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Copyright 1984 Thetfcily Tar Hed. AH rights reserved.
n 1Y f'
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Remember to vote for the
candidates of your choice
today and come see how the
candidates fared as the
returns . are posted in the
Great Hall of the Union
beginning at 7 p.m.
Volume 91, Issue 132
Tuesday, February 14, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Student Body President
Daily Tar Heel Editor U
Chip Medlin ,
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Manuel claims misrepresentation
Candidate submits complaint against 'DTH'
By MARK STINNEFORD
Christine Manuel on Monday became the se
cond candidate for campus office to charge that
The Daily Tar Heel had been unfair in its cam
In a letter to Elections Board Chairman Andy
Sutherland, Manuel, a candidate for DTH
editor, requested that the newspaper print a let
ter to the editor "that more accurately
describes" her platform and views. Manuel said
late Monday night she submitted the complaint
because she was unsure the DTH would agree to
Frank Winstead, a candidate for four offices,
last week submitted a complaint to the Student
Supreme Court charging the paper had not pro
vided adequate coverage to his campaigns. The
court is expected to hold a hearing on the com
plaint sometime after the elections.
-. After meeting with Manuel Monday morn
ing, DTH editor Kerry DeRochi said she agreed
with Manuel's objection to the headline, "The
best man for the job," that appeared over a let
ter to the editor from the candidate's sup
porters. "I think she was warranted in her attack on
the headline," DeRochi said. "I was offended,
too, as a woman editor."
Because of the headline, DeRochi said she
would grant Manuel an additional letter of sup
port on the editorial page. The candidate was
free to use the letter to clear up any perceived
misrepresentations in the newspaper's coverage,
But DeRochi .said she would reject any
demands that corrections be run for the article
"Moderate DTH policy proposed," an election
analysis that appeared in Monday's paper.
Manuel took exception to a statement in the
article that her proposal for creating the posi
tion of ombudsman for the newspaper would
give some editorial control to the DTH Board of
Directors. "I never said that the Board would
have power over editorial policy," Manuel's let
DeRochi said Manuel made such a statement
in an election forum attended by herself, one of
the paper's associate editors, the managing
See COMPLAINTS on page '4
o to polls
ct new leaders
By TOM CONLON
Twenty to thirty percent of the student body is ex
pected to vote in today's campus elections, Andy
Sutherland, Elections Board chairman, said Mon
day. "There's no way to measure turnout for sure 20
to 30 percent is an optimistic figure but with the
great number of candidates and fee increase referen
dums on the ballot, I think we'll have a good tur
nout," he said.
Besides electing candidates for student body presi
dent, Daily Tar Heel editor, Carolina Athletic
Association president, senior class officers,
Residence Hall Association president and campus
governing council seats, students willbe voting on
two separate fee increase referendums.
One referendum is to raise student fees by $1.50
per semester to allow for greater allocation of fees to
The second referendum, if passed, will implement
a temporary 50 cents addition to student fees for the
fall 1984 and spring 1985 semesters to pay for equip
ment needed to bring STV to campus. Both referen
dums are separate proposals and will not be binding
upon each other.
John Wilson, coordinator for STV, said $22,000
will be raised for STV if the second referendum
passes. "We are seeking a $22,000 front from the
CGC Finance Committee if it passes, so we will be
able to purchase the equipment right away and pro
vide the service to students before they actually pay
for it," he said.
The Finance Committee voted 5-0 Monday night
to loan $22,000 to STV if the referendum passes.
"We're going to be on the air. after Spring Break if
the referendum passes, that's a fact," Wilson said.
Twenty percent of the student body must vote and
the referendum must receive two-thirds of the vote in
order to pass.
STV will be open to all students, who can put on
and view programs in areas of sports, news and com
edies, Wilson said.
Wilson said he predicted a landslide victory for the
STV referendum. "I haven't talked to a student yet
who's not going to vote for it," he said.
William "Doc" Droze, CGC finance committee
chairman, did not predict an outcome for the $1.50
Student Fee increase. "I think there's a general trend
for students to vote down any type of a fee
increase," Droze said. "But I'd hope that they'd
look closely at the referendum that they have up to
day." Besides a majority vote in favor of the increase, 20
percent of the student body must vote on the referen
dum for it to be valid, Droze said. Last year, the stu
dent fee increase referendum failed to meet the re
quired percentage of voters for the ballots to be
Sutherland, Wilson and Droze predicted runoff
elections in most of the major candidate races. For
all single seat races, a candidate must capture 50 per
cent plus a fraction of a percent of the votes to win
the election. In races where no candidate wins a ma
jority, the top two vote getters will have a runoff
election Feb. 21.
"in the student body president race, I don't see
any one candidate taking a majority," Sutherland
said. "I anticipate a runoff in that race. I'm not quite
certain if we'll have a runoff in the other races, but I
think there's a strong possibility that we will because
there are so many candidates running in each race
Sutherland said he was not sure if the fee increase
referendums would pass or not, but emphasized the
need for a 20 percent student voter turnout to make
the referendums valid.
Undergraduate students generally turn out in
greater numbers than graduate students on election
days, Sutherland said, but he could not determine
Several endorsements were made at the beginning
of this week. The Carolina Gay Association endorsed
James Exum for student body president and
Christine Manuel for DTH editor. The Association
for Women Students also endorsed Manuel for
Wiefnenko named leader
ofUXS.R. by Politburo
The Associated Press
MOSCOW Konstantin U. Chernenko, a pillar
of the Kremlin's old guard, was named leader of the
Soviet Union on Monday. He vowed in his first
speech to maintain the country's military strength as
a counter to "the hot heads of militant adventurists."
But the 72-year-old successor to the late Yuri V.
Andropov said he supported the Soviet policy of
seeking "peaceful coexistence" with the West.
In Washington, Reagan administration spokesman
Larry Speakes said the administration wanted to join
the new Soviet leader in achieving "constructive
cooperation" but emphasized that improving rela
tions between the superpowers "has to be a two-way
With Vice President George Bush in Moscow to
represent President Reagan at the funeral of Soviet
President Yuri V. Andropov, Speakes said the
United States would welcome discussions with Soviet
leaders. But the likelihood of a meeting between
Reagan and Chernenko remained uncertain at best.
"We invite the new leaders of the Soviet Union to
work with us in establishing a basis for greater
mutual understanding and constructive
cooperation," Speakes said.
In his first speech as party secretary, before the
Central Committee on Monday, Chernenko said,
"The U.S.S.R. will cooperate in full measure with all
states which are prepared to assist through practical
deeds in lessening international tensions and creating
an atmosphere of trust in the world."
U.S.-Soviet relations have deteriorated badly. The
Soviets broke off two sets of arms reduction talks last
fall over deployment of new NATO missiles in
Europe. The United States has been urging their
Soviet foreign policy altered little during the brief
tenure of Andropov and because Chernenko was so
closely identified with Brezhnev it seemed unlikely he
would make radical changes.
Chernenko, lifelong ally of the late President
Leonid I. Brezhnev, is the oldest man ever to become
general secretary of the Communist Party.
When Brezhnev died in November 1982, it was
widely believed that Chernenko was Andropov's
rival for the party leadership. After Andropov won it
appeared that Chernenko's political future was in
doubt, but he retained enough influence in the top
party ranks to grasp the top party post.
Chernenko was unanimously chosen Communist
Party general secretary by his 11 fellow members of
the ruling Politburo Monday.
The new general secretary does not yet have the
additional title of president, with which Andropov
and Brezhnev consolidated their power. The
presidency probably will remain vacant until the
Supreme Soviet or parliament next meets. Elec
tions for the new Parliament are scheduled for March
Tass said Chernenko's speech before the Central
Committee, praised Andropov as an "outstanding
leader of the Communist Party and the Soviet state,
an ardent patriot, Leninist, a tireless fighter for
Chernenko also made no specific proposals for
resumption of U.S.-Soviet dialogue, and sounded the
standard line in foreign policy, saying "we can very
well see the threat created today to humankind by the
reckless, adventurist actions of imperialism's ag
Chernenko said the Soviet Union would strive to
avert war by maintaining its nuclear strength.
In a written statement, the State Department said
Chernenko seemed to reaffirm the basic lines of
Soviet policy "so it is too soon to draw any con
clusions about possible shifts in direction."
The statement did take note of an article
Chernenko wrote for the London Sunday Times
See CHERNENKO on page 3
Professor ' of marine science channels energy to work, family
By LAUREN BROWN
Editor's Note: This is the third in a series of
articles on UNC faculty.
Dirk Frankenberg, professor of marine
sciences, channels his time and energy primari
ly into two areas his work and his family.
"I consider myself a very average kind of
person with a commitment to my family and
my profession," Frankenberg said.
Although he considers himself average,
many would disagree; the contributions he has
made in his field go beyond average.
Frankenberg received his bachelor of arts
from Dartmouth College, Connecticut, in
1959. He then went on to get a Master's of
Science in parasitology and a doctorate in
marine ecology from Emory University,
Georgia, in 1960 and 1962.
Before coming to UNC in 1974 as professor
of marine science and director of the marine
science program, Frankenberg was a professor
at the University of Georgia and at the Univer
sity of Delaware. He also worked for the Na
tional Science Foundation in Washington,
But Frankenberg's work is by no means
limited to the United States; he works interna
tionally through the National Academy of
One of his most recent foreign services has
been to head an exchange program of seven
scientists from the United States to Indonesia.
Frankenberg spent a month last summer
lecturing at the University of Indonesia, one
visit of six he has made in the last two years.
He also went to Taiwan this fall to advise
management of marine science programs for
One of the most important aspects of advis
ing foreign governments is that your advice
has a significant impact in helping the
country's economy and contributing to their
general knowledge of valuable ocean
resources, Frankenberg said.
"You can see changes, see institutions
developed and help students get placed in
universities in developed countries,"
Frankenberg said. "I find it very satisfying."
Frankenberg's ' business travels include
everywhere from the Soviet Union, China and
France to Pago Pago, Ecuador and Saudi
Arabia, where he has advised countries on
marine issues related to their economy.
"I'm doing things that I consider to be a
service to the state, nation and other countries
as well," Frankenberg said. x
Travel is not only involved in his business,
but also introduced into Frankenberg's
Students in advanced courses take at least
one field trip to the Marine Institute in
Morehead City or to the Outer Banks,
"One of the nice things about studying the
ocean is that it's a world-wide phenomenon,
so you get to go to a lot of interesting places,"
While Frankenberg is head of the cur
riculum of marine sciences based in Chapel
Hill, he is also director of the marine science
program centered in Morehead City, where he
spends one day per week.
"I guess I'd have to say I like to travel,"
Frankenberg said with a laugh when describ
ing his extra-curricular activities.
Raised in New England, Frankenberg was
an ice hockey player in his college days. At
UNC, he used his knowledge of the game to
coach the ice hockey team from 1981-1983; he
is current faculty advisor for the team.
His other hobbies, water skiing, sailing and
scuba diving, revolve around his equally im
portant commitment his family.
The Frankenbergs have a home in Beaufort.
There they spend time in their in-board, out
board boat and engage in water related sports
during the summer, Frankenberg said.
Although the Frankenbergs all have a com
mon love of the water, their other interests are
unique to their personalities.
See FRANKENBERG on page 2
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UNC professor Dirk Frankenberg advises foreign
countries on marine issues related to the economy.