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Thirty percent chance of
Copyright 1 984 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 92, Issue 35
Safe Roads cases test U.S.
By FRANK PROCTOR
The fate of nationwide efforts to curb
drunk driving may be decided by N.C.
Supreme Court decisions for several
cases challenging the state's 1983 Safe
Seven cases challenging the contro
versial bill will be heard beginning Oct.
"My guess is that they (the Supreme
Court) will try to have these opinions
issued before the Legislature gets back
into session, or at least before they get
too deep into their session," said Greg
Wallace, clerk of the Supreme Court.
This will enable the General Assembly
to act immediately to change any
The Associated Press
Four Atlantic Coast Conference
schools North Carolina, Wake
Forest, Maryland and Georgia Tech
will test their athletes for drugs this year,
while others will rely on drug education
programs for athletes.
UNC will use urinalysis tests, but they
will be voluntary and confidential, said
athletic director John Swofford.
"We hope to accomplish a couple ot
things - first, to find out in a confidential
manner if any of our athletes have
problems with drugs," Swofford said.
"We and then provide rehabilitation
through the student health service.
Second, that it will serve as somewhat
of a deterrent to experimenting with
Swofford said the department was
not interested in punishing the player
found to be using drugs and that he
had no plans on making the testing
Wake Forest athletes this fall will
begin taking urinalysis tests to detect
illegal drugs, said Dr. Gene Hooks,
Wake Forest's athletic director.
Hooks declined to give sepcifics of
the testing, but said it will be directed
by the Bowman Gray School of Med
icine and samples will be examined by
a local lab. He said the testing will
include coaches, managers and
"The finacial aspect of it was the only
thing that held us back," Hooks said,
adding that the plan will cost about
$3,000. "We're not instituting it because
we have a problem, but because we
don't know whether we do or not. We
want to head it off if it occurs."
The University of Maryland will
begin periodic, unannounced urinalysis
tests of its athletes for drugs proposed
as banned substances by the NCAA in
its summer meetings.
Parents would be notified and the
athlete would be required to undergo
counseling the first time a test came
back positive. The second or third
offense would lead to suspension and
termination of an athlete's scholorship.
Georgia Tech's athletic department
began administering on-site urinalysis
tests to its football players last August
and will extent the program to all its
sports this fall. Tests will be adminis
tered about four times yearly.
Players found to have illegal substan
ces in their systems go through reha
bilitation and counseling, said Bill
McDonald, Georgia Tech's athletic
director for sports medicine.
He said players would be disciplined
only if they did not cooperate when they
Other ACC schools said they had no
plans to begin drug testing.
Ice threatening safe return
The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. Vio
lent shaking didnt work and sunshine
didnt help, so NASA told the Discov
ery astronauts Monday to be prepared
to make an unscheduled space walk to
knock off two lumps of ice clogging the
toilet drain on space shuttle Discovery.
Astronauts Steve Hawley and
Richard Mullane immediately put on
space helmets to breathe pure oxygen,
one of the preparations for venturing
outside the cabin this morning.
The worry at NASA was not for the
inconvenience caused the five-man, one
woman Discovery crew by the blockage
on two waste water ports on the side
of the ship. Instead it was that the ice
might come off during the shuttle's re
entry into Earth's atmosphere tomor
row, possibly damaging the spacecraft's
The government is the only known vessel that leaks from
elements of the act that are found
unconstitutional, he added.
Wallace said there's no way to tell
what impact the Supreme Court's
decision will have on the Safe Roads
Act. "It depends on whether the Court
tries to add dicta (legal comments on
portions of the Act). These are not
legally binding but would serve as a
strong guide to the General Assembly,"
Wallace said. He added "If they try to
' add dicta, it could be quite important
it has potential."
Numerous constitutional challenges
to the act have arisen since its enactment
on Oct. I, 1983, with most of the
controversy centered on two provisions
of the act. The first provides for the
On the shores of
Student fees expected
By ANDY MILLER
Student fees, which increased by
$3.75 per student per semester this fall,
may increase again in the fall of 1985.
"The increase in costs for operating
Student Health Service mandated an
increase, and we will probably have
another increase next year," said James
Cansler, associate vice-dean of student
The student activity fee and the
student health fee are two components
of the general student fees. The other
four components are: the SHS debt
retirement fee, the athletic association
fee, the Student Union building fee, and
the Student Service Facility debt
retirement fee. Student fees for the fall
are $146.50 per semester for undergrad
uates, and $144.50 for graduate
This year's increase in student fees
resulted from a 50 cents per student per
semester charge for Student Television,
which was passed by campus-wide
referendum in February; a $2 per
semester increase in the student health
service fee; and a $1.25 per semester
increase in the student activities fees
"I guess I've been concerned all along
about the size of that thing and its
implications for re-entry," said shuttle
commander Hennry Hartsfield.
The space walk was only one pos
sibility. Others were to use the shuttle's
robot arm to brush against the two-foot-long,
one-foot-thick chunk of ice,
pressurizing the water line to try to force
it out, or using the shuttle's big
maneuvering engine to jolt it off.
All of the options had drawbacks,
and a team of engineers planned to
spend the night making a choice.
Mission control said a spacewalk was
on the bottom of the list.
To get ready for going outside,
Hawley and Mullane had to breathe
pure oxygen for 45 minutes to purge
their bodies of nitrogen, much like a
diver, to avoid getting the bends. After
that, Hartsfield lowered the cabin
pressure to aid in the nitrogen purge.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Tuesday, September 4, 1984
automatic pre-trial suspension of the
driver's license for 10 days when a driver
registers a blood-alcohol level of 0.10
or more. The second allows courts to.
accept as evidence affidavits from
breathalyzer operators rather than
forcing the operators to appear in
Usually cases must be heard in
appeals court before moving on to the
Supreme Court, but the seven cases to
be heard in October have bypassed
normal appeals channels.
Three cases were brought to the
Supreme Court because of petitions by
litigants. The Court itself brought up
the other four because they raised
targeted for the Intramural Recreation
programs, an increase passed by the
Board of Governors that did not require
Cansler said the student health fee
was raised from $77 to $79 per student
per semester to cover increased costs
of personnel and to maintain the reserve
funds of the service. The nurses at
student health this year, Cansler said,
filed a grievance with the State Person
nel Board to address the disparity
between their salaries and the salaries
of nurses at North Carolina Memorial
Hospital. Also, the SHS Advisory
Board in voting the increase realized
there would be an increase for all state
employees voted this summer by the
state legislature, Cansler said.
The University administration pro
posed and passed the IMRec increase,
Cansler said, because the number and
size of the programs offered to students
"A good part (of the money) will go
to officials' salaries," Cansler said. "The
programs have expanded, and more
officials are needed. Also, equipment
has to be replaced."
Parker said he did not support a
of space shuttle Discovery tomorrow
"We've determined we're going to
have to take a harder look at the ice
column on the supply water valve," the
astronauts were told by flight director
"We haven't made up our mind which
procedure to use but obviously if that
was going to be done tomorrow, we'd
have to start tonight."
The crew, meanwhile, was ahead of
schedule on engineering tests of a 102
foot solar panel, but the manufacture
of a hormone was running into new
Industry engineer Charles Walker
was having trouble with the equipment
he was using to extract a pure hormone
from materials he brought aboard the
shuttle. A degassing unit was working
improperly and mission control said he
probably would return with only 80
percent of the amount he had expected.
The chunks of ice were projecting out
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
different constitutional questions,
according to Wallace. He said cases
were chosen to represent as many
constitutional questions as possible.
"They are not frequently used chan
nels," said Wallace of the petitions and
the selection of cases by the Supreme
Court. ""In fact, they brought up one
case yesterday (Thursday) because they
were notified by the Attorney General's
office that it contained a different
constitutional issue," he said.
Wallace added that Attorney General
Rufus Edmisten had been the major
force behind getting the cases before the
Supreme Court. "The Attorney General
was instrumental in getting the package
Although many students used Monday's holiday to head home or hit the beach, some found
This scene at University Lake signals the end of summer and the beginning of fall.
'I'm for the one-man,
voting, you're casting
system operates like that
requirement that 20 percent of the
students must vote to pass an increase
in the student activities fee. "I'm for the
one-man, one-vote system," he said.
Under the current proposal, non-voting
students will in effect be casting "no"
votes, he said. "By not voting, you're
casting a vote," he said. "No democratic
system operates like that."
Parker said he favored a simple
majority of those voting to make the
decision on the fee increase.. The
Campus Governing Council last week
passed a proposal that would require
a simple majority of 20 percent of the
voting student for passage of a fee
increase. Previously, two thirds of 20
percent of the voting students had to
approve the increase.
In February, students narrowly
defeated a student activity fee increase,
under the two-thirds of 20 percent
of 2,4-inch ducts on Discovery's port
side, between cockpit and wing. They
formed Sunday when the crew tried to
dump excess water through one duct
and waste from the toilet tank through
Engineers want to be rid of them, not
only to do away with a major incon
venience for the crew but also because
they fear the ice might break off and
bang into the shuttle when it re-enters
the atmosphere tomorrow .
While the astronauts slept early
Monday, Discovery's port side was
turned toward the warmth of the sun.
That helped a little, but not enough,
and mission control in Houston
instructed commander Henry Harts
field to rapid-fire all its jets to rattle
"It didnt do a thing; we've still got
the ice blobs," pilot Michael Coats
of cases together (but) I do know that
everyone wanted them up here because
of the need to interpret the law," he
said. Both Gov. Jim Hunt and House
Speaker Liston Ramsey wrote letters to
the Court asking that it hear the cases
as soon as possible.
One of the cases is a suit by Edmisten
against seven state judges who have
upheld constitutional challenges to the
act. A superior court judge dismissed
a case in June, saying his court did not
have jurisdiction in the matter.
"The Attorney General's case will not
make it up here on constitutional
grounds, but on procedural grounds,"
Wallace said. In other words, the
again next fall
one-vote system. By not
a vote. No democratic
The student activities fees supply
student government with funds to
support The Daily Tar Heel, the
Student Union,the Graduate and Pro
fessional Student Federation, and 34
Parker said student activities fees
have not been increased in at least seven
predicted to increase soon
By ANDY MILLER
A rise in Student Health Service fees
for next year is probable because of
salary increases for personnel.
This follows a marked increase last
year in the fees by $2 per semester per
student to $79.
SHS Director Dr. Judith Cowan said
the SHS Advisory Board based this
The shuttle's waste tank was 98
percent full and there was only enough
room for one or two crew members to
use the toilet for liquid waste.
"We're down to basics in space
flight," Stone said. "We're handling our
waste as we did in Apollo." On the
moon shots of the late '60s and early
70s, Apollo astronauts used plastic
While astronaut Judy Resnik put a
huge solar array through more tests, the
only other American woman to have
been in space was trying in Houston
to devise ways of knocking off the ice
with the shuttle's arm-like crane.
"Sally Ride came in and operated one
of our simulators here to check out
procedures for bumping the ice ball with
the arm," Stone said. A drawback to
that procedure, he said, is that the drain
outlets are on the port side of the
spacecraft, between cockpit and wing.
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Supreme Court will only issue a ruling
on whether the lower court has juris
diction in such cases.
Assistant Attorney General David
Blackwell said he thought the act was
constitutional, but added, "I wouldn't
even begin at forecasting what the Court
Despite the frequent challenges to the
act, Blackwell said judges still want to
end drunk driving.
"I don't think any judges are in favor
of drunk driving. You have a statute
which represents substantial changes in
the law as it was before." According
to Blackwell, this makes challenges to
the law almost inevitable.
years, and many organizations had
expanded or been created during those
years. "Inflation has been growing by
leaps and bounds, and these organiza
tions haven't had much creative devel
opment, because a lot of time is spent
on raising money."
Walt Boyle, production director for
STV, said that a fee increase was long
overdue and that many organizations
had run out of money during the spring
term. "Last year, getting money was like
trying to squeeze blood from a turnip,"
semester's fee increase on a 5 percent
increase in salaries, but with the state
enacting a 10 percent increase, the
service will have to use reserve funds
to meet this added cost.
"We will run some deficit, in our
estimation," she said. "Well have to dip
back into the reserve. I think while
salaries are mandated in increments,
your operating expenses will always go
up year to year."
The SHS must by state law be totally
self-sufficient and receives no state
appropriations, Cowan said.
Because it is an auxiliary service,
student health can carry over any excess
funds from one year to the next. This
reserve fund contains about $500,000,
To offset the rising costs of medical
care, Cowan said the service had found
other ways to finance its operation. Two
years ago, the service began charging
students for in-patient care, or hospi
talization, and for referrals to clinics.
Hospitalization through student health
is $1 10 per day, which Cowan said was
more than $50 per day less than the
rate charged by N.C. Memorial Hos
pital and other Triangle hospitals.
"We are trying to look at alternative
ways of financing, rather than just
increasing the student fee," she said.
The SHS has also added an appoint
ments secretary this fall, to assist in the
scheduling of appointments for stu
dents, which is a new feature of the
service, Cowan said.