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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All righis reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 67
Wednesday, October 5, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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, DTHChartes Ledtord
Singin' in the Sun
Early days of fall hold sunny moments despite occasional bursts of nippy weather. Scott Simono of Charlotte and
Anne Hickman of Asheville take advantage of one of these opportunities to stay outdoors. Simono serenades
Hickman on Mclver beach, as he helps her with her guitar-playing.
Ban of mopeds on campus sidewalks recommended
By KATE COOPER
If the director of Security Services has his way,
mopeds soon may be prohibited from campus side
walks. Robert Sherman, director of security services, has
made a recommendation to prohibit mopeds on cam
pus sidewalks. The recommendation is the result of in
creased complaints from students, faculty and staff,
"There have been many, many complaints from
pedestrians involving near-accidents with students on
campus," said Ben Callahan, assistant director of
security and traffic.
Maj. Charles Mauer of the University police said he
has had four complaints filed in the past three months
Sherman researched and examined the problem and
presented the recommendation two weeks ago to
By TONI CARTER
In Germany, they are known has
hackbretts. In Eastern Europe, they're
called cymbaloms. In Chapel Hill, they're
called dulcimers, and a man on Henderson
Street makes them.
R. Michael Mann, who owns and
operates Briar Bridge Hammered
Dulcimers, is a self-taught luthier.
"A few hundred years ago (a luthier)
was someone who made lutes," Mann
said. "Now, it has come to mean someone
who makes stringed mstruments."
Mann, 25, a Chapel Hill native, said he
got interested in dulcimers through a
friend in town who plays them. He wanted
to learn to play so he decided to build his
, own dulcimer and teach himself to play it.
He collected plans and drawings from
the Smithsonian Institute and combined
the best aspects of all to build his first
dulcimer. That was in January of 1980. A
month after he built it he sold the dulcimer
to a Chapel Hill woman. That is how his
business got started. .
Mann's custom-made dulcimers are
arched-top. He also sells kits for flat-top
"The flat-top weighs two to three times
more than the arched-top," Mann said.
"The arched-top gives a purer tone."
Mann's custom models weigh about 14
The word dulcimer comes from the
LatinGreek roots dulce and melos -meaning
sweet tune. The dulcimer has
been traced back 5,000 years to the Middle
East, where it is today called a santir. It
came to America in the early 17th century.
The original dulcimer is today called a
hammered dulcimer and is usually
associated with the folk music of the Ap
palachian Mountains. '
Charles Antle, vice chancellor of business, and Susan
Ehringhaus, assistant to the chancellor. They, along
with others, will study the information and determine
whether it merits presentation to the UNC Board of
Trustees for a vote. If approved, the recommendation
would become part of the campus Traffic and Parking
"We're looking at questions like 'Do we really have
a problem?, 'How big is it?' and 'What kind of restric
tions can we make?' " Antle said. He said it would be
several weeks before any action would be taken.
"More and more universities are making specific
guidelines for moped usage," including North
Carolina State University, Sherman said. "Engines are
becoming more powerful and safety is being jeopar
dized." Tommy Shealy, Student Government town relations
and transportation committee chairman, said he had
not been informed about the recommendation. He
said Student Government had not received any com-
plaints about mopeds on campus.
"We're going to study the issue individually and
work with Bill Sherman on the issue," he said. "If we
step up student awareness so that they see there is a
problem, we may not need the legislation."
Sherman said if the recommendation became part
of the ordinance, penalties for a violation would be
established. For a moped violation, Sherman said
mopeds may be handled as a motor vehicle and be
subject to the same penalties. Motorcycles and cars are
prohibited on campus.
Also included in the recommendation is a provision,
that bikes be locked only at bike racks. "People have
been chaining their bicycles wherever they step off of
them," damaging trees and light posts, he said. Part of
the problem may stem from an increased number of
bicycles on campus, Sherman added.
See MOPED on page 3
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan
proposed Tuesday that the Soviet Union
and the United States each destroy at least
5 percent of their strategic nuclear
warheads every year. "We want to reduce
the weapons of war, pure and simple,"
The president, outlining a new U.S. bar
gaining position in the deadlocked
strategic arms talks, said that "everything
is on the table." He specifically offered,
also, to negotiate limits on long-range
bombers and air-launched cruise missiles.
The United States holds an edge in
bombers of 410 to 343, and also is ahead in
the cruises they carry.
Earlier, Reagan sought to require sub
stantial cutbacks in heavy missiles, which
account for about two-thirds of the
Soviets' strategic strength, while promising
tovtake up bombers at a later stage.
"We have removed the dividing line be
tween the two phases of our original pro
posal," Reagan said.
But he accused the Soviets of "stone
walling," ' and Rep Les Aspin, D-Wis.,
who played a key role in White House
consultations with Congress, predicted "a
very cold reaction" from Moscow.
Reagan and other U.S. officials did not
spell out how many years Soviet and
American strategic warhead totals would
be sliced by 5 percent if the president's
proposal were adopted.
However, the administration is known
to be aiming at a treaty that would run for
about eight years. A 5 percent annual
reduction in the 7,900 warheads now in the
Soviet arsenal would reduce the total to
slightly less than 5,000 in eight years.
Setting a ceiling of 5,000 on U.S. and
Soviet strategic warheads remains a central
American goalt The United States now has
about 7,200 warheads.
Sen. Larry Pressler, R-S.D., chairman
of the Senate arms control subcommittee,
called the plan "an excellent proposal"
and added, "I have often said that the
president wants an arms control agreement
in his first term of office. I hope the
Soviets accept this agreement because it
will probably be his last offer to the Soviets
in his first term."
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass.,
said the proposal was the third put for
ward by the administration in a little over a
year in connection with the strategic arms
reduction, or START, talks.
"Each one has been better than the one
before but none of them has been good
enough," Kennedy said. "I hope that a
worthwhile U.S. -Soviet agreement can be
achieved but in three attempts so far,
START has been little more than a false
The Soviets have proposed limiting each
side to 1,800 missiles and bombers com
bined. Currently, the United States has at
1,600 missiles compared to 2,340 for the
The president met for 45 minutes with a
group from the House and Senate before
announcing the revised U.S. position.
"Let me emphasize," he said, "that the
United States has gone the extra mile."
At Reagan's side was Edward Rowny,
who will open a fifth round of talks with
the Soviets on Thursday in Geneva,
"There will have to be trade-offs, and
the United States is prepared to make
them," Reagan said as he outlined
Rowny's instructions to reporters.
Asked whether he had specific numbers
of weapons in mind, the president replied:
"Not that I would mention in advance."
Reagan adopted the proposal for; a
guaranteed "build-down" in U.S. and
Soviet long-range nuclear weapons at the
prompting of Aspin and other members of
Congress. It was backed by 45 senators.
The president's endorsement could
smooth the way for congressional ap
proval of his MX missile program.
, , , If the Soviets accept Reagan's proposed
build-down, it could scuttle i at least part of
the plan to deploy 100 new land-based
missiles with 10 warheads each at Warren
Air Force Base in Wyoming.
Apart from the guaranteed cutback of 5
percent a year in warheads, the proposal
also would require both sides to destroy
more old nuclear weapons for each new
one they add to their arsenals. For exam
ple, a senior official said, two intercon
tinental ballistic missiles might be retired
for each new one, while submarine missiles
were updated on a build-two, destroy
He called this "an illustration" of how
build-down might work. A working group
will be proposed by the United States to
deal with the issue.
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R. Michael Mann, a Chapel Hill native, carves a part for a dulcimer he is
building. He taught himself to make and play the instrument.
Mann said he plays the hammered
dulcimer, guitar and mandolin mainly,
adding that he also plays the autoharp,
banjo, fretted dulcimer, piano and pen
nywhistle (a six-holed Irish flute). And, he
"dabbles in other instruments." His wife,
Kathy, plays the guitar, autoharp and
The two made a record, released this
past June, called the Wood Between the
Worlds. It contains southern Appalachian
gospel songs, traditional Irish songs and
three songs written by Mann. The Manns
play , all the instruments and do all the
Mann said the record is selling well.
The Manns have also been on television
shows from Georgia to Maryland. They
were invited by the North Carolina Arts
Council to do a demonstrationexhibit of
dulcimers in the North Carolina pavilion
of the 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville,
Term. This year they plan to do shows at
about 40 craft lairs.
Building a hammered dulcimer takes
about 3'2 -weeks, Mann said. Now, he is
building seven at once, and that takes
"Each one I build is evolving toward
what I hope is a better dulcimer," he said.
Mann carves the soundboard (the top)
of the dulcimer from California redwood.
On the soundboard he inlays rosettes,
which he carves from mahogany. Around
the rosettes he carves his trademark of in
tertwined briar vines and leaves.
He puts his dulcimers together with no '.
screws, just glue and fitted joints.
He makes the strings from piano wire.
"There's over a ton of string pressure pull
ing in on the dulcimer," he said. "It sort
of holds itself together."
The hammers are double-sided. The
wood side is for a brassy tone on jigs and
reels, he said. The felt-covered side gives a
quieter tone for slower music.
Mann charges $750 for an arched-top
dulcimer with a three-year guarantee, an
See DULCIMER on page 3
-Wayne Kuncl. . .a-D77-interview
By HEIDI OWEN
Editor's note: Racial segregation in on-campus housing has
prompted discussion recently among students and in the pages
of the DTK The DTH interviewed Wayne Kuncl, who took
over as director of University housing this summer, to find out
how University housing is tackling the issue. The following is
an edited transcript of that interview.
DTH: As you know, there has
been a great deal of controversy
concerning the integration of North
and South campus housing. What is
your opinion on the issue?
Kuncl: I don't know how much
controversy you could say there is,
because no one has presented the
issue to me as a controversy. I'm
certainly aware of the history in re
gard to the concentration of blacks
on South campus and whites on
a fet Ik.
DTH: Has the issue been discuss
ed in the housing department re
cently? Kuncl: It has been much discuss
ed, especially with (Associate Direc
tor of Contracts and Assignments)
Collin Rustin, and students have
come to me concerned with the in
DTH: Are any efforts being made to end the segregation be
tween blacks on South campus and whites on North campus?
Kuncl: That's a catch-22 question. The institution has been
concerned with the aspects of the evidence about this, but
we've been attempting to recruit minority resident assistants as
well as update the contract procedure for incoming students.
The contract procedure has been on a first-come first-serve
basis, where students have three dates to turn in their housing
applications. This worked to a disadvantage for some. We're
refining the system to two periods in which students must turn
in their applications and eventually working up to only one
time where the applications will not be based on the date
they're received. Housing will be on a random basis.
DTH: What do you think about the suggestion of replacing
the current housing assignment procedure for freshmen with
Kuncl: A randomized process will be in effect in two years
time. Everyone will be given a random number, as I men
tioned previously. I agree with S.L. Price's end goal of achiev
ing integration. (Price wrote a column for the DTH advo
cating a random housing assignment process). I don't know
how realistic it is. It's difficult to make an intelligent assess
ment, and it would be difficult to implement. Students have
been used to requesting where they want to live, and it would
be difficult to change this over time.
DTH: Although you weren't here at the tune of South
campus construction, you ve pro
bably heard comments concerning
the reasons South campus was built.
A lot of people say that it was to
provide a place to put minority stu
dents. Is this true?
Kuncl: I really can't answer that
question. I realize that there is a gap
between North and South campus.
A lot of it has to do with the avail
ability of all-women housing. This is
a dramatic concern of many. It also
has to do with tradition many
alumni lived in the old buildings,
and they want their children to live
there also. I've often said if I could
build another "old" building I
would; but it takes time to establish
( A ;
DTH: In the past, the abundance
of black students on South campus
has been related to financial aid. It
has been said that many of these
students are receiving aid and don't receive their checks until
after North campus has been filled. Are you making any ef
forts in conjunction with the financial aid office to speed up
the process and give these minority students an equal chance?
Kuncl: This may have been true in the past, but now anyone
receiving financial aid can get a waiver card saying that they
are going to receive aid. Now that applications are not going to
be given consideration by date, it won't be a problem.
DTH: What do you think of the proposal to increase re
cruitment of minority RAs and to distribute them throughout
Kuncl: For the past two years there has been an active effort
to increase minority RAs and the number has dramatically in
creased. We've also attempted to consistently distribute them
according to where they're needed.
See KUNCL on page 6