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Copyright 1985 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Swingtime in fall
It's UNC autumn baseball.
See story, page 4.
Volume 93, Issue 78
Wednesday, October 9, 1985
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Editors ' Note: This story is part of an extensive
series focusing on University academic
By GRANT PARSONS
Despite bulging undergraduate class enrollment,
it's pretty much business as usual in Caldwell Hall,
the home of the philosophy department.
"The department is now healthy, alive and
vibrant," said Jay Rosenberg, philosophy depart
ment chairman. "We have a terriffic faculty,
tremendous undergraduate enrollment, and weU
motivated grad students."
"Tremendous enrollment" means 2,039 under
graduate students attend classes taught by 18
faculty members, seven graduate students with full
classroom responsibilites and about 20 teaching
assistants leading discussion sections for other
t This year's class enrollment sets the department's
record with more than 300 above last year's high.
Rosenberg attributed the high enrollment to
students trying to fulfill the philosophical
perspective required for graduation. Almost all the
undergraduate courses, 100 and below, are full,
but in the 100 and above levels, it's hard to find
more than 25 students per class, he said.
"Whether the courses would be as popular
without the perspectives, I don't know," he said.
' The record enrollment creates a few problems
for the department, he said.
"We're holding the line," Rosenberg said. "The
classes are bigger than we'd like them to be
about 50 students to each discussion group. We'd
like to bring that down."
Rosenberg said large classes made it difficult
for professors to grade papers, an integral part
of a philosophical education. If each student writes
a five-page paper, he said, and it takes a minimum
five minutes to grade each paper, it takes the
professor over 16 hours to grade them.
"If each student writes three essays per semester,
that's 50 hours," Rosenberg said. "Since there are
only 35 classroom-contact hours per semester, you
spend more hours just grading the papers than
Douglas C. Long, professor and assistant
chairman of the philosophy department who
teaches a popular bioethics class, agreed.
"There's a tremendous amount of paperwork,
which is not as much fun as talking withr students
in class or during office hours," Long said.
"Sometimes the papers are on subjects not brought
up in class, and that's always refreshing."
Rosenberg said: "In effect, it's impossible to give
any other type of test. When you're dealing with
highly reflective topics, you have to deal with essay
Some graduate students must take on full
classroom responsibilites because of the high class
enrollment and the low number of professors.
Seven graduate students teach about half the logic
courses this semester.
"It's a little easier for the grad students to teach
logic because there are objective right and wrong
answers," Rosenberg said.
Jim O'Shea, a graduate student with an
undergraduate philosophy degree from George
town University, teaches two courses in logic.
"I enjoy teaching, and I like the experience,"
O'Shea said. "I teach one section with 45 students
and one with 16. I'm just noticing that 16 is much
more enjoyable than 45."
O'Shea said that teaching philosophy might be
more difficult than teaching other subjects because
students generally were not familiar with the
"It's not like history or psychology where you
know what to expect. It's not facts and theories,
it's learning the justifications for those theories."
Greg Rhodes, a graduate student with an
undergraduate philosopy degree from Davidson
College, said teaching students could be difficult
sometimes, simply because students were not
taught to reason.
"They shouldn't rely on my judgment. Who am
I? I'm just a grad student. A lot of students work
hard. It's just that the frame of mind required for
philosophy is so foreign to some people.
"Sometimes it can be like trying to force
knowledge down a dead man's throat," Rhodes
said. "Just open it up and shove it in."
An introduction to philosophy is a whole new
way of thinking and learning, Rhodes said. Being
able to question and test arguments is much more
important in philosophy.
Despite high enrollment figures, both O'Shea
and Rhodes said they were impressed with the
philosophy department itself.
"There's an enthusiasm that I just didn't expect
when I came here," Rhodes said. "It's an
enthusiasm that's catching. If the faculty is divided
in any way, it is divided into two bodies of thought.
"One, there's 'ethics.' The other body would be
'everything else. "
O'Shea agreed, but he said the division was a
natural one that would turn up in any philosophy
department. "It's not like all the ethics people keep
to themselves or anything like that"
O'Shea and Rhodes also agreed that there was
one other drawback to the study of philosophy.
O'Shea summed it up, saying, "It's frustrating that
the degree you get won't get you a job."
Although philosophy majors may have difficul
ties finding jobs, philosophy definitely has a place
in society, Rosenberg said. . -:rt-
"One thing that philosophy could be called on
to contribute is cool, studied and detached
discussions of political, social and ethical issues
that form the core of social debate," he said.
Rosenberg said he wanted to see a network news
reporter interview a philosopher instead of a
historian or economist when dealing with issues
that would be helped by a philosophical insight.
". . . Philosophy is a kind of training that allows
a deductive sorting through of ideas pro and con,"
he said. "It allows new ways of conceptualizing
problems within other disciplines. When a
See PHILOSOPHY page 3
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Danny Sturdivant levels off a dirt pathway
that will become a new sidewalk outside
the basement of Student Stores. The dirt
must be packed with a tamper.
By LORRY WILLIAMS
Last week's decision that seniors
unable to fill their junior and senior
perspectives can substitute another class
has raised questions about who will be
affected by the decision and how the
substitution process will be determined.
William Graves, associate dean of
general education, announced last week
that seniors who had been unsuccessful
in obtaining classes to fulfill perspec
tives would be allowed to substitute
another course to graduate in May.
Graves said his decision dealt with
seniors getting a bachelor of arts degree
in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Students in the College of Arts and
Sciences have both an arts and sciences
adviser and a departmental adviser.
The departmental adviser helps
students with decisions about their
majors, such as which major courses
should be taken. The departmental
advisers are encouraged to know about
the overall requirements, Graves said,
but that is mainly the job of the arts
and sciences adviser.
"The arts and sciences adviser is the
person who helps overlook the entire
program that leads to graduation," he
Seniors having problems getting
clases to fulfill the junior and senior
perspectives should go to their arts and
sciences advisers in Steele Building to
discuss the possibility of substituting a
course, Graves said.
"We're going to bend over backwards
to help the student graduate," he said.
"There won't be any hard and fast rules
(for determining which courses can be
Seniors and their arts and sciences
advisers will work on an individual basis
to select courses for substitution, he
"Students shouldn't see it as a gift
saying they donY have to fulfill their
perspectives," Graves said. "It's not that.
ItV -aft-, attempt - to help the student
The biggest problem has been getting
classes in the philosophical perspective.
The other perspectives usually have
enough classes to choose from, and
seniors are able to find a class, Graves
said. "Well be more skeptical with other
Graves admitted the decision was
"like opening a can of worms," but he
said, "I hope we don't see students
pouring in trying to get out of fulfilling
See SUBBING page 3
Hairm tirmi begins
im UNC mwdleir case
By LORETTA GRANTHAM
attorneys for Alton Eugene Harris
Jr. called Loretta Petty back to the
stand Tuesday afternoon after read
ing six statements submitted by
District Attorney Carl Fox concern
ing the stabbing murder and attemp
ted rape of UNC student Freshteh
Golkho on March 16.
Petty, who had been dating Harris
at the time of the murder, was one
of Golkho's roommates at Royal
Park Apartments. She had testified
earlier Tuesday that Harris and
Golkho did not get along.
Presiding Judge Edwin S. Preston
allowed public defenders Kirk
Osborn and Doug Webb to recall
the witnesses of their choice because
they had not been given the six
statements, collected from people at
the scene of the crime, in advance.
They chose to put only Petty on the
stand a second time.
Petty testified that Harris kept
some of his clothes at the Royal Park
Apartment. When asked if Golkho
was paranoid about security, Petty
replied, "She wanted to keep the
Another of Golkho's roommates,
Cassandra Ledbetter, also testified
that Harris and Golkho were not
Harris, 20, of 801 Estes Drive, is
charged with the stabbing murder
and attempted rape of Golkho, a 19-year-old
sophomore and native of
Tehran, Iran. She was stabbed about
18 times, according to the autopsy
If convicted of the murder charge,
Harris could receive either the death
penalty or life imprisonment.
After meeting with Preston and
the defense, Fox was allowed to
submit nine pictures showing close
ups of Golkho's body and the
apartment to a jury of 11 women and
Carrboro Police Sgt. Mahlon
Williams testified that he and
another officer found Golkho on her
back in her J-l Royal Park Apart
ment on the night of March 16. He
believed her to be dead because there
was no chest movement and her eyes
were half open, he said.
Frederick Harris, Harris brother,
also testified Tuesday, He said
Harris told him on March 16 that
he was going to visit a friend at Royal
Michael Riggsbee, one of Harris'
friends, said that Harris was at his
apartment the afternoon of March
16. He said Harris drank alcohol and
smoked marijuana before leaving
around 7 p.m. to go to Royal Park.
A State Bureau of Investigation
agent identified evidence submitted
by the prosecution as fingerprints he
collected at Golkho's apartment the
night of the murder. He did not
attribute the prints to anyone. The
agent also identified clothes being
used as evidence as those found on
and around Golkho's body.
In his opening statement, Fox
argued that the evidence would
prove Harris murdered Golkho,
while Webb instructed the jury to
keep an open mind and not incrim
inate Harris before the trial began.
Testimony continues today in
Orange County Superior Court.
Liz Clement contributed to this
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Players called meeting Saturday
after 31-0 loss to Georgia Tech
termed the low point of the season. area you can count on stopping. They
"Wake is an experienced, balanced have a very good scheme of defense,
team," Crum said. "There's not one real We never take them lightly."
By SCOTT FOWLER
Assistant Sports Editor
Three days after the annihilation in
Atlanta, Dick Crum appeared optim
istic about his team and wondered aloud
about how much closer the game would
have been if UNC had run a "three yards
and a cloud of dust" offense.
Crum, who witnessed one of the all
time crummiest performances in recent
years by a North Carolina football team
Saturday, told of team meetings and
what might have been, during his
weekly press conference Tuesday.
Saturday night the football team
called a meeting, and Crum spoke to
them after the 3 1 -0 loss to Georgia Tech.
The coach came out of the meeting
impressed with his team's serious
attitude and determination to get back
"This is as good a group as IVe
coached," Crum said. "I didn't chew
them out or anything. They took the
loss pretty seriously. There wasn't much
talk on the plane on the way back. IVe
been with groups before that have lost
and were laughing and giggling on the
way home, but not this one."
Crum nostalgically remembered the
olden days, when the Tar Heels could
go on 80-yard, 14-play drives and put
the ball in the air once or twice. "If
we were a three yards and cloud of dust
offense, the score probably wouldn't
have been like it was," he said. "If we'd
been sticking it right at them, the score
might have been 17-14 one way or the
However, Crum quickly added that
just because he was dissatisfied with the
offense Saturday, he wouldn't radically
alter it. "Well still go with what weVe
been practicing," he said.
Crum said that the main reason for
-This is as good
a group as I've
coached. I didn't
chew them out
talk on the plane
on the way back.'
the loss was the inconsistency the Tar
Heels displayed throughout the game.
"We did some things well, but in the
next breath we didn't make the play
we needed," he said. "Tech was very
consistent, and we never could establish
a rhythm with the offense."
One of UNC's few pluses in the Tech
game was the play of tailback Brad
Sullivan, who replaced the injured
William Humes and rushed for 62
yards. "We saw some really good things
from Brad," Crum said. "He had some
good runs, and with a little more
experience, he's going to be a very good
back for us."
Wake Forest visits Kenan Stadium
this Saturday, sporting a 3-2 record and
having just thrown a scare into a
powerful Tennessee team before losing,
31-29. Last season the Demon Deacons
surprised UNC 14-3 in Winston-Salem,
a game that many Tar Heel players
;:-:::K ' -" S
Clifford Grobstein, professor at University of California at San Diego,
speaking about "Science and the Unborn." See story, page 2.
Philosophy is the microscope of thought Victor Hugo