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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Hed. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 73
Thursday, October 13, 1833
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
space in '84
U I II I I If II
By JIM ZOOK
After his first voyage into space six
weeks ago aboard the space shuttle
Challenger, Dr. William Thornton says
his second journey will be anything but
Thornton, a 1952 UNC . physics
graduate and a 1963 graduate of the UNC
School of Medicine, said in a press con
ference Wednesday morning tlat he will
be going into space once again, in
November 1984 aboard Spacelab 3.
A native of Faison, Thornton was
honored during University Day cere
monies Wednesday where he was named
a Distinguished Alumnus. Joined by his
wife Jennifer, Thornton said that upon
hearing he was to be named a Distin
guished Alumnus, he was "surprised,
honored and very humbled."
During his next space mission, Thorn
ton will be continuing his studies on the
effects of weightlessness. He said that his
main responsibility will be the large
animal payload, which will include
"dozens of rats and a number of mon
keys." Spacelab 3 is scheduled to be a nine
day mission that will carry seven astro
nauts on board. However, Thornton said
that he would not be surprised if the
November launch was delayed because
the National Aeronautics and Space Ad
ministration has 11 other launches plan
ned before Spacelab 3 lifts off.
While aboard the Challenger, Thorn
ton's chief responsibility was to study the
effects of Weightlessness on the astro
nauts. The ability to study the astronaut's
reaction to space travel was what Thorn
ton called the greatest part of the flight
"On a flight like that, it's hard to say
(what his most memorable happening
was)," he said. "The whole experience
was memorable for me in that I was able
to do first hand what I'd only been able
to do from a distance, and that is to study
the effects of weightlessness "on the
During the history of the space pro
gram, weightlessness has given about half
of the astronauts a sickness called space
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Henry C. Boren, secretary of the Faculty Council, reads information about Dr. William Thornton, the first
UNC graduate in space, who is about to receive a Distinguished Alumnus award
adaptation syndrome, a form of dis
equilibrium that causes such symptoms as
nausea, paleness, sweating, and unsteadi
ness. Thornton said that some progress
was made in the research of this syn
drome. "Fortunately, we made some steps to
ameliorate some of those aspects and
also, more importantly, the way to go to
probably find the final solution to the
problem," he said.
The initial 60 to 90 minutes of the flight
gave Thornton more information than he
could ever have accumulated in his
studies on earth, he said.
But most memorable for Thornton was
the sunrise from space.-
"You have to be there to see it, but it
has to be one of the grandest sights a
human being has ever seen," he said. "It
has the elements of being on earth, sort of
gold and such that one sees here some
times, but then there is an incredible blue
band that keeps increasing in color and
intensity and it simply can't be des
cribed," he said.
Thornton also has attained celebrity
for. being the oldest man to ever go into
space, an honor he said he's proud to
wear. He stressed that youth is not an im
portant factor for an astronaut.
"When I was twenty years old and
UNC celebrates with
pomp and pageantry
By KATE COOPER
Students who spent Wednesday sleeping or studying missed a
great birthday party.
Pomp and pageantry marked University Day, UNC's 190th
The Old Well was surrounded with faculty members dressed in
their academic regalia from the University of Madrid's sky
blue lampshade hat to the University of St. Andrews' yellow
Professors greeted professors with dignity, and admiring
students stood and gaped at how elegant their mentors looked.
The Marching Tar Heels played as about 270 members of the
faculty and administration proceeded into Memorial Hall for the
convocation commemorating the laying of the cornerstone of Old
East dormitory in 1793. .
During the convocation, Distinguished Alumnus Awards were
presented to astronaut William Thornton, civil rights attorney
Julius Levonne Chambers, State Secretary of Aclministration
Jane Smith Patterson and former University of Chicago librarian
The University library also honored the acquisition of its three
millionth volume. The volume is part of a collection of 300 rare
Estienne books presented by the John Wesley and Anna Hodgin
Hanes Foundation for the Study of the Origin and Development
of the Book.
In the main address at the convocation, Patterson said,
"Technology, dwindling funds, rising costs and tuition, and high
unemployment present today's University with difficult challenges .
"Instead of platitudes and nostalgic glances backward toWhat
once was, the University needs to take a rigorous look at the
world it occupies," she said.
To help do this, Patterson asked Chancellor Christopher C.
Fordham III to consider the formation of a Blue Ribbon Com
mission, composed of alumni leaders from the state's business
and government communities, to look at issues facing the Univer
"The commission's work could complement the University's
own review by adding the wisdom and insight of leaders across the
state, who have learned through experience the kind of educa
tional foundation our future leaders and North Carolina will
need," Patterson said.
The Distinguished Alumnus Awards were established in 1971.
Recipients of the award are approved by the Faculty Council and
Board of Trustees.
Thornton received his undergraduate degree in 1952 and
medical degree in 1963. In August, he became the oldest person to
journey into space when he flew on the space shuttle Challenger.
He is currently researching the inner ear and its effects on motion
sickness and sickness in space.
Chambers, a 1962 graduate of the UNC School of Law, has
handled more than 50 civil rights cases, including the Swann vs.
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education suit, which began
desegregation in Charlotte's public schools.
Often an outspoken critic of the University's minority faculty
hiring and minority student recruiting policies, Chambers said
that "someone needs to draw attention to those needs.
"All along I have loved the University," he said in an interview
after the convocation. "I have thought there has been a continued
See DAY on page 3
down on the practice fields, sure, I might
be able to do some things that I can't do
today," he said. "I think the really im
portant thing is that it doesn't have a
thing to do with age. What it does have to
do with is the person's ability to perform,
so now it doesn't take a Superman to go
into space and it won't in the future."
In the space age race with the Soviet
Union, Thornton said that both sides
have things going for them.
"In some areas, we are obviously out
in front. The Russians have nothing to
compare with the space shuttle.
The Russian's big plus is that they have
long-term space experience, Thornton
said. NASA has plans to get a permanent
station up so that long-term experience
can be attained, he added.
Thornton said that he still holds fond
memories of his days at UNC as a stu
dent. 'Memories are of days like this in the
fall. Coming back after football practice
and such, I still remember water dripping
off the leaves. It's always a great pleasure
to see these trees, here You wouldn't
believe what a great "thing a tree is,
especially in the spring and fall," he said.
Thornton does manage to get back to
Chapd Hill every once in a while, he said.
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He was here just before his space shuttle
"I was here for just a few hours. I'm
afraid that my memory at that time was
what had they done with all the parking
spaces," he said.
Thornton had some advice for those
who would be prospective astronauts.
"If you want to get into the astronaut
program, obviously, you must have an in
terest in space, and let me say that that in
terest is widening," he said, adding that it
was a possibility that newspersons could
go up on future missions.
"Although it's broadening, I would
first of all encourage anyone who is in
terested in getting into the program to
have some specific ideas of what he wants
to do in space," he said. "It has to be
more than just a carnival ride, a 'gee
whiz' thing. That's not enough. You've
got to be able to contribute something."
Jennifer Thornton said she was not
scared as she watched the liftoff of the
; , "I wasn't at all frightened," she said.
"Some of the other wives were scared,
and I think they thought I should have
been more scared than I was. But it was
emotional, it was exciting, and I was glad
By MARK STINNEFORD
The Campus Governing Council voted
Wednesday night to seek an injunction to
prevent the University from collecting a
fee from students staying in residence halls
over Fall Break.
The vote was 15-3.
CGC Speaker James Exum (District 15)
said the council would seek a lawyer to
pursue the case.
"The administration won't like it,"
Exum said. "But it's not our job to please
Wayne Kuncl, director of University
housing, announced Tuesday that dormi
tory residents remaining on campus for the
break could stay in Morrison, Hinton
James, Ehringhaus or Craige. Students
staying in the residence halls would be
charged $4 per day, he said.
In a telephone interview from his home
after the meeting, Kuncl said he was aware
that the CGC might consider some legal
action. CGC members Ron Everett (Dis
trict 13) and Jim Wilmott (District 12) dis
cussed the situation with Kuncl earlier in
"They're certainly free to do that (seek
an injunction)," Kuncl said. "If they feel
that's in the best interest of the students,
maybe it's the way they should go."
Kuncl said he believed his decision was
in the best interest of dormitory residents.
"My feeling is that the cost of keeping
the residence halls open should be borne
by students using the service and not by
(all) 6,800 residents," he said.
During Wednesday's- meeting, CGC
members repeatedly turned to Steve Rein
hard (District 1), a second-year law stu
dent, for legal advice. Reinhard said the
council could seek an injunction in Chapel
Hill District Court. The CGC would pro
bably have no trouble finding a lawyer at
the School of Law or within the local com
munity to take the case for free, he said.
Everett suggested that University hous
ing was breaking its contract with dormi
tory residents by charging the fee.
Randall Parker (District 14) agreed.
"I don't think they have the right to get
any fees for what people have already paid
for," Parker said.
The rent paid by students living in resi
dence halls covers 1 12 days of occupancy
for the fall semester, Kuncl said. Students
are not paying for Orientation weekend,
Fall Break or Thanksgiving vacation, he
The $4 fee represents the average daily
rent of a South Campus resident, Kuncl
said. Money gained through the fee will be
used to hire resident assistants for the
break, he said.
Hallways and Highrises, the booklet
outlining residence hall rules and proce
dures, states: "Certain designated resi
dence halls will remain open during
Thanksgiving, winter, and spring vaca
tions, and during interim periods between
academic sessions for those residents who
cannot leave the campus. A daily fee will
be charged for each resident."
Several members said the wording of the
booklet did not allow for the closing of
residence halls during Fall Break. Rules
and procedures within the booklet are
legally binding on students signing a resi
dence hall contract.
Kuncl said the contract covered closing
residence halls for Fall Break, but he ad
mitted the wording could be confusing.
CGC member Stephen Harris (District
19) agreed that the cost of keeping the
residence halls open should be borne by
students staying on campus during break.
But he suggested the CGC issue a state
ment requesting that the UNC administra
tion establish a permanent policy concern
ing the closing of dormitories over Fall
In the past, dormitories have remained
open during the break.
Reggie Holley QDistrict 11) said that a
statement would carry no weight with the
"So many times, all we do is make state
ments," Holley said.- "We know what's
happened to our statements in the past.
An injunction or some type of legal action
whether we win or lose is what's
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DTHZane A. Saunders
University professors, in full regalia, march into Memorial Hall
Wednesday during part of the University Day celebration.
xperts look to better water
By KYLE MARSHALL
Assistant State and National Editor
Editor's note: This is the first of a two-part series
examining the quality of water sources in the northern
The state's top environmental experts are looking at
ways to improve the northern Piedmont's water sup
plies. They've conducted studies and offered possible
solutions. They've received help from state govern
ment agencies. And they're closer than ever to finding
a way to tap into the now-unused water sources.
But while safe water supplies now are just a few
years away, the environmental officials agree that
many problems still remain.
For example, the Haw River, as it winds through the
Piedmont and empties into Jordan Lake south of
Chapel Hill, carries an important link in solving the
area's water problems. Contaminants dumped into the
Haw, they say, result in the pollution of Jordan Lake.
It follows that if contamination of the Haw and its
tributaries is prevented upstream, cities downstream
and in the vicinity of Jordan Lake will get to use the
But the officials say there's a problem with that bit
"I'd say there's serious concern about the quality of
water in the Haw," said David Moreau, director of the
Water Resource Research Institute at N.C. State
University. "And the concern is not so much with
what we can measure in Jordan, but about the stuff we
"We really don't know about the level of pollution
from synthetically produced organic chemicals. It
can't be measured yet."
Pollution from those chemicals, including
pesticides, herbicides and biocides, enters the Haw at
more than 140 discharge points along the river. It
comes from three main sources sewage treatment
plants, factories and agricultural runoff.
While that pollution contaminates the Haw,
Moreau said he didn't know if it would be enough to
prevent water drawn out of Jordan Lake from being
used for drinking purposes.
"I think by and large that the data would indicate
it's all right (for drinking)," Moreau said. But that
data, he said, concerned metallic content and algae,
not organic chemicals.
Evidence gathered by the Water Resource Research
Institute shows that algae is not as big a concern as
organic chemicals may be, Moreau said.
See LAKES on page 2
Land right will be decided
By SALLY SMITH
The N.C. Environmental Management Commission
will decide this morning in Raleigh whether to reinstate
Orange Water and Sewer Authority's right to acquire
land for the Cane Creek reservoir project.
If a resolution before the 17-member commission
passes, OWASA would have state approval to begin
land condemnation proceedings for the Cane Creek
dam and reservoir project, said Pat Davis, OWASA
systems management specialist.
The EMC granted OWASA permission in March to
begin condemning land, but the Cane Creek Conser
vation Authority appealed that decision. In August
Wake County Superior Court Judge Donald L. Smith
reversed the EMCs decision.
Smith said the findings the EMC presented as a
basis for its decision were insufficient. Smith sent the
decision back to the EMC, said Thomas Hiliiard, legal
specialist with the N.C Department of Natural
Resources and Community Development.
Approval would give OWASA eminent domain.
"They can use it to acquire land, water and water
rights," said Hiliiard.
The project would create a reservoir on Cane Creek,
state," Hiliiard said.
Several factors must be studied in this decision,
Hiliiard said, such as the necessity of the project and
the feasibility of alternatives.
A struggle over the project started several years ago
when the Cane Creek reservoir was first proposed as a
solution to Chapel Hill's water problem.
Soon after the proposal, the CCCA formed to op
pose the project.
"We have several fears," said Edward Johnson,
Cane Creek resident and associate professor in the
UNC psychology department.
Johnson said the group feels the . community,
agriculture and natural habitat in the area would be
The Cane Creek community is agriculturally
oriented, with large dairy farms in the watershed area.
Run-off restrictions could put an end to agriculture in
the watershed, Johnson said.
The reservoir's presence will start a land rush,
Johnson said, resulting in a suburb for Chapel Hill.
The CCCA favors other options for Chapel Hill,
such as using water from Jordan Lake and the Haw
But Davis said the Cane. Creek project was the best
choice. "There are almost 140 municipal and in-
about 12 miles west of Chapel Hill, that could provide dustrial waste treatment plants which discharge waste
about 10 million gallons of water per day. to the Haw River and B. Everett Jordan Lake," he
"The issue to be determined is whether the Cane jd.
Creek dam and reservoir project is consistent with the g CANE CREEK on page 3
maximum beneficial uses of water resources of the