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Here at last
Schedules of the Carolina Union
film committee's "Free Flicks" for
this semester are now available
at the Union information desk,
after a delay caused by the
printer's broken presses.
The same old song
Cold today with highs in the 40s
and lows in the 20s. Sunny skies
will become increasingly cloudy
by .late afternoon.
Copyright 1985 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 93, Issue 110
Wednesday, January 23, 1985
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Randall Robinson, director of TransAfrica, gives the Martin Luther King
By JEFF HIDAY
UNC graduate and CBS News cor
respondent Charles Kuralt will be "on
the road" to Chapel Hill in May to
deliver the 1985 commencement
address, according to Chancellor Chris
topher C. Fordham III.
The surprise choice of an off-campus
personality is a reflection of growing
sentiment on campus that the gradua
tion speaker be of national prominence
someone with "star quality," as one
senior put it.
It will be the first time in at least
a dozen years that the graduation
speaker is neither an honorary degree
recipient nor a member of the University
"We were really dedicated to getting
someone from outside the University,"
Genevieve Coombs, chairman of the
Graduation Committee, said yesterday.
"We wanted a sort of star quality, an
image of intelligence. We wanted to
create some enthusiasm."
Coombs' committee, made up of
about 25 seniors, submitted a list of its
10 top choices for a speaker to Ford
ham. Kuralt headed the list, which also
Released convicts likely to
By JIM SUROWIECKI
More than one-fourth of state pri
soners released from incarceration
return within two years, and nearly one
third do so within three years, the
Justice Department reported Sunday in
a study of recidivism in selected states.
Ken Parker, manager of research and
planning for the N.C. Dept. of Correc
tions, said convicts often get caught in
a vicious circle of crime, imprisonment,
release and return to crime.
"The more convictions a person has,
the more likely he is to return to prison,"
Parker said. The Justice Department
study showed that released prisoners
with three or more prior convictions
were almost twice as likely to return
to prison as those former inmates who
had no prior convictions.
Lloyd promises to work for
By JANET OLSON
Max Lloyd, a junior computer
science major from Greensboro, has
announced his candidacy for student
If elected, Lloyd said he would
address student complaints about the
food service on campus.
"Most of the complaints I hear are
from guys who can't eat (at the Lenoir
Hall dining room) for less than five
dollars," Lloyd said.
To combat ARA Food Service's food
prices, Lloyd said he would propose
working around the University's con
tract with ARA to allow a competing
By LISA SWICEGOOD
Mike Rogers, a junior psychology
major from Wilmington, has
announced his candidacy for Residence
Hall Association president.
If elected, Rogers said he would like
to see an increase in the community
awareness of UNC's residence halls
through centralized programming. As
governor of Hinton James dormitory
last year, Rogers initiated a Christmas
canned-goods drive as well as a bake
sale to help victims of the tornadoes
that swept through the state last spring.
"That helped James' reputation in the
community," he said. "We weren't
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included UNC alumni Roger Mudd,
Tom Wicker, Vermont Royster and
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These programs are all pre-trial. They allow first offenders
and others charged with a crime to serve their community
and have the stigma of a criminal record wiped out. 9 Sissy
North Carolina has created programs
to deal with the problem, but it is often
difficult to assess how successful they
"Recidivism is a great concern of the
Department, but not much good, high
quality research has been done in this
field, which makes it difficult to evaluate
the efficacy of programs designed to
Oae program that tries to keep
offenders from getting caught in the
cycle is the state's Re-Entry program.
food service to take
over the area pre
viously occupied by
the Fastbreak in the
would be urging
ARA to charge set
prices for breakfast,
lunch and dinner,
"That way, stu
dents would know
that every night their dinner would cost
a certain price," he said.
LLoyd opposes the $100 mandatory
meal plan due to go into effect in the
RH A to help
nerceived as a
bunch of beer
kids. We do service
I'd like to continue
this type of pro
oramminu Ropers I
5 O K
like to see more Me Rogers
participation between North and South
Campuses. "The South Campus
Granville Semi-Formal I initiated last
year is the type of participation I would
like to see," he said. "This was bringing
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Blessed are the young,
DTH Larry Childress
Memorial Speech Tuesday.
Kuralt could not be reached, but a
secretary at his office in New York
confirmed that he was scheduled to
speak at UNC May 10. He will also
speak at N.C. Central University's
graduation that weekend, she said.
"Charles is a good speaker, one of
the famous people who is unpreten
tious," Fordham said. "He is interested
in students, expresses ideas well and has
a profound love for the University.
"I'm sure students will love him. I
think he's a good choice."
Still, the selection of Kuralt, 1954
55 editor of The Daily Tar Heel, was
a break from the custom of picking a
speaker either from that year's lot of
honorary degree recipients or from the
faculty. "I don't know when that started,
but it's been a tradition as long as IVe
been here," said Donald Boulton, vice
chancellor and dean of student affairs,
who has been at the University since
Much of the initiative for getting an
outside speaker came from Scott
Wierman, senior class president, and the
other class officers. They encountered
two obstacles, Wierman said.
return to crime, prisons
"Re-Entry is like an umbrella with
six programs under it; programs
designed to keep people from. having
a criminal record in the hope that they
will therefore not get caught in the
system," Sissy Crockett, Re-Entry staff
member, said .
The Re-Entry programs range from
a federal halfway house specifically
designed to help released prisoners
readjust to society, to the First Offender
and Felony Diversion programs, which
allow people charged with crimes to do
fall, and he said he hoped students
would vote against the plan in the
referendum appearing on the February
" We've got to get (the administra
tion's) attention," Lloyd said.
As president, Lloyd said he also
would work to improve the University's
program for minority recruitment of
both students and faculty.
Addressing the alcohol issue, Lloyd
said that as president, he would fight
promote domitories' images
together different parts of the campus."
Rogers said he was concerned about
the lack of programming on South
Campus. "Rockin' Autumn has been on
North Campus and so will Springfest,"
he said. "I'd like to bring something
down to Ehringhaus Field. That will
give people from North Campus a
chance to meet the residents of South
The question of race relations is an
important issue the RHA president
for they shall inherit the national debt. Herbert Hoover
Trans Africa director: Apartheid
By JIM SUROWIECKI
The Reagan Administration's policy
toward South Africa is inconsistent with
the ideals on which this country is based,
lobbyist Randall Robinson said yester
day in the seventh annual Martin
Luther King Jr. Memorial Speech.
"We are all reared from the cradle
out of this pool of fools," he said. "We
are brought up in a foreign policy which
is insensitive and uncaring toward the
nations of the Third World. The fact
is that the America we know and love
from within is not the America people
perceive from without. It is not the land
of the free and the home of the brave."
"The Reagan administration has
fostered apartheid and brought about
strong anti-American sentiment among
black South Africans, Robinson said.
"There is a definite cause and effect
relationship between the worsening of
the repression in South Africa and the
Reagan administration's policy with
regard to apartheid," he said. "It has
been unbridled in its embrace of South
Africa, and this has simply been to
much for many of the young blacks to
He also praised the efforts of Martin
Luther King Jr. to improve civil rights
First, the money. "Obviously, the
University hadn't budgeted for an
outside speaker," which can cost as
much as $10,000, Wierman said.
Second, the time. The ceremonies
were dragging on too long. "To hear
someone drone on 45 minutes or so,"
Fordharn said, "is almost intolerable."
He said that happened sometimes
with the honorary degree recipients,
while faculty members were better
about keeping their speeches short.
So Fordham, and Wierman and Co.,
struck on the idea of a University
alumnus someone prominent, but
someone sensitive to the needs of a UNC
Kuralt will speak 10-15 minutes, his
expenses will be paid and he will receive
a small honorarium. " '
Former Chancellor J. Carlyle Sitter
son, who served as chancellor 1966-72
and taught Kuralt in the early '50s, said
he was pleased with the choice. "I think
hell be an interesting speaker. Charles
has certain qualities and characteristics
that make him a very innovative
observer of the American scene."
community service to get the charges
"These programs are all pre-trial,"
Crockett said. "They allow first offend
ers and others charged with crimes to
serve their community and have the
stigma of a criminal record wiped out."
The recidivism rate for those in the First
Offenders program, who have been
convicted of misdemeanors, is only 3
percent, while the rate for the Felony
Diversion program is only 5 percent,
well below the state average.
But often the state's programs are
shunned by convicts because the incen
tives for participation are not large
enough, Parker said.
"We have AA programs, counseling
services, basic education programs, a
See CRIME page 2
state legislation to raise the drinking age
to 21. If the legislation passed, he said,
he would petition the state legislature
for some form of leniency Cor college
students on campus and in bars that
serve beer within walking distance of
Lloyd said he also wanted to see a
return of Chapel Thrill now that the
Student Activities Center is so close to
LLoyd is a Campus Governing
Council representative for district 15
and a disc jockey at WXYC. During
his freshman and sophomore years, he
was a member of the Residence Hall
needs to address, Rogers said. Rogers
supports the constitutionally funding
the Black Student Movement.
If elected, he said he would establish
an ombudsman for each residence hall.
"I want to get regular, ordinary people
who don't have to be elected or involved
in RHA to voice their complaints," he
Rogers said he would meet with the
ombudsmen regularly to get a grass
roots perspective about residence hall
This year Rogers has been governor
of Hinton James dormitory and has
served on the RHA Governing Board
and Contract Committee.
for American blacks in the 1960s.
"In a very real sense, he was not just
a black leader, not just an American
leader, but a global leader," he said.
Robinson, a graduate of Virginia
Union College and Harvard Law
School, is executive director of Tran
sAfrica, which he called "an eight-year-old
black-American lobby for a more
sensitive, enlightened and constructive
U.S. foreign policy toward Africa and
On Nov. 21, Robinson was arrested
for his involvement in demonstrations
at the South African embassy in
Washington, D.C., demanding social
change and the release of imprisoned
labor and political leaders. TransAfrica,
headed by a 30-member board which
includes black religious, political and
intellectual leaders, has been active in
the ongoing demonstrations that have
taken place over the last 10 weeks at
the embassy. The demonstrations will
continue through March until their
demands are met, Robinson said.
South Africa has continually
repressed blacks by denying them civil
and political rights, he said.
"It is the only nation whose consti
tution enshrines racism," he said. "It
disallows 70 percent of its population,
Sophomore quarterback Mark Maye
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UNC's sophomore quarterback
could be disabled for a year
By MICHAEL PERSINGER
The value of the chemicals that
make up the human body is under
$10, but Mark Maye's right shoulder
could have been worth hundreds of
thousands of times that much to him.
That's what they were predicting
for Maye, UNC's sophomore quar
terback out of Charlotte Independ
ence High School. He was called the
best quarterback to come out of the
state since Roman Gabriel made his
mark in the NFL in the '60s and 70s.
But Maye said he never thought
about the money. He said he just
wanted to "go out and play the game,
and whatever happens, happens."
Now, Maye won't play the game
for at least a year because of a
shoulder injury that will require
surgery. And, although Maye and his
doctors are optimistic, he may never
People have always predicted
great things for Maye. He was named
the state's high school player of the
year in 1982 after passing for 2,353
yards and 19 touchdowns, and he
ended an intense national recruiting
battle by signing with the Tar Heels.
After spending 1983 as a redshirt,
Maye entered 1984 pre-season prac
tice ready to start trying to live up
to the enormous expectations that
had been placed on him.
That's when the pain started.
"It seemed like a slight soreness,
then it kept mushrooming along and
kept hurting as I tried to throw,"
Maye said. "It started as a soreness
and eventually got to a pain down
the side of my arm."
It hurt Maye to do what he did
fostered by U.S.
on the basis of race alone, of the right
to vote, and has stripped 9 million
-blacks of citizenship, denying them the
most basic freedoms and rights. This
is a national movement to end the most
vicious system on earth."
American corporate involvement in
South Africa compounds the social
problems there, he said.
"The cars (in South Africa) are
Buicks and Fords, the billboards say
Xerox and Colgate and Palmolive.
These transnational companies are
strongly involved in South Africa, for
because of the apartheid system they
get an excessive return on their invest
ment. Four and a half million whites
are not alone in repressing 22 million
blacks. They have the help of West
Germany, Great Britain and the United
States," he said.
Robinson said America must take
steps to actively oppose the South
"Over the years we have sacrificed too
many peoples' social justice cause to a
single-minded opposition of commu
nism," he said. "If we continue to do
so in South Africa, we will have a major
part of the responsibility on our hands.
This is an unholy alliance which must
In action last year against Kansas.
so well throw a football. Maye
played sparingly, completing 10 of
22 passes for 93 yards and an
interception, but the pain in his
shoulder intensified. Maye was
eventually advised to rest not to
throw a football until the pain
subsided. Week after week, UNC
head coach Dick Crum said Maye's
situation was "a week-to-week
No one knew how many weeks
Crum was talking about. Week-to-week
doesn't sound so bad anymore.
Maye's shoulder problem led to
UNC orthopedic surgeon Dr.
Timothy Taft's suggestion to seek a
higher authority, so Maye was
examined last week in Los Angeles
by Dr. Frank Jobe, an orthopedic
surgeon and an authority on sports
related shoulder injuries.
Jobe found several problems with
The shoulder was slipping out of
Instead of slipping out forward
which is normal the shoulder
slipped out backward, related to a
torn labrum in the ball socket joint;
Loose fragments of cartilage
caused the joint lining to become
The cartilage on the surface of the
bones in the joint had been worn
Surprisingly, Jobe's examination
also showed that the injury could
have been building since Maye's
junior year of high school.
Both Crum and Maye have spec
ulated that a change in Maye's
See MAYE page 4