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Drop, pass or fail?
Today is the last to drop a
course or declare it passfail.
Sunny today, highs in the up
per 70s. Lows around 50
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. AD rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 69
Friday, October 7, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
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On Thursday about 70 students participated in a Die-In in the Pit as a demonstration for nuclear disarmament. STAND,
Students Taking Action for Nuclear Disarmament, sponsored the event. Here co-chairman Chris Kline outlines bodies in
chalk to 'preserve the deaths.'
'Dying for nuclear disarmament
STAND dramatizes nuclear effects
By THAD OGBURN
About 70 students gathered in the Pit Thursday
afternoon and "died" for the nuclear disarmament
The symbolic deaths were part of a "Die-In" spon
sored by Students Taking Action for Nuclear
Disarmament. Through the "Die-In," STAND
members hoped to dramatize what could happen if the
stockpiling of nuclear weapons is not halted.
"We are trying to bring it home what a nuclear war
could mean," said Joey Pillow, a STAND member
who participated in the demonstration.
"Die-In" participants pretended to be dead from
12:20 p.m. to 12:30 p.m., as a large group of
onlookers watched. STAND member Arri Eisen read
the anti-war poem "Haunting the Maneuvers," by
James Dickey. Many of the "dead" came to life and
applauded when Eisen finished.
As the demonstration was happening, several
STAND members moved through the Pit outlining the
"bodies" in chalk to preserve the deaths. After the
event, some participants wrote graffiti on their body
outlines such as "Ashley died here" or "Steve
March 9, 1964 to October 6, 1983."
The demonstration ended as STAND co-chairman
Chris Kline read a series of statements opposing the
MX missile. Students were encouraged to write letters
opposing the missile to their U.S. senators and
The U.S. House is expected to vote on funding for
the MX missile sometime this month.
Eisen said he felt that the event turned out well.
"It was successful in that it at least got people to
notice," he said.
The "Die-In" was part of STAND'S second MX
Awareness Day. The first MX Awareness Day was
held on Sept. 28, when STAND sponsored an MX
awareness booth in the Pit.
STAND was formed last year with the original pur
pose of lobbying and educating people about the
dangers of nuclear stockpiling, Kline said. Organiza
tion members went to Washington last April to lobby
Kline said the group is concerned more with
educating the public than with lobbying this year. He
estimated that STAND had from 30 to 40 active
members working on it. In addition, funding is pro
vided by about 50 faculty members.
'Explore without pressure'
as PassFail ends today
By DICK ANDERSON
More than 2,500 students will declare a
course passfail today, the last day to exer
cise that option.
The intent of passfail is to reduce a stu
dent's concerns about competing with ma
jors in a course in which they have an in
terest, according to the Undergraduate
A passing grade, indicated by a PS, is
computed into a student's quality point
average as hours attempted, and does not
affect a student's QPA. A failing grade,
however, counts as hours attempted and is
the equivalent of an F grade in any other
Students who were coming to the Arts
and Sciences office in a steady stream this
week said their reasons for declaring the
passfail option boiled down to QPA.
"I need to maintain a pretty good QPA
(for pre-med). It takes the pressure off and
lets you enjoy the class," said Sam
Fleishman, a junior chemistry major.
Tracy Williams, a senior industrial rela
tions major, is taking seven credit hours
passfail. "I wanted to do well my last
year," she said.
Junior transfer student and political
science major Melissa Webb said passfail
would make her first semester at UNC
easier. "I'm not doing well in (Philosophy
21)," she said. "I don't need the course
Had these students gone to UNC 20
years earlier, they would have found no
such option. It wasn't until 1967 that an
industrious student council and student
body president came before Provost J.
Charles Morrow, then Dean of the Col
lege, with a proposal.
"The notion was that some students in
arts would like to take courses in sciences
and vice-versa," Morrow said. With the
By MARK STINNEFORD
A referendum on a proposal to raise the
Student Activity Fee by $1.50 per semester
has been delayed until the February cam
pus wide elections, Student Body President
Kevin Monroe said Thursday.
The Campus Governing Council
authorized a student fee increase referen
dum on Sept. 14. CGC leaders had hoped
to schedule the election in conjunction
with Homecoming queen elections ' on
Sept. 22, but a delay in approving an Elec
tions Board chairman forced Student
Government to postpone the referendum.
Student Government then considered
holding the election this month but decid
ed that sufficient student interest could not
be mustered in just a few weeks, Monroe
"I don't want an election forced on stu
dents," he said. "The more they know
about the issue, the better. If they vote a
fee increase down, let them vote it down
To be enacted, a Student Activity Fee
increase must receive a two-thirds majority
in a student referendum, and at least 20
percent of the student body must cast
CGC Speaker James Exum said a good
turnout could only be achieved during the
"The fee increase is an issue that should
be handled at a time we associate with
maximum voter turnout, and that will be
spring elections," Exum said.
The Student Activity Fee $15.25 per
student per semester was last raised in
Recent efforts to increase the activity fee
have been plagued by student apathy and
procedural problems. A fee increase refer
endum held during the last campuswide
election was thrown out by the Student Su
preme Court, which ruled that the CGC
had not allowed enough time between
authorizing the referendum and presenting
it to the student body. Undeterred, the
CGC voted to hold another referendum
on March 24. The referendum was killed
when only 9 percent of the students
showed up to vote.
In other election news.jiewly approved
Elections Board Chairman Chris Cox an
nounced Wednesday that elections to fill
empty CGC seats will probably be held
Tuesday, Oct. 25. Five graduate seats are
open districts 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8.
Petitions for interested candidates will
be available Tuesday, Cox said. Each can-
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didate must receive signatures from 25
registered students in his district for his
name to be placed on the ballot. '
The CGC seats up for grabs are as
District 2, which includes the art,
dramatic art, education, music and social
work graduate schools and departments.
District 3, which includes the botany,
chemistry, marine science, math, opera
tions research and systems analysis,
physics, statistics and business administra
tion graduate schools and departments.
District 4, which includes the an
thropology, city and regional planning,
computer science, economics, history,
political science and sociology graduate
school and departments.
District 8, which includes anatomy,
bacteriology, nutrition, biomedical
engineering, genetics, neurobiology, oc
cupational therapy, physical therapy,
pathology, pharmacology, physiology,
rehabilitation counseling, speech and hear
ing, and dentistry graduate schools and
District 8, which includes the classics,
comparative literature, English, folklore,
geology, Germanic languages, journalism,
linguistics, library science, philosophy,
RTVMP, recreation administration,
religion, Romance languages, Slavic
languages and speech graduate schools
To organize the elections, Cox said he
will need about eight additional students to
serve on the Elections Board.
CIA provided aid in Nicaragua
J. Charles Morrow
passfail proposal, students "would be ex
posed to the material, but not run the risk
of making a low mark," he said.
"I was perfectly willing to go along with
that with limitations," Morrow said.
Those limitations were the same ones that
today prohibit students from taking
See PASSFAIL on page 4
UNC, heirs engaged in suit over will
By KEITH BRADSHER
A decision by the N.C. Court of Appeals to award UNC a
$712,425 trust will be appealed Monday to the N.C. Supreme
Descendants of the heirs of Lillian Hughes Price Prince will ap
peal the decision. Prince left $138,000 to the University for the
construction of a theater for the Carolina Playmakers when she
died in February 1962.
Prince was heavily involved in the activities of the Carolina
' Playmakers in the 1940s and 1950s. She had leading roles in at
least five productions.
The University did not use the money when Paul Green Theatre
was build in the mid-'70s. Since it was willed, the amount of her
bequest has earned more than $500,000 because of investment in
come. The University has argued that it has a right to that money.
Prince's heirs have said that it does not.
i ne iiugaiion began when the UNC Board of Trustees filed suit
to obtain the Prince money for any use it saw fit. During the trial,
the University said that it would use the money for scholarships
for dramatic arts students. ,
The heirs named in Prince's original will have since died. Their
descendants are being represented by Northen & Little law firm,
which argues that since the money was not spent on theater con
struction it belongs to the descendants.
N.C. Assistant Attorney General George Boylan argued in the
Court of Appeals trial for the University, saying that the Prince
money was insufficient to accomplish her request "in an ade
quate, suitable and 'predictable' manner." The University was
able to obtain more than enough money for construction of the
Paul Green Theatre from the state, Boylan said. Spending the
Prince money on the theater could have forced the University to
return some of the money to the state.
x The cost of the building was $1,364,209 in 1976. None of the
Prince money was used in its construction.
See BEQUEST on page 5
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON The Central Intelligence Agency provided
anti-Sandinista rebels with at least one of the planes used in
bombing raids inside Nicaragua last month, intelligence sources
One source said it was a CIA-supplied plane, piloted by two
Nicaraguan rebels, that crashed at the base of the control tower at
Managua's international airport during a Sept. 8 bombing raid.
Another source said the CIA has provided five light planes to the
Costa Rican-based forces of former Sandinista hero Eden
Pastora, who claimed responsibility for the airport raid.
Although CIA "covert" support for Honduran-based
Nicaraguan counter-revolutionaries has been known for months,
Pastora's source of arms and money has remained shrouded in
secrecy. Pastora, who broke with the Sandinista government 18
months ago, has repeatedly refused to say where he gets his sup
port. CIA spokesman Dale Peterson said Thursday "it is not our
policy to comment on such allegations."
Three U.S. intelligence sources who confirmed the existence of
U.S. aid to Pastora spoke on condition they not be identified.
One said that only the plane that crashed at the airport killing
the two rebels on board came from the CIA, and that other planes
used by Pastora's forces were provided by the rightist Salvadoran
government without U.S. involvement.
However, another source, who has access to the ledger listing
CIA aid to Pastora, said the CIA supplied him three two-engine
Cessnas and two one-engine Cessnas. He added that the agency
also provides Pastora's rebels with "the normal complement of
arms" that go to the Honduran-based forces.
The source said the CIA bought the planes with money from
- the agency's secret "contingency fund," not from the $19 million
allocated for the Nicaraguan covert action in 1983 budget. The
CIA exceeded that budgeted amount in March about halfway
through the federal budget year and relied on the contingency
fund to pay for the operation after that point, sources have said.
The source said the planes technically were "sold" to Pastora's
forces because CIA officials "don't want their fingerprints too
That account was confirmed independently by a third source,
who added: "Pastora's up to his neck in this." ,
After the airport attack, the Sandinistas released documents
they claim to have recovered from the crashed 1981 twin-engine
Cessna 404. The documents included one pilot's Florida drivers
license, his U.S. Social Security card and American credit cards.
The papers showed that the pilot, Agustin Roman, a onetime
top Sandinista air force official, had made recent flights to Costa
Rica, El Salvador, Venezuela, Miami, Houston and New York.
According to Federal Aviation Administration records, a
Cessna with the serial number matching the one on the documents
was registered to Investair Leasing Corp. of McLean, Va., on
Nov. 26, 1982, by Mark L. Peterson, Investair's director of
marketing. FAA records show that it was "de-registered" June 7
when it was apparently sold to a Panamanian company .
The New York Times reported in Thursday's editions that In
vestair's manager, Edgar L. Mitchell, was a former top official of
Intermountain Aviation Inc., a now defunct company that was
owned by the CIA. The Times said Peterson was an officer of Air
America Inc., another CIA operation, in 1977 and 1978.
Reached by phone at Investair offices in McLean on Thursday,
Peterson refused comment and said Mitchell was out of town.
Sources say the CIA spent $33 million to aid the 7,000 to 10,000
Nicaraguan "contras" or counter-revolutionaries in fiscal
1983, which ended Sept. 30. Estimates of the aid for the new fiscal
year run as high as $48 million.
Amid concern that the Reagan administration was trying to
overthrow the Nicaraguan government a claim President
Reagan has denied the House voted July 28 to cut off U.S. aid
to the contras. But the Senate never acted on the bill, and the
Senate Intelligence Committee voted 13-2 on Sept. 22 to provide
$19 million more for the covert action. That vote came after the
administration said pressure was needed to stop Nicaragua from
backing leftist guerrillas in El Salvador and elsewhere in Central
Pastora, a hero of the 1979 Sandinista revolution that toppled
dictator and U.S. ally Anastasio Somoza Lebayle, split with the
leftist Nicaraguan government in early 1982 and formed the
Democratic Revolutionary Alliance known by its Spanish in
ARDE, based along Nicaragua's southern border with Costa
. Rica, claims 3,700 fighters, although U.S. estimates put its force
at about 2,000 men. It remains independent of the larger,
Honduran-based Nicaraguan Democratic Front, or FDN, which
Pastora has denounced because it includes former Somoza Na
However, in stepping up attacks in recent weeks, the two
groups seem to be showing increased cooperation, reportedly at
the insistence of the CIA. While the FDN has mounted
' commando-style attacks against economic targets, ARDE has
made at least four air raids, including attacks on the Pacific port
of Corinto and the Nicaraguan customs post at Penas Blancas on
the Costa Rican border.
The raid on Managua airport caused moderate damage and
killed one customs worker. The attack came shortly before two
U.S. senators, Gary Hart, D-Colo., and William Cohen,
R-Maine, were scheduled to land and prompted a State Depart
ment comment deploring "any attack which would endanger the
lives of innocent civilians."