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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright J 983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91 .Issue 93
Wednesday, November 16, 1933
Chspel Hill, North Carolina
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DTHZane A. Saunders
Crystal Lee Sutton speaks in Hamilton Hall after a presentation of the film "Norma Rae". She told the story of a union representative who told
her that it was important to be a textile worker and that she had a constitutional right to join a union.
Real 'Norma Rae' describes unionizing mills
By STEVE FERGUSON
Crystal Lee Sutton believes all working people
should belong to a union.
Sutton, whose life inspired the Oscar-winning movie
"Norma Rae," talked about the film Tuesday night
following its presentation in Hamilton 100. The pro
gram was sponsored by the Campus Y as a part of
Human Rights Week.
A key factor in unionizing the J.P. Stevens Textile
Company, Sutton was fired from her job as a textile
worker because of her efforts. In 1978, however, J.P.
Stevens was ordered by the court to give Sutton her
job back, along with five years back pay.
"I can remember my sister telling me that someone
was handing out union cards, and for me not to take
one because I'd be fired," Sutton said. Her father also
told her not to join the union, she said.
She saw a notice for a union meeting posted on the
bulletin board at work, and decided to go. Her hus
band had reservations about the meeting, which was to
be held in a black church, but Sutton noted, "I've
always been colorblind, all my life."
At that first union information meeting, about
seven whites and 300 blacks attended, she said.
"All my life, I thought I should be ashamed because
I was poor and ashamed because my Daddy worked in
a textile mill, but Eli (the union representative) said it
was important to be a textile worker," she said. He
told her it was her constitutional right to join a union,
The next day Sutton went to work wearing a big
union button on her shirt. She was the only one wear
ing a button, she said. Management began to avoid
her. In fact, "the only time they talked to me was
when they called me in to the office to tell me what I
was doing wrong," she said. -
The management posted a sign on the bulletin
board stating that blacks were threatening whites by
unionizing. She tried to copy the notice to show Eli
what it said, but the managers threatened to fire her,
"Eli said it was my constitutional right, and that I
could copy it during break," she said. They even
developed a system by which one worker would
memorize a paragraph, and then go into the bathroom
and write it down. "But we were so terrified, that we'd
forget the paragraph by the time we got into the
bathroom," Sutton said.
She decided to copy it herself, regardless of who saw
her. Her supervisor threatened to call the police if she
continued copying the notice. So she put the copy in
her bra for safekeeping, she said.
Sutton was asked into the office, and her superiors
accused her of using the phone on company time, and
taking too much time in the bathroom. She said she
had been surrounded by people in that office she
thought were her friends, but she had been accused
wrongly and no one had stood up for her. "I knew I
was on my own in there."
"It didn't take me long to realize that I was fired,"
Sutton said. "His (her supervisor's) biggest mistake
was letting me go back and get my pocketbook."
Sutton took a magic marker and wrote "UNION"
on a piece of cardboard, stood up on a table and held
it up for all to see. Every machine in the plant shut off,
"This would be the last time I would come in those
doors for a long time, and I wanted people to know
the same thing could happen to them," Sutton said.
Sutton was taken to jail and released later that
night. The J.P. Stevens workers voted to unionize in
1974. In 1978, J.P. Stevens was ordered to give Sutton
back her job, with back pay and interest.
"When I stood up on that table, I didn't realize I
was going to get all the attention I've gotten," Sutton
, According to Sutton, the film is fairly accurate in
the portrayal of her life, except for a swimming scene
with Eli, the union organizer. "I didn't go skinny dip
ping in no pond," Sutton said.
Gunman in Greece Mb
U.S. military attache
The Associated Press
ATHENS, Greece A gunman on a
motorcycle fired seven bullets into the car
of a U.S. naval military attache Tuesday,
killing the officer and his Greek civilian
Police said the killer and his accomplice,
who was driving the motorcycle, escaped
down a side street of suburban north
Athens after the morning rush-hour at
tack, which occurred as the car was
stopped for a red light.
Capt. George Tsantes, 53, serving with
the Joint U.S. Military Advisory Group,
was hit by at least four bullets and died at
the scene, police said. His driver died in a
A person who called an Athens
newspaper said the "November 17" ter
rorist group was responsible for the
That is the same group that claimed
responsibility for the killing of the U.S.
CIA station chief in Greece, Richard
Welch, who was slain by masked gunmen
outside his home on Christmas Day 1975.
A police spokesman said the anony
mous caller telephoned the left-wing news
paper Eleftherotypia and said the terrorists
would "explain the reasons for killing
Tsantes in a file to be sent to Greek
"November 17" is named for the date
in 1973 that a student revolt was crushed
by the military dictatorship then in power.
The last acts attributed to the group were
the killings of two right-wing police of
ficers in 1976 and 1980. There have been
no arrests for any of the murders.
Greece's Socialist government is mark
ing the 10th anniversary of the student
rebellion, which undermined the military
regime, with celebrations throughout this
An Athens policeman, Athanasios
Zafirakis, said Tsantes was wearing
civilian clothes " and was seated in the rear
of the car when he was Slain.
"There was blood everywhere inside the
car. We hauled them out of the car but,
there was nothing we could do for the
American," he said.
"A bullet below the heart probably
killed him instantly," Coroner Haralam
bos Stamoulis said. "He also was wound
ed in the shoulder and abdomen."
The American's driver, Nikos Valout
sos, 62, died later in a hospital of bullet
wounds in the chest, police said.
The U.S. naval of ficer, an American of
Greek descent posted to Athens last
spring, was driving to his U.S.. Embassy
office in downtown Athens from his home
in the northern suburb of Kifissa, U.S.
Embassy spokesman Peter Synodis said.
Tsantes was from New York, but had
been posted in Washington earlier and had
a home in Virginia Beach, Va., the em
Witnesses said two men on a light-blue
motorscooter, both wearing crash-helmets
and dark jackets, cruised up alongside
Tsantes' official black limousine when it
stopped at a red light three miles from the
"The scooter passenger fired at least
seven bullets with a power .45-caliber
magnum through the closed window,"
Athens suburban Police Chief Gregory
The killers sped off down a side road in
to the suburb of Psychico, witnesses said.
Police set up a dragnet around the city and
questioned dozens of witnesses after the
Premier Andreas Papandreou tele
phoned U.S. Ambassador Monteagle
Stearns "to express deep grief for the kill
ing," a government spokesman said.
Tsantes, a graduate of the U.S. Naval
academy at Annapolis, served as engineer
ing office aboard nuclear-powered surface
ships. He was married with three children,
embassy officials said.
In Washington, the State Department
issued a statement calling the shooting "a
cowardly and despicable act." White
House spokesman Larry Speakes said
President Reagan "deeply regrets this act
It was the first shooting of an American
diplomat in Greece since Welch's death on
Christmas in 1975. That case has not been
The shooting was the fourth apparently
politically motivated killing in the Greek
capital in the past nine months. A Greek
newspaper publisher was gunned down in
his office last March.
A senior Palestine Liberation Organiza
tion official was shot by gunmen on a
motorbike as he was driving along a
seaside highway last August. A Jordanian
Embassy security guard was killed last
week in downtown Athens by a solitary
gunman. No arrests have, been made in
any of those killings.
Tsantes was married to Thalia Kouvatis
of Cherry Hill, N.J. The couple had two
sons, Nicholas Tsantes, 22, of Athens and
George Tsantes III, 25, who had recently
returned from Athens to the family's
home in Virginia Beach, Va. He also had a
17-year-old daughter, Stephanie, of
U.S. Embassy sources said Air Force
personnel from the American air base at
Athens airport would collect the naval of
ficer's body after a complete autopsy. It
will be flown to the United States for
Southern Bell's reply wanted in 2 weeks
By LYNN DAVIS
Southern Bell has been given until Nov. 29 to
respond to a complaint made to the N.C. Public
Utilities Commission concerning the unauthor
ized placement of optional services on students'
phones, the Student Consumer Action Union
A recent SCAU survey, conducted after
several students complained, showed that many
of the 706 respondents had received optional ser
vices either without being contacted or with the
understanding that they would not have to pay
for them for a trial period.
Richard Owens, SCAU chairman, said the re
sults of the survey were sent to the utilities
commission, along with requests for changes in
Southern Bell's procedure for marketing the
Owens said he was notified Nov. 4 that the
Utilities Commission had accepted his letter as a
formal complaint, and that Southern Bell would
have 20 days from Nov. 9 to meet or otherwise
respond to SCAU's demands.
Owens said SCAU has requested that in the
future Southern Bell be required to itemize all
service charges on monthly bills so that sub
scribers will be aware if they are being billed for
any optional services that they did not request.
He said Southern Bell should also be required
to obtain a subscriber's written consent before
placing the optional services on a phone line, and
that in the future Southern Bell should refrairi
from marketing its services to students by phone.
"I don't think our demands are
unreasonable," Owens said. "Compliance with
them will ensure that in the future students will be
protected from mistakes."
Ron Stamey, district manager for Southern
Bell, said Tuesday that he had not yet seen a copy
of SCAU's complaint, but that he expected to
deal with it soon.
"We still haven't decided what we plan to do
to keep the situation from happening again next
year," Stamey said. "We will take corrective ac
tion to keep it from happening again."
Stamey said that money had been refunded to
some of those who had paid for unrequested ser
vices, but he said he did not now how much.
Stamey said an investigation conducted by
auditors from Southern Bell's Charlotte office in
October had not determined a specific cause for
the placement of the optional services on stu--dents'
phones without consent.
He said he was still unsure whether the prob
lems arose from sales representatives who told
students the wrong information or from students
who misunderstood the sales approach.
During the investigation interviews were con
ducted with students and Bell employees to deter
mine what students had been told, Stamey said.
The sales representatives said they told
students they would receive the services without
having to pay the $10.50 installation fee, as they
were instructed to say in the written outlines for
the sales approach, Stamey said.
But students said they were offered the services
for a one-month period free of charge, he said.
"In this situation, it's one person's word
against another's," Stamey said. "Our opinion is
that the service connection charge was confused
with the monthly charge."
See BELL on page 2
Top state officials oppose Virgin ia Beach pipeline
By DIANA BOSNIACK
The proposed 85-mile pipeline from Lake
Gaston to Virginia Beach, Va., is drawing heavy
opposition from some of North Carolina's top
Gov. Jim Hunt, Sen. Jesse Helms and Rep.
Walter Jones have said the pipeline could have
adverse effects on the environment.
The controversy began when Virginia Beach
officials requested a permit from the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers to approve a pipeline. It
would become the city's permanent water source,
pumping up to 60 million gallons of water a day.
But drawing water from Lake Gaston, and the
subsequent lowering of the water level, could
result in heavy concentrations of pollutants, said
Jane Sharp, a member of the Chapel Hill-based
North Carolina Conservation Council. If
Virginia Beach gets Lake Gaston's water while
other cities need it, there could be a contest for
water between Virginia Beach and the cities near
the lake, she said.
"It the water is divided further from the
source, there will be trouble."
Hunt has established a task force to lead the
opposition to the proposed pipeline. The
18-member task force will give the official N.C.
position on the project at public hearings..
At one of those hearings, held Monday in
Roanoke Rapids, Helms said the Corps of
Engineers should draft an environmental impact
statement before starting construction of the
pipeline. The Corps initially ruled that the
pipeline would not create environmental prob
lems, but a final decision won't be reached until
after a second public hearing Thursday in
The public utilities director for the city of
Virginia Beach said at the hearing that the
pipeline would pump about 10 million gallons of
water a day at first. He said the use of a pipeline
represented a logical choice for Virginia Beach.
Hunt was in Europe on an industry-seeking
mission Monday, but Attorney General Rufus
Edmisten spoke in opposition to the pipeline.
"iklnt n workirm quietly, behind the scenes
in Washington," legislative assistant to Helms
Scott Wilson said recently. "All we want is a fan
assessment of the situation."
One of Helms' main concerns is that, because
the Corps is based in Norfolk, Va., their views
could be biased in favor of the pipeline.
Corps spokesman Harry Carter declined com
ment last week on Helms concern.
If the Corps decides to issue the pipeline per
mit, the state of North Carolina is prepared to
file suit to block it, said Hunt spokeswoman
Lynne Garrison. The pipeline would "detrimen
tally affect North Carolina economically and en
vironmentally," she said.
In response to pipeline, Rep. Jones introduced
a bill co-sponsored by Reps. Tim Valentine Jr.,
D-N.C, and Dan Daniel, D-Va., that would pro
hibit the engineers from issuing a pipeline permit
to Virginia Beach before the Corps drafts an en
vironmental impact statement. The bill was in
troduced Nov. 4 and has gone to the Public
Works and Transportation committee.
See PIPELINE on page 2
Southern men all year round
By MARGARET CLAIRBORNE
Playboy introduced to us "the Women of the
ACC" as the sexiest girls on the East Coast, but
the time has come to move over. Women, make
room "The Men of the South" are making their
The recent publicity of Playboy's feature and
the abundance of "Playboy-type" magazines,
posters and calendars spurred Mark Richardson, a
senior at Clemson University, to create a calendar
for women featuring 12 former football players
from UNC and Clemson.
The calendar, called "24KT. GOLD The Men
of the South," pictures five former Carolina
players; Rod Elkins, Phil Farris, Jeff Pierce, Jon
Richardson, Dave Simmons, and seven former
Clemson players; Dwight Clark, Jerry Gaillard,
Mark Richardson, Chuck Rose, Bill Smith, Ron
Smith and Jim Stuckey.
Richardson said the idea for the calendar
originated about a year and a half ago when he
heard about a calendar published on the West
Coast featuring men from the University of
Southern California. A Clemson sorority also at
tempted to design and sell a similar calendar as a
fund raiser. Seeing these, Richardson said he
decided to try putting together a calendar of his
own, better than the other two.
"It was something I thought I could do in my
spare time to make money and gain valuable ex
perience," he said.
Richardson, with his sister Ashley and his
girlfriend, Joan Wicker, as consultants, chose the
models for the calendar from players at Clemson
and Carolina whom either he, or his brother Jon
Richardson, a former wide receiver for the Tar
Heels, knew. Three of the players originally
chosen, including one from Wake Forest, had to
be dropped from the project because they were
currently playing for their school teams, and
Richardson said that he ran into problems with the
Once he had secured twelve models to appear in
the calendar, Richardson hired a professional
photographer from Clemson who took between
110 and 140 photos of each model.
"Some of the guys were a little apprehensive at
first because a few of them, including Dwight
Clark, Phil Farris, Jim Stuckey and Dave Sim
mons had professional modeling experience, and
they were concerned about the quality of the calen
dar,"' Richardson said.
"It was expensive to put together," Richardson
said, "No corners were cut on cost because I
wanted a quality calendar." He paid for the pro
duction costs in installments so that he would not
have to borrow money.
"The actual design and production process was
sort-of hit or miss for me because I didn't have ex
perience in producing a calendar," Richardson
said, "but I was able to just tell the printer what I
wanted, and they were a big help." He also re
ceived the help of Lou Musachio, a professional
advertiser in New York, who worked on the cover
Once design and production were completed,
Richardson and his brother Jon began a sales cam
paign throughout North and South Carolina
Jon taking North Carolina and Mark in charge of
"One of the only obstacles I came up against in
selling the calendar was the negative attitude some
buyers had upon hearing about it." Richardson
said. However, those attitudes changed once they
saw the final product.
"It's a nice-looking, sexy calendar not intended
to offend," Richardson said.
"24KT. GOLD The Men of the South" is cur
rently on sale for $6.25 in book stores including the
Waldenbooks chain, Chapel Hill Station, and the
UNC Student Stores, as well as in druge stores and
some sporting goods stores. It may also be pur
chased at the Carolina-Duke game Saturday.
" I his calendar is just a one shot deal," Richard
son said. After graduation in December, he said,
he plans to move to California to work on movie
production; therefore, there is little chance for
"The Men on the South" in 1985.