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2The Daily Tar HeelMonday, January 21, 1985
Lee to speak at King birthday lecture tonight
By (,ORRY WILLIAMS
Howard N. I.cc. former Chapel Hill mayor, will
be the guest speaker at the fourth annual Martin
Luther King Jr. birthday celebration lecture at 8 p.m.
today in Memorial Hall.
"The program is a way of doing honor to Dr. King,"
said Tommy Williams, chairman of the Carolina
Union Forum Committee. "It's not specifically a
program for blacks or whites, but for all UNC
Although King's birthday will not become a
national holiday until 1986, North Carolina already
recognizes the third Monday in January as a state
holiday, and Chapel Hill town employees have a day
of paid vacation in honor of King's birthday.
The Martin Luther King Jr. Scholar, a junior
showing a commitment to civil rights through work
at the I'm'versitv. will be named prior to tonight's
lecture. There are eight finalists this year for the award.
The award originally was started as a scholarship
fund, but this year's recipient will be known as a
scholar rather than a scholarship winner, said Lorraine
Satterwhite, program coordinator for the vice
chancellor of student affairs.
In previous years the scholarship was awarded on
a financial need basis. Satterwhite said this eliminated
a lot of people who did work in civil rights on campus.
"(The Martin Luther King Jr. Planning Committee
wants) to reward excellence, not need," Satterwhite
said. "So we decided to reconsider the need
In addition to honoring work in civil rights on
campus, Satterwhite said the committee looked for
people with a potential for leadership and a broad
base for their work.
This year's scholar will receive a book, a plaque
and a stipend.
The scholarship was begun by UNC students.
Money for the award is raised through donations and
Award nominees are suggested by faculty members
and members of the Carolina Union, Student
Government and the Black Student Movement. A
member from each of these groups serves on the
committee making the final selection.
"Hopefully, this will be something that freshmen
can strive for when they get to UNC," Satterwhite
said. "It is something to work toward."
Tonight's program is sponsored by the Carolina
Union, the BSM, the Martin Luther King Jr. Planning
Committee, Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, the office
of Chancellor Christopher C. Ford ham III and the
chancellor's established lecture series. Admission is
free and open to the public.
Feminists, conservatives lead fight against porn
By JIM TOWNSEND
Pornography is under attack in North
Carolina, a state some groups say has
the highest per-capita number of X
rated movie theaters in the nation.
Grassroots opposition, along with
increased federal action, is beginning to
yield results, as many local authorities
have been successful in closing down
pornography outlets. In addition, the
FBI has become increasingly active in.
investigating N.C. book stores and
movie houses involved in interstate
transport of pornography.
While opposition to porn grows,
some fear the effects of popular support
for increased FBI involvement in
personal and artistic freedoms.
George Gardener, executive director
of the N.C. Civil Liberties Union in
Greensboro, criticized FBI involvement
and said public sentiment" against
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pornography seemed to occur in cycles.
- "It seems to be a recurring event,"
he 'said. "But in the end, the Consti
tution has to be upheld.
"I'm personally offended by porno
graphy, myself, but the solution is not
to impose censorship, but not to buy
it, and to enact laws to put it beyond
the reach of minors," he said.
Gardener said the stronger federal
stance against pornography might be
the Reagan administration's way of
rewarding conservative religious groups
who helped him win re-election.
"It looks like a kind of payoff to the
'Moral Majority," he said. "The
danger is that the censors are insatiable.
They will not draw the line, and they
pose a serious threat to art and literature
in their quest to bend everybody to their
Feminist groups opposing porno
graphy are voicing their position across
the state, holding symposiums, picket
ing book stores and movie houses, and
calling for civil rights legislation
recognizing pornography as an infrin
gement on the rights of women.
Cookie Teere, co-founder of Porno
graphy Awareness Inc. in Chapel Hill,
said the group sought to "raise public
consciousness about the violence
against women as a form of
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"We want to educate people on the
harmful effects of pornography as a
perpetrator of second-class citizenship
on women," she said.
Teere said the notion that porno
graphy could serve as a therapeutic
release for frustrated people was
encouraged by a study conducted at
UNC in the late '60s. But the study
doesn't apply to the violent porno
graphy of today, she said.
"The types of pornography we're
finding today are so much more violent
than what was used in the study," she
said, adding that subjects for the
experiments were "college-age white
males, hardly a long-term view."
But Gardener said feminist groups
opposing pornography faced an ideo
logical dilemma with the other causes
"It's very sad because the feminists
have been working with us on the Equal
Rights Amendment and the right to
choose abortion. They seem to have
gotten off on some kind of tangent -that
pornography is an offense to the
civil rights of women," he said.
Gardener said child pornography
should be protected under the Consti
tution. "The CLU has no problem with
the authorities prosecuting anyone
involved in child pornography."
Margie Walker, chairman of UNC's
Association for Women Students,
disagreed with the idea that feminist
groups had abandoned their other
causes in favor of attacking only
"In North Carolina we're hoping to
get a civil rights ordinance passed that
clearly defines pornography as women
in subjugate positions," Walker said,
adding that pornography was only part
of a proposal including other civil rights
issues supported by feminists.
Both Teere and Walker said feminists
arid conservatives; had ,d Liferent moti
vations for the positions they took.
"(Conservatives) come at it from a
totally different direction," Walker said.
"They object to pornography from a
moral standpoint. We object to it
because it's dangerous and degrading
to women." ...
But the fight against porn, whatever
the motivation, may turn out to be
similar to the prohibition of alcohol in
the Os and '30s.
"Pornography is something we've
always had, and it's not going to go
away because we pass a law against it,"
From staff reports
The National Federation for Decency
picketed the 7-Eleven store on the
corner of Ephesus Church Road and
Legion Road Saturday to gain support
for the organization's boycott of the
nation's leading retailer of adult
According to Silvia Mewborn, organ
izer of the picket, it was part of a
national effort to remove pornographic
magazines from family stores. Satur
day's picket, lasting from 1 to 5 p.m.,
was the third since August.
The sales attendant on duty refused
to comment, but presented a printed
statement stressing 7-Eleven's national
advertising slogan, "Freedom of
According to the pamphlet, only
three adult magazines are approved to
be sold in company-owned stores such
as the one on Ephesus Church Road.
The magazines are kept behind the
counter and sold only upon request.
Franchised stores, however, do not
have to follow company policy on this
issue. Franchises can sell any magazine
short of hard-core pornography.
The picket did not seem to affect the
Reagan and Bush take oaths
From staff and wire reports
WASHINGTON Ronald Wilson
Reagan took the oath of office
yesterday, beginning his second term
as president of the United States. The
'semi-private ceremony took place on
the grand staircase of the White
VicerS5ldent George Bush took his
oath of office before Reagan. Bush
used a Bible opened to the passage
in Ecclesiastes that read "for everyth
iing there is a season."
Today's inaugural parade has been
cancelled due to bad weather. The
inaugural committee recommended
the cancellation of the parade down
Pennsylvania Avenue because of
cold weather. A wind-chill factor
expected to be around 30 below
today also prompted the committee
to move the oath-taking ceremony
indoors, instead of holding it on the
capitol steps as customary. It will be
the first time the traditional outdoor
event has been canceled because of
A spokesman for the White House
said Saturday that President Reagan
would review administration arms
control positions Tuesday morning
with his new negotiation team.
The head of the team, Max Kam
pelman, a strong supporter of the
so-called "Star Wars" defense pro
gram, will express strong doubts
about the likelihood of a major
breakthrough in arms negotiations
in an upcoming article in New York
MEXICO CITY A Cuban jetliner
bound for Nicaragua crashed shortly
after takeoff from Havana's interna
tional airport Saturday, killing all 40
people aboard, including an Amer
ican, the official Cuban news agency
The Cubana de Aviancion IL-80 jet
crashed about 8 a.m. on a highway
near the town of San Jose de las
Lajas, on the outskirts of Havana,
according to the Prensa Latina news
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SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador
Unidentified gunmen assassinated
the rightist mayor of the eastern
town of San Jorge, the latest in a
string of politically motivated kil
lings that have shaken El Salvador,
police said Saturday.
Mayor Graciela Monico Palma, 25,
was killed instantly when four
asailants barged into her city hall
office late Friday and opened fire,
Abortion opponents rallied across
the nation Saturday, kicking off a
three-day protest to be highlighted
by President Reagan's speech to a
"March for Life" in the nation's
Abortion proponents maintained
weekend vigils to guard against,
attacks on clinics.
With the 12th anniversary of the
Supreme Court Roe vs. Wade abor
tion decision tomorrow and the
presidential inauguration today,
federal officials warned of a renewed
threat of attacks against abortion
People with Alzheimer's disease have
characteristic fingerprints With patt
erns like those who have Down's
syndrome, bolstering the theory that
Alzheimer's has an inherited link, a
neurologist reported last week. Dr.
Herman J. Weinreb of the New York
University Medical Center said the
conditions tend to run in families,
but thus far the genetic link to
Alzheimer's has been tenous.
Women commonly exhibit a greater
sex drive than men, a researcher said
Friday. Dr. Joseph Lo Piccolo, a
professor of psychiatry at Texas
A&M, credited the women's move
ment with giving women enough
condidence in their sexuality
Demand for liberal arts majors varies
greatly among companies, panelists say
By KATHY NANNEY
Staff Writer, . ,-..-i.i
University faculty members -and
advisers last week heard a mixed review
about job opportunities for liberal arts
majors from panelists representing
The forum, "Business Speaks Out
About the Liberal Arts," was designed
to inform faculty members and advisers
about preparing liberal arts students for
the job market.
"We talk to people from all kinds of
organizations," said Tom Price, person
nel director for Ivey's. "Anybody who
wants to talk to us, well talk to them."
Intelligence, communications skills and
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upon a liberal arts1' fields-said Finns'
Carrell of State Farm Insurance Co.
"Since we don't have a formal education
for the insurance field, we know we
must train everyone. Ability to learn is
what we're looking for, (as well as)
communication ability and a success
Other business representatives were
more cautious about openings for
liberal arts majors in their companies.
"We will recruit a limited number of
liberal arts people," said Terry Martin,
manager of professional staffing at
Burlington Industries. Most of the
available positions are in management
and sales, he said.
Last year, IBM hired 6,000 college
graduates, but most were in fields such
as engineering, math and computer
science, said Charles Cammack, who
handles college relations and recruiting
for IBM. Only a small number of those
hired were liberal arts majors, he said.
The panelists said some executives
made overly-optimistic statements
about job opportunities for liberal arts
students and the value of liberal arts
employees to their companies.
"I think there's a lot of lip service
given to liberal arts by people who have
a liberal arts background from twenty
years ago and ; .aren't., aware l of. '-the
company's needs," Martin said.s In any
large corporation, there will be gaps in
communication between top executives
and the levels where personnel are
needed, he added.
Though liberal arts studies are
designed for total individual develop
ment, job recruiters are more concerned
about managerial and communications
skills when they talk to liberal arts
students, panel members said.
Double-majoring in liberal arts is not
necessarily an advantage for the job
seeker, panelists said, explaining that it
is usually better for a student to take
a broad range of courses in areas such
as communications, business and eco
nomics rather than to focus on two
closely related majors.
Liberal arts majors must prepare
early for job recruiters by using the
University's placement services, letter
campaigning, and "networking" (using
connections in the job market), Cam
mack said. Self-confidence is critical, he
Carrell warned, "Recognize that you
can't get so overwhelmed that when
somebody says they don't want you, you
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