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2The Daily Tar HeelThursday. March
FoFinmeir patrotanein file
Oy LUKE GUNZENHAUSER
Two Orange County men filed suit
Tuesday f or payment of overtime hours
they worked during the three years they
served as N.C. highway patrolmen.
Former Sgt. Mann Norris of Hills
borough and Geary D. Blackwood of
Carrboro. claimed the state's policy of
compensating overtime with time-and-a-half
off violates the Fair Labor
Standards Act. For overtime work, the
state does not pay highway patrolmen
extra wages but allows the patrolmen
to take one-and-a-half times the amount
of overtime off from work.
Defendants named in the suit were
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Gov. James Martin; the N.C. Highway
Patrol; the Patrol commander. Jack F.
Caldwell; and the state Department of
Crime Control and Public Safety and
its director, Joseph W. Dean.
N.C. Assistant Attorney General
David Blackwell said Wednesday that
he had not reviewed the suit but added
that the state would be filing a response
The suit did not specify the amount
of money the plaintiffs requested, and
Blackwell said he had no idea what the
sum would be.
G. Nicholas Herman of Chapel Hill,
Hitler envisioned. a different kind of war
By RACHEL STIFFLER
The war brought on by Adolf Hitler's
actions in the late 1930s may not have
been what he intended despite the
remarkable success of Germany during
the first year of World War II, a noted
historian of British foreign policy said
Wednesday in a lecture in Person Hall.
"There are still many unsolved
questions still to be answered (regarding
Hitler's military intentions)," Dr. Zara
Steiner said in her lecture as she
presented her theory that the war that
broke out in 1939 was not the kind of
war Hitler had actually planned.
Steiner said the strategy Hitler
announced publicly called for blitzk
rieg, or lightning wars a strategy
emphasizing mobility and speed. These
wars, Hitler led the public to believe,
were intended to be of short duration
not the long term wars that actually
But Hitler was secretly preparing a
massive buildup of arms possibly for
a long-term war to be fought in 1944
or 1945, Steiner said.
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an attorney for the plaintiffs, said
Wednesday that a recent U.S. Supreme
Court decision could benefit his clients
In Garcia v. the San Antonia Met
ropolitan Transit Authority, the court
ruled 5-4 that employees of publicly
owned transit systems were covered
under federal minimum wage and hour
The Court also extended the Fair
Labor Standards Act to cover many
state and local employees. Herman said
contentions made by Garcia were
similar to those made by his clients.
That arms buildup resulted in a lack
of attention to production of food and
other domestic goods, she said.
"Hitler had to choose between butter
and guns, and he chose guns," Steiner
said, adding that in 1939, 23 percent
of Germany's gross national product
was used for military purposes.
But Germany entered the war much
earlier than Hitler had planned and long
before the armaments necessary for an
extended war were ready, Steiner said.
"Except in manpower, the Allies
enjoyed the advantage in all areas," she
said. "Britain and France had more
tanks than Germany. Germany had
fwr ntrrrnft than the Allies. There was
Carolina stnidents steer clear off 'fMlF-service pumps
By ROBERT KEEFE
Full service at North Carolina's full
service gas stations means they only
wash windows and check oil levels,
according to the Carolina Motor Club.
"This- is a particularly harmful
situation for those drivers who think
the necessary checks are being per
formed, when in reality many times they
are not," said Orville Campbell, Reso
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"Any notion of time-and-a-half off,"
Herman said, "is a direct violation and
circumvention of federal law."
The intent of the suit was not to
accuse anyone of wrongdoing, Herman
said, but to "preserve, protect and
enhance the Highway Patrol."
The state should comply with the law,
as have "thousands of employers, public
and private" and compensate patrol
men for working overtime, he said.
"Highway patrolmen are the most
elite law inforcement agency in the
state," Herman said, "and to preserve
that quality, the state of North Carolina
ought to comply to that law."
no contest in naval power either."
Steiner said Hitler may have entered
the war early because his advisers
overestimated the country's military
"He accepted everything his advisers
said, and they told him what he wanted
to hear," she said.
She also said Hitler misjudged the
way the Allies would respond to
The numerous conquests made by
Germany during the first year of the
war were astounding, Steiner said. "The
performance of the German forces was
far more remarkable than their defeat."
lutions Committee chairman of the
club. "We definitely feel that for the
additional premium in price full-service
customers pay, they deserve more than
what they are now getting."
Campbell said that in addition to the
minimum services, full- service stations
should also check radiator coolant, belts
and hoses, battery conditions, cables,
and tire pressure and condition.
"We check oil, tires, wash windows
-- - -
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; ' (
TX faces final
From wire reports
WASHINGTON - The House
passed President Reagan's proposed
funding for the MX missile in a
crucial vote Tuesday, leaving oppo
nents only one more chance to defeat
the proposal today.
Successful lobbying by the White
House won a 219-213 victory that
approved $1.5 billion in funding for
21 missiles in fiscal year 1985. The
Democratic-controlled House will
cast a final vote today that will
determine whether production of the
MX will continue.
Zone's restriction disputed
tion officials acknowledged Wednes
day that Maj. Arthur Nicholson was
taking pictures of a Soviet installa
tion but said the area he was in was
no longer designated as a restricted
area by the Soviet military.
The officials said Nicholson and
his companion, Sgt. Jessie Schatz,
were not violating any restrictions by
taking pictures of equipment inside
a Soviet military installation because
restrictions on the area were lifted
NATO backs 'Star Wars'
LUXEMBOURG 4- Delegates at
a NATO conference declared their
support for President Reagan's
proposed "Star Wars" space defense
and basically check everything under
the hood," said Rod McFarling, co
owner of the McFarling Exxon at 127
W. Franklin St.
McFarling said few students used the
full-service pumps at his station.
"Around here, most of our users are
older people, mostly women," he said.
"There's such a big difference between
the price of full-service and self-service
that not many people use the full
service." McFarling said his station usually
charged around 30 cents more per
gallon for full-service.
Harold Colmbs, an attendant at the
West Franklin Street Gulf Station, said
his full-service was similar.
"We check everything under the
hood, wash the windshield, and check
tires and anything else that is asked for,"
He said few students used full-service
but added that students going out of
town or on a long trip were more likely
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"We support the U.S. research
program into these technologies, the
aim of which is to enhance stability
and deterrence at reduced levels of
offensive nuclear forces," NATO
defense ministers said in a
GE indicted for fraud
PHILADELPHIA A federal
grand jury has indicted the General
Electric Co. of defrauding the
government of $800,000 on a $47
million defense contract by falsifying
employee time cards.
GE released a statement saying,
"There was no criminal wrongdoing
on the part of GE or its employees."
Hitch for seat belt bill
RALEIGH The N.C. Senate
sent a proposal for mandatory seat
belt usage back to a judiciary
committee, halting the bill's progress
and indicating the bill may face
eventual defeat. .
After a number of amendments
and a good deal of debate, suppor
ters of the bill recommended it be
sent back to committee so it could
be modified and resubmitted to the
Senate at a later date.
to use full-service.
"Usually the only time I stop in (a
full service station) is when I feel like
I need the oil and transmission fluid
checked or before I go on a long trip,"
said Currie Tilley, a senior from
"I usually pump my own gas,"said
Traci Butler, a freshman from Garner,
"but I use full service every now and
then, when I need the oil checked or
if I'm going out of town."
last Decisions speech
Dr. Zara Steiner; a specialist on
British foreign policy and Hanes-Willis
Visiting Professor at UNC, will give the
final Great Decisions '85 speech,
"Intelligence Operations How Under
cover Diplomacy Works," Thursday at
4:30 p.m. in Room 224 of the Union.