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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 62
Wednesday, September 28, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
(on strike '
By KATE COOPER
More than 200 Chemistry 61 students
walked into their 9:30 a.m. Organic Chem
istry class Tuesday to discover they had a.
Richard G. Hiskey is substituting for
visiting professor J.J. McCullough, who
told the class last week that he had evi
dence that there was a conspiracy behind
the crash of a DC-10 in Chicago, the
Tylenol poisoning murders and the PCB
poisoning of some cattle feed in the Mid
west. He said he was going on strike and
canceling classes until his colleagues lis
tened to his charges.
Chemistry department chairman R.W.
Murray said he did not know how long
Hiskey, who teachers another section of
Chemistry 61, would teach the class.
McCullough is a visiting professor
through December from McMaster Col
lege in Hamilton, Ontario. Monday he
said he expected to resume teaching the
class in a couple of weeks.
He said he had been told by the depart
ment not to say anything else about the
Hiskey told the students Tuesday that he
was not sure how long he would be teach
"It's a difficult problem having to
change teachers at the beginning of the
semester," he told the class. "I'm sorry,
and the department is sorry, for this un
One student asked if the class would
receive an explanation from the depart
ment. "No, the class will not receive a formal
explanation," Hiskey said.
Hiskey said that he would follow the
same grading scale and exam schedule that
McCullough had given them, including an
exam scheduled for Thursday.
But upset students said McCullough had
postponed the exam last week.
In order to be fair, the exam will cover
only material in the text, Hiskey said.
Sophomore medical technology major
Sylvester Harris said that McCullough's
"going on strike may help him, but it's
also hurting us."
Murray said Tuesday that McCullough
was no longer teaching any classes but
would be "continuing on in research."
Murray declined to comment further
saying that the situation was a personnel
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The wooded area around Kenan Stadium may be used as a tailgate picnic spot on
football Saturdays, but for Bill Viggers and his mom, it is a good place for a haircut.
Viggers, a freshman from Valdese, is an offensive tackle on the varsity football team.
The Associated Press
Christian and Druse militiamen fought an artillery
duel southeast of Beirut Tuesday, and the Lebanese
army exchanged fire with Moslem gunmen in the
capital despite a cease-fire in the civil war.
An Italian member of the international force was
wounded, and the army claimed rival militias were
taking advantage of the truce to re-arm.
State-run Beirut radio said Druse gunners pounded
the Christian-held village of Baasir, 20 miles southeast
of Beirut, on Tuesday night. The Christians returned
fire and the barrages continued for about one hour.
There were no reports of casualties.
Government soldiers shot back at snipers in the
Shiite Moslem Chiyah district of south Beirut, wound
ing "several" gunmen, an army communique said.
Residents said the army used small arms and tank fire.
Beirut radio said Shiite militiamen fired on the army
with rocket-propelled grenades, automatic rifles and
machine guns. It also accused Druse militiamen of try
ing to infiltrate the Hay el-Sellum slum neighborhood
from positions south of Beirut.
In Washington, President Reagan said Tuesday he
would ask for congressional approval of any substan
tial expansion in the role of U.S. troops in Lebanon
and would .seek agreement with Congress if he thinks
they must stay for more than 18 months.
Reagan gave the assurances to anxious congres
sional leaders in a letter designed to calm fears that the
Lowest weekend level
administration may not live up to its end of the com
promise struck with Congress.
Those fears were aroused when Secretary of State
George P. Shultz refused to tell a congressional panel
what the administration plans to do with the troops
after 18 months.
The compromise, which Reagan has said he will sign
with reservations, is scheduled for a vote today or
Thursday in the Senate. Majority Leader Howard H.
Baker Jr., R-Tenn., has predicted it will be approved
after a possible close vote on a move to reduce the
It will then move to the House, where the deeply
divided Democratic majority met in closed session on
the issue TAiesday without reaching agreement.
The compromise recognizes that a timetable for
removal of the troops has been triggered under provi
sions of the 1973 War Powers Act because the troops
are in a hostile situation. In return for this, it
authorizes the aciministration to keep the 1,200
Marines at their peacekeeping posts for up to a year
and a half.
Shultz, in testimony at congressional hearings last
week, declined to be pinned down on what the ad
ministration would do at the end of 18 months.
This prompted some critics in Congress to charge
that the aciministration apparently intended to renege
on the deal. Shultz added fuel to the fire in a weekend
interview in which he said the troops would be needed
See LEBANON on page 3
Water consumption drops
By SUSAN OAKLEY
During Homecoming weekend, water consumption
dropped to its lowest weekend level since the Chapel
Hill area water shortage began several months ago,
said a local water utility official.
Before the shortage, water use averaged 7 million
gallons per day, said Pat Davis, a systems management
specialist for the Orange Water and Sewer Authority.
" " But this "weekehd,rwater consumption averaged only
about 5.37 million gallons per day, he said.
"I'm real pleased with the reduction and response
from the student body and the community," said
Everett Billingsley, executive director of OWASA
Earlier this month, OWASA asked customers to
reduce their weekly average consumption rate to 5.5
million gallons per day.
. On Friday and again on Sunday, water use dropped
below this figure, Davis said.
Water use Friday totalled 5.31 million gallons, he
said, and on Sunday the total use had dropped even
more to 5.25 million gallons.
Despite the UNC football game, Saturday's total
was only 5.54 million gallons. Compared to the
UNC Press is the South 's
oldest continual publisher
amount of water consumed during previous home
games, Davis said, this figure shows a substantial de
crease in water.
On Sept. 10, the day of UNC's first home football
game, water use soared to 8.4 million gallons. One
week later, water consumption was down to 6.6
Davis said he hopes the downward trend in con
sumption continues until the water shortage is over.
He attributes the decrease in demand partly to the
cooler weather "Unlike a few weeks ago,, not many
people take more than one bath or shower a day," he
Last week's rainfall, even though slight, also helped
ease the shortage, he said. "People don't feel it
necessary to water their plants as much now."
OWASA customers are also doing more to help
conserve, he said.
Even though water use over the weekend fell below
the 5.5 million gallon level, he said the average daily
use, calculated over seven-day intervals, is still above
this target level. In order to achieve the 25 percent
reduction goal set last month, consumers must main
tain their conservation efforts, he said.
See OWASA on page 3
By HEIDI OWEN
Among the traditions at UNC is the na
tionally respected UNC Press the
South's oldest continually operating
Although it may not rank with the Old
Well in students' minds, the UNC Press is
well known in literary circles. Last spring,
a UNC Press-published book The
Transformation of Virginia, 1740-1790 by
t Rhys Isaac captured the Pultizer Prize .
Newsweek and The New York Times
have reviewed the UNC Press-published
Down and Out in the Great Depression.
And according to the New York Times
Book Review, the press is "a publisher of
Founded in 1922, the publishing house
in a corner of campus on Boundary Street
"is definitely among the top 10 university
presses by the reckoning of most people,"
said Director Matthew Hodgson.
Owned and operated by the University
of North Carolina system, the press
publishes 55 to 60 books a year. About 25
percent of the publications are by faculty
of N.C. universities or individuals who
have done graduate work at UNC,
The press primarily publishes two types
of books those written for other
scholars and regional books for the general .
"This is a state university and we
publish for the people of North Carolina,"
said Marketing Manager Johanna Grimes.
That explains why the fall 1983 book list
consists of such books as North Carolina
Illustrated, 1524-1984 by H.G. Jones and
Roanoke Island: The Beginnings of
English America by David Stick. Other
current offerings include Humor of A
Country Lawyer by former U.S. Senator
Sam Ervin and two collections of letters by
UNC alumnus and author Thomas Wolfe.
The fall book list also includes three
publications by members of the UNC
faculty Cicero's. "Phillippics" and
Their Demosthenic Model by associate
professor of classics Cecil W. Wooten,
Evolution of the European Idea,
1914-1932 by professor emeritus of history
Cecil H. Pegg,. and The Populist
Challenge: Argentine Electoral Behavior
in the Postwar Era by political science pro
fessor Lars Schoultz.
"Early American history is definitely
our strongest subject," Grimes said. "Our
press is really better than any other in this
Letters from would-be authors come in
to the press every day, Hodgson said.
Authors are selected to send in their
manuscripts, and two reviewers familiar
with the subject matter evaluate them.
If the reviews are favorable and the cost
of publication is affordable, the manu
script is brought before the press's board
of governors for a final decision. The
board of governors consists of faculty and
adrninistration members and individuals
from the community and other univer
sities. Unlike most university presses, some
manuscripts are typeset at the UNC Press
office. The printing of the publications is
done in North Carolina, Tennessee, Michi
gan and Massachusetts.
The press is run on money from the
state, the General Aciministration and the
private sector. The UNC Press receives
more money from the private sector than
any other press in the country, Hodgson
It also depends on the sale of its books
in the Northeast, West and Southeast, in
that order. The press has two other sales
offices one in London and the other in
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Matthew Hodgson is director of the UNC Press. The press is well-known
in literary circles. Last year it published a Pulitzer Prize-winning book.
on water taps
By DEBORAH SIMPKLNS
The Chapel Hill Town Council Monday
night requested that Orange Water and
Sewer Authority declare a moratorium on
water system connections under the stip
ulation that the town and OWASA work
together to balance the demand of water
with the supply.
Connections to the OWASA water sys
tem may be refused until the reservoir's
capacity is increased if OWASA complies
with the Town Council's request.
The resolution adopted was based on a
submission by council member Winston
Broadfoot. Broadfoot's motion requested
that OWASA discontinue taps into the
water system until there was an increase in
Jonathan Howes amended the resolu
tion by asking the town and OWASA to
consider the legal aspects of refusing an
area water connection and also to balance
the demands with the water supply. The
resolution passed unanimously with the
Everett Billingsley, executive director of
OWASA, said, as of Sunday, water usage
was down to 5.5 million gallons per day, a
target set by OWASA. The quantity of
water, on hand and the amount bought
from Hillsborough, in addition to the 5.5
million average, should carry the com
munity into the early part of December, he
said. This prediction does not account for
any rainfall during that time.
Billingsley said OWASA would make its
decision on how to handle water connec
tions after its Oct. 12 public hearing.
In discussion of the water shortage,
Broadfoot compared OWASA's handling
of the water supply to a Russian roulette
game. "I'm not .impressed with the
measures you've taken," Broadtoot said
to Billingsley. Broadfoot said the problem
v ., , ,
level S.1 million gallon
OWASA Target Level
5 JS million gallon
is that no one is looking ahead. The impact
of the water shortage would be greater
each year, he said, because of the growth
Council member Jim Wallace wanted to
keep Broadfoot's resolution. "People
aren't taking this thing with sufficient
seriousness," he said.
Wallace said the quality of Jordan
Reservoir was not up to par and no addi
tional water sources would be available for
three to four years. Because the water sup
ply was not available, Wallace said, "We
should start hollering now."
Broadfoot's original resolution "goes
beyond and becomes unreasonable," said
Mayor Joe Nassif. He said he felt sure
Chapel Hill would get water from Cane
Creek and should, therefore, comply with
OWASA's restrictions. "To go to the ex
treme when there is really no reason is not
proper," Nassif said.
In other action, the Town Council
unanimously decided to recommend to the
Environmental Management Commission
the reclassification of Jordan Reservoir
from class A to class B. .
Nassif said classifying Jordan Reservoir
as A, which means the water is drinkable,
would be deceiving. A B classification
would mean the water would still be good
for boating and swimming, he said.
Seventy-five percent of the reservoir's
water comes from Haw River, Nassif said.
Haw River has a class C rating, with "un
disputed evidence of chemical
compounds," he said. In material supplied
by the mayor, Haw River is shown to con
tain 37 known and 15 unknown chemicals.
The Town Council also authorized a
commitment to the Downtown Chapel
Hill Association for the use of the base
ment of the Franklin Street Post Office as
a proposed teen center.