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Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
A group of UNC students is
learning to jump out of
planes. See story, p. 7.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 80
Thursday, October 27, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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From staff reports
Tensions ran high on campus Wed
nesday, as two student groups reacted
to Tuesday's invasion of the Caribbean
island of Grenada by a combination of
forces that included U.S. Marines and
A crowd of about 100 people gathered
around The Pit at noon as a rally spon
sored by the Collegiate Association for
the Research of Principles demon
strated support for the U.S. interven
tion. At another rally, the Carolina Com
mittee on Central America joined with
representatives from the Democratic
Socialists of America, the Communist
Workers Party and Students Taking Ac
tion on Nuclear Disarmament in pro
testing the U.S. invasion of Grenada.
The rally, which began in front of Sad
lack's on Franklin Street, was moved to
the Pit when speakers learned that
representatives from CARP were
holding a pro-interventionist rally there.
Claudia Werman of the Carolina
Committee on Central America told an
audience of about 100 people that Tues
day's invasion was only a beginning.
"Reagan's invasion of Grenada is on
ly a dress rehearsal a prelude to a
full-scale invasion of Nicaragua," Wer
"Perhaps Reagan thinks the U.S.
troops in Grenada will draw our atten
tion away from Nicaragua. In order to
escape the trap Reagan has set for us,
we must concentrate on U.S. strategies
in Central America as a whole," she
The first CARP speakers had only
begun to draw a crowd when members
of the Carolina Committee on Central
America arrived at The Pit with a large
banner reading "Jobs, Peace and
- V s
Ted Johnson (top) speaks on the steps of Lenoir Hall Wednesday against the U.S. invasion of Grenada
as part of a jointly sponsored rally. Below, CARP member Richard Lewis (right) and Derek Caldwell, a
UNC graduate, exchange views at a CARP rally in The Pit supporting the invasion.
The CARP rally was held to demon
strate support for the U.S. government's
action, as well as to give students a
chance to voice their own opinion, said
Jack Ashworth, regional director of
CARP members carried banners
reading "We support the liberation of
"It's important that students have an
educated point of view," Ashworth told
the crowd. But while the format of the
rally was billed as open mike, sentiment
was strongly in support of U.S. inter
vention and U.S. fighting against
"I don't think Cuba knows that
President Reagan means business,"
He said that the Marxist coup in
Grenada was not an isolated incident
and that Americans should support the
U.S. government's attempt to support
While the CARP rally continued with
speakers and songs, the opposition rally
was turning out denouncements of the
Yonni Chapman, speaking for the.
Communist Workers' Party, said that if
Americans did not protest the invasion,
no one in Central America, Latin
America, the Caribbean or the rest of
the Third World would be safe.
"We can be sure that Grenada is not
going to be the last," Chapman said.
"We know that Nicaragua is next on the
list. We know that all of Central
America can become another Vietnam,
where we're spending millions of tax
dollars that are needed here for vital im
provements in our standard of living."
But as the participants of the two
rallies reached high emotional levels,
reactions from onlooking students were
Ward Russell, a senior economics and
history major from Richlands, who at
tended the anti-intervention rally, said
See REACTION on page 4
sent to Gren
The Associated Press
BRIDGETOWN, Barbados The
United States threw fresh paratroopers
and helicopter gunships into the fight for
Grenada on Wednesday, and the strong
hold of a stubborn "fistful of Cubans"
was reported overrun.
House-to-house fighting flickered on
between Grenadian defenders and
American troops in the streets of St.
George's, capital of the eastern Caribbean
island, Barbados radio said.
U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Wein
berger said in Washington that some
Cubans were fighting on, but resistance
generally was "diminishing."
About 800 paratroopers from the rapid
reaction 82nd Airborne Division from Ft.
Bragg arrived in Grenada Wednesday to
back up the almost 2,000 U.S. Marines
and Army Rangers who descended on the
Pearls and Point Salines airports by
helicopter and parachute in the initial
The Cuban collapse came at Point
Salines airfield, on Grenada's southern tip,
where U.S. helicopter gunships battered a
building holding armed Cuban airport
workers, the official Cuban news agency,
Prensa Latina, reported.
"At the end, a group of six comrades,
embracing our flag. ..sacrificed them
selves for the motherland," it said.
At least 30 Cubans were killed in Wed
nesday's airport combat, Barbados radio
reported. The U.S. death toll for the two
day invasion stood at six. Weinberger said
about 600 Cubans had been taken into
Here in Bridgetown, 150 miles to the
northeast, big U.S. Air Force transports
took off from the airport through the day,
shuttling arms, stretchers and other equip
ment to tiny Grenada.
"We're still sending gunships in," Air
Force Lt. Col. Vince Strayhorne told re-
Chapel Hill native was follower of Rev. Moon
By JOEL KATZENSTEIN
When Chapel Hill native Chris Carter went to San
Francisco three years ago, he had hopes of finding himself
and establishing a career in theater.
At 22, Carter had just graduated from college and
finished a job with a theater company in North Carolina.
His dream was to establish himself as an actor and to
develop a street act of juggling, mime and magic tricks.
When he arrived in the Bay area, however, he found the
road to success a long and uncertain one.
"I was experimenting with different lifestyles and I even
rented a pottery studio and tried working with clay, but
things just weren't working out.
"1 tried to find a place to live and I ended up staying
with friends. For a while I was sleeping on a friend's
porch, but I finally had to leave."
Three days after he left his friend's porch, he met the
followers of the Rev. Sun Myung Moon.
"I was waiting in Union Square for some friends of
mine, and two people came over to talk to me. They said
they lived in a group home not far from the park. They
ran a business cooperative, and they wanted to know if I'd
be interested in coming out to the house," Carter said.
"Since I didn't have a place to stay and I was out of work,
I decided to go with them.
"They showed me a slide show about some projects,
that they were working on, including a food distribution
project. There were lots of pictures of people harvesting
vegetables and smiling and really enjoying the work," he
That evening the couple invited Carter to accompany
them to the farm shown in the slides a place called the
Ideal City Ranch in Booneville, Calif.
"I was invited to spend two days and nights up at the
farm for lectures, etc., for a cost of $20. Not bad. I didn't
have anything else to do and these people were dealing
with the same problems I was, so why not go?"
Two days later Carter was still at the ranch, and he
wrote in his journal: "Last night I tried to get away and
return to the city. I was talked out of it. My resistance to
these loving people is breaking down."
Later he wrote, "Isn't this what I have wanted since
eighth or ninth grade? Living on a farm commune
devoted to changing the world through revolution of love.
Love from the Heavenly father. I think the reason I feel
afraid of it is the loss of my innocence over the past few
years. This place fits my beliefs better than the group at
His first entry after joining the church read: "What I
was doing was not going any where or coming near what
or who I wanted to be. Wow. Chris in a commune. I like
the sound of that. How could it possibly hurt anything?"
This, according to Jason Thompson, a professor at
Davidson College, is a perfectly normal reaction for peo
ple when they first enter a cult.
Thompson, who attended a workshop led by Davidson
sociology professor Jan Grigsby, said that people who are
in stages of transition or lack direction are especially
susceptible to groups such as Rev. Moon's.
College age students are prime targets, because until
they arrived at college, they looked at life idealistically,
"Once they see that life isn't filled with easy answers,
they get confused and" frustrated. Then a group like Rev.
Moon's comes along and tells them that they were right
the first time," he said.
Carter found that living as a follower of the Unification
Church meant keeping unusual hours. Converts rose daily
at 4:30 a.m. to recite a pledge to Moon and his wife that
they were the true parents members are encouraged to
denounce "their biological parents, and that they were
prepared to die for them, he said.
Fifteen days after joining the church Carter wrote, "I
had a bad attack of the 'I want outs' Tuesday of this
week. I feel great when I am thinking of staying, but when
I get negative I become depressed and upset. The peace of
the lord is with me here. Wow! I'm a Moonie."
See CARTER on page 4
porters here. "It's getting better," he said. ,
"We'll probably be out of there soon." ,
In Washington, a Reagan administra
tion official, who requested anonymity,
acknowledged that the almost 3,000 inva
sion troops had encountered "more re
sistance than we thought there would be"
from the 1,200-man Grenadian army and
the Cubans, most of them workers who
had been building an airport runway at
Early Wednesday, Weinberger said
more U.S. casualties could be expected,
"because the price of freedom is high."
At midday Wednesday, Pentagon
sources said six U.S. servicemen had been
killed in the operation, which began before
dawn Tuesday, and 33 others were wound
ed. They said eight men were missing.
Reports of casualties among the Gre
nadians remained uncertain.
President Reagan said he ordered the in
vasion Tuesday to protect those 1,000 or
so Americans on the Marxist-ruled island
in the aftermath of a coup, and to "restore
order and democracy" there.
In a government upheaval that began
two weeks ago, the pro-Cuban prime
minister, Maurice Bishop, was overthrown
and killed, and military leaders described
by Washington as hard-line Marxists took
Six other Caribbean nations, including
Barbados and Jamaica, contributed a total
of 300 troops and police to the Grenada
occupation ; force, saying they wanted to
halt the spread of Marxism through the
region. The Reagan administration also
contended that the Cuban-built airfield
presented a potential strategic threat to the
United States and the region.
But around the world the Reagan ad
ministration was finding little support for
its military venture. Governments ranging
See GRENADA on page 3
BSM was guaranteed
space,UNC official says
By CHARLES F. WALLINGTON
Vice Chancellor for University Affairs
Harold G. Wallace confirmed in a letter
Monday that the Black Student Movement
was guaranteed a meeting and activity
space on the newly renovated second floor
of Chase cafeteria.
His view was echoed this week by other
administration officials concerned about
space for the BSM.
Since 1972, the BSM has used the
Upendo Lounge on the first floor of
Chase. But construction of a new cafeteria
on the first floor is expected to begin in
May, forcing the BSM to abandon its pre
In recent weeks, BSM President Sher
rod Banks has said the group had been
guaranteed space on the second floor of
Chase, which will be the new South Cam
pus Student Union.
"The Union has said that the BSM
would be given priority over the space in
the Union, but we were never given a clear
definition of what that means," Banks
"We're not asking for anything unrea
sonable, but just what is rightfully ours,"
he said. "We share the space with seven
black Green organizations, none of which
have houses. So why shouldn't we have a
place to call our own?"
Wallace's letter, addressed to
Vice Chancellor for Student
Donald Boulton and Carolina
Director Howard Henry, stated
1976 the Division of Student Affairs and
the Chase Hall Space Study Advisory
Committee agreed to assign about 2,000
square feet of space on the second floor to
an Upendo Lounge.
"A decision was made in 1976 and com
municated in writing to the BSM that
Upendo Lounge would be relocated on the
second floor, in the event that Chase Hall
was renovated in such a manner as to
disturb the first floor lounge," stated
Wallace, the BSM faculty adviser. "That
decision is still valid; there is no need to
debate the fate of Upendo Lounge in
Instead, Wallace said, "the matters to
be discussed and resolved include opera
tion procedures, how the Upendo super
visor will work with the South Campus
Union staff, furnishings and decor,
custodial care, and the like."
But Henry said Wednesday that the
BSM would be given priority in access to
all Chase meeting rooms but could not be
guaranteed permanent space as it has now
in Upendo. -
"I don't envision it being a total
Upendo room as it is now," he said.
Other University officials agreed with
Wallace that the BSM should be given as
much if not more space in the new
Union as it now has in Upendo. Hayden
B. Renwick, associate dean for the College
of Arts and Sciences, said the BSM should
be given another Upendo Lounge over
which it would have complete control.
"Upendo Lounge serves the exact same
purpose as the International Center does
for foreign students," Renwick said.
"Both operate under the same concept
to provide a refuge for a minority culture
that hasn't been accepted into the main
stream of American society."
The International Center is the most
widely used center on campus for foreign
students, just as the Upendo Lounge is for
blacks, Renwick said. "The only dif
ference is that the University provided a
better facility for the international students
than they did for blacks," he said.
"It's OK to get rid of Upendo Lounge if
you get rid of the International Center and
the fraternity and sorority houses because
they all serve the same function," he said.
Boulton said that renovations had tri
pled the amount of available space on the
second floor, giving all students room for
more activities in Chase. "Whatever has
gone on in Upendo will continue to go on
upstairs," he said.
Edith E. Wiggins, assistant vice chan
cellor for student affairs, said that she be
lieved the BSM would-always have access
to rooms in the new Union.
Those who were involved with the new
Union realize that the BSM had well
developed programs that should not be
eliminated, she said.
"Unless I've been really deceived, I
don't think any administrator, black or
white, has been trying to do anything for
the demise of the BSM," she said.
Space in Chase was guaranteed to the
BSM as early as 1976. In an Oct. 21, 1976,
memorandum Boulton said, "Approx
imately 2,000 square feet will be assigned
to the Black Student Movement in order
that they might continue their activities
that have been ongoing for the past four
years on the first floor of Chase."