Powers Act.
That resolution requires that the president notify
Congress when U.S. troops face combat situations.
The troops must then be withdrawn within 90 days
unless Congress authorizes their continued
For now, however, the U.S. Marines remain in
the Middle East. While the Reagan administration
feels an obligation to stand by the fragile Lebanese
government it promised to support, it also fears
more harm to U.S. Marines. The present stalling
helps neither case.
' The - circumstances surrounding the Soviet's
downing of KAL flight 007 have generated a virtual
battle of political wills between the United States
and the Soviet Union. While U.S. leaders have lam
basted the Soviet Union with harsh rhetoric, the
Kremlin has drawn attention to the questions about
the plane's flight which remain unanswered.
Among other responses to the tragic incident, the
United States Monday took the matter to the
United Nations Security Council. Although the
general feeling at the council was anti-Soviet, four
of the 15 member nations abstained from voting on
a resolution that would have deplored the Soviet's
action. Poland was the only nation voting with the
Soviet Union as it exercised its veto power over the
In Washington, the House voted unanimously
Wednesday to condemn the Soviet Union for "one
of the most infamous and reprehensible acts in
history." the severity of such a statement is
countered by the absence of any significant sanc
tions against the Soviet Union. The Senate, where
conservatives hoped to press for sanctions against
the Soviets, was scheduled to deliberate the bill
Friday in the middle
State Attorney General Rufus L. Edmisten ended
debate concerning public access to records of con
sulting work by UNC faculty members when he de
clared Tuesday that such records are indeed public
Edmisten's assertion overruled a former staff deci
sion. Edmisten' s staff had advised UNC President
William C. Friday late last month to halt public in
spection of records displaying the nature of consult
ing work done by UNC-system faculty members for
private businesses. Friday complied. In the process
of doing so, however, he withheld requested infor
mation from a Raleigh News and Observer reporter.
The furious N&O proceeded to hit Friday with a
barrage of criticism, much of which appeared on the
paper's editorial page.
The dust from that squabble has now settled and
the issue is clear. UNC faculty members may feel
shortchanged by Edmisten's decision, but the public
has just won the right to scrutinize the commitments
of those whose salaries are paid by tax dollars.
Little promise of relief
How does North Carolina spell reUef? R-A-I-N.
The state got some, but not enough, relief this past
week, and meteorologists predict some more rainfall
this weekend. But the long-range picture is no less
grim than it seemed at the beginning of the week.
National Weather Service meteorologist Rod Gon
ski said Wednesday that the 30-day extended out
look for September calls for below-average rainfall.
North Carolina agrarians have been hit especially
hard by the dry, hot summer months. Farmers in
the state expect to harvest the worst flue-cured
tobacco crop in 42 years and the worst corn crop
since 1966. Farmers outside the state, especially in
the Midwest, have also been devastated by the cruel
whims of Mother Nature.
The Tuesday and Wednesday showers did little to
brighten the scene in Orange County, where restric
tions imposed by Orange Water and Sewer Authori-
"THERE- 15 AO IMMINENT DANGER
To THE: MARINES ,N LEBANON
ty still remain in effect. Watering lawns, shrubbery
and gardens has been banned except between 4 p.m.
and 8 p.m. on Saturdays, and the washing of cars or
outdoor areas with OWASA-provided water has
also been forbidden.
Carolina students should not be surprised to see
posters in the halls and bathrooms of dormitories.
The Residence Hall Association has joined in
Orange County's efforts for conservation and is try
ing to evoke student concern. The situation is a
serious, not to mention arid, one.
Filling the hole
The subject of an increase in the Student Activity
Fee is by no means a new one, but a dwindling trea
sury surplus, largely the result of losses from last
spring's Carolina Concert for Children, has given
the issue new life and an added urgency.
The Campus Governing Council Wednesday
night approved a student referendum on a proposal
to raise the Student Activity Fee by $1.50 per
semester. To approve the fee increase, 20 percent of
the student body must cast ballots in the referendum
and two-thirds of the students must vote for the in
crease. Recognizing the obstacle of galvanizing
4,100 students into action, the CGC had hoped to
hold the vote in conjunction with the Sept. 22
balloting for homecoming queen, but it now ap
pears as though the election will be Oct. 2. A similar
referendum last spring only managed to draw 1,800.
voters, and there's no promise that this new bid for
an increase will be any more successful. Student
apathy concerning the issue is formidable if inex
plicable. While a vote for the fee increase would cost
each student little, a failure to vote could cost many
organizations a great deal. .
Frank Bruni, a sophomore political science major
from Avon, Conn., b an editorial writer for The
Daily Tar Heel.