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2The Daily Tar HeelFriday, April 19, 1985
By KATHY NANNEY
There are a multitude of opportunities for people
interested in starting their own businesses, and these
opportunities can bring big money, said two
businesswomen during a forum on success in private
business, sponsored by the Carolina Union.
"If you can project yourself well, you can sell
anything," Cynthia Nelson told an audience of about
Nelson and her business partner, Kay White, began
Something Special of Greenville, a catering service,
18 months ago. Within a year, Something Special
did over $5,800 in business during one month. Both
women continue to work full-time jobs at Burroughs
Wellcome in Greenville, N.C.
"Look at Bert's Surf Shop," White said. "He started
out with a hand stamp and a bunch of irregular T
shirts, stamping the name 'Bert's' on the back of each
one." He now owns four T-shirt shops along the coast,
"There are all kinds of things. All it takes is someone
whose mind clicks," Nelson said. She and White told
of a friend who began with a list of 16 babysitters,
whom she would send out upon request. She now
supports herself by dispatching babysitters, they said.
Nelson and White said fast food franchises were
ripe for small businessmen. If a person owns a piece
of land and has a good line of credit, they can contact
Burger King in Atlanta, and the franchise will build
a restaurant for $45,000, they said.
"Burger King will build it for you, but you have
to buy everything from them, and know how to
manage and run the store," White said.
If the store has a poor record, Burger King will
N.C. Senate passes, mandatory seat belt . bill
From wire reports
The N.C. Senate passed a bill Wed
nesday to force motorists to wear seat
belts after it defeated an amendment to
lower the penalties for violators.
The 30-20 vote passing Sen. Robert
Warren's (D-Johnston) bill came after
the defeat of an amendment to make
motorists who refuse to buckle up guilty
of an infraction and receive no criminal
record rather than being charged with
Sen. Warren said it seemed likely the
House would pass the bill, which would
take effect Oct. 1 with 15 months of
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close it down by refusing to supply it, or will buy
the restaurant themselves, she said.
Some food franchises, such as Domino's Pizza, will
train their workers to be store owners and provide
opportunities for ownership, the women said.
Catalog or magazine mail ordering can be very
profitable. Nelson said. Once she made a Christmas
table piece and wreath and sent it to several mail
order catalogs. One catalog decided to carry her
product, and she made $4,000 in six weeks, she said.
"With mail order, you can market anything for
money," Nelson said. "Kay and I are going to market
a dishcloth we pay 22 cents for, and sell it for a dollar."
White arid Nelson said they sold wine baskets by
mail order during Christmas and were so successful!
that they planned to sell them year-round.
A person interested in starting a new business
should go to their town's small business bureau, credit
bureau and chamber of commerce, which can direct
them to classes on how to establish a business and
obtain credit, the women said.
When applying to a bank for a loan to open a
business, a person should be prepared to state the
costs of opening and operating the business and have
good projections on how much the business will make,
the women said. A prospective business owner should
include a good salary for himself when deciding how
much to request for a loan, they said.
A person beginning a business should be careful
of individual investors, who can put pressure on the
owner to produce a profit, or have a voice in business
operations, the women said.
Researching governmental and health regulations
can keep a businessman from having to make changes
warnings before fines of $25 would be
handed out to violators. The bill
contains exemptions for those with
medical problems, delivery people, and
farm vehicles. The bill would apply to
drivers and front-seat passengers in all
cars required by federal law to be
equipped with seat belts.
Warren called the proposed amend-
made the referendum a difficult task,
"You can't drag people off to volun
teer for this thing," he said. "(CGC
speaker) Wyatt Closs appealed for
polltenders during the rally (against the
meal plan on Tuesday), and we had a
booth set up in the Pit. Of those
concerned students, only one came to
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ment, which was defeated 26-24, "a
delaying tactic" and said the bill in its
current form was acceptable to most
But Sen. Donald Kincaid (R
Caldwell), who proposed the reduced
penalties, said failure to buckle up
should not be considered a
Lillie said the polls that opened late
were left open longer to compensate for
the lost time. And although there were
also fewer polling sites than in the past,
students could have voted if they chose
to, he said.
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later. White and Nelson said. If a business fails to
meet regulations, competition will let government
officials know, they said. When they first began
catering, the women did not know they needed a health
license, but had to obtain one when competition
informed health officials.
"We started so casually, we've had to backtrack
and correct all these things," White said.
Three critical steps in establishing a business are
registering your business at the local courthouse, filing
for a federal tax identification number and joining
the local chamber of commerce, the women said. The
chamber of commerce can provide aid when
establishing the business, and many people inquire
there when needing a service, they said.
It is a good idea for a private businessman to patent
his business' name, White and Nelson said. The
women learned the importance of a patent when a
competitor began using their name, they said. A patent
in North Carolina costs $350 and can be obtained
by through a lawyer.
White and Nelson said they did not advertise
because they already had as much business as they
could handle. Despite advertising, word of mouth
remains the best way that customers will be attracted
to a business, they said.
Family relationships can suffer because of private
business, particularly when it is first established and
family members are working long hours, the women
"It has taken more than a year and a half to work
full time and work the business like we do," Nelson
said. "You have to be real patient with your partner
"We should not treat these people as
criminals simply for not buckling up,"
A similar proposal came out in the
debate surrounding a hike in the
drinking age. The House proposed
making drinking by 19- and 20-year-olds
an infraction carrying no criminal
from page 1
to deal with," Lillie said. "Everyone who
wanted to express an opinion had a
chance to do so."
The number of voters who turned out
for Thursday's referendum and the large
proportion of those who voted against
the mandatory meal plan show that
students do not want a mandatory meal
plan, said Tom Terrell, one of the
authors of the "Report to Patricia
Wallace, Student Body President, on
the Mandatory Meal Plan."
"It's conclusive evidence that there's
overwhelming opposition (to the plan),"
Terrell said the turnout was not low
compared to other election turnouts.
"It's excellent turnout," he said. "There
are more people who voted aginst the
meal plan then voted for Patricia
Wallace for student body president. :
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Turner Bids for
From United Press International reports
NEW YORK Cable television
entrepreneur Ted Turner made a bid
Thursday to take over -the CBS
television network by filing papers
to buy 67 percent of CBS stock for
$2.9 billion in a complicated
Papers filed with the four govern
ment agencies in Washington said
Turner would provide the public
with "more high quality, innovative
programming than CBS currently
provides through its broadcast
Inmates attack guards
RICHMOND, Va. Rioting
inmates armed with sharpened instru
ments and clubs attacked guards at
the State Penitentiary Thursday
attempting to take hostages and
disrupt the scheduled execution of
condemned murderer James Briley
at 1 1 p.m., officials said.
Nine guards and one inmate were
injured and taken to the Medical
College of Virginia. The extent of
their injuries was not immediately
Economic expansion slows
WASHINGTON In an abrupt
slowdown, the nation's gross
national product grew just 1.3
percent in the January-March quar
ter, the slowest advance since the end
of the 1982 recession, the govern
ment said today.
Higher trade deficits and a massive
Internal Revenue Service delay in
returning income tax refunds were
the major factors cutting economic
expansion from its 4.3 percent rate
in the fourth quarter of last year.
Reagan defends trip
Reagan says he will take some of
Spanish media no longer censored,
newspapers no longer gov't' owned
By JILL GERBER
Censorship of the Spanish media has
been abolished recently by the nation's
constitution, causing great changes in
the way the media can criticize insti
tutions, Inbocenio Arias said
Arias spoke to an audience of about
30 in his lecture "Media Coverage and
Foreign Policy in Spain" in Manning
, , "Now we. haye, freedpin. of the Jress,; ,
Journalists are very conscious that the
democracy is more stable," said Arias,
vice president of the Instituto de
Cooperacion Iberoamericana of Spain.
Traditionally untouchable institu
tions such as the Catholic Church and
the army are now openly criticized in
Spanish newspapers, he said.
"In the recent past, no one would dare
attack the Pope. Now we see cartoons
about him concerning abortion," Arias
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the blame for the decision but
Thursday stood firm against Jews,
veterans and a majority of the Senate
on his plans to visit a German
military cemetery next month.
Although failing to quell a public
clamor by adding a tribute to
Holocaust victims to his schedule,
Reagan has sounded no retreat and
argued instead that his plan to honor
German war dead May 5 will help
heal long-time wounds.
Street battles kill 33
BEIRUT, Lebanon Heavily
armed Shiite militiamen surrounded
three Palestinian refugee camps in
Beirut Thursday where fierce street
battles killed at least 33 people and
caused the collapse of Lebanon's
"national unity" government.
The fighting between rival Mos
lem militias in west Beirut began
Tuesday night and ended 15 hours
later with the defeat of the pro
Libyan Sunni Moslem Mourabi
toun, which had sparked the clashes
by trying to set up an office in an
area run by Amal, the Shiite Moslem
Leaders seek compromise
sional leaders, apparently convincing
President Reagan th!t his request for
$14 million in aid for anti-Sandinista
rebels is doomed, Thursday sought
a compromise that does not fuel the
war in Nicaragua.
In the Senate and House, suppor
ters and critics privately debated
Wednesday how to provide indirect
humanitarian assistance to the rebels
that would not support their struggle
to overthrow the leftist Nicaraguan
Arias attributed the new attitudes of
the newspapers to a change in owner
ship. Today, all papers are privately
owned, whereas one-fifth were owned
by the government a few years ago. But
newspapers are not widely distributed
in Spain, so many turn to other sources
for information, he said.
"Radio is, by far, the most trusted
medium in Spain and the best-paid
journalists work for it. Newspapers deal
in depth more than the radio," Arias
cSaid,,:, ,,; . , -, .., .. ,..
Although the U.S. and Spanish
mediajare alike structurally, the Spanish
press has little influence on political
outcomes or( public opinion, Arias said.
For example, most of the press is in
favor of Spain's involvement in NATO,
but 90 percent of 2,000 people surveyed
were against it, he said.
Arias said coverage of foreign events
was not adequate.
"As far as quality is concerned, I
wouldn't complain. About quantity,
more international news needs to be
covered," he said.
Summer 'Tar Heel9
looking for writers
Anyone interested in working for
the summer Tar Heel should come
by the DTH office and talk with
summer editor Jim Greenhill.
C 1 C'
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at Elliott Rd. in