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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 94, Issue 25
Wednesday, April 2, 198S
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
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By ROBERT KEEFE
The Uniied Stales must strive to
promote education and increase pro
ductivity if it is to remain a leader in
the industrial world. Sen. Thomas
Eagleton. D-Mo., told a group of UNC
business students in Carroll Hall
"We have had a high standard of
living," said Eagleton. "We were able
to justify it over the years because we
were a very productive nation. But they
(other nations) are now closing the gap.
"The only way to continue having (a
high standard of living) is to increase
productivity," he said. "And the only
way to increase productivity is to
produce more talented individuals."
Eagleton made reference to a book
he was working on with an associate
that will attempt to explain the U.S.
Constitution in fourth-grade language.
"Why fourth grade?" he asked the
crowd, "because that is the reading
common denominator in the U.S."
"By and large we have an inferior
education system," he said, "particularly
in the elementary and secondary school
Eagleton's speech, titled "American
Business with its Back Against the
Wall," was sponsored by the UNC
School of Business.
In addition to improving education
in the U.S., the American people must
also accept a lower standard of living
that is comparable to their production
level. He told of a tour of Hong Kong,
Japan, and Korea that he took recently
with Sen. John C. Danforth, R-Mo.
In Hong Kong, Eagleton visited one
of the six Mattel toy factories in the
Pacific basin. There, employees were
working for 25 cents an hour, as
compared with $13.50 being paid to
Mattel workers at the company's Los
"I was told that (in Los Angeles) they
were handling the big, bulky stuff," he'
said. "But soon that would be discon
tinued and that plant would be moved
to Hong Kong as well. When that
happens, one of America's biggest toy
makers will no longer have a factory
in the U.S."
Eagleton also said that something
must be done about the $150 billion
trade deficit that occured last year. "I'm
not predicting the crash of 79 . . . but
if you look at the trade deficit factored
down through the years, one has
considerable reason for worry."
Eagleton said that the protectionist
attitude Congress has taken toward
industry in the U.S. was declining. But
In Pit speech
By DONNA LEINWAND
Students should lay a hard, heavy
hand on government until apartheid
is eliminated, said U.S. Senate
hopeful Terry Sanford during a.
campaign speech to a midday crowd
Tuesday in the Pit.
"I just believe students ought to
feel free to express themselves . . .
(by protesting)," he said, referring to
the shanties in front of the South
Building built by the UNC Anti
Apartheid Support Group.
Sanford, 68, governor of North
Carolina from 1961 to 1965 and
president of Duke University from
1970 to 1985, is seeking the Demo
cratic nomination for the Senate seat
held by Republican John East.
The speech was sponsored by the
UNC Students for Sanford, which
received permission from Sanford's
campaign office to organize at UNC
about two months ago, said Bill
Fuller, co-chairman of the
Sanford said he supported a
strong defense but did not think the
United States' objective in Central
America was to exert military force.
"It's an opportunity to join with
other nations to build a literal
showplace for American society," he
said. "We should be building better
lives, not better battlefields."
Aid to Nicaraguan Contras should
be phased out, he said after his
speech. "Wc can't just pull the rug
but from under them."
'The only way to continue
having (a high standard
of living) is to increase
productivity. And the only
way to increase productivity
is to produce more talented
individuals. By and large,
the rise in the dollar over the Japanese
yen has improved with the fall in oil
"This makes imports into the U.S.
less attractive," he said. "And more
importantly it makes exports from the
U.S. more attractive to other nations."
Bur evewithuJthe government's
"protectionist attitudes and a rise in the
dollar, trade between the U.S. and other
nations is still not as good as it should
v "Japan puts unnecessary lids on a lot
of things," he said. "They need to give
us a break (on allowing imports)
because God knows we sure give them
Eagleton was elected to the Senate
in 1968. He has served on the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, the
Governmental Affairs Committee and
the Senate Select Committee on Intel
ligence. In 1972 he was former Sen.
George McGovern's original choice for
He said he was against unilateral
disarmament, but the United States
should lead in the peace talks. The
Soviet Union and the United States
should agree not to sell arms to third
world countries, he said.
The nation's welfare programs are
in need of reform, he said. "We need
to design a program with people's,
aspirations needs and goals in mind."
Sanford, in conversations with
students and reporters, said Con
gress should consider the importance
of funding for education and
"The Gramm-Rudman cuts are
simply a device to say that Congress
has to face up to balancing the
budget," he said. "Research and
student aid are important and should
be considered investments, not
Sanford said he had put together
a Farm Advisory Council to deal
with problems facing state farmers.
"We need to restructure the farm
debts and look into commodity
programs," he said.
Sanford, who attended UNC as
an undergraduate and a law student,
said students had a wider range of
knowledge today than they did when
he was a student.
"The spirit hasn't changed. Don't
ever give up the dreams and aspi
rations you have in college."
Sanford attended the NCAA
Final Four tournament in Dallas
over the weekend and said he was
disappointed that Duke lost.
future is in our
By JO FLEISCHER
From Chapel Hill, a town that
exports revolution to neighboring
democracies, it's "Late Night with
David Letterman" sort of.
Student Television held its first
David Letterman contest in front of
about 1 00 students Tuesday night. The
contest originally had 10 contestants,
but eight of the "weasles" dropped out,
and STV was forced to recruit a third
contestant minutes before show time,
according to emcee Derrick Ivey.
The contestants had to do an
opening monologue,5 a skit or gag, and
an interview with a famous
The Electric Beaver Cushion Band,
which changed it's name to The Back
Door Band midway through the show,
played a clumsy version of the "Late
Night" theme as the first contestant,
Timothy J. McMillan, a, graduate
student in anthropology, took to the
"How about all this political acti
vism on campus," he asked. "We have
the Johannesburg shantytown and the
Berlin wall on the south lawn, and
the line of death in Lenoir Hall."
Since the show had trouble booking
Stevie Nicks, McMillan interviewed
the pop star's wig on a stick. In a voice
laced with mock seriousness, he asked
the wig several questions:. "Stevie,
your latest record is called, I Can't
Wait.' What is it you can't wait for?"
and "Isn't Tom Petty a married man?"
The wig chose not to answer
McMillan, but the audience
, responded with wild applause.
Emcee Ivey asked the crowd if they
thought the contest may have been a
. cruel April Fool's hoax. "It still might
be," he said before introducing David
Gregory, the graduate student recru
ited minutes before showtime.
"1 wasn't supposed to be here, but
all these weasels wimped out," he said.
Gregory, bearded and bearing not
even the slightest resemblance to
Letterman, explained why he was
wearing sunglasses: "To cover up the
By JO FLEISCHER
Funky bass playing accompanied by
a rhythm machine and a message rap
by Eric "Wacko" Walker entertained
sun worshippers in the Pit Tuesday.
The interaction between blacks and
whites at UNC could be made easier
if people were less shy about simply
saying "hello" to one another. This was
the message students heard when
Walker, the new BSM vice-president,
and law student Joel Segal staged a
musical, "Plea for racial unity."
Segal played bass guitar behind
DTH Larry Childress
Terry Sanford specks in the Pit Tuesday
own hands, to make or to mar
' u A ! i tu en
Kenneth Hirsch, a freshman from
amazing physical similarities between
me and Dave. Our first names are the
same, we both have the strength of
10 men and Dave is my dad."
Gregory interviewed Derrick Ivey in
order to expose the "contest fraud."
Gregory asked if the allegations about
drug abuse in STV were true.
"Absolutely," Ivey answered. "We
abuse Vivarin, NoDoz and various
The last contestant, Kenneth
Hirsch, a freshman from Chapel Hill
who also wears a beard, opened by
talking to "Paul Schaeffer," (actually
the Electric Beaver Back Door key
board player). "What's the deal on that
holiday Sunday, Paul?" "Uhhh, Pas
Walker, who told the crowd, there was
a problem at UNC, in that people are
split into factions of black and white
and didn't talk to each other.
"We're talking about people," Walker
said. "We all go to the same classes,
and listen to the same boring lectures
by the same boring professors when
we'd rather be out in the sun, yet for
some reason we don't talk to each other
Segal, still playing funk improvisa
tions, told the crowd he could demon
strate how blacks and whites could
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Chapel Hill, displays one of what he believes are the all-time worst albums
sover," Paul responded.
"No Easter," Hirsch said. " W-U,
gee whiz, you know Paul, it's spring
and baseball is upon us, and I guess
we all know how painful that can be,"
Hirsch did a sketch he called
"Landmarks in recording history."
The first excerpt was from a record
called "The Living Constitution of the
United States." "Sing along if you
know the words," he told the crowd.
Another landmark recording was
titled "Sports Highlights of the
Sixties." The excerpt featured
Muhammed Ali speaking, as Hirsch
put it, "Before 2,000 blows to the
achieve better rapport.
Walker and Segal walked toward
each other and when they met they said
hello. "Hi, I see you go to the same
school that I do," Segal said. "IVe seen
you around, and you seem pretty
interesting, maybe we could get together
Walker asked the audience to intro
duce themselves to the person sitting
next to them. After the introductions
had been made, Walker asked, "Now
wasn't that easy?"
A bystander approached the duo and
asked them what racial unity was all
Higlh tedn limite
Mffe9 speaker says
By JACKIE LEACH
"We, as a culture, face a danger that
we have not yet recognized," said
University of Michigan philosophy
professor Dr. Frithjof Bergmann. "Our
culture may have created a technology
that could threaten our existence."
Bergmann spoke to about 70 people
in Hamilton Hall Tuesday about "The
Future of Work." The lecture was given
as part of Carolina Symposium 1986,
"Technology, Society, and the
Bergmann, the author of "On Being
Free," discussed the need to create more
jobs in a society that is quickly being
taken over by new technologies. "We
have created a technology, starting with
the invention of the wheel, that is
designed to eliminate human labor," he
He said we live in a culture where
work has become the backbone of our
lives. "Our work is not only a source
of income, but a source of identity and
self-respect", he said. "As a result, we
must have work."
He said both the need for work and
the creation of new, labor-eliminating
technology have created opposing
forces, "like two trains plowing into
each other." As a result, he said, people
must make greater sacrifices to secure
He said our society would become
one where only a small group of people
would experience wealth, and a greater
A brief note on
Recognizing that UNC people receive
recognition for doing recognizable-type
things, The Daily Tar Heel has recog
nized a void in its coverage. Thus, we
announce the creation of Campus News
Scholarship winners, award recip
ients, and Good Samaritans have
Ivey asked the contestants but on
stage before the judges voted to point
out, among other things, that all the
contestants wore tennis shoes, iden
tical blue blazers, and khaki trousers
the same as Letterman usually
The judges, actually an informal
sampling of the crowd, chose the first
contestant, Tim McMillan to host
STV's David Letterman show next
Wednsday. Ivey asked him if he had
practiced the gap between his front
teeth a la Letterman, before presenting
him with an STV sponge.
Selected tidbits from the contest will
be shown on STV's This Is It tonight
about. Segal responded that it meant
that he was white and Walker was black,
and that they were friends because of
what they had in common, and none
of their differences affected that
Segal closed the presentation saying
he learned to play the bass from black
musicians, which enabled him to adopt
many different styles of playing.
"The bass is an instrument which
provides the unity in a band, just as
a smile or a "hello" can provide the unity
we need here at UNC," Segal said.
19 8 6
number will live a marginal existence.
He added that society is moving into
an era when people will have to have
very high-powered skills, which may
cause the elimation of the "protected
To remedy this dilemma, he sug
gested that instead of further depleting
and discouraging the work force, our
society needed to create more of what
he termed "high work."
He said that most people tend to
associate high work with genius or
something purposeful. High work, he
said, was work people wanted to do.
"Many look on this as self
indulgence," he said, "people have a
very hard time getting to do this." It
makes perfect sense, he said, to do
something you want to do.
"High work is not something we
should be presupposed to do," he said.
One could find high work in writing
a novel or pursuing some kind of ,
scientific discovery. "Doing something
that we want to do is what makes work
high," he said.
Bergmann described high work as
being, "absorbed and blissful ecstasy."
"It's better than good sex", he said,
"it is then that some kind of intimacy
with the self can be found."
worked hard and succeeded. The Daily
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and faculty know what your peers arc
up to. Campus News Briefs will appear
on Mondays to do just that.
Please bring any information con
cerning such people to Grant Parsons,
university editor, by Friday at noon.