North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2The Daily Tar HeelMonday. October 28. 1985
Mommaon speaks own dosciroinnioiniatoOT ood
By ANDY TRINCIA
State and National Editor
Women and Indians in Bolivia arc greatly
discriminated against and poorly educated, a visiting
Bol'man woman said in an interview Friday.
I.ucila Mcjia de Morales, executive national
secretary of the Federation of Peasant Women in
Bolivia, has been traveling around the United States
for the past two weeks, visiting universities and
speaking to women's and Indian groups.
Morales, speaking through interpreter George
(iambic, associate director of the Campus Y, said
information gained from women's groups here would
help her organization's efforts to improve the role
of women in Bolivian society.
"I will report back to the federation in Bolivia,"
she said. 1 will talk and share my information, using
it to analyze our situation. But I realize we have a
different situation in Bolivia than women do in the
Morales trip to the United States was financed
by the Washington. D.C.-based Institute of Policy
Studies Third World Women's Education Project.
Morales comes from the small village of Chiarumau
in Bolivia's Aroma province. Coming from a village
where all the women were illterate. Morales left home
at age 12 to put herself through school. She completed
sixth grade, which is considered an excellent accomp
lishment for a peasant woman.
Speaking on discrimination. Morales referred to
the indigenous peoples of Bolivia, specifcally the
Quechua and Aymara, the two major tribal groups
and languages in Bolivia. Morales, who is trilingual,
considers Aymara her first language, Quechua her
second and Spanish her third.
. "I am very impressed with the educational system
and opportunities here," she said. "Here students in
universities have their own rooms and cars. The whole
system is very impressive and so much easier. Here
you also have lots of automated things where in
Bolivia many things are handmade."
Morales said her group was founded five years ago
and only recently started to achieve its objectives. One
of the group's primary goals is to establish formal
education for women.
"Women have no right to education," she said. "It
is a. social and cultural custom for the woman not
to be educated. But in our heads we are equal."
Morales said women were treated as second rate
citizens while Indian women were considered third
rate. Most women are deprived of basic human and
moral rights, she said.
Morales said her organization would like increase
the awareness of the sexual and ethnic discrimination
in Bolivia. .
"It will be a slow process, and well take it step-by-step,"
she said. "We will keep working until there's
no more discrimination."
NEA endorses $50 million Mil to benefit high school dropouts
By DEVI SEN
The National Education Association
has endorsed a $50 million bill, cur
rently being debated in Congress, which
will provide local school systems a way
to keep high school kids from dropping
"The bill has a two-fold purpose,"
said Howard Carroll, NEA spokesman.
"It would provide schools ways to
identify potential dropouts and to urge
them to keep up in school, and it will,
encourage young people who have left
school to return."
One of the main goals is to keep
young people in school, Carroll said.
NEA Vice President Keith Geiger said
before a Senate Subcommittee on
Education that 25 percent of the
nation's 18-year-olds never graduate
from high school.
Geiger, who testified in support of
the $50 million Dropout Prevention and
Reentry Act, cited a report from the
Business Advisory Commission to
persuade the Senate to consider the bill.
Carroll said: "The problem with any
program is that it will be something new
added to each local school program. It
isn't a good climate for anything new.
The whole mood up here in Washing
ton, D.C., is to cut as much money as
possible," he said.
About 700,000 students dropped out
of school last year, 300,000 of which
were chronic truants, according to the
recent Business Advisory Commission
The dropout rate is higher for,
minorities and the poor. The rate is
three to four times higher for children
from poor families than for wealthy
ones. White students drop out of school
one and one-half to two times less than
black and Hispanic students.
The NEA has established its own
private dropout program, "Operation
Rescue," where NEA members allo
cated $1.7 million based on a dollar
from each member, Carroll said.
"It's in its planning stage now," he
said. "It will take a whole year to see
if it's going to work in some states."
There are other proposals being
considered, he said, but the program
would definitely not begin before the
1986-87 school year.
Out of the $1.7 million dollars,
$700,000 will fund outstanding, locally
developed dropout prevention pro
grams and $1 million will go into an
on-going fund for the program as a
whole, he said.
Carroll said: '"Operation Rescue'
would provide a counseling service, a
program that would bring the family
and the school together. The counseling
will try and find out what the student's
problem is, whether it is the home
environment, peers, school environ
ment or drug alcohol abuse," he said.
Since the NEA is private, the rrib'ney
distributed among the school systems
would come from recommendations
from NEA affiliates, he said.
Carroll said the money from the
government act, if passed, would bex
"The school district will have to apply
for the grants," he said. "There will be
basic guidelines, but because of limited
funds, it will be based on need."
Committee retains subsidi
From wire reports
WASHINGTON The House
Ways and Means Committee, in a
weekend of meetings that could
decide the future revision the federal
tax system, voted Saturday to retain
most of the tax advantages now used
to subsidize construction of low
The housing issue is of particular
importance in New York City, where
officials feared that President Rea
gan's proposed restrictions on tax
exempt bonds would prevent devel
opers from building apartments for
Hussein, Arafat showdown
AMMAN, Jordan King Hus
sein, increasingly mad at Yasser
Arafat, may threaten to drop the
PLO chariman from his peace
initiative, forcing him to make an
unequivocal declaration recognizing
Israel and renouncing violence, said
Palestinian, Jordanian and Western
The showdown is expected today
at a scheduled meeting here between
Hussein and Arafat.
Russian seaman thrown back
NEW ORLEANS A Russian
seaman apparently seeking to defect
to the United States jumped into the
Mississippi River and swam ashore
but was returned to his ship by
federal officials who could not
understand what he was saying, U.S.
authorities said Saturday.
Border Patrol agents believed the
man, who also jumped from a
crewboat that later took him back
news in mlQi
to his ship, was a stowaway. He was
finally carried back to the ship
screaming on Friday by eight Soviet
Patient progress encouraging
PITTSBURGH Doctors were
"very encouraged" Saturday with the
progress of artificial heart recipient
Thomas Gaidosh, while across the
state, in Hershey, Anthony Mandia
said that he would like to wait for
his human heart at home.
Both men are awaiting human
hearts to replace the artificial devices
beating in their chests.
Doctors at Presbyterian
University Hospital in Pittsburgh
said Gaidosh's progress was "a
beautiful example of the marriage
between the Jarvik-7 artificial heart
and the patient's own physiology."
RIO VISTA, Calif. California's
wandering whale was sighted Satur
day 58 miles from the ocean and a
task force took to their boats in
renewed efforts to herd the giant
mammal from the Sacramento River
to the open sea.
Marine biologists, fishermen and
construction workers took off after
the whale nicknamed "Humph
rey" and "E.T." after he was
sighted two miles below the bridge
that rescuers forced him to swim
under a day before.
U.N. spokeswoman discusses effect of superpower's attitudes
By JILL GERBER
and AN J ETTA McQUEEN
The United States and the Soviet
Union give minor weight to multilateral
disarmament compared to bilateral
disarmament between their two .coun
tries, said Inga Thorsson in her public
lecture, "History of the Arms Race: A
European Perspective" Thursday.
Thorsson, head of the United Nations
Department of Social Development,
spoke to an audience of about 80 at
Hanes Arts Theater in the Ackland
Building to commemorate National
Thorsson, who served as Swedish
undersecretary of state, said her speech
was from a neutral European
"The superpowers tend to regard
other countries with indifference except
when a particular policy affects them
in some way," she said.
She said that the upcoming talks in
Geneva had more short-term impor-
Every Monday Night is
Nickel Night! That means
that when you order any
size pizza from Domino's
Pizza with any one of your
favorite toppings, we'll
- actd v second toppwng for
just a nicked
Make your pizza a little
more special on Monday
nights. You don't need a
coupon and you don't
have to ask you get a
second topping for just
We call it Nickel Night
Monday from America's
favorite pizza delivery
In Chapel Hill:
Serving UNC Campus,
W. Chapel Hill & Carrtoom:
412 East Main St., Carrboro
I Serving North mm Emmt ,, , ,
209 15-501 By-Pass
4:30 PM -1AM Mon.-Thurs.
11:00 AM -1AM Sundays
Limited delivery areas.
Drivers carry under $20.
1985 Domino's Pizza, Inc.
a $1.50 off B3aaBB Expires January 7, 1986 $1.50 off c
I v7n v
r i n oi am
i ugaazH.Qas C3scn.saii3i vjguascEi
iL $1.50 off BBB888BO with COlipOfl BBBBB $1.50 off 1888-1
Soft Contact Lenses
r i I I :, &. -wo, "W l
xiisir' j r.m
f - -
Includes o cp
u LT Kroninger, Optometrist
121 S. Estes Dr., Suite 106-A
r New No. 7
6 oz. Sirloin,
All Day Mon-Sun
11 am-10:00 pmy
rfyteot placet eatf
324 W. Rosemary St.
tance. However, the need for multilat
eral disarmament is of long-term
"The world is at a crossroad with the
arms race," she said. "Pursue the arms
race or end it."
Thorsson said the arms race was both
quantitative and qualitative.
One nine-megaton Soviet Poseidon
missile could destroy 200 of the nation's
largest cities, while a single 24-megaton
missile launched from a Trident sub
marine "could destroy every important
city in the Northern Hemisphere," she
Thorsson focused on the problem of
nuclear spending in the U.S. and the
Soviet Union as well as other nations.
World nations spend $900 billion a year
on weaponry, $1.7 million per minute,
. . She outlined several examples of
military spendjng's damaging effect on
national economies. The $900 billion
spent on arms is 25 times greater than
what wealthy nations spend on fighting
hunger, she said.
The United States and the Soviet
Union share 62 percent of the world's
nuclear expenditures but even the
world's richest country, the United
States, cannot afford the high expen
diture of the Strategic Defense Initia
tive, or "Star Wars," Thorsson said.
There is distrust and suspicion
between the superpowers. There is no
political will to disarm and there is a
struggle between the powers for military
supremacy, she said. '
She said the proliferation of nuclear
weapons would not disappear in our
The lecture was sponsored by the
College of Arts and Sciences and the
department of international studies.;
for the record
Thursday's story "New, capstone
courses to be offered" incorrectly
identified the course "Human resources,
population and environment" as Biol
ogy 94A. The course will be offered as
Biology 56 this spring.
Thursday's story "Groups may find
unity in CAN" incorrectly identified the
Carolina Gay and Lesbian Assiciation
as the Campus Gay and Lesbian
The Daily Tar Heel regrets these
Hear the music of Handel, Vivaldi & Bach
as it was meant to be heard . . .
on the instruments of the period.
THE ACADEMY OF ANCIENT MUSIC
Tuesday October 29
Memorial Hall Chapel Hill
Admission $12 All Seats Reserved
(Season Ticket Savings Still Available!)
$34.50 UNC Students
Still to come s. . -
" Earl Wild, pianist January 22
Prague Chamber Orchestra February II
; .. Kavafiah & Kavafian March 25
Get your tickets now from
Carolina Union Box Office 962-1449
Master Card Visa Accepted
The hardest thing about break
ing into professional
music is well, break
ing into professional
music. So if you Ye
looking for an oppor
tunity to turn your
musical talent into
a full-time perform
ing career, take a
good look at the
and John Philip
waltz and boogie
as well as march.
and they perform
before concert au-
diences as well
as spectators. t
With an average
of 40 performances a month, there's
also the opportunity for travel
not only across America, but possibly
Most important, you can
expect a tirst-rate pro
from your instructors,
facilities and fellow ,
musicians. The Army
V i i i
4 - can help you
pay for off-
, tion, and if
he n vou
read music, performing in the Army
could be your big break. Write:
Chief, Army Bands Office, Fort
Benjamin Harrison, IN 46216-5005. .
Or call toll free 1-800-USA-ARMY.
, i v. s
1 student loans.
If you can sight-
Predict the winners of A.B.Cs Monday Night Football
and win $25.00 in cash and two regular size pizzas!
Pick up your forecast entry scorecard at the cash register.
Fill in the name of the winning team, the point spread,
and the total number of points scored. Place your entry in
the box before game time. You must be present to win
and you may place only one entry per game. In the event
of a tie, the prize will be split between the winners.
208 West Frankl m Stre