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For a historical and national
perspective on UNC student
involvement, see additional
stories on page 4 and 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright l)83 The Daily Tar Heel. All nuhis reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 105
Wednesday, December 7, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Politics at UNC
Political activism on campus
Persuaded Attended pol. Wrote opinion Attended Special Int. Donate to
vote meeting letter rally group pol. group
male 55 60 52 37 11 37
female 47 54 -37 29 8 24
black 42 54 34 37 12 25
white 52 58 46 32 9 31
in-state 49 58 37 25 8 27
out-of-state 54 59 58 ' 46 12 36
Greek 72 71 52 .34 14 31
nonGreek 46 55 43 32 8 30
Democrats 62 69 50 46 16 41
Republicans 53 56 48 23 7 32
Independent 47 80 70 47 10 27
up to $25,000 53 54 45 37 11- 33
$26-$35,000 44 51 40 26 7 31
$36-$50,000 54 58 44 30 11 35
Over $50,000 56 75 54 38 11 26
Note: small marginal differences may mean the correlation is not statistically significant.
Students interested, not likely to act
By CHARLES F. WALLINGTON
The results of a recent survey con
ducted by The Daily Tar Heel indicate
that as a group, UNC students are
politically aware of issues and leaders,
but not likely to march or protest to
voice their concerns.
"The survey results run contrary to
the assumption that students are only
interested in finding jobs," said James
Prothro, professor and chairman of the
political science department.
"Quite clearly, there are more
students interested in public affairs than
the general populace is," he said.
Fifty-eight percent of the 384 students
surveyed said they had attended a
political meeting, rally or other activity
for a political party or candidate cam
paigning for office. This figure com
pares to 7 percent of the people nation
wide who also have engaged in the same
activities. The national figures were
compiled through a survey of the U.S.
population during the 1980 election
But only 30 percent of UNC students
surveyed said they had attended a
march, rally or demonstration about a
Of the 400 students surveyed, 83 per
cent classified themselves as mildly con
servative, mildly liberal or middle-of-the-road,
leaving only 13 percent as
strong liberals or conservatives.
Also, the majority of the students
who were surveyed come from middle
class or above families. Only 22 percent
have family incomes of less than
Survey results did indicate that UNC
students most likely would become ac
tive in response to threats to the state's
environment. Out of 16 political situa
tions proposed to them, students were
most concerned about a factory dump
ing untreated chemicals into a stream
feeding into University Lake. When the
students were given choices ranging
from doing nothing about the situation
to organizing a demonstration, 41 per
cent said they would organize a
- demonstration if that were the case.
Other environmental issues also rank
ed high in the number of students who
said they would be concerned enough to
take some type of action. Thirty-one
percent of the students said they would
organize a demonstration if the pro
tected part of the Outer Banks was sold
to developers, and 24 percent would do
likewise if the state planned to build
more hazardous waste sites in North
As for other issues, the results in
dicated that students also would be like
ly to take action if a law was passed re
quiring unmarried females under their
parent's care to inform them if they
sought birth control advice.
Of the situations given, the one least
likely to elicit student action was if three
of the starting five basketball players
. were suspended from the team in mid
season until they made passing grades.
Sixty-five percent of the students said
they would do nothing if that were the
The political activity that students in
dicated they were most likely to do was
register to vote, with 68 percent having
done so. On the other hand the political
activity they were least likely to perform
was joining a special' interest political
group, with only 9 percent indicating
that they had done so.
"I'm not surprised by the number of
students who are registered to vote,"
said M. Richard Cramer, Associate
Professor of Sociology. "The number
doesn't necessarily reflect any strong
evidence of apathy on the part of the
students. Age levels come into paly."
Cramer explained that because col
lege students are away from their
hometowns where many of them are
registered to vote, the result is a number
of students who are not likely to be ac
tive. "But the question to consider is will
they (students) be involved in the next
major election; presidential, senatorial
and gubernatorial elections tend, to
draw more people," Cramer said.
When asked to identify political per
sonalities, survey respondents had a
See POLL on page 4
Graduates should get jobs more easily in '84
By VANCE TREFETHEN
Editor's note: This is the first in a three-part series on
employment in North Carolina.
College students graduating next May should have an
easier time finding jobs than last year's graduates,
employers and placement officials agree.
While the prospect for 1984 is better for most firms
because of the economic recovery, many companies still
won't be hiring as many college graduates as they did
before the recession. And as before, the student who
majors in a liberal arts discipline will find the going
tougher than will the business or engineering major.
"The computer science majors are
usually the highest paid of our
graduates, along with other hi-tech
fields. " .
Marcia Harris, UNC
Graduates should not expect a drastic increase in
available jobs, said a spokeswoman for Proctor & Gam
ble, a leading corporate recruiter on the UNC campus.
"Our needs are up slightly in technical areas' she said.
"Overall, our hiring is up, but not as high as the mid- to
In a study completed last week, officials at Michigan
State University said employers expected to hire 5 percent
more college graduates this June than they did in June
Still, despite the trend for hiring more college
graduates, employers and placement officials say that no
field of study guarantees a job after graduation. They
stress the need for students to develop a broad range of
skills, no matter what academic major is chosen.
At UNC, the most popular major for 1983 graduates
was business administration, with 548 graduates, said
Marcia Harris, director of the University Career Planning
and Placement Service. Other popular majors include in
dustrial relations, chemistry and zoology.
Many companies are looking for students with technical
and business skills, Harris said.
"We get the demand primarily for business, account
ing, math and science majors. We're finding a number of
California companies recruiting on campus for computer
Computer science majors are also getting high-paying
jobs, said Harris.
"The computer science majors are usually the highest
paid of our graduates, along with other hi-tech fields.
Graduates in sales and marketing usually start out lower
but eventually surpass the others in salary in a few years."
The Michigan State study showed the average starting
pay for 1984 computer science graduates will be $25,849.
For an electrical engineer with a bachelor's degree, it will
be $26,643. General business graduates will earn $16,650,
" while teachers will start at $14,779. The average college
graduate in 1984 will earn an average of $19,306 per year,
according to the study.
The study consisted of a survey of 617 firms and
organizations in business, education and government that
are frequent hirers of college graduates.
Engineering is the most popular major at N.C. State
University, said Walter Jones, director of the Career Plan
ning and Placement Service at N.C. State. More than
6,000 of N.C. State's 23,000 students are in the School of
Engineering and N.C. State provides a large number of
entry-level engineers, Jones said.
But Jones warned that even a seemingly "sure-fire"
major like engineering did not guarantee a job after
"We had more engineering graduates looking for jobs
last spring than at any time in the last 10 years," he said.
"It used to be that we just had to get them to decide which
job to accept."
That has changed. Experts estimate that American col
leges will graduate 200,000 to 300,000 more students per
year than the job market can accept during the 1980s. As a
result, many college graduates will have to accept jobs that
do not take advantage of the training they receive in col
lege. But experts disagree on why college graduates some
times have difficulty getting jobs.
"New graduates are not getting skills that meet
employers' demands," said Patrick Scheetz, a placement
official at Michigan State and co-author of the Michigan
State study. "Students choose majors in subjects they like
rather than employable skills."
But Robert Flynn, director of a Raleigh-based seminar
program called "Dealing From A Position Of Strength In
Today's Job Market," disagreed.
"The academic major is not as important as most peo
ple think it is," said Flynn. Instead, college students need
to know how to concentrate their job aspirations toward
getting one of the vast number of unadvertised jobs.
"First, you have to know what you want to do. Second,
ycfu have to know how to uncover the 'hidden job market'
since 80 percent of all job openings are not published."
Flynn andjthers said that employers look for students
who match their own abilities with the job market.
"They need to decide within themselves the kind of
work they enjoy doing," said David Routh, manager of
college recruiting at North Carolina National Bank, a
major employer of UNC graduates. "They also need to
get help from the placement office to match their skills
and desires with the job market." Liberal arts majors are
offered jobs at NCNB if they have the right technical and
interpersonal skills, he said.
And employers agree that a person's attitude can be as
large a factor in securing a job as their major.
"We look at a good combination of analytical and per
sonal skills," said Nancy Murray, assistant vice-president
of management resources at Wachovia Bank and Trust
Co., which typically hires 20 or more UNC graduates a
year. "Among the most important (skills) would be a
sense of initiative the motivation to go beyond what's
Wachovia generally hires a large number of business
and economics majors, but will also hire liberal arts
majors if they have taken enough practical courses,
Murray said. She advised college students to get a broad
education, no matter what major they choose.
Tomorrow: A look at how the state's efforts to recruit
industry result, in more jobs for North Carolinians.
By TOM CONLON
GREENSBORO Urging support for
Sen. Jesse Helms and President Reagan,
Vice President George Bush Tuesday night
predicted 1984 Republican victories for the
"President Reagan is going to run for
re-election and he's going to carry
North Carolina and the country by an
overwhelming majority," Bush said.
Bush spoke before 175 people at a
$250-a-plate fund-raising event for the
Helms for Senate committee, held at the
Four Seasons Holiday Inn. Sen. John
East, Rep. Jim Martin and former 6th
District Rep. Eugene Johnston also were
"Because Helms has worked long and
hard on behalf of the people of North
Carolina, I don't have the slightest doubt
that come next November, Jesse Helms is
going to be re-elected to the Senate by an
overwhelming majority," said Bush, who
spoke for 20 minutes.
Referring to Reagan's probable
Democratic opposition in the 1984
presidential race, Bush said there was an
interesting choice of candidates. "On the
one hand, they have a presidential can
didate who supporters claim he has the
right stuff," he said. "On the other hand,
they have Fritz Mondale, the candidate
who promises to bring back the same old
Bush said the poor leadership of the ad
ministration of President Jimmy Carter
and Vice President Mondale contributed
to double-digit inflation, skyrocketing in
terest rates, a stagnant economy and poor
"That's "Fritz' and his friends' only
hope that the people who go the polls
next November, here in North Carolina
and across the country, have short
Bomb hits crowded bus,
kills 4, injures 46 in Israel
i 2a Lj
memories," he said. "And that's the dif
ference between our campaign and the op
ponents' campaign in 1984. We aren't run
ning from our record, we're running on
Lowering inflation and interest rates, a
high Gross National Product rate and an
.8.4 percent increase in personal income
were included in the adminis; ration's
record, he said.
"And in the critical area of jobs, the
unemployment rate is falling faster than in
any recovery period in the last 30 years,"
Bush said. "Three and a half million more
Americans have jobs today than last
"More people have jobs than at any
other time in our history. That's solid
evidence that we're well on the road to
total economic recovery and toward the
day when every American who wants a job
can find a job.
See BUSH on page 2
The Associated Press
JERUSALEM A PLO bomb blew
apart a crowded bus Tuesday, killing four
people and wounding 46 in the bloodiest
terrorist attack in Jerusalem in more than
The bomb ripped limbs off some
passengers and blew away the roof and
sides of the red-and-white bus while it
was stopped on Herzl Boulevard linking
southern Jerusalem to its western
suburbs. One-fourth of the wounded
were in intensive care units with serious
burns and singed lungs, doctors said..
As fighting in Lebanon continued,
militia gunners poured heavy machine
gun fire at the U.S. Marine base at Beirut
No U.S. casualties were reported in the
machine-gun attack, the first on the
American contingent of the multinational
peacekeeping force since Sunday when an
artillery barrage killed eight Marines and
The bus blown apart in Jerusalem was
stopped at a traffic light in the Jewish sec
tion near a military cemetery. It came
during a school vacation for Hanukkah,
and several children were believed to be
on the bus.
The office of Prime Minister Yitshak
Shamir vowed "the perpetrators of this
wicked assault ... will not remain un
punished." It was the most serious attack on
civilians in Israel since the Israeli invasion
of Lebanon in June 1982 to crush the
PLO, and the worst bombing in
Jerusalem since a June 1978 bus bombing
that killed six people.
The Palestine Liberation Organization
in Tripoli, in claiming responsibility for
the attack, said, "This operation comes
to escalate the actions of the Palestinian
revolution against the Israeli occupiers."
It also claimed the bus was a military
The blast also damaged another bus
stopped at the red light, knocking the
driver and some of the passengers from
See BOMBING on page 7
From vending machines
State tests use of funds
By JIM ZOOK
The State Budget Audit Report has
questioned the use of vending machine
proceeds at the North Carolina Memorial
Hospital, but hospital officials said the
funds were being used properly.
The vending machine proceeds bring in
more than $100,000 annually for the
hospital. A 1972 policy adopted by the
hospital's Board of Directors specified
that the funds would be used for items
that "cannot be paid for with state funds
or other hospital funds,'' said Kathy
Bartlett, an official in the public affairs
division of NCMH.
The appropriateness of those items are
what is being questioned. They include
such things as "business-related expenses
for executives, recruitment and relocation
expenses, employee-related activities,
consultant fees, and additional compen
sation for employees," Bartlett said. Some
of the additional compensation includes"
life insurance policies for all 14 manage
ment council members at NCMH, dental
insurance for them and their families,
employee parties and Rotary Club dues
for the NCMH executive director and ad
ministrator. According to the audit report, which
was released in May, there is an indica
tion of "an increasing divergence from
the apparent intentions of the fund. ..The
expenditures, while technically in com
pliance with the fund authority approved
by the board of directors, appear to be
following an inappropriate direction."
The report recommended that NCMH
examine its usage of the fund, adding that
it should not become a "slush fund"
money used improperly or look like one.
Bartlett said that in the fiscal year
1981- 82 proceeds from the machines
totaled $121,056, and for the fiscal year
1982- 83 they totaled $1 15,477. In the two
years combined, there was a surplus of
about $28,000, which is part of the cur
rent fund. Bartlett said she could not say
how much was in the fund at the present
time, but she did say that the latest audit
showed no problems.
"The audit report found that there was
no violation, and the funds were in com
pliance with the policy set up by the
(NCMH) Board of Directors," she said.
Bartlett said that the biggest concern at
the hospital was the percentage pf funds
spent for compensation of executives,
"which was only 18 percent." She added
that 49 percent of the fund was spent on
employee activities, like the Christmas
party', a summer picnic, a banquet honor
ing longtime employees, and the sponsor
ship of local recreational activities.
Bartlett added that the hospital was
satisfied the fund was within the
guidelines of the Board of Directors,
because everything had to be authorized
by NCMH Executive Director Eric Mun
son and the Board of Directors.
Deputy state budget officer Marvin
Dorman was unavailable for comment
See VENDING on page 7