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I pni:lii 19X4 The Daily Tar Heel. AH rights reserved.
Volume 92, Issue 13
By JIM ZOOK
Members of the Campus Governing
Council's Finance Committee and Stu
dent Body President Paul Parker are sup
porting a move to allocate student fees
only to those student organizations which
the CGC believes serve the majority of
the student body.
"I don't want to cut any organizations,
but I'd rather have 25 organizations that
are worth the students' money and are
well run than have 35 organizations that
are marginally run," said Finance Com
mittee member Tim Newman (District
Newman was referring to the fact that
Tuesday there was only $16,984 left to
allocate to 20 organizations. The or
takes a lickin 9
I 'I 4 -'
J I V
Associate Professor of American Studies Joy Kasson takes a break outside Swensen's with her
6-year-old son, Peter, and her 11 -month-old daughter, Laura. With warm weather on the way, a dripping
ice cream cone seems just the right thing.
Historical odds against Martin
in gubernatorial race are high
Eighth and last in a series on candidates
By ROSS CHANDLER
RALEIGH Jim Martin is running
hard to be North Carolina's second
Republican governor since Reconstruc
tion. It's no easy task in a state where
Republicans are out-numbered four-to-one
by Democrats, and where the can
didate's own party often is split between
the conservative followers of U.S. Sen.
Jesse Helms and the more moderate
followers of former Gov. Jim
Holshouser, the first Republican elected
governor since 1876.
Martin, who has
Charlotte area as
the 9th District
six terms, has
worked hard to ap
peal to both con
moderates by tak
ing a neutral
stance. "I stand
closer to the Mar
tin wing, which
tries to encompass
all of them," he said in a recent interview
at his campaign headquarters.
Since entering the race for the
Republican nomination, Martin has been
the front-runner. He faces opposition in
the May 8 primary from Ruby Hooper,
chairwoman of the Burke County
But late last year, a leading conser
vative, Raleigh attorney Tom Ellis,
sought a more conservative candidate to
oppose Martin in the primary. After ap
proaching 4th District congressional can
didate Bill Cobey and several other can
didates, Ellis dropped his efforts.
Despite Ellis attempts, Martin has not
been bitter toward the conservatives in
the N.C. Republican Party. Instead,
Martin took the challenge in stride, say
'Tom is entitled to support
S ' " ' 1
Umiii, winrmirnt-n' 1
to fund only
ganizations combined have asked for
Organizations considered to have
highest priority for funds will be de
termined by the qualitative ratings each
group received from the CGC.
In a letter to CGC members, Parker
asked that the Council strongly consider
giving enough student fees to the high
priority groups so that these groups could
not only function but expand as well.
Parker cited 18 organizations which the
student body constitution states must ex
ist and should receive top funding priori
ty. If any funds are left over, they will be
given to the remainder of the organiza
tions according to priority.
The groups mentioned in Titles 1 and
IV of the Constitution are the three
branches of Student Government, the
'tiff "v." v-" , Vi
''1111 Jr W X " ,V,i
whomever he pleases." Nor will he close
the door on better relations with Ellis in
the future. "I would welcome his support
whenever he is ready to give it."
In his bid for governor, Martin has led
his campaign with the issues of education
tax and hazardous waste disposal reform.
Martin puts teachers' pay near the top
of his list of educational priorities, poin
ting out the serious decline in North
Carolina teachers' pay as compared to
the national average.
"When Jim Holshouser was governor
(1973-77). . . North Carolina teachers'
pay was improved from 27th to 20th
among the states," he said. "But in the
last eight years that has dropped down to
44th, and that's not because we haven't
been putting money into education. We
Instead, Martin pointed out that the
state has spent increasing .amounts on
other educational concerns, such as
specialists, teachers' aides and increased
"All of these things were designed to
help the people," Martin said, "but the
results of spending all our money on these
other things has been to shortchange the
To correct this problem, Martin has
proposed a 25 percent pay increase for
teachers. The first 12'2 percent would be
an across-the-board pay raise to benefit
all teachers. The other 121: percent is a
political hot potato merit pay based on
a teacher's ability.
"Teachers are paid the same whether
they are good, bad or indifferent," Mar
tin said in reference to the present pay
system. "That is not going to build
strength in our teacher corps."
Martin said it would cost the state
about $330 million to raise teachers' pay.
He also said, however, that the necessary
funds probably would not come from tax
"I would say that it is probable that
most of it could be done by reallocating
the money that is now spent on schools,"
Martin declined to say what particular
t f H I'M :
1 1 I II
f'1 5 W I it: '
:' "" '', L I J f '' W?"-
-v. ' .-
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X'v-r-' t y&y, 44 . ' v, - ""Tram
As a general rule, nobody has money who ought to have it. Benjamin Disraeli
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, April 4, 1984
Residence Hall Association, the Graduate
and Professional Student Federation, the
Interfraternity Council,! the Panhellenic
Council, the Association of Women
Students, the Craige Graduate Center
Council, the Carolina Union Board, the
Media Board, the Audit Board, The Dai
ly Tar Heel, the Elections Board, the Stu
dent Activities Fund Office, the Black
Student Movement, Student Health Ad
vocate, and Student Educational Broad
casting, Inc. '
"With the remaining funds we must
provide for the groups which rank highest
qualitatively," Parker said in his letter.
"I believe we will serve this campus best if
we fund the most important groups as
much as is possible and then stop when
the money runs out.
- "An unfortunate number of the
DTHLon L. Thomas
items would lose funding to a teachers'
pay raise, saying that "it would be
presumptuous for one person" to make
that decision without consulting with
teacher organizations and the N.C. Board
of Education. Martin and Democrat Tom
Gilmore are the only major candidates in
the. governor's race who have said they
would at least consider a tax increase to
pay for improvements irj education.
As for tax reform, Martin favors repeal
of the intangibles and inventory taxes,
and he's made the issue one of the key
points in his campaign.
The inventory tax discourages
businessmen from expanding their plants
in North Carolina, he said. Instead, ex
pansion is more likely to be at plants in
states without an inventory tax.
"There is (with the intangibles tax) a
tendency to discourage businesses from
locating here . . . and a strong effect of
discouraging retirees so that they go
somewhere else," Martin said. Since a
business would be interested in protecting
its executives and workers from paying
taxes on items such as stock options, the
intangibles tax may lead them to locate
elsewhere. Likewise, he said, retirees are
1 discouraged from moving here because
their savings and retirement plans would
fall prey to the tax.
Martin, a former Davidson College
chemistry professor, also is concerned
with North Carolina's production and
disposal of toxic wastes
"Right now, North Carolina is the
seventh-largest producer of toxic
chemicals, yet we do not have a policy of
disposing of these wastes," he said. "A
lot of it gets dumped along the roadside
or in gullies when nobpdy is looking,"
because the state lacks a disposal policy
and disposal facilities.
Advanced technology is in Martin's
plan for solving this problem, as opposed
to the current method of placing the
wastes in landfills. Combustible
organic material would be destroyed by
high temperature incineration under Mar
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
groups will be cut, but the student body
has charged us with the allocation of their
fees and we must uphold their concerns
and their constitution," Parker said.
Newman said that if the most impor
tant groups are funded, the qualitative
ratings would have more of an impact
than they have had in recent years.
"In past years, the qualitatives have
played a small role. Last year, they were a
factor, but they weren't a major factor,"
CGC member Marshall Mills (District
15), said he thought there was a better ap
proach to the allocation process.
"I would work to see that as many
groups as possible receive funding," Mills
said, "even if that means that the funding
would not be adequate for growth."
Mills said Students Effectively
Establishing a Democratic Society, a
campus political party of which he is a
member, was working out the details of a
"unified budget process," which would
accomplish these goals. He said the
Finance Committee had taken a
"haphazard approach" to this year's
Qualitative hearings were conducted
before the quantitative hearings got
underway. All CGC members not on the
Finance Committee were involved in the
process, which gave each section of every
organization's budget a ranking between
one and five. The rankings are considered
when allocations are being made.
Newman criticized the approach that
CGC members not on the Finance Com
mittee have had toward the quantitative
See HEARINGS on page 6
Banks for a
By SALLIE KRAWCHECK
Staff Wrijer V
In elections held recently Sherrod
Banks, a junior from Edenton, was re
elected president of the Black Student
Other recently elected BSM officers are
Keith Cooper, vice president; Connie
Smith, secretary; Lee Cooley. treasurer;
and Alhprtina j."ifi
Amith, editor of
the Black Ink. The
positions should be
appointed and an
nounced by the
end of next week,
term a committee
made up of union officials, represen
tatives from the BSM, and faculty ad
visors decided, according to Banks, that
"the Upendo Lounge, which will be mov
ed to the second floor of the (South Cam
pus) union, should be allocated to the
BSM. The other groups who use the
Upendo Lounge should have the same
scheduling rights and should be governed
by policies of the whole South Campus
The other groups include the United
Christian Fellowship, the seven black
Greek organizations, and groups coor
dinating orientation. Under present
policy, the BSM allows other groups to
use the Upendo Lounge as a meeting place
when they have no meetings or events
scheduled there. Banks said this arrange
ment was experimental now and will be
re-evaluated at a later date.
During recent qualitative budget hear
ings the BSM's proposed programs were
graded on a scale from one to five (one
being the best score and representing a
superior program), and six out of nine of
their proposals received a score of one.
These included Black History Month, the
Onyx Art Festival, the Black Ink, the
BSM Gospel Choir, the BSM Dancers,
arid the Ebony Readers.
Dorms respond to assault fears
From staff report
New Craige Residence Hall
assignments will put male suites on the
end of the wings, near the stairwells, next
semester for "security reasons," Joseph
Stiefel, a resident assistant in Craige,
"What they have now is essentially a
random assignment of suites, male or
female," Stiefel said. Suites will alternate
malefemale and the resident assistant
suites will be put on the same place on
A 24-hour lock-up in STOW Residence
College is also being considered because
of an increased fear of campus assaults,
particularly rape, said Ellen Wilbur, area
sweeps N.Y. primary
The Associated Press
NEW YORK Walter F. Mondale
won the New York presidential primary
election Tuesday night and claimed the
victory he needed to regain command
over Sen. Gary Hart in the race for the
Democratic presidential nomination.
"We had a very good day today in
New York," Mondale said. "Apparently
we did well across the board."
Bases on polling-place interviews, the
television networks said Hart was in a
closer-than-expected contest for second
place with the Rev. Jesse Jackson.
Jackson was polling exceptionally well
in New York City, apparently winning
about 80 percent of the black vote.
Some 252 convention delegates were at
stake the biggest single-state prize so
far and, next to California, the largest of
"In New York, they (the Hart cam
paign) spent maybe three times, maybe
four times as much money as we did,"
Mondale said. "But Americans weren't
looking at that. Citizens of New York
were asking that key question (who would
make a better president) and 1 think
that's why we won."
With 57 percent of the vote in, it was:
Mondale, 327,802 or 49 percent.
Hart, 221,401, or 33 percent.
. Jackson, 99,053, 15 percent.
The rest was scattered among
' Democratic dropouts.
Wisconsin Democrats held a "beauty
contest" primary Tuesday, in advance of
Saturday's caucuses when 78 convention
delegates are at stake. With 17 percent of
the vote in, Mondale and Hart each had
34 percent of the vote.
President Reagan Yes was piling up
93 percent of the vote in the Wisconsin
GOP Primary. Reagan No had 7 per
cent. There was no GOP line on the
ballot in New York.
Victory was dramatic evidence that
Mondale had completed a comeback in
the Democratic fight, and an indication
that Hart's "new ideas" candidacy faces
difficulty in the weeks ahead.
Hart, ho campaigned Tuesday in
Pennsylvania, next week's stop on the
electioh catendarrJriust move swiftly if he
is to stall his rival's drive for the nomina
tion, -j .. '
' Only three weeks ago Hart's candidacy
was on a roll, winning several early
primaries and caucuses.
Awareness of racism is
subject of activities today
By BILL ROSE
Is racism still a major issue in America?
Is it a problem at UNC? If the Rev. Mar
tin Luther King Jr. were alive today,
would it still exist?
These questions and many more are be
ing asked on campus and around the
world. It was 16 years ago today that
King was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
A coalition of nine student organiza
tions at UNC today are sponsoring a day
of awareness on racism. "MLK: The
Dream Today" will focus specifically on
three areas of local, state and interna
tional racism; "Separate Circles: Black
arid White at UNC;" "The Ku Klux Klan
in your backyard;" and "Assassination
in Spirit: Apartheid in South Africa."
The events begin with a rally at noon in
the Pit. The rally will feature the Black
Student Movement Gospel Choir, a
dramatic act from the Stage A Change
Theatre, and a series of speeches from
Student Body President Paul Parker,
James Exum, Sherri Rosenthal and
BSM President Sherrod Banks.
At 1 p.m., "88 Seconds in Greens
boro," a film on the Nazi-KKK shootings
of 1979, and a discussion on apartheid
will be held in the Union. At 2 p.m., there
will be a discussion on the KKK and
economic patterns in North Carolina,
and at 4 p.m. there will be a panel discus
sion on race relations at UNC.
The day will conclude with a speech
from former U.S. ambassador to the
director of "STOW Residence College.
STOW dormitories include Spencer,
Carr, Kenan, Alderman, Mclver, Old
East and Old West.
The fear of rape has increased in the
past two weeks because of rumors about
a series of sexual assaults on campus. The
Chapel Hill Police Department is holding
a press conference today to clarify the
matter. Both the Chapel Hill Police and
University Police, however, said there
have been no campus rapes reported
recently, only the five assaults that occur
red in the Airport Road vicinity. There
are also no hospital reports of any recent
According to the Chapel Hill Police
Department, measures are currently be
The dream continues
The legacy of the Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr. will be pre
sented in rallies, films and
forums beginning at noon.
Business Advertising 962-1163
But Mondale quit campaigning as a
serenely confident front-runner and
became the aggressor in the race, moving
on to defeat Hart in the Illinois primary
two weeks ago and taking aim in New
Hart said New York was not that
critical to his chances for the nomination,
and he already was looking ahead to Pen
nsylvania. But New York is the kind of state that
a Democrat must carry to defeat Presi
dent Reagan next fall, and the Mondale
victory would blunt Hart's claim that on
ly he can capture the White House for the
While hundreds of delegates remain to
be chosen, each state that Mondale wins
makes it that much more difficult for
Hart all but conceded defeat, and said
he would contest the later primaries with
a more positive campaign style. If the
bruising New York primary "proves
anything, it is that he got me down to his
level. And he's not going to do that
again," the Colorado senator said.
"I wouldn't go so far as to say you can
rule him (Hart) out," said Gov. Mario
Cuomo, a Mondale supporter. But "it's
going to be much more difficult from
here on in for Sen. Hart."
The television networks projected
Mondale's New York primary victory
just as the polls were closing Tuesday
night, but New York broadcaster Gabe
Pressman of WNBC-TV called the elec
tion four hours earlier.
Pressman, on the station's 5 p.m.
newscast, said "politicians who are get
ting their information from network
pollsters and their own lieutenants in the
field," were "now forecasting a Mondale
Last week, New York's congressional
delegation had asked the three commer
cial networks not to project winners until
after the polls had closed at 9 p.m. NBC
said at 8:57 that Mondale looked like an
easy winner, CBS estimated at 8:59 Mon
dale's "lopsided" victory and ABC called
Mondale the winner "by a comfortable
margin" at 9:02.
- Mondale began the day with 728.25
delegates to 440 for Hart and 93.5 for
Jackson. It takes 1,967 to win the
The primary campaign in New York
was bruising, with Mondale attacking
Hart at debates and in many speeches.
United Nations and Atlanta Mayor An
drew Young at 8 p.m. in Memorial Hall.
The speech is being sponsored by the
Union Forum Committee.
Andrea Stumpf, coordinator of the
events, said the purpose for the event was
not political, but rather educational. "By
far the biggest purpose is to make it a day
of education," she said. "We want peo
ple to stop and reflect. It is not designed
to be political.
"There was concern from some groups
of people," she said. "I wouldn't say it's
political. It's just a day against racism
and a day to help people realize we still
have a problem with it on campus."
Stumpf said she was surprised that so
many groups were enthusiastic and will
ing to help. "That's one of the strong
points of this whole thing," she said.
The "MLK: The Dream Today"
Coalition consists of nine groups: the
Black Law Students Association, the
Black Student Movement, the Campus
Governing Council, the Campus Y Exec,
the Democratic Socialists of America, the
National Lawyers Guild, the Stage A
Change Theatre, the Student Govern
ment Executive Branch and the Union
Stumpf said black-and-white ribbons
would be distributed on campus beginn
ing at 10 a.m.
"This is an important part of
awareness," she said. "Someone sug
gested we give out armbands, but they
tend to have a negative, political connota
tion, and that is not what we are trying to
ing taken, however, to catch a black man,
described in connection with the Airport
Road assaults, 5 feet 9 inches tall, 170-185
pounds and usually clean shaven. He has
sometimes been described as having
several days' growth of facial hair.
Three of the five Airport Road area
rapes were reported directly to the Chapel
Hill Police, one was reported to the Rape
Crisis Center, and the fifth, an attempted
assault which occured last week, was
reported to the police but occurred near
Umstead Park and may not be related to
the previous four. t
Police said the Airport' Rbad has not
tried to disguise himself, but the man at
Umstead Park was wearing a stocking