The daily Tar Heel. (Chapel Hill, N.C.) 1946-current, October 13, 1983, Page 8, Image 8
BThft Daily Tar HeelThursday, October 13. 1983 91st year of editorial freedom Kerry DeRochi. Editor Alison Davis, Managing Editor LlSAPULLEN, University Editor CHRISTINE MANUEL, State and National Editor Michael DeSisti. Spom Editor BILL RjEDY, News Editor JEFF HlDAY, Associate Editor John Conway, cay Editor KAREN FISHER, Features Editor Jeff Grove, Arts Editor CHARLES W. LEDFORD, Photography Editor Better late than never The International Olympic Committee has long forbade amateur athletes to use drugs especially those that might aid the performance of the athlete; giving him an unfair advantage over competitors. Never theless, drug, use among athletes has increased steadily, its growth unhampered by mostly unreliable and ineffective methods of detecting drugs. Technological advances have helped rein in drug abuse, and for several years major sports countries, except the United States, have in stituted highly sensitive drug-testing procedures. Now, finally, the United States Olympic Committee has announced its own belated intent to follow the lead and attempt to protect both amateur sports and its athletes. The American action comes only after an embarrassment at this sum mer's Pan American Games. There, hundreds of competitors watched as new drug-testing devices disqualified 15 athletes, two of them American gold-medal winners. The shakeup shocked both athletes and fans alike and awakened them to the seriousness and pervasiveness of drug use in amateur sports. Now, several months later, the United States Olympic Committee has ordered that similar tests be performed on all athletes who qualify for the U.S. Olympic Team. In both formal and informal testing, urine samples from every qualifying athlete will be tested for the 100 drugs banned by the IOC. If only one test comes up positive, that athlete will be barred from competition. Disqualified athletes can ask to be retested and can pursue further appeals through the director of the USOC. Because the United States is one of the last leading countries to require drug testing of its athletes, the pre-Olympic testing cannot be performed here the United States does not have a center capable of performing the tests though USOC officials say a state-of-the-art testing center will be present in Los Angeles next summer. As the last stronghold of non-government-subsidized Olympic sports, the USOC is embarrassingly delinquent in instituting drug-testing pro cedures. Still, these strong measures should be commended for assuring that Olympic athletes will be competing fairly, using nothing more than their strength, skill and determination. Modern muckraking Rest in peace? Not if you live as a Hollywood star, died under even the most minutely suspect circumstances and happened to fall into the cold, profit-seeking hands of coroner Dr. Thomas Noguchi. And, most of all, not if respect able journalists decided to pay attention to the sensational stories Naguchi likes to tell. - Noguchi, a former chief medical examiner for Los Angeles County, is no Quincy when it comes to professional ethics. His alleged mismanage ment of the department, spotlighted by inappropriate comments about celebrity deaths, earned him his demotion to physician-specialist in April 1982. But it did not quiet the good doctor, whose forthcoming book, apt ly titled Coroner j discusses the deaths of such celebrities as William Holden, Marilyn Monroe, John Belushi and Natalie Wood. Celebrity vultures like Noguchi have long existed. Accounts like his are no strangers to book publishers and scandal sheets. Yet the advances for Coroner have also found the ears of such esteemed wire services as the Associated Press, which only last week produced a lengthy story detailing Noguchi's chapter on the Nov. 29, 1981, drowning of Natalie Wood. The Associated Press no doubt thought the piece a public interest story, as did the Raleigh News and Observer, which gave the article on Noguchi's far fetched forensic findings prominent display at the top of page three of the Oct. 11 issue. Still, the interest in Wood generated by the recent release of the film Brainstorm, which features her final screen performance, is no reason to report the ever-changing conclusions of a man of dubious reputation. There is no news value to NoguchTs "new" findings concerning the circumstances of -Wood's accidental drowning two years ago. While his original report indicated that an intoxicated Wood fell off her yacht after trying to escape an argument between husband Robert Wagner and actor Christopher Walken, the new report downplays Wood's inebriation and states that she fell while trying to retie a dinghy to the side of the yacht. The new report rather melodramatically describes Wood's struggle in the frigid ocean waters off South Catalina Island as "both unique and gallant ... she almost achieved a miracle." It almost sounds as if Noguchi were there watching it all happen. Seeing tripe in The National Enquirer is regrettable. Seeing a wire ser vice rendition of it in the first pages of supposedly responsible newspapers, however, is inexcusable. The Daily Tar Heel Editorial Writers: Frank Bruni, Charles Ellmaker and Kelly Simmons Assistant Managing Editors: Joel Broadway, Tracy Hilton and Michael Toole Assistant News Editor Melissa Moore News: Tracy Adams, Dick Anderson, Joseph Berry hill, Angela Booze, J. Bonasia, Keith Bradsher, Amy Brannen, Lisa Brantley, Hope Bufflngton, Tom Cordon, Kathie Collins, Kate Cooper, Teresa Cox, Lynn Davis, Dennis Dowdy, Chris Edwards, Suzanne Evans, Kathy Farley, Steve Ferguson, Genie French, Kim Gilley, Marymelda Hall, Andy Hodges, Sue Kuhn, Liz Lucas, Thad Ogburn, Beth O'Kelky, Janet Olson, Rosemary Osborne, Heidi Owen, Beth Ownley, Cindy Parker, Donna Pazdan, Ben Perkowski, Frank Proctor, Linda Queen, Sarah' Raper, Mary Alice Resch, Cindi Ross, Katherine Schultz, Sharon Sheridan, Deborah Simp kins, Jodi Smith, Sally Smith, Lisa Stewart, Mark Stinneford, Carrie Szymeczek, Liz Saylor, Mike Sobeiro, Amy Tanner, Doug Tate, Wayne Thompson, Vance Trefethen, Chuck Wall ington, Scott Wharton, Lynda Wolf, Rebekah Wright, Jim Zook, Kyle Marshall, assistant state and national editor, and Stuart Tonkinson, assistant university editor. Sports: Frank Kennedy, Kurt Rosenberg and Eddie Wooten, assistant sports editors. Glenna Bun-ess, Kimball Crossley, Pete Fields, John Hackney, Lonnie McCullough, Robyn Nor wood, Michael Persinger, Julie Peters, Glen Peterson, Lee Roberts, Mike Schoor, Scott Smith, Mike Waters, David Wells and Bob Young. Features: Dawn Brazell, Clarice Bickford, Tom Camacho, Toni Carter, Margaret Claiborne, Karen Cotten, Cindy Dunlevy, Charles Gibbs, Tom Grey, Kathy Hopper, Dana Jackson, Charles Karnes, Joel Katzenstein, Dianna Massie, Kathy Norcross, Jane Osment, Clinton Weaver and Mike Truell, assistant features editor. Arts: Steve Carr, Ivy Hilliard, Jo Ellen Meekins, Gigi Sonner, Sheryl Thomas and David Schmidt, assistant arts editor. Graphic Arts: Jamie Francis, Lori Heeman, Ryke Longest, Jeff Neuville, Zane Saunders and Lori Thomas, photographers. ' ; Business: Anne Fulcher, business manager; Tammy Martin, accounts receivable clerk; Dawn Welch, circulationdistribution- manager; William Austin, assistant circulationdistribution manager; Patti Pittman, classified advertising manager; Julie Jones, assistant classified adver tising manager; Debbie McCurdy, secretaryreceptionist. - Advertising: Paula Brewer, advertising manager; Mike Tabor, advertising coordinator; Laura Austin, Kevin Freidheim, Patricia Gorry, Terry Lee, Doug Robinson, Amy Schultz and Anneli Zeck ad representatives. Composition: UNC-CH Printing Department Printing: Hinton Press, Inc. of Mcbane. on't buck deregulation By KYLE MARSHALL Concern over two financially troubled airlines Continental and Eastern has flown into two larger issues: whether the airline industry should be re-regulated and if companies have a right to escape labor contracts through bankruptcy. In both cases, airline executives are pit ted against labor unions. It's not the first . example of labor vs. management. But this time the results could set precedent for the industry's biggest airlines as they battle low fares, high wages and intense competition in their struggle to remain airborne. A tale of two airlines Continental almost taxied to a halt three weeks ago when it announced it couldn't pay its debts. It laid off 65 percent of its 12,000 employees. With operating losses of $26.5 million for the second half of 1983, and with no prospect for improve ment, Continental announced its intention to file for Chapter 11 of the Federal Bankruptcy Act.' (Under Chapter 11, a firm continues to operate under court pro tection from creditors while it seeks a plan to pay its debts.) - Chairman Frank Lorenzo said the air line had not gained the wage concessions it needed to continue operating. His plan? First, close the airline, and second, re-open it as a smaller, regional carrier. Soon after filing for Chapter 11, Lorenzo made good his promise by restoring service to 25 of the 78 cities Continental had served. And at Eastern, 1983 second-quarter losses totaled $3377 million, compared to only $3 million for the same period last year. Chairman Frank Borrnan, a former astronaut, threatened to follow Conti nental's lead unless he got employees to accept immediate 15 percent wage cuts. Unions representing machinists, flight attendants and pilots refused to back down, saying Borrnan was bluffing. Then, just when it seemed Eastern would get breathing room through the bankruptcy courts, Borrnan called off the dogs. After he dropped his demands for the wage cuts in an agreement last Friday, the unions agreed to let independent finan cial experts analyze the situation and said they would abide by the results. VMAH.THfir.s THE CAST" TUB W W CONTINENTAL UNTIL THEV SETUE THIS PILOTS STRIKE.. , Continental and Eastern arenow look; ing to climb back to the heights they once enjoyed. The latest moves by Lorenzo and Borrnan indicate they're capable of pulling it off. One thing seems sure, however the airline industry unions will continue to sing the blues of deregulation. Disgruntled over deregulation Deregulation, the most revolutionary thing to hit the industry since the invention of the airplane, took effect in 1978. What it did, essentially, was end government in terference and allow the same kind of competition that other industries face to spread to the airlines. Before, the govern ment readily approved air-fare increases. Since, the airlines have cut fares while costs have soared. It has allowed smaller airlines a chance to get out of the gates. But the truth is, not too many airlines are flying high right now. Smaller, upstart carriers founded since deregulation are the most financially stable in the industry. They don't compete with the giants on a national scale and thus are able to keep operating costs down. Perhaps best of all, the discount airlines are largely non-union a tremendous advantage over carriers that have to pay employees two or three times as much in salaries and benefits. It's easy to see why Continental and Eastern are having trouble competing. Not every airline is in such trouble, however. America West airlines, a new Phoenix-based regional carrier, is just get ting off the ground. It pays its pilots a mere $32,500 a year. (The average salary for Eastern's 37,500 employees from pilots to painters stands at $47,000.) People Express, based in Newark, N.J., undercuts other airlines' fares and is able to succeed by Wring non-union employees. Closer to home, Winston-Salem-based Piedmont is secure with its strong regional system. After first-quarter losses this year, the company's earnings have rebounded, and Piedmont's future looks promising. Of course it goes without saying that the traveler is clearly better off paying lower fares. All of which points to the need for con tinued support of deregulation. In cases where airlines have failed or are on the verge of bankruptcy, the problem has been the cost of labor. Still, the AFL-CIO and six airline industry unions plan to lobby Congress in the next few weeks for re regulation. Aside from government regulation, the unions claim that the bankruptcy law is be ing misused. Chapter 11 is a tool to put labor at a disadvantage, they say. But what they're forgetting is that Chapter 1 1 was designed to protect workers' jobs. The next chapter When the Bankruptcy Act was revised in 1978, it encouraged more companies to use Chapter 11 to keep from going under. Without this reorganizational type of bankruptcy, companies could be forced to close their doors and fire all their workers. But the air industry unions insist they're being forced, through unfavorable bank ruptcy laws, to make wage concessions. Their point of view is understandable no one who works for a living wants his salary to be cut, especially through legal maneuvering. Still, it doesn't seem realistic that they're making a two-pronged attack on deregulation and bankruptcy. And it doesn't seem possible that airline employees are making the wage demands. While Eastern's employees average $47,000 a year, at Continental senior pilots averaged $83,000 before the company filed bankruptcy. So the airlines' labor costs are very real. , Here's an industry that already suffers from enormous operating costs (a single 767 jetliner costs around $50 million), cut throat competiton and a not-so-rosy future. And the unions refuse to back off, even when job security is at stake. In light of this, the big airlines have every right to use Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Whether it's to seek proection from creditors or to reduce wage costs should not even be an issue. If the company is in debt, it must try its best to get out of it. Union leaders must also do their part by corning down from the clouds and accept ing concessions whenever possible. That way, labor and management can avoid showdowns over Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The first step for big airlines like Con tinental and Eastern is to reduce labor costs. If that doesn't work, Chapter 11 should be a good escape clause. And the only alternative after that is to go out of business. In that case, everybody's a loser. , Kyle Marshall, a junior economics and political science major from Henderson ville, is assistant state and national editor of The Daily Tar Heel. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Is 'DTH' the 'National Enquirer? To the editor: The DTH has gone too far. An incredi ble lack of responsible jounalism has been evidenced time and time again. It boils down to what students want in a student newspaper: Do we want a professional, responsible media publication, or do we want a glorified National Enquirer that prints false information, stirring up con troversy and pitting group against group. It does not take a journalism major (these points come put in freshman English) to realize that though there is every right to print anything, one still must separate fact from opinion and draw con clusions only after thorough investigation. Bypassing this process breeds sweeping condemnations, falsehoods and hatred. For example: 1) Three drunken UNC students (not totally uncommon) harassed a drunken female and were implicated for assault (not sexual). In no way defending the ac tions of these invididuals, it is still unfor tunate that because they were lacrosse players, the DTH made a vast generaliza tion and implied that all lacrosse players are barbarians and CTiminals. 2) The DTH (Sept. 16) implied by the prominence and publicity of the story, that UNC President William Friday had devious and secretive dealings with the Federal Bureau of Investigation. This was based on conjecture without any sub stantiating evidence. 3) Looking past the front-page .story given to ' the candidacy of a male for Homecoming queen (as that may have "warranted attention), the DTH decided to personally attack an individual student, Padraic Baxter, on the editorial page and, then, sign it with someone else's name! 4) Concerning me "mikeman contro versy," the DTH once again decided, pre maturely, that all of the facts were in and that the UNC administration should go to hell in a handbasket for blatant disregard of student welfare DTH, Oct. 5). This editorial mentioned that the office of the assistant dean had no right to "fire" Ken ny Ward because they were not the ones to "hire" him. Exactly! Though Sharon Mit chell is an assistant dean, she is also the sponsor for the spirit unit, which encom passes the cheerleaders and the mikeman. It is this unit which does sponsor (not "hire"; there is no money involved) the selection of a mikeman and, thus, has the right to dismiss him. Not much was said about why he was asked to resign. This was to protect Kenny as an individual. Un fortunately, he chose to allow this to become a racial incident rather than telling the facts: He had been warned from the very first day that his performance needed to improve. This was done first verbally and then written suggestions were given to him (white face, racial and ethnic jokes were not among them). It was because he failed to respond to these pleas (from various groups: the band, cheerleaders, students ...) he was asked to resign; this was not a decision handed down from the University administration. (Lay off the bong hits "Buzz!") The list of examples goes on. It is not a bad thing to question and to raise aware ness as long as it is done responsibly and honestly. I think the time has come for the DTH to re-evaluate responsibilities, priorities and practices. All the DTH has to do is to look deeper than the surface ap pearances to arrive at the truth. We all have enough concerns without fabricating new ones just to fill some copy space. Paul Parker West Cameron Ave. Goodjob To the editor: I would like to commend you on your publishing two articles by Buzz Brice this semester thus far. His writing is the best and most interesting thing that has hap pened to the back page in a long time. Seriously, take a bong hit DTHers and en-joy Susan Gaddy Town House Apts. To the editor: For the past several years when law graduates have come back for Law Alumni Weekend they have been greeted at the school's front door by a large and cheerful blue and white banner. And so it was for Law Alumni Weekend this year. However, sometime between Sunday afternoon and Monday morning, someone unauthorized romoved the banner. The law alumni office would appreciate it if the person or persons who did this would return the banner to the school so that -law alumni in the future can be greeted with this welcoming sign. Cathy Schweitzer Alumni Secretary UNC School of Law Bring it back Kr s S s -. Jl'z'Xy''' i &ifoZ&W&MWwja, ' ' i id sy, SAP-;, ',',4Mw''iym$my' ABC's 'GI Brides' crime against Korea By YOUNG-OAK LEE I have lived in the United States for more than seven years working for my doctoral degree in American studies, yet I have never been to such a place as Chapel Hill where the Republic of Korea is either simply nonexis tent or, at best, known as the subject of disgrace and shame. It is due to this very ignorance and apathy on the part of North Carolinians that I was particularly annoyed with "GI Brides," televised Oct. 6 by WRAL-TV as part of the ABC news program 2020. 1 also feel with a great pang how the media could be misleading when they bring to our attention something we never heard of, or bothered to know about. "GI Brides" was reporting on the practice of fraud marriages between GIs and prostitutes in Korea for the purpose of legal entry to the United States, and on the subsequent exploitation of those women in this country as sex slaves. At this point, I want to make a few observa tions regarding the content of the program: that part of the program coverage was not true; that the focus of the program, if it were to have any social significance at all, should have been on the American soldiers rather than the Korean victims; and finally, that the media should be more responsible for its content and fair in its treatment. First, the reporter, while examining the process of the marriage between the GIs and prostitutes, claims that the marriage process in Korea is rather simple merely "a series of stampings by a clerk." Quite contrary to this observation, however, a properly processed marriage in Korea is, as in any society with a long tradition and history, never an easy matter. It is far simpler to get mar ried in the States in the sense that couples here do not go through all that complicated series of events culminating in the ceremony itself. The marriage is considered a once-in-a-liferime business a permanent bond. Therefore, the marriage in Korea is a serious, solemn, social event that is ' worth a lot of attention and consideration. If the reporter was talking about a fraud marriage, it is entirely a dif ferent matter, for you can always find a loophole in any law if you want it that way. I want to remind the reporter that Korea has almost 5,000 years of history and that he should have confined his talk to the illegally "legal" ar rangement of marriage. He should not have talked about marriage in general. - Secondly, I would like to point out that in airing the show, WRAL and ABC committed a serious crime of murdering a national pride by bringing this crooked busi ness into larger scale, reinforcing the crime by repeating "Korean" each time. They have quite successfully made a great deal out of a minor problem. The women engaged in that profession one of the oldest professions through out the world, which men created are extremely small in number; again, the American soldiers who cooperated in this inhumane transaction for money are also small in number. I note that the reporters inadequately and cun ningly added that every nation has a seamy side of life. Then let me ask them, why in the world should it be my country that was unfairly spotlighted and, I repeat, about which this community is horribly ignorant? I would rather blame the American military policy that has brought over to Korea such morally unqualified soldiers who not only 7 disgraced the name of the United States through a disgust ing cooperation with prostitution but also helped corrupt and degrade those Koreans into a greater misery. The soldiers must be better educated! The point is that the show might have been better off in terms of its contribu tion to society if it had focused on the lack of discipline in the American mind represented by the American soldiers stationed in Korea. A program such as this finds its significance at the expense of another country. Finally, I want to ask what the goal of this program was after all. I wonder if these excuse the phrase simple minded reporters and directors have ever thought serious ly about the impact their program would have on this community. If their intention was not to slander my coun try's reputation, they should have shown at least a few ; positive sides of Korea. They brought up this issue as if it were all there was to know about Korea. This incident and a few others led me to think about the role of the media, its moral obligation and responsibilty. MASH, for example, is a total distortion of Korea, even in minor things such as costumes it nauseates me so much that I believe it is some other country that they allude to. Even National Public Radio was covering up the appalling murder of 269 human lives by the Soviets by suggesting that Korean Air Lines might be involved in some kind of information service to the government. I know and you know that the Soviets know that the dead are silent! Let's never, never again speak against the dead. The NPR does not seem to recognize that one of the goals the Soviet Union has in mind is to isolate Korea from its allies. I believe that every growing nation has its odds and trials. Korea, which has grown rapidly during recent years, has every potential to become powerful among na tions. It is now time we get to know each other the American South and Korea for there are a whole lot of similarities between these two. Yet before we get on friendly terms, we need to clear the ground, and that will be done by an apology, a remark of any sort to the public during the news hour from WRAL. . Aplogize! Young-Oak Lee is an American studies doctoral stu dent from Korea.