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warm it's going to be.
Copyright 1 985 The Daily Tar Heel
... a capcfla
The Loreleis, along with the
Harvard Din and Tonics, will sng
tonight at 8 in Gerrard Hal! So
take note, and call 962-2224 for
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 93, Issue 21
Tuesday, March 26, 1985
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 9.2-l'fi3
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By DAWN BRAZELL
With black enrollment declining, it
will be harder for UNC to fulfill
minority goals set by the federal
government. University officials said
The goals were set in a consent decree
issued by the U.S. District Court in
Raleigh on July 17, 1981, to end a
dispute between the 16-campus Univer
sity of North Carolina system and the
then-U.S Department of Health, Edu
cation and Welfare's Office of Civil
Rights. The dispute began in 1969, when
the Office of Civil Rights accused 10
states, including North Carolina, of
operating racially discriminatory higher
The decree stated that by 1986, all
predominantly white public universities
in North Carolina should have 10.6
percent minority enrollment.
UNC-CH's minority enrollment
dropped this year from 8.7 percent to
8.3 percent, slightly lower than the level
the University was at in 1981. Com
pared to other state universities, UNC
CH falls in mid-range, between Appal
achian State University's 4.3 percent
and East Carolina University's 10.9
percent black enrollment.
UNC-CH is one of the only state
universities showing declining minority
Richard Robinson, assistant to the
president of the system, said the court
required an annual report to check
progress made in attaining goals of the
consent decree by all 16 members of
In December 1986, if the consent
decree goals are not met, the system will
have to show it made all possible good
faith efforts to accomplish the terms of
the decree, Robinson said. At that
point, the court can agree that the
system has done everything possible, or
it can extend the period of time to
account for what still needs to be done.
Only 66 percent of the blacks admit
ted to the University in 1984 enrolled.
A recent study of 46 blacks was
conducted to learn why they decided
not to attend.
Respondents cited the size of the
University, distance from home, lack of
financial aid and unavailability of the
desired field of study as major reasons
they chose not to attend. Though only
three of those surveyed said lack of
black culture was a major reason not
to attend, several black student leaders
at the University feel efforts are needed
to create a more comfortable atmos
phere for blacks that would help the
Black Enrollments by Year
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
East Carolina 10.09 10.06 10.34 10.98 10.91
UNC-Greensboro 10.37 10.24 10.10 9.94 10.00
UNC-Charlotte 8.38 7.96 8.00 8.13 8.61
UNC-Chapel Hill 7.78 8.33 8.67 8.65 8.22
N.C. State 6.40 6.81 7.40 7.95 8.16
UNC-Wilmington 6.35 6.27 6.17 6.68 6.40
Appalachian State 2.48 2.48 2.96 3.67 4.31
Source: Linda Balfour, director of data collection for the University's general administration.
University meet the goals of the consent
Sherrod Banks, 1983-85 president of
the Black Student Movement, said that
a black cultural center was needed to
send a message that the University is
aware and concerned with black culture.
"It would be a positive message to
send across the state," Banks said.
"(Black) students are asking, 'Will I fit
in at UNC?' That's a legitimate fear.
"(The University) should be able to
attract the (minority) students. To have
only 8 percent is not quite up to par."
Banks added, "If 1 were (UNC system
President) William Friday, I would keep
encouraging the University to meet the
consent decree goals not only in
recruitment but to also be more aggres
sive in recruiting minority faculty
UNC-CH senior James Exum, a
member of the Committee on the Status
of Minority and Disadvantaged Stu
dents, said he felt the University was
far from meeting the goals of the
"Black students here do not feel a
part of the mainstream of the Univer
sity," Exum said, mentioning the failure
of the BSM to receive constitutional
funding in a recent election as an
example of the climate of racism at the
Exum said he supported mandatory
tutorial programs as a way of retaining
black students already admitted.
As far as recruitment, Exum said,
efforts need to be intensified.
"If we're serious about meeting the
goals of the consent decree," he said,
"then we need to recruit minorities the
way we recruit our star athletes ... we
need to take our black leaders' out and
let them tell the story of Carolina from
a black perspective."
Harold Wallace, vice chancellor of
University affairs, said that in 1980 he
was optimistic that the 10.6 percent goal
could be reached, but now he is unsure.
"I have not given up," he said, "but we
have only two recruiting classes left
fall of 5 and
"WeVe declined from a high rate. If
our success hadn't been so great, the
decline would not have seemed so
Wallace said the statistics covered a
short period of time and warned that
they should be interpreted accordingly.
"Yes, weVe declined but this does not
mean we're doing less than others," he
said. "Chapel Hill got up to a plateau
and was not able to sustain it."
Wallace mentioned several reasons
for the decline of black enrollment.
Federal finacial aid cuts arc sending
out negative signals to first-generation
college students, requiring a tremend
ous recruitment effort for these families,
he said. "There was no way to overcome
these signals the impression that you
can't afford college," Wallace said.
More emphasis will be placed on
financial aid, Wallace said, so that
parents get the necessary information
to counter the negative impressions.
Besides economic factors, he said
many students were applying to trade
schools and community colleges rather
than to the University. Two-year
colleges allow students to earn employ
ment without the financial strain, he
"We're going against some forces that
are just overwhelming."
Wallace said the recruitment effort
would be directed more toward those
students who were not planning to go
to college. Even elementary students
should at least consider enrolling in
college preparatory classes, he said.
See DECREE page 2
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By TIM CROTHERS
It will be three years ago next week when
Michael Jordan sank a 20-foot jumper with time
running out to give UNC a one-point victory over
Georgetown and the NCAA basketball champion
ship. When Jordan hit the now famous jumper,
he was a freshman, and this "shot heard 'round
the world," coupled with an impressive statistical
season, was one example of an athlete excelling
in a major college sport in his first year of college.
But there have been several cases recently,
including the much-publicized Chris Washburn
incident, which point out the possible dangers of
mixing a freshman's adjustment to the college
academic routine with the glitter, glory and
heartbreak of a major college sport.
The debate over whether freshmen should be
allowed to compete in varsity sports lies within
the contrasting scenarios of Jordan and Washburn.
UNC Athletic Director John Swofford supports
the move toward ruling freshmen ineligible to
compete, at least in the major revenue sports like
football and men's basketball. "Although it is
difficult to provide concrete academic statistics to
support it, I think it's just logical that it would
be in the academic best interests of student-athletes
if they did not participate at the varsity level their
first year," Swofford says.
He points to the academic and social adjust
ments that face the first-year student as reasons
for his position. "I feel it's logical for freshmen
to get their feet on the ground and adjust to college
life as well as the classroom before having to deal
with all of the time commitments and pressures
that go along with major college (sports),"
Duke Athletic Director Tom Butters disagrees.
He points to Duke's track record to support his
opinion that freshmen should be eligible to
compete in varsity sports. "It is not uncommon
for us to recruit and sign 24 freshmen football
players who become 24 sophomore football players
(the following year)," Butters says, "so weVe had
, no difficulty in having them perform athletically
asweltas-academically." . - - :
According to Butters, many players have
achieved even better marks during their playing
season than in the off season because of more
effective budgeting of time.
Butters firmly believes that college should be
a four-year institution for everybody, including
athletes, and that the responsibility falls on the
university to recruit student-athletes who can play
a varsity sport and graduate on time.
"If we get a kid who runs 4.3 in the 40, but
can't get through this institution, but he might win
a few ballgames for us and we take him on those
conditions, then it is (the university's) fault,"
Some compromises do exist on this issue,
including the system used by UNC football coach
Dick Crum. Crum redshirts all but the most
exceptional of his freshmen recruits, thereby
allowing them to practice with the team and adjust
to college life while sparing them the pressures
of official games during their first year.
"A freshman comes in and we're usually playing
either the first or second weekend that school's
started," Crum says. "That's a pretty big adjust
ment, trying to go to class and find your way
around the campus; it's pretty tough on them."
The redshirt system has worked for Kevin
Anthony. Anthony, UNC's starting quarterback
most of last season, was given the choice by Crum
of whether or not to redshirt, and he elected to
sit out of games during his freshman season and
learn the offensive system during practice.
"Having that first year to learn (practicing and
watching films), without the pressure of having
to perform was valuable," Anthony says. "It gave
me time to relax, and your performance is going
to come along better if you're not pressured to
perform right away."
Some people involved in the situation feel that
if a freshman ineligibility rule were enacted, it
should only affect the high-revenue sports. Athletes
at UNC who are not involved in football or
basketball seem to agree. Walt Weiss, a starter
since his freshman year for the UNC baseball team
echoes the feelings of many athletes in the lower
profile sports at UNC, believing that playing as
a freshman in a high-revenue sport might be tough,
but that his performance academically and
athletically was not affected. "You have to know
how to use your time well, but it's not really a
problem," Weiss says.
The exact terms of the eligibility issue are still
fuzzy. Whether ruling freshmen ineligible to play
would reduce college athletes' careers to three years
or increase their academic careers to five years
allowing four athletic years, is undetermined. But
See FRESHMEN page 2
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Senior Sheppard Vars, of Greenville, N.C, restores Apartments, Monday afternoon in perfect car
the finish to his Camaro outside of Carolina pampering weather.
Wallace - picks Longest
to serve as SG treasmiireF
By HEATHER HAY
Student Body President Patricia
Wallace has appointed Ryke Longest,
formerly one of her four executive
assistants, to the position of student
Wallace has appointed Dirk Mar
shall, a senior from Fairway, Kansas,
who ran for SBP, to replace Longest
as an executive assistant. Longest, a
sophomore from Raleigh, must be
approved by a two-thirds majority of
the Campus Governing Council before
he can take office.
Wallace chose Longest, an English
major, over two other business admin
istration majors who applied for the
position. Last semester, Longest took
Business Administration 71, basic
accounting principles. Applicants for
student body treasurer are required to
have completed either this course or
Business Administration 74, general
"I don't think you need a business
or accounting background to be student
body treasurer," said current treasurer
Allen Robertson, an economics major.
"The amount of accounting required is
not that much or that difficult."
Robertson said the two most impor
tant qualities for the treasurer to have
were the ability to comprehend, inter
pret and fairly apply treasury laws, as
well as to deal with people fairly in
stressful or unpleasant situations. I
would say it's more of a people job than
a numbers job," Robertson said.
Robertson added that Longest 's CGC
background would help him better
understand and relate to CGC
members. Last year, Longest was a
CGC representative from District 15.
Longest agreed. "Having served on
the CGC, I can deal with the special
frustrations of being a CGC member,"
he said, adding that since he and
Wallace served together on the CGC
last year, Wallace was familiar with his
"I think it's vital that the president
and the treasurer establish good work
ing relations, since they work together
so much and serve on so many boards
together," Longest said.
At this point, the only change
Longest said he wanted to make in the
treasurer's duties was to require more
complete financial reporting records
and to keep better track of how student
groups spent their funds. He also said
he wanted to appoint two assistants,
who would be approved by a two-thirds
majority of the CGC. Last year,
Robertson had one assistant.
"I have a lot to learn, but I'm very
enthusiastic," Longest said. "To famil
iarize myself with the job, 111 be
shadowing Allen (Robertson) until I go
up before the CGC. If I'm approved,
and I hope that I will be, Allen will
shadow me until the end of April."
In appointing Marshall to fill the
empty executive assistant position,
Wallace said she was selecting someone
with a genuine interest in Student
"I got to know him (Marshall) during
the (SBP) election, and I saw him as
honest and practical," Wallace said.
"His platform and the way he was
talking about Student Government
showed that practicality."
Marshall said the focus of his cam
paign for SBP was to make Student
Government more accessible to stu
dents, a goal he said he felt Wallace
"It sounds to me like she's giving us
(her executive assistants) a lot of
freedom to use our own judgment,"
Marshall said. "I'm really excited about
By GUY LUCAS
The Campus Governing Council's
Finance Committee voted Thursday to
recommend a Student Legal Services
budget of $82,664, with about two
thirds of the financing coming from a
$1.75 increase in the Student Activities
With the new authority granted the
CGC by February's referendum, the
activities fee can be raised to partially
or completely finance SLS. Higher
increases were ruled out at Thursday's
meeting because some committee
members felt students did not want their
fees raised too much.
Yet there was some sentiment to
finance SLS totally, with a $2.25
Tom Vlcek (Dist. 16) said, "I think
it was the intent of the referendum to
remove this totally from the general
Wyatt Closs (Dist. 10) said the fee
should be set high enough so the CGC
could rebuild its dwindling general
surplus. "If we're trying to be more
financially stable, you should look at
a higher figure," he said.
But David Fazio (Dist. 19) argued
against a $2 or more increase, saying
student aid cuts would hurt students'
Closs argued that a higher fee would
free more money for other organiza
tions that had to be severely cut in last
year's budget crunch.
"I'm thinking more in the range of
$1.75 largely because ... the fact
remains there still were programs even
after that pruning that didn't get
funding," Closs said.
Jay Goldring (Dist. 7) agreed. "We
are being asked for a lot more money
(from organizations) this year than we
were last year, and I agree with Wyatt 's
figure," he said.
But Fazio argued that a higher fee
would fund groups students might not
support. "Even $1.50 would be better
because a lot of students don't support
a lot of programs since they don't affect
them," he said.
The $1.75 increase passed 4-2 and
would fund $62,000 of the SLS budget.
Earlier in the meeting, the committee
had approved the SLS budget with very
little debate. Only $121 was trimmed
from the budget, and some members
wanted to increase SLS salaries. SLS
had already budgeted a 10 percent
increase in salaries.
Committee chairman David Brady
(Dist. 12) led support for a 15 percent
"(SLS Director Dorothy Bernholz)
has been here for 10 years, and this is
a way to say, 'Thank you for being here
and thank you for sticking with us,' "
Goldring also favored the increase.
"I think this would be consistent with
the students' wishes," he said.
But Student Body Treasurer Allen
Robertson cautioned the Committee to
be realistic about the increases event
though he said they were deserved.
"If she (Bernholz) gets a 10 percent
(rather than 15 percent) raise, she will
not be offended in any way," he said.
Fazio opposed the increase, saying,
"Next year they can put in another 10
percent raise and, I'm going to get in
a political plug here, thanks to Ronald
Reagan, inflation is low."
The Committee finally settled on the
10 percent pay raises.
The SLS budget will go before a
special session of the CGC today.
To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction
Sir Isaac Newton