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Football. Sports Editor
Frank Kennedy gives us the
lowdown on what to expect from
this fall's squad. See page Bl.
Drinking. Will raising the
legal age to 21 make our highways
safer? Stories below and in
The Rat System For
Virginia Military Institute students,
college life is hardly like that in
Animal House. See page 6.
n "1Y f'
But it's not vacation
Sunny, with highs in the
upper 80s. Lows in the 60s.
Winds south to southwest,
making for breezy sunbathing
Volume 92, Issue 30
Fans, foes expect
Congress puts the heat on states
By WAYNE THOMPSON
Both friends and enemies of a Congres
sional plan to force states to adopt a
minimum drinking age of 21 expect that
North Carolina will give in to federal
The 21 national drinking age bill
adopted . by Congress in June gives states
without a 21 law until Oct. 1, 1986 to
adopt one and until 1987 before the federal
government begins to pull the plug on
millions of dollars in federal highway
funds currently targeted to states.
"It's inevitable," said T. Jerry Williams,
executive vice president of the N.C.
Restaurant Association, a group that
fought unsuccessfully to keep the drinking
age from being raised to 19 for beer and
wine under the N.C. Safe Roads Act.
"If you ask me what the General
Assembly is going to do," he said, "No.
1, they're going to adopt it unless there's
a constitutional challenge from someone
old enough to vote but not to drink under
the 21 law.
"But itU probably pass because North
Carolina doesn't have the guts to fight
for state's rights," Williams added.
House speaker Liston Ramsey agreed
that the federal linkage to state highway
funds makes a change in North Carolina
law certain. "Well put it off for awhile,"
he said, "but the cutoff of federal highway
funds leaves us no choice."
North Carolina's share of the funds is
$291 million. Refusal to hike the age to
21 could mean the loss of about SIS
million to $30 million under federal
penalties for non-compliance a 5
percent cutoff for states that hold out until
1987 and a 10 percent cut in funds for
states holding out to '88. T
"1-40 from Hillsborough to the
Research Triangle Park is scheduled to
be completed in 1987 or early 1988 and
the project is budgeted at $100 million,"
said James Cansler, UNC associate vice
chancellor for student affairs. "The
pressure is there and ,the idea is across
Nationwide opinion polls peg support
for a national drinking age at 77 percent,
and Congressional observers say they look
for the influence of Mothers Against
Drunk Driving to grow. Largely credited
with the passage of the national drinking
age bill, M ADD President Candy
Lightner, whose 13-year-old daughter was
killed by a drunk driver, says local
chapters will lobby hard against foot
Momentum could also be a factor as
state legislatures begin to join states
already with a 21 drinking age. Said Idaho
State Rep. Linden Bateman before the bill
became law: "If the federal legislation
passes, the law will also pass in Idaho."
So far, 2 1 is the legal limit for all alcholic
beverages in 21 states: Washington,
Oregon, Nevada, California, Utah, Ariz
ona, New Mexico, North Dakota,
Nebraksa, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mis-
Raising drinking age will
lower alcohol market
By VANCE TREFETHEN
The passage of a bill in Congress to
cut federal highway funds to states with
drinking ages below 21 has many in the
alcoholic beverage industry worried about
"I'm sure it would hurt some," said Kim
Scott, manager of Linda's, a Columbia
Street bar. "It might hurt a lot. It depends
on how many businesses go out and how
many are left."
Some see the adoption of a higher
drinking age having a dramatic effect on
a college town like Chapel Hill.
"It's going to change the face of Chapel
Hill," said Richard Wrazen, executive vice
president and general manager of Harris
Distributors. Some bars may become
private clubs in order to survive under
the new law, he said.
Another raise in the drinking age would
probably affect the large distributors
minimally, as it did last October when the
drinking age was raised, said Wrazen.
When the age was raised to 19, Harris
Distributors experienced a slowdown in
business, but did not have to lay off any
A school should not be a preparation for life.
souri, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ken
tucky, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania and Alaska. For six states
it's 19: Alabama, Georgia, Florida, West
Virginia, Tennessee, and Texas. Maine,
Massachussetts, Rhode Island and Con
necticut let you drink at 20 while Vermont,
Louisiana and Hawaii let 18-year-olds
Where does that leave North Carolina?
With seven other states that have a 21
age for mixed drinks and a lower age for
beer and sone wine: Colorado,' South
Dakota, Kansas, Mississippi, South
. Carolina, Virginia and Ohio.
Once approved by the General Assem
bly, Student Body President Paul Parker
says he sees big changes in campus life.
"I'm sure alcohol will have to be banned
on campus," says Parker, who is opposed
to the 21 drinking age. "I think there's
going to be more drunken driving with
Cansler thinks the 2 1 age will have some
positive effects. "I think the matter of
under-age drinking will become less
difficult," he said. "The statistical data on
the relationship between drinking and
driving is as compelling as any data can
While opponents to the national
drinking age argue that the majority of
responsible teen-age drivers are being
discriminated against and that the passage
of a 21 law would mean further federal
intrusion into their affairs, statistics could
be the nail in the coffin for reasonable
arguments younger age drinkers can
North Carolina Division of Motor
Vehicles' 1983 DUI arrest report, showed
more DUI arrests in the under 21 age
group than any other. A national study
by the Insurance Institute for Highway
Safety of accident patterns in nine states
' that raised the drinking age to 21, showed
an average 28 percent drop in fatal
nighttime crashes involving under 21 age
groups. Teen-agers from 16 to 19 also make
up just 7 percent of licensed drivers but
are involved in nearly 15 percent of the
fatal crashes in which alcohol is a factor.
According to Cansler, the problem on
this campus is the University's party
hearty image. "In the '40s, Chapel Hill
was known as Whiskey Hill," Cansler said.
"With that kind of reputation, it makes
an alcohol education program hard to pull
For the drinking age pendulum to swing
back from 21, responsible teen-age drivers
will have to work harder promoting
responsibility among those they know
have problems with alcohol. That, at least,
will improve the statistics. But observers
say the key to convincing legislators to
roll back the age could be three words
Give me the keys.
"We evaluated the situation and deter
mined that there would be no terminations.-It
just put us in a position where
we took a look at the total market and
saw we would be hurt to a certain degree,"
Per capita consumption of alcoholic
beverages would not be changed signif
icantly if the drinking age were raised,
"There's no real difference (in per capita
consumption) in states that have an 18
minimum and states that have 19, 20 or
But whatever the overall outcome, it
seems clear that Chapel Hill bar and
restaraunt owners will be facing a different
"That (higher drinking age) would
mean that 90 percent of the people in
residence halls cant drink legally," said
James Cansler, vice chancellor for student
affairs. "Seniors will be the only people
permitted under law to drink."
"If you raise the drinking age to 21,
only 3,400 people on campus will be able
to drink," said Student Body President
Paul Parker. "That's not enough to keep
them in business."
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Monday, August 27, 1984
About 1,000 UNC women began
Council opted to hold rush earlier
By VANCE TREFETHEN
The U.S. economy showed excellent
performance during the first half of 1984,
said two private economic reports released
recently, and both agree that strong
economic growth will continue through
the rest of 1984 and probably into 1985.
"The United States economy is strong
and should continue to be strong at least
through the first half of 1985, although
the growth rate will slow and inflation
will rise during the next 1 2 months," said
G.B. Carrier Jr., funds manager for First
Union National Bank, in a prepared
The rapidly growing economy has lead
to a large reduction in the number of
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Illegal air fare discounts
By JANET OLSON
Beware of someone who may try to sell
you a discount airline ticket. It may indeed
be too good to be true.
Law enforcement authorities are con
ducting a nationwide search for people
illegally selling discount airline tickets,
and buyers of the tickets may end up
behind bars as well.
As authorities have found many offend
ers undertaking illegal ticket sales on
college campuses, students should beware
'DTH enters computer age with $95,000 system
Staff writer Jim Zook types a story
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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sorority rush this weekend. In an effort to prevent rush from interfering with academics, the Panhellenic
in the year and on only two weekends. Here, the sisters of Chi Omega sing a greeting to rushees Sunday.
people out of work.
"Since the recovery began at the end
of 1982j; our economy has created 6.75
million j new jobs, which is a strong
performance. Actually, it is the biggest
increase, in the number of jobs in any
recovery since 1950," Carrier said.
But what may be most surprising about
the growth in economic activity and the
number of jobs available is that they have
occurred without an increase in the
"The other piece of good news is in the
inflation picture. During the first quarter,
inflation was a little less than 4.5 percent
and in the second quarter only a little over
3 percent. That is also an unusually good
performance, particularly in the face of
such a strong economic up trend," said
of anyone offering special discounts on
tickets, jsaid a Piedmont Airlines corpo
rate security representative.
Although the idea of purchasing an
airline ticket at a reduced price may seem
tempting, Ned Comar, crime prevention
officer for UNC police, said a person can
be arrested oq a federal charge for
presenting an illegally purchased ticket at
Bob Prince, Piedmont corporate secur
ity representative at Smith-Reynolds
Airport in Winston-Salem, said the
into new video display terminal.
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to continue growt
Another important indicator of eco
nomic performance is the Gross National
Product, or the sum total of all goods
and services produced in the U.S. econ
omy over a period of time.
"Real Gross National Product grew at
the exceptional annual rate of 10. 1 percent
in the first quarter (of 1984)," said Richard
Roberts, group vice president for the
Funds Management Group at Wachovia
Bank and Trust Co. in a prepared
statement. "In the second quarter the rate
slowed to 7.5 percent."
Working Americans are finding them
selves with more disposable income these
days another factor which should help
continue the economic recovery.
"Personal income rose through the first
trouble for buyers, sellers
problem stemmed from the airlines
practice of selling tickets through the mail.
The offenders order tickets through the
mail and never pay the accompanying bill.
Many of the offenders are college
students, Prince said, because they can
easily avoid collection agencies.
"By the time we can get a collection
agency after the student or take him to
court, he has usually graduated and
moved," Prince said.
Once a few students succeed at this
practice, the problem spreads as more
By JEFF HIDAY
Following a trend among college
newspapers across the country, The
Daily Tar Heel has purchased a $95,000
computer system that will allow student
reporters to write and edit stories on
video display terminals.
Today's paper is the first regular
edition of the DTH produced with the
The computer system has revolution
ized the DTH, pointing it toward
financial independence and almost
eliminating the need for the manual
typewriters the staff depended upon for
so many years.
Until late June, when the computers
were installed, the University Depart
ment of Printing and Duplicating
typeset and positioned all DTH stories
and advertisements. The DTH paid
UPD about $60,000 a year for the
Now, students both typeset the stories
and place the copy on the pages, with
the assistance of two full-time, paid
Drawing a blank?
Draw for The Daily Tar Heel
instead. Jeff MacNelly did; so
can you. See page 6C for more
DTH Charles Ledford
two quarters, and consumers ability to
make further purchaes of goods and
services and sustain the expansion is
strong," said Roberts. Looking to the
future, experts predict that the first part
of 1985 should see a continuation of the
economic trends of this year, although a
recession could occur again later in the
"The economy has enough momentum
at this stage of the game to carry us well
into 1985 without a recession," said
Carrier. "As we move into 1985, I think
we will see inflation heating up again,
bringing on still higher interest rates than
we are seeing now. And then at some point
mid-to-late 1985, or even on into 1986,
the economy probably will tip over into
a recession again."
people hear about it, he added.
"There's always someone looking to
make an easy buck," Prince said, "So
when such a person hears of this, he's
bound to try selling tickets to other
Comar said the problem has not been
reported at UNC or at other campuses
in the area, but added that students should
use caution and should never purchase
airline tickets from someone who
See TICKET on page 3
production coordinators hired by the
Also, students assume greater respon
sibility in that they become entirely
responsible for seeing to it that the paper
makes it to press each night. As usual,
the paper must be ready by 12:30 a.m.
each night for delivery to Hinton Press,
For the DTH, the switch has been
a somewhat painful realization of the
maxim "in with the new and out with
It spells doom for Horace and
Mildred, the beloved Associated Press
Model 20 teletype machines who have
been serving the paper faithfully for
decades. In their stead, via telephone
lines, news dispatches will feed directly
into the computer.
Besides general mourning for Horace
and Mildred, a few complaints have'
accompanied installation of the
Several DTH writers and reporters
See COMPUTERS on page 4