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A 40 percent chance of rain
early today. Partial clearing
later with highs near 60.
Lows tonight, near 40.
Polls are open from 6:30 a.m.
to 7:30 p.m. for registered
voters in Orange County.
See box below for precinct
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 Ttw Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 88
Tuesday, November 8, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
expected to vote
in Orange County
By TRACY ADAMS
Voter turnout in today's elections may appear heavier than
normal, but the Orange County Board of Elections chairman
expects about the same turnout as in past muncipal elections.
Elections board Chairman Margaret Parker said the percen
tage of voters may appear higher because some names of people
who moved away or died have been taken off the registered
In the 1981 municipal elections, voter turnout ranged from 56
percent in Hillsborough to 30 percent in Chapel Hill. Forty-six
percent of the registered voters in Carrboro participated in the
Parker said the low figures were somewhat misleading
because many ineligible voters remain on the books despite ef
forts to update them.
"I know it's important for the media to quote figures like
that," Parker said. "But I don't think that's an accurate reflec
tion of the polling that happens on election day.
"I have no way of really knowing, but I suspect that if the
books were cleaned up totally the number would be about 60
Thirty people are seeking 18 offices, across the county. In
Chapel Hill, voters will elect a mayor anf four Town Council
Mayor Joe Nassif, practicing architect, is seeking his second
term and is running unopposed.
Six candidates are seeking four council seats in Chapel Hill.
The race features three incumbents Jonathan Howes, Joe
Straley and R.D. Smith, former Town Council member Bill
Thorpe and newcomers Nancy Preston and Katherine Wright.
Howes, a two-term council member, is director of the UNC
Center for Urban and Regional Studies. Straley is completing
his first term and is a professor of physics and astronomy
emeritus at UNC. Smith, an 18-year member of the council, is a
retired school teacher.
Among the challengers, Bill Thorpe is an employee of the
N.C. Department of Labor. Preston has served as president of
the Chapel Hill Preservation Society and is a member of the
Historic District commission. Wright is a practicing attorney in
The Carrboro mayor's race features two candidates, Alder-.
man Jim White and independent Jim Porto. Mayor Robert
Drakeford announced earlier that he would not seek a fourth
White, who is running in the middle of his term as alderman,
has been endorsed by a conservative political faction, the
Association for a Better Carrboro! He is director of the Chris
tian Counseling and Care Ministries and is pastor 'of Merritts'
and Ebenezer United Methodist Churches in Chatham County.
Porto, owner of Management Applications Inc., is chairman
of the Carrboro Appearance Commission.
Carrboro voters will elect three aldermen from a field of six
candidates. Incumbent John Boone and newcomers Doug
Anderson, Doris Foushee, Bill Koole, Zona Norwood and B.
Willis Wilson II are seeking seats on the board.
Boone, a 12-year alderman, is employed by the UNC purchas
ing department. Boone, along with Anderson and Norwood,
has been endorsed by the ABC.
Anderson is an administrator at N.C. Memorial Hospital and
Norwood is an administrative assistant to UNC President
William C. Friday.
Foushee, Koole and Wilson are independent candidates.
Koole, an accountant, is also part owner of Martini's Italian
Restaurant in Carrboro. Wilson is pastor of St. Paul African
Methodist Episcopal Church in Chapel Hill. Foushee was a
CETA training counselor in Durham.
Chapel Hill and Carrboro voters will also elect members to
the Chapel Hill-Carrboro School Board. One incumbent and
four newcomers are seeking the four seats up for election. Those
seeking election are incumbent Edith Elliott 'Wiggins and
newcomers Dorothy Baker, Fred Battle, Carolyn Horn and
Voters in Hillsborough will also go to the polls today to elect a
mayor and four members to the Hillsborough Town Board.
Hillsborough Mayor Lucius M. Cheshire Jr. is seeking re
election. He is being challenged by Frank M. Sheffield, chair
man of the Hillsborough Planning Board.
Two incumbents, Rachel S. Stevens and Allen A. Lloyd, are
seeking re-election to the Hillsborough Town Board. Others
seeking election are Barbara Page, Horace Johnson, Frank
Cates Jr., Sam M. Gattis, E. Vic Knight and Myron L. Martin.
.- iN -Mff2
Pulling up her roots
Sheila Ward, a junior from Poplar Grove, digging up dahlia tubers to make room for
tulip bulbs that will bloom next spring. She works on the campus grounds as part of
a work-study group.
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon Shiite Moslem
gunmen fought Lebanese soldiers near
U.S. military positions Monday, woun
ding a Marine and forcing authorities to
close the airport for the first time since a
truce took effect six weeks ago.
The Syrian government ordered a full
mobilization of the 220,000-man army,
saying it feared an attack from the United
States or Israel. But the Americans and
Israelis said there were no attack plans.
In northern Lebanon. Palestine
Liberation Organization chairman Yasser
Arafat's loyalist guerrillas, trapped in
their last Middle East stronghold by ad
vancing Syrian-supported mutineers,
fired rockets and mortars at rebel posi
tions to counter a barrage of hundreds of
shells. Police said 1,000 people have been
killed and 3,000 wounded since the PLO
war began Thursday.
Arafat, who has accused Syria of back
ing the rebels because it wants to take
over the PLO, told reporters in Tripoli
that the Syrians were planning to overrun
his Baddawi refugee camp and invade
Lebanon's second-largest city.
In the Israeli-occupied West Bank of
the Jordan River and the Gaza Strip,
there were widespread demonstrations in
support of Arafat. At least one
demonstrator was wounded in clashes
with Israeli authorities.
U.S. Marine spokesman Maj. Robert
Jordan said the leathernecks in Beirut
dived into bunkers and foxholes when
fighting broke out near their airport com
pound and returned fire when snipers
shot at them.
He said a Marine was wounded and
"treated on the field."
State radio said the airport closed
because of the fighting between Shiite
gunners and the Lebanese army, and that
air controllers diverted planes to Cyprus.
It was the first time the airport closed
since a cease-fire aimed at halting the
country' s chronic civil war took effect
The radio said later that artillery shells
were slamming into Christian towns
along the coastal highway north of Beirut
for the first time since the truce was
declared. There were no immediate
reports of casualties.
In Damascus, a spokesman for Presi
dent Hafez Assad confirmed reports that
Syria had put its 220,000-man army on
alert and called up its 100,000-man
reserve force, fearing an Israeli attack or
U.S. retaliatory strike for the terrorist
truck bombing of the Marine base Oct.
23 that killed 230 Americans.
"The Syrian people will prove to both
the U.S. and Israel that Syria is not and
will never be something, they can swallow
up," said the spokesman, who spoke on
condition he not be identified.
U.S. officials have not accused Syria of
engineering the attack but implied the
Syrians knew about plans to bomb the
base and a French post nearby that left 58
French soldiers dead. Officials in
Washington said there are no plans to
retaliate against Syria.
Israel has said Syria helped plan a
similar bombing in Tyre last Friday that .
killed 28 Israelis and 32 Lebanese and
Palestinians, but Israeli officials say they
do not intend to attack Syria. An Iranian
backed Lebanese Shiite Moslem group
has claimed responsibility for all three
U.S. jets flew thunderous recon
naissance sorties over Beirut and nearby
mountains at midday, shortly before
clashes broke out. Jordan refused to
comment on the flights by U.S. F-14
Tomcat interceptors and A-7 bombers.
State radio said as many as 12 U.S. jets
scrambled off the aircraft carrier
Eisenhower on reconnaissance flights. It
was the second time in three days that
U.S. jets had flown low over Beirut.
The Israeli army, which occupies
southern Lebanon, on Monday relaxed
restrictions it decreed last Friday after the
Tyre bombing. The Israelis permitted
limited vehicle and pedestrian traffic to
cross bridges spanning the Awali River,
which marks Israel's front line in
Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Arens
-iold a Parliament session in Jerusalem
that Israel would keep its troops in
southern Lebanon "until we are sure it
won't be taken over by terrorist gangs
and that the northern Israeli frontier will
v be secure."
Subcommittee undecided on fate of Upendo Lounge
By JIM ZOOK
Questions about security, utilization policies
and hours of operation concerning the fate of
the Black Student Movement's future in the
Upendo Lounge were debated for two hours
Monday night by a Carolina Union subcom
mittee, but no final decisions or recommenda
tions were reached.
Representatives from the Carolina Union,
the BSM, black fraternities and the Campus
Governing Council made up the subcommit
tee, which was created to give a recommenda
tion to the Union Board of Directors on what
should be done with the Upendo Lounge,
located in Chase Hall, Lucia Hal pern, presi
dent of the Carolina Union, said.
Security of the building during events was
an issue focused on during the meeting. The
scheduled 2 a.m. closing for Chase when it
re-opens to function as a South Campus Union
would pose security problems to people re
maining in the building, Union Director
Howard Henry said.
"The security problem is a real conun
drum," he said. "There are doors than can't
. Committee members studied blueprints of
Chase, looking at building access and design
of the structure. '
It was added that security was not a prob
lem associated only with the BSM, but with
any function in Chase Hall.
Henry said he thought security and regula
tion of activities in Chase should be the
"I think we are hung up on one question,"
he said. "Is it going to be Chase Union, or is it
going to be Upendo Lounge and Chase
"I, at this point, don't anticipate a change
of position on my part. My job is to set up a
Union-type building on South Campus. I
don't see how it's possible for it to be a
dedicated space, and not a Union space," he
BSM President Sherrod Banks said he
disagreed. It can, and should be, a dedicated
space, he said.
"Like the International Student Center,
Upendo and the BSM pic needed," Banks
said. "The International Student Center serves
as a support system, I would gather, for
international students. What's more impor
tant than the structure is the need (for the
BSM). When you have the need, then you find
the structure. That's the way I see it."
Banks pointed out that since 1972, when the
BSM was first allocated the Upendo Lounge,
its use had been supported in letters from
members of Student Government and Univer
sity officials. An Oct. 24 letter from Harold
Wallace, vice chancellor for student affairs,
stated that there was no need to debate the
fate of Upendo because, as he understood it,
the space had aeen promised to the BSM.
Robert Harrell, president of the United
Christian Fellowship, described how BSM
members felt about the possibility of losing
"The members of the BSM see the taking of
Upendo as a breach of agreement. (You) gave
us your word, not just a maybe," he said.
Students representing the black students
praised Henry's efforts although disagree
ments had been very open. ,
"He has come out very clearly and has not
beaten around the bush," Harrell said.
. Committee members, agreed that a definite
proposal needed to be made before any settle
ment could be reached.
"We need something to work with," Har
rell said. "We have a very vague concept, and
we really can't come up with a good decision
without something concrete."
The committee will meet again Thursday
afternoon with proposals ready and will try to
come up with a single recommendation for the
Political groups' clout unclear
in Carrboro elections today
By DOUG TATE
As the voters go to the polls today,
there is disagreement as to what role
political factions have played in can
didates' campaigns in Carrboro.
The Association for a Better Carrboro
and the Carrboro Community Coalition
are political factions that select issues and
then support the candidates that best
represent the group's political' phil
osophy. The ABC, the conservative faction in
Carrboro, has endorsed Alderman Jim
White for mayor and incumbent John
Boone and newcomers Zona Norwood
and Doug Anderson for the three Board
seats up for election.
Current board members Steve Rose
and Ernie Patterson, both aligned with
the CCC, have decided not to run for re
election. Mayor Robert Drakeford, also
identified with the coalition, announced
that he would not run for a fourth term.
Independent candidates seeking elec
tion are Doris Foushee, Bill Koole and B.
Willis Wilson II. Appearance Commis
sion Chairman Jim Porto is seeking the
mayor's office as an independent.
The CCC has decided not to endorse
candidates in today's election because of
a drop in membership and a lack of con
sensus on issues and candidates, said
CCC President Anneliese Kennedy.
Some of the candidates said that it was
better to be affiliated with a faction, yet
felt that elections in Carrboro would be
better without them.
Anderson said that he had mixed emo
tions about what role factions should
play in local elections.
"They (factions) give a known volume
of supporters," he said: "Without any
groups, it would be a better election. The
people would be much happier."
Foushee, a former CCC member, said
she preferred running as an independent.
"I'm not a joiner. I have my own ideas,"
she said. "I don't think Carrboro should
go back to a conservative state."
If all the ABC candidates seeking elec
tion win today, the board will be compos
ed entirely of ABC members.
Incumbent John Boone said that fac
tions were an advantage because the peo
ple see that a candidate is organized and
"Some people like groups, some peo
ple don't like groups," he said.
. Koole feels that more independents
should seek office because the indepen
dent candidate would better represent all
the town residents.
"I think we need independents. The
ABC appeals to a smaller portion of the
people," Koole said.
Foushee said that she would rather see
Anyone registered with the Orange County Board of Elections may vote in today's
municipal elections. Polls open at 6:30 a.m; and close at 7:30 p.m.
Chapel Hill Voting Precincts
BATTLE PARK Chapel Hill Community Center, Plant Road
COKER HILLS Fire Station, Elliott Road
COLONIAL HILLS YMCA, 980 Airport Road
COUNTRY CLUB Fetzer Gym, UNC campus on South Road
EAST FRANKLIN Lutheran Church, 300 E. Rosemary St. ,
EASTSIDE Ephesus Road School, Ephesus Church Road
ESTES HILLS Guy B. Phillips School, Estes Drive
GLENWOOD Glenwood School, Prestwick Road
GREENWOOD General Administration Building, South Road
KING'S MILL Aldersgate Methodist Church,' 632 Laurel Hill Road
LINCOLN Lincoln School, Merritt Mill Road
MASON FARM Community Church Building, Purefoy Road
NORTIISIDE Chapel Hill Municipal Building, 306 N. Columbia St.
RIDGEFIELD Binkley Baptist Church, 1712 Willow Drive
WEAVER DAIRY New Fire Station, Weaver Dairy Road and NC 86 - ,
WESTWOOD Frank Porter Graham School, NC 54 Bypass
Carrboro Voting Precincts
DOGWOOD ACRES Grey Cuibreth School, Culbreth Drive
NORTH CARREORO Carrboro Elementary School, Shelton Street
PLANTATION ACRES Loyd's Cabin, NC 54 and SR 1107
SOUTH CARRBORO Carrboro Town Hall, W. Main Street
UNIVERSITY LAKE OWASA Filter Plant, Jones Ferry Road
Three Mile Island operator
indicted for false safety reports
a cross section of the people on the
Members of both factions have said
that the groups disband after each elec
tion. But controversy has arisen as to ex
actly what role each faction plays after
Tom Gurganus, publicity chairman of
the ABC, said that after elections there is
no contact with the aldermen as a group
and that factions only form around elec
tions to select and organize candidates.
But Koole said the ABC does not com
pletely dissolve after the elections: "The
ABC has reorganized. Really they have
just become inactive, they have not
disbanded," Koole said.
; Gurganus said that the CCC was sup
porting the independent candidates in this
election even though they had announced
that they would not endorse candidates.
"The core members of the CCC are ac
tively supporting the independents," he
said. "The ABC is openly supporting
candidates and the CCC has chosen not
to openly endorse."
See ALDERMEN on page 2
The Associated Press
HARRISBURG, Pa. A federal
grand jury indicted the former operator
of the Three Mile Island plant Monday
on criminal charges of falsifying safety
test results before the worst nuclear
power accident in the United States.
Federal officials have said that if such
false reports were filed, they could have
contributed to the severity of the March
1979 accident in Middletown.
U.S. Attorney David Dart Queen, who
announced the 11-count indictment, re
fused to say if the alleged violations by
Metropolitan Edison Co. led to the acci
dent,, in which Unit 2's main cooling
system lost water and the radioactive core
overheated. Another reactor, Unit 1, was
"The indictment is going to have to
speak for itself," Queen said.
"What the grand jury indictment
alleges is that while it (the Unit 2 reactor)
was operational and while it was licensed,
the company, through its employees, en
gaged in a pattern of criminal conduct,"
The company was accused of attemp
ting to conceal from the Nuclear Regula
tory Commission data on the rate of
leakage from Unit 2's primary cooling
system, in which water passes over the
reactor's radioactive core and heats up.
The leak rate tests were required to
show that leakage . from the primary
system's plumbing was within one gallon
per minute. The indictment says Metro
politan Edison falsified reports on the
tests for at least five months before the
An official of a sister company that has
taken over Metropolitan Edison's respon
sibilities for the plant said Monday that
Metropolitan Edison's policy has always
been to comply with the regulations and
the conditions of its license.
The maximum total fine for all viola
tions is $85,000 and the costs of prosecu
tion, which Dart said would be "very
The indictment charges the company
with five counts of violating provisions of
its license to operate a nuclear power
plant, five counts of violating NRC regu
lations and one count of violating a
federal statute against false statements.
The grand jury's inquiry began after
Harold Hartman Jr., a former reactor
operator at TMI, charged that before the
accident, Metropolitan Edison Co. fal
sified results of a test on a leaky valve to
avoid a shutdown of Unit 2.
NRC officials have said that if false
reports were filed, they could have mask
ed plant conditions and contributed to
the severity of the accident.
See ISLAND on page 2