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Copyright 1985 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 93, Issue 82
Tuesday, October 15, 1985 Chapel Kill, North Carolina
ii J I J J C J
sir- , .
UNC junior Felicia Barlow of Oxford, N.C., puts the finishing touches
on cleaning the stage in Memorial Hall Sunday before the perfor
BOG H&ve atihleties? adlemk pmMems ' 0khaiini&$(Dirs
By RANDY FARMER
Low SAT scores, poor graduation
rates and exceptions to admission
standards were among the problems a
special committee of the UNC Board
of Governors ?found in a study of
academic requirements for student
athletes in the UNC system.
The BOG approved a policy Friday
to deal with the problems, calling for
no changes among the 15 institutions
with sports programs in the UNC
system. The proposal was made by the
BOG's special committee on intercol
The committee left the responsibility
of coping with the problems to the
chancellors of each institution. Each
athletic director is responsible for the
administration of that institution's
athletic department, but the chancellor
of the institution supervises the athletic
department, which has been a policy
for about 30 years, the report stated.
Samuel H. Poole, chairman of the
committee, said the report was initiated
because BOG members wanted to know
more about athletics in the UNC
The committee found that athletics
in the UNC system are in good shape,
t(mdent activism targets
By KAREN YOUNGBLOOD
Sit-ins, demonstrations and
arrests mark a new age of activism
on university campuses, as more
students around the nation get
involved in the dispute over apar
theid and divestment.
Students at Stanford University
are trying to get the university to
totally divest its funds from South
Africa, said Mike Collins, a member
of Stanford's council of presidents.
Collins estimated that Stanford had
between $200 and $600 million in its
investment funds. So far, student
protest has been in the form of civil
"It's like the '60s all over again,"
Collins said. "Stanford is very
involved with the apartheid issue.
This weekend we had nine students
arrested for civil disobedience, and
four are filing police brutality
"The most popular form of civil
disobedience is sit-ins, especially in
the bursar's (college treasurer) office
after hours," he said. "The police . . .
issue citations telling you to leave,
and if you refuse, they haul you off
Collins said students at Stanford
had created two groups, Stanford
Coalition Against Apartheid and
Students Out Of South Africa, which
were educating people about
"SOOSA has speakers who have
been to South Africa, and it plainly
v 9 J
"We didn't find any of the horror
stories that you read about in the papers
about scandals," Poole said.
But the report did state "that in many
instances there are some serious prob
lems associated with our programs, and
that some of these have the potential,
to lead to gross abuses that could
seriously impair institutional integrity
unless the problems are faced and firmly
Poole said, "What we did for jthe
initial action on this issue is to prepare
a shopping list for the chancellors and
then have the chancellors report to their
respective boards of trustees."
Each institution's chancellor also will
have to submit an annual report to the
UNC system president, who reports to
Allowing the chancellors to handle
the matter is the best way to deal with
the problems, Poole said, because it
. gives the BOG a method of accounta
bility, it involves the trustees more and
it maintains the chancellor's role as
supervisor in the issue.
Poole said the chancellors had been
very cooperative throughout the study
because "they were no longer on their
own in dealing with the situation."
Poole said the committee chose not
to require the athletic departments to
increases the civil disobedience
because of its high visibility kind of
protests," he said. "SCAA has more
graduate students, and it's more of
an educational process."
Collins said the administration
was not cooperative with the divest
"IVe spoken with Tom Kennedy,
the president, and he says the
university will not divest and that
protests against apartheid must
come from Washington, D.C.,"
Collins said. "The University uses the
excuse that divestment is not going
to help end apartheid."
Barbara Ransby, head of the Free
South Africa Coordinating Commit
tee at the University of Michigan,
said students there were protesting
for total divestment.
"Our demands are that the Uni
versity of Michigan totally divest,"
she said. "They are 99 percent
divested, and we are encouraging
that they divest the $500,000 left in
Ransby said students were trying
to get the university to play a more
active role in the anti-apartheid
movement by making a moral state
ment against apartheid.
"We are also demanding that the
university give an honorary degree
to Nelson Mandela (jailed South
African anti-apartheid activist)," she
said. "In principle, the university says
it agrees with us, but in words, not
See APARTHEID page 3
The ultimate censorship is the flick of the dial
mance of the Louisville Ballet For
Elizabeth Ellen's review on page 3.
University of North Carolina at Wilmington 50
University of North Carolina at CrmpeHill b 48 fc
Appalachian State University " 42
University of North Carolina at Charlotte 36
Western Carolina University 24
North Carolina State University 23
North Carolina A&T State University 22
East Carolina University 19
Graduation percentages for student
with full grants-in-aid, all sports: Fall
take action because such a position
would be hypocritical to the past policy
of allowing the chancellor to be respon
sible for the athletic departments.
Arthur Padilla, associate vice pres
ident of academic affairs, said, "I think
the main finding in the report is that
we have an athletic program in the UNC
system that makes a great contribution.
It provides a lot of students with an
opportunity to get a quality education," ;
Padilla said. "It (the report) also shows
there are some problems."
The chancellors will report to the
By KATHY NANNEY
Three Soviet graduate students will
try to convince Americans that Soviet
policies in lesser-developed countries
are policies of good will during a debate
tonight in Memorial Hall.
The Soviets will face three members
of the UNC debate team at 8 p.m. They
will discuss "What are the responsibil
ities of the U.S.S.R. and the U.S.A. for
assisting the economics and political
stability and growth of developing
By GRANT PARSONS
Fairness in Media has created an offshoot
organization", Accuracy in Academia, to monitor
professor bias in colleges nationwide, but so far no
cases have been reported at UNC.
Accuracy in Academia, now two months old, aims
"to promote greater accuracy and balance by
encouraging students to question a bias or opinion
when they hear it," said Les Csorba, executive director
of AI A in Washington, D.C.
The organization is not fully organized yet. The
first newsletter has not been mailed and membership
roles have yet to be compiled. Regional directors for
AI A have not been selected.
Nevertheless, AI A recieves calls everyday from
interested students, Csorba said. "Mostly the calls
have been from students wanting to know what we're
about," he said. "There has been one student call from
Chapel Hill, but no specific cases (of professor bias)
have been reported (from Chapel Hill).
Csorba said AIA was not engaged in ferreting out
biased lectures on its own, but relies on students to
report bias to AIA in Washington. "It's a resource
they (students) can turn to," he said.,
"How it works is most regular students go to class,
as they should," he said. "If they find a bias, they
comments on the show, see
- athletes who entered as freshmen
1978 - Fall 1981
BOG in July 1986 so the BOG can
follow up on the problems on the
individual campuses, Poole said. The
committee will decide then if more
action is needed, he said.
The committee's report offered the
first comprehensive look at college
athletics of any major university in the
nation, Poole said.
Following are some of its findings:
Athletes have been admitted below
minimum admission requirements at all
institutions studied except N.C. A&T
and UNC-Asheville. Minimum require
Third World countries?" UNC is the last
stop for the three students, who have
debated the topic at six U.S. campuses.
Americans are good-natured, good
hearted and friendly, but they lack
information and are misinformed about
Soviet policies and goals, the three
Soviets said in an interview Tuesday.
During the debates, they have been
asked questions indicating that Amer
icans are not informed about the Soviet
Union, said Yelena Kravchenko, a
graduate student and faculty member
know they have some recourse if they need it.
"Right now, we're just a phone number somewhere,
but we hope to expand," he said.
AIA will not act unless it receives an actual example
of a professor adding his own opinion and expressing
it as fact, or slanting and distorting the facts, Csorba
said. Then an AIA staff member will contact the
professor and attempt to find out if the remark was
taken out of context or is an accurate reflection of
a particular bias.
"Well usually do that by telephone," he said. "We
dont have a large enough budget. I can't just fly to
Phoenix or wherever to find out."
If AIA decides that a remark truly reflects a bias,
it will be noted in the organization's newsletter, which
is to be published 10 times a year.
Csorba said AIA advocated the use of tape
recorders to analyze lectures. "The way I see it," he
said, "a tape recorder is an honest man's best friend.
Lectures are public forums and should be made
available to all."
George A. Kennedy, professor of classics and
chairman of the UNC Faculty Council, said he might
be hesitant to allow classes to be taped.
"What I say in a lecture could be taken out of
context if you don't consider the readings or previous
assignments and lectures," Kennedy said. "Sometimes
By MIKE GUNZENHAUSER
HILLSBOROUGH District Attor
ney Carl Fox requested the death
penalty Monday for Alton Eugene
Harris Jr., found guilty Friday of first
degree murder and attempted first
degree rape of UNC sophomore Fresh
Harris grew up in poverty without
adequate supervision and discipline,
and his father was an alcoholic, said
family members presented by defense
attorneys at a sentencing hearing for
Harris, 20, of 801 Estes Drive, Chapel
The 11 -woman, one-man jury will
begin deliberating on a sentence for
Harris at 9 a.m. today in Orange County
Carrboro police found Golkho, 19,
stabbed to death in her J-l Royal Park
Apartment March 16. A wallet found
near her body led police to Harris, who
was arrested March 17.
Because of strong emotions on both
sides of the case, spectators at the
hearing were required to pass through
a metal detector before entering the
When the guilty verdict was
announced Friday, Fariba Golkho
Homesley, Golkho's sister, ran crying
from the courtroom. Edna Harris,
Harris mother, collapsed screaming
and was taken away by an ambulance.
The murder was especially heinous,
atrocious and cruel, Fox said, an
aggravating factor that the jury should
find outweighed all mitigating factors
presented by the defense.
ments have been waived for athletes
Admission standards vary from
campus to campus within the UNC
system, but generally, the men's basket
ball and football players accounted for
the : majority of the" admission
For example, three of the four
freshmen on the men's basketball team
at East Carolina University were
admitted as exceptions to the normal
admission process; 22 of 74 freshmen
in football; and 35 of 121 male freshmen
in all varsity sports.
Student athletes admitted as excep
tions between 1980 and 1984 at ECU
average 40 annually and represent some
15 percent of all exceptions at that
At UNC, 17 of the 21 men's sports
exceptions were in football and basket
ball over the 1980-84 period, 25 of 35
at ECU and 14 of 25 at NCSU.
The percentage of student athletes
in the UNC system scoring below 700
combined on the SAT were: 48 percent
at ECU, 42 percent at NCSU and 41
percent at UNC. In addition, 35 percent
at ECU, six percent at NCSU and 15
percent at UNC scored below 600 on
the SAT. The percentages scoring above
the institution's average SAT score for
in the department of modern and
contemporary history at Moscow State
"I am often asked two crazy ques-
1 tions," she said. "They ask if I am afraid
to visit the U.S., and will I become
famous after I return. These questions
show that some Americans do not have
an adequate opinion about Soviet
people and Soviet students."
The American media incorrectly
portray Soviets as beastly and cruel, an
image encouraged by the Reagan
to monitor professor bias
Golkho was stabbed 18 times, Fox
said, and some of the wounds were
"The death penalty is the appropriate
punishment in this case," he said.
"Don't decide this case based on
sympathy for the defendant," Fox said,
"and don't decide this case based on
sympathy for Freshteh Golkho."
J. Kirk Osborn and Douglas Webb,
Harris' attorneys, said the jury should
consider Harris' age and immaturity.
After his arrest, Harris made his
statement in tears, Osborn said. "He
said he did it," Osborn said, "albeit the
best way he could."
Mrs. Harris said that Harris grew up
in a log house without indoor plumbing,
and he had to share a bedroom with
his brothers and sisters.
Jimmy Young, Harris' former foot
ball coach at Chapel Hill High School,
said he had no problem with Harris,
who was a leader on the team.
Osborn recalled the testimony of
chief medical examiner Dr. Page
Hudson, who found no evidence of
"We ask that you make a decision
in favor of life, Alton Harris' life," Webb
told the jury.
"There is nothing you can do to bring
(Golkho) back," he said, "including
killing Alton Harris."
Loretta Petty, one of Golkho's
roommates, had been dating Harris at
the time of Golkho's death.
Golkho was a native of Tehran, Iran,
and lived in Jacksonville, N.C., about
10 years before attending UNC.
all freshmen were 22 percent at ECU,
13 percent at NCSU and 1 1 percent at
The athletes' course loads and total
semester credit hours were below those
of other full-time students.
'Graduation rates -of the student
athletes were much lower than the
general student bodies at their institu
tions. Regular students who do not
graduate usually drop out of school
during their freshmen or sophomore
years while athletes that do not graduate
usually play their four years of athletic
eligibility, the report stated. Graduation
rates among sports within an institution
showed little variance, the report stated.
Padilla said there was no worst
problem among those listed, but they
were all related.
The BOG report also directs the
chancellors to require drugs and gam-
bling awareness programs for Division .
I school athletes in compliance with a
NCAA proposal, Padilla said.
The report was compiled by the nine
member committee through a series of
meetings with chancellors, athletic
directors, faculty chairmen, faculty
committees on athletics, board of
trustee chairmen and booster club
chairmen. The special committee was
formed in March 1985.
administration, the Soviets said.
"I know the movie Rambo is popular
among teen-agers here," said Vladimir
Meshcheryakov, a graduate student at
the International Studies Institute in
Moscow. "Rambo presents beastly
Soviets on the screen. I would not
commend the reel. We do not have any
reel or book in the U.S.S.R. represent
ing beastly Americans.
"Bringing up children to hate Soviets
See USSR page 2
I argue both sides (of an issue) on different days.
I could be quoted as arguing only one side of an
issue if only one day is taped."
Kennedy said faculty members had discussed what
to do about AIA and decided they did not want to
overreact. "We decided to deal with it by not making
a big deal of it," he said.
"Well keep our ear to the ground and see what
develops," Kennedy said. "If it (checking for bias)
is done with restraint and respect, it can be a valued
part of the educational experience.
"I only have problems with it if it becomes
disruptive," he said. "We cannot tolerate disruption
Kennedy also said he wondered if the reviewer could
keep bias out of the review. "Since the review would
be done by a human being, abuse and emotion could
enter into it," he said.
Lori Taylor, co-chair of Students for America, a
conservative student group, said that someone from
AIA had spoken to SFA, but SFA was not actively
searching for bias at UNC.
"I think I would know about it if they (SFA
members) were monitoring lectures on Students for
America's behalf," she said. "I haven't heard anything
about it. They might be, but I really doubt it."