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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Convrinht 1 QfiS Th Dailu Tar Ucal
News Sports Arts 962-0245
Volume 93, Issue 24
Friday, March 29, 1985 Chapel Hit!, North Carolina
1 I T a Tl O a fl
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Oy LORRY WILLIAMS
The appearance of a controversial poster has
caused dispute about the purpose of the Kappa
Alpha fraternity's annual Old South party.
The poster, which appeared in several campus
buildings Wednesday, advertises the Old South
party at the "Kappa Alpha plantation." The
poster depicted the white fraternity as racist and
invited anyone interested in celebrating "good
oP days" with the "good ol' boys" to show up
at the Kappa Alpha house Wednesday night.
John Hughes, Kappa Alpha vice president,
said the fraternity was not responsible for the
posters. "I'm appalled that it was made," he said.
Several student leaders on campus said they
did not believe Kappa Alpha was responsible
for the posters. James Exum, a member of Alpha
Phi Alpha and the Black Student Movement,
and George Wilson, a member of Kappa Alpha
Psi and the executive boards of the Black Greek
Council and the Interfraternity Council, said
they did not think the fraternity was involved
in the appearance of the posters on campus.
Hughes said that as soon as he saw the posters,
he called people in the University administration
and leaders of the BSM to assure them the
fraternity was not responsible.
Responsible or not, the appearance of the
posters and their depiction of the Kappa Alpha
fraternity, has brought attention to the organ
ization of Old South Week.
Both Hughes and Kappa Alpha President Lou
Baldwin stressed that their organization was not
a racist fraternity, despite some controversial
issues that have happened in the past. They say
there are misconceptions about the fraternity
that need to be made clear. The poster, they
said, only adds to the misconception.
The misconceptions they refer to are linked
to events, some of which still occur, that used
to happen during Kappa Alpha's Old South
Old South Week is a national Kappa Alpha
tradition. During that week, parties and the
Kappa Alpha formal dance, the Old South Ball,
are held. A Confederate flag is also displayed
at the Kappa Alpha house during the week.
A symbol of the South during the Civil War,
Baldwin says the flag does not symbolize the
Confederacy during Old South Week. Instead,
the flag is a symbol of the traditional week and
the Kappa Alpha formal dance, Baldwin said.
"In no way is it advocating the Civil War
and slavery," he said.
Exum, however, disagrees. He said the waving
of the flag did have a symbolic nature, because
it subtly showed support for the old slave South.
"It represents a period when whites were thought
of as superior, and blacks were thought of as
inferior," Exum said.
The Sharecropper's Ball was once a part of
Old South Week. During the ball, some pledges
would attend wearing blackened faces. Baldwin
said that did seem racist, but that was not the
idea behind the dance and the blackening of
faces. The dance was a costume ball. Because
it was a sharecropper's ball, blacks and whites
were needed. As a result, Baldwin said, some
people would come with their faces painted
The Sharecropper's Ball was canceled because
the event began to gain attention as a racist event.
"The black face is in the past," Baldwin said.
Hughes said the fraternity had been working
to clear up misconceptions that surrounded it.
Hughes said that Kappa Alpha was based on
the idea of trying to uphold the ideals and
principles of Robert E. Lee not Lee the
Confederate soldier, but Lee the southern
gentleman, who espoused such ideals as honesty
"We're really trying to tone down our image,"
he said. Baldwin said participating in the
Interfraternity Council's program that promoted
visits with the Black Greeks and canceling
programs that appeared racist were ways the
fraternity had tried to clear up the
"This poster could destroy everything weVe
been working on," Hughes said.
Wilson, who attended the Kappa Alpha house
visit in the fall, said he believed the fraternity
was concerned with improving its image.
"They do seem to be concerned about their
image and disassociating themselves from the
Klan and the red-neck image," he said.
Wilson added, however, that they should be
able to find a better way to celebrate the old
South and the traditions connected with it.
Wilson called it a slap in the face to have
a week celebrating what he considered one of
the worst periods in history.
"The person who wrote this (poster) had to
have something to base it on," he said. "He didnl
just pick KA."
Regardless of who was responsible, the
poster's content has the potential of affecting
race relations on the entire campus, Exum said.
"Whether or not the fraternity was respon
sible," he said, "things like this tear down good
interactions in race relations."
Recent efforts have been made to improve
race relations between the black and white
fraternities. Kappa Alpha was one of the
fraternities to participate in the visitation
program in which members of the two Greek
systems met to discuss organizational differen
ces, problems and ways to improve relations.
Wilson said just when progress took two steps
forward, something like this happened and sent
things back a step.
Possible damage to the work put into
improving race relations was also a concern of
"I think it looks bad upon the fraternity and
the entire black student population," Hughes
Exum said relations on campus looked like
they were starting to improve and that once it
started in the Greek system it would spread to
the whole campus.
"Programs such as the integrated social
functions will be very positive for race relations,"
Exum said overt racism was not in vogue
anymore, but covert racism still existed and
examples of it could be found at the University.
Exum said there were still people on campus
who would not support a qualified minority as
a candidate for a campus office.
"Without a doubt, racism is still very
prevalent," he said. "It plays a very strong role
with our lives here as students."
Exum added he was sorry for the person who
made the poster and who tried to hurt race
relations. "Regardless of the intent, the effect
was to make people more acutely aware that
there are some racial problems on campus."
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By KATHY NANNEY
N.C. farmers, like fanners nation
wide, are suffering financial strain, and
many are leaving farming to go to more
"Farmers are in the worst financial
situation since the depression of the
1930s," said Linda Clapp, a Chatham
County dairy farmer and one of four
chairmen of the North and South
Carolinas' United Farmers
Only farmers who work outside of
farming and receive money from other
sources are not suffering in today's
economy, Clapp said.
"Farmers trying to do it full time or
trying to build up their operation to
something they could farm and make
U&a living from are in real trouble,? she
William Dorsett, an Orange County
dairy , farmer for 29 years, said that
anyone beginning farming today had
little chance of success.
"The only way a man can make it
now is if he has money to pay cash for
75 percent of his needs," Dorsett said.
Agriculture in Orange County is in
trouble, particularly dairy and grain
farms, Dorsett said. Tobacco farmers
have troubles of their own, trying to
battle attacks on federal price support
Unlike the rest of the state, the land
value of Orange County farms is not
decreasing, because there is demand for
land for other developments, he said.
Around the state, however, creditors
are foreclosing and requiring farmers
to sign away farms or liquidate. In
Chatham County the number of farms
on the market has increased substan
tially, she said.
North Carolina is losing about 3,000
farms per year. Some closings can be
attributed to retirement, but others are
the result of financial problems, said
Frank Bordeau, economist for the N.C.
Department of Agriculture.
Farmers often borrow money to get
crops planted in the spring, counting
on those crops to carry them until the
next season, Bordeau said. Because of
worsening financial situations, creditors
are hesitant to lend to farmers, and
many farmers are unable to get financ
ing for spring planting, he said.
Devine said North Carolina had not
been as hard hit as other states because
it was not dependent on one crop. But
he added that no area of agriculture is
doing very well.
Clapp said North Carolina's agricul
tural sector was not in any better
condition than the rest of the nation.
"North Carolina is the No. 1 state
in the nation in the loss of family farms,"
she said. "If we're losing more farms
than anybody else, how can we be better
"The last two areas you can hope to
make a decent living in were tobacco
and dairy, and those strongholds are
now going by the wayside also."
In a state where the average yearly
farm income has dropped from $13,000
to $9,000 in the last three years, farmers
and economists say agriculture has not
benefitted from an improving economy.
"Farmers never did get out of the last
depression that we had before (Presi
dent) Reagan took office," Clapp said.
Some farmers have benefited from an
improving economy. Bob Rhodes, an
apple grower in Henderson County,
said consumers bought more fruit when
economic conditions improved.
See FARMING page 3
William Dorsett's dairy farm in Efland may not operate much longer. His son is not interested in continuing the family business.
Talk show confronts Fordhavm with meal plan
By JANET OLSON
WXYC's late night talk show, North
ern Hemisphere Liey is known for its
late night surprises, and after Wednes
day's episode, nobody knows that better
than Chancellor Christopher C. Ford
Co-host Wynston Smyth gave the
chancellor an unexpected wake-up call
at about midnight Wednesday, asking
him to comment on the recently released
"Report to Patricia Wallace, Student
Body President, On the Mandatory
The show's guests this week were
Fetzer Mills, Tom Terrell and Sherrod
Banks, co-authors of the report.
Smyth made the call after discussion
heated up about why Fordham had not
responded publicly to the report, which
alleges that University administrators
deceived students about the need for a
mandatory meal plan on campus.
The discussion started when Walt
Boyle, Carolina Union president, called
in to the station to ask why the
administration had not responded to the
accusations in the report. "It's very
confusing to me to see this (lack of
response)," Boyle said. "I'm not sure if
they're waiting for the issue to die or
just what's going on."
Terrell then accused Fordham of not
taking a stand on issues of student
concern. "I have dealt with Chancellor
Fordham for well over a year now, and
his style angers me more than any other
person on this campus . . .," Terrell
said. "He is one man on this campus
who should be able to tell you where
he stands, but he refuses to."
Mills said he
thought the admin
responded to the
report because it
was so well docu
mented. "I just
don't think it's pos
sible for the admin
istrators to refute
anything weVe got
in our report," he
said. "I believe
they're looking for
ways to do it, and
they just can't find
Fordham later in
the show and
asked him to com
ment on the
about the need for
the meal plan.
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Sherrod Banks, Fetzer Mills and Tom Terrell discuss the meal plan on WXYC's talk show.
1 think that if we
should go back into the past, you can
find disagreements, and there were
disagreements. But they were finally
dealt with, and plans were made for
future students. No one was trying to
mislead or mistreat anyone. It was all
(done) ... to improve the food service."
But Terrell said the report proved
administrators had deliberately misled
"1 won't grant that, Tom," Fordham
responded. "We're (talking about)
people who ... I would trust with
virtually my own personal holdings.
They're very fine people, and to make
irresponsible charges against them, of
course, is unfortunate."
Terrell asked Fordham to investigate
the possiblity that the adminstrators
had made negligent misstatements and
to tell students his conclusions. Ford
ham said the Office of Student Affairs
is working closely now with Student
Government on the meal plan issue.
At that, Mills interrupted. "Chancel
lor Fordham, the people that made
these misstatements and the people that
made the deceptions were the people
in the Office of Student Affairs. Are
you telling me that you're asking them
to investigate themselves?"
Fordham responded, "I'm not asking
them to do anything except to deter
mine the facts for me."
Fordham said he could not predict
See WXYC page 7
Wtesteadl pleads imocemiu
to ctarses of Hisurassinnieiniil;
By RANDY FARMER
Frank T. Winstead, wearing a
noose made of phone cord, denied
making harassing phone calls to area
directors and pleaded innocent to a
Student Code violation in his Honor
Court case Thursday.
Winstead has been accused of
violating a section of the Code that
prohibits "disorderly or obscene
conduct on institutional premises or
at University-sponsored functions."
Cynthia A. Wolf, area director of
Hinton James, and Maxine Frum
kin, area director of Henderson
Residence College, the two who
requested Winstead's arrest, testified
they both received similar harassing
But the two did not learn of each
other's harassing phone calls until
Frumkin complained to Wolf about
the harassment, Frumkin said. They
then compared the approximate
time, duration and type of harassing
phone call and found they were
similar, she said.
"1 never thought it was Frank at
the beginning," Frumkin said. "But
then the trace found Frank's name
on the (phone) connection."
The undercover officer who served
Winstead his warrant Jan. 24, said
he noticed a number of electric wires
running between Winstead's room
and the room of Winstead's suitem
ate when he came to serve the
warrant for Winstead's arrest.
On further investigation, the
officer found that the wires were
telephone wires connecting Win
stead's telephone to his suitemate's
"All that is known is that Southern
Bell traced the phone calls to the
phone of Winstead's suitemate which
was connected to his room," the
Winstead admitted connecting the
wires, but he denied making harass
ing phone calls, the officer testified.
Frumkin said she received her first
harassing phone call on Sept. 19.
Wolf received her first call on Nov.
The phone calls were a disturbance
because both Wolf and Frumkin are
area directors, and they need to be
able to be reached around the clock,
"I need to be available to assist
the students or the resident assistant
at any time," Frumkin said.
Both Wolf and Frumkin said they
had never had such trouble with a
resident before. Wolf has been an
area director for 2-12 years, Frum
kin for five.
"1 have disciplined a lot of people,"
Wolf said. "But I have never had this
type of behavior before."
In a flurry of emotion, Frumkin
said she had been unable to receive
information about her sick father
and grandmother because she had
taken the phone off the hook because
of the harassing phone calls.
The testimony lasted more than
eight hours, and the trial was
adjourned until Thursday.
Signatures of all things I am here to read .