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6 Copyright 1986 The Daily Tar Heel
Hard work pays off
Phi Beta Kappa inductee
list, page 4
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Business Advertising 962-1163
Volume 94, Issue 40
Tuesday, April 22, 1986
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
ptan coste wffl molt
iiMresise mot yesur
By JEAN LUTES
The mandatory meal plan will not
increase next year because of Chase
Hall's lack of profits, although it could
according to the 1982 meal plan
agreement between the chancellor's
office and student government, said
Charles Antle Jr., associate vice chan
cellor of business.
"Chase Hall is not making a profit,"
Antle said. "(But) we will not raise the
$100 meal plan for the next year simply
because there isn't enough time to do
Antle said the administration was too
far into planning for next year to change
the food service brochures, and final
figures on the profit margin of Chase
Hall cafeteria wouldn't be available
until June or July.
The meal plan might increase two
years from now, depending on which
food service contractor receives the bid
and how well the contractor does, he
Antle said he thought Chase Hall had
the potential to be profitable. "The
building itself has had a lot of prob
lems," he said. "There have been
renovations to improve its energy
efficiency and operational problems."
The location of the south campus
cafeteria was also a problem, he said.
"Students often aren't over there in the
middle of the day, and the lunch hour
is slow," he said.
"The location problem will change
over the years," Antle said, since the
University plans construction of more
buildings on South Campus.
The faculty and staff in the new
facilities would probably use Chase
Hall, and more students would be on
South Campus during the day, he said.
ARA food service director Connie
Branch agreed. "I know more buildings
beyond Smith Center are planned for
the future," he said. "There's no
population over there.
"The heartbeat of UNC is on North
Campus where all the classrooms are.
Students don't have time with an hour
break for lunch to make it down there
and back, especially if you've got
facilities on this side of campus."
Branch said Chase Hall was like any
new business and it needed time to
grow. "People don't realize it hasn't
even been open a year yet," he said.
"Chase was opened without being
ready to go, to help out the students
on South Campus," he said, and
business would continue to pick up.
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Table for two
Beth Buchanen (left), a sophomore nursing major from Rockville, Md.,
and Cal Bond, a biology graduate student from Baltimore, Md., donate
blood at the Blood Mobile held in Great Hall Monday. It was
Buchanen's eighth and Bond's first donation.
News media wk wffii libel decisioe
WASHINGTON The Supreme Court, in a
victory for the news media, ruled Monday that
anyone who sues for libel has the burden of proving
the defamatory statement is false.
In a 5-to-4 decision in a case involving The
Philadelphia Inquirer, the court strengthened
protection against libel suits in cases where a so
called "private individual" rather than a public
figure sues a news organization.
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, writing for the
court, said, "We hold that, at least where a
newspaper publishes a speech of public concern,
a private-figure plaintiff cannot recover damages
without also showing that the statements at issue
In a dissenting opinion, Justice John Paul Stevens
said the ruling is "pernicious" because the only
. publishers "who will benefit from today's decision
are those who act negligently or maliciously."
Monday's ruling settled an issue left unresolved
by the court in 1981.
For a private citizen to win a libel suit, the law
has always required that the allegedly libelous
statement be found false and made negligently.
Truth is an absolute defense. .
But before Monday, the court had not said
whether the Constitution's guarantee of free speech
places the burden of proving truth or falsity in such
cases on the plaintiff or defendant. In practice, the
burden of proof before now has rested in some cases
on defendants and in some cases on plaintiffs.
Pennsylvania law creates a presumption that the
defamatory statement is false in cases in which a
private individual, not a public official or public
figure, sues for libel.
In most states, the issue of who bears the burden
of proof in such cases has remained cloudy under
Generally, public officials and public figures who
sue for libel bear the burden of proving the allegedly
libelous statement is false.
In other action, the court:
Agreed to decide in a Florida case whether
all recipients of federal aid, including virtually all
public schools, are barred from from discriminating
against people with contagious diseases, including
Agreed to decide whether the government may
label as "political propaganda" three Canadian films
on acid rain and nuclear war.
Agreed to decide in a case involving a Kansas
City department store whether states must pay
unemployment benefits to women who are not
reinstated in their jobs after taking maternity leaves.
Let stand the criminal conviction of U.S.
District Judge Harry E. Claiborne, the first sitting
federal judge ordered to prison. Claiborne, 68, has
remained free pending appeal of his 1984 conviction
for filing false tax reports. But now he faces the
start of a two-year prison sentence and, if he does
not resign, a possible move to have him impeached.
Refused to force the Food and Drug Admin
istration to hold public hearings on the use of the
artificial sweetener NutraSweet in soft drinks.
SeMoF CoovQC&tion to present panel
By SMITHSON MILLS
The senior class will have a chance to assemble
tonight at 8 p.m. in Memorial Hall for the first annual
A Seniors '86 newsletter said the convocation's theme
would be "Perspectives on Life After Carolina", and
there will be a panel discussion by distinguished
members of the Carolina community about the futures
of Carolina graduates as well as their years at UNC.
Admission is free and all students may attend. There
will be special seating for seniors.
The discussion will take place in a talk show-type
atmosphere and any member of the audience will be
able to ask questions of the panel members, the
Senior Class President John Kennedy said retired
UNC President William C. Friday will be the panel
moderator. "He's going to be like a Phil Donahue
walking through the audience with a microphone so
people can address the panel," Kennedy said.
Friday said he was looking forward to the
convocation and would enjoy being in the audience
with graduating seniors. "IVe been made an honorary
member of this class because I'm graduating too, so
I'm going to stick with my class," he said, referring
to his recent retirement.
Friday said there would be some extroardinary
people on the discussion panel. "My job will be to
get them on and get the students involved with the
discussion," he said. "1 want to give these young people
a chance to get acquainted with the panel members."
The panel will feature Gillian T. Cell, dean of the
College of Arts and Sciences, former Carolina
basketball great Billy Cunningham; Orange County
District Attorney Carl R. Fox; and UNC Board of
Trustees member Richard H. Jenrette, the newsletter
Before the panel discussion begins, each member
will speak for about five minutes about his or her
experiences with the University, Friday said.
Commencement Committee Chairperson Sue Skaer,
who is in charge of the convocation, said all the
participants would be volunteering their services.
Skaer said the Senior Convocation was a play on
Freshman Convocation. "At Freshman convocation,
students are told what they can expect to get out of
four years at UNC. At Senior Convocation, students
get a chance to discuss what they have learned from
those four years and what they can expect in the future,"
Skaer said the panel members would discuss a variety
of topics such as current events, philosophies of life,
and advice on decision making.
"We're hoping that since all the panel members are
part of the Carolina family we'll be able to help students
get a good grasp on the transition from student to
professional or whatever they're going to be after
school," she said.
Skaer said she hoped there would be some heated
debates between participants. "We'd really like to stir
up some controversy to make people think", she said.
Kennedy said the Senior Convocation would become
an annual event. Each year the convocation will have
a different theme, he said.
Prior to the convocation. Chancellor Christopher
C. Fordham III will host a dinner for panelists and
their guests in the North Dining Room of Lenoir Hall,
Skaer said. After the panel discussion there will be
an open reception on the Memorial Hall stage hosted
by Fordham, she said.
By MIKE GUNZENHAUSER
Tourists are bypassing Europe this
summer and opting for vacation -spots
perceived to be safer, seven Chapel Hill
travel agencies said Friday.
The most popular places for tourists
this summer are Hawaii, Mexico and
the Caribbean, travel agents said.
"Those parts of the world seem to be,
in their eyes, safer places," said Peggy
Cobb, co-owner of Travel Associates.
Although travel agents aren't advis
ing against trips to Europe, Cobb said,
"I don't think I would recommend
anyone to go to Italy or Greece."
It's still early to tell the full effect the
Libyan situation will have on European
travel, said travel agent Mary Jane
Smith of Small World Travel Agency.
Many people are waiting to see what
happens in the next few weeks before
they decide to cancel their plans, Smith
About 60 to 70 percent of Small
World's clients are UNC students,
Smith said, and most of the agency's
student clients were carrying on with
Many of the clients are seniors who
have planned trips for after graduation,
she said, and they were unlikely to
cancel them, even though some may be
pressured by their parents to choose
More students this year were inter
ested in trips to Australia, New Zealand,
South America and the South Pacific,
TWA had eliminated its cancellation
penalties for specific trips, Smith said.
Other airlines have not followed, she
said, but most airlines will refund the
ticket price if cancellation is at least 21
days in advance.
Sandy Cole, the owner of Cole
Travel, said events in Europe the last
few months had already cooled interest
in European vacations before the
bombing of Libya.
It's not just Americans who are
' worried about their safety, Cole said.
Some Japanese clients decided against
a trip to London on their way home
to Japan, she said Friday, because they
did not think London was safe.
"I think the overall population in
general is unafraid," Cole said.
Dale Alexander, office manager of
Continental Travel Agency, said not
many clients had cancelled their Euro
pean trips, and he suspected they were
waiting to see how events proceeded in
the next few weeks.
- Instead of going to Western Europe,
some clients of Travel Associates had
chosen Eastern Europe countries,
especially Czechoslavakia and Hun
gary, Cobb said.
Some clients perceive Communist
countries as being more secure, she said.
Domestic vacations would be more
popular this summer, Cobb said, for
the additional reason that cheap gas
prices had made car travel more
Triangle Travel Agency had only one
booking this summer for Europe,
manager JoAnn Morgan said.
Tourists who wanted to go to Europe
but who are now looking elsewhere are
finding that other parts of the world,
like the South Pacific and the Orient,
are good travel values, said Louanne
Keichline, an agent for Viking Travel.
An agent at Circle Travel who asked
not to be identified said she was not
advising clients to cancel trips to
Europe, because she did not think a trip
to Europe would be dangerous.
The agent said a client Friday
morning had cancelled a European trip.
End of semester triggers stress in students
By CATHERINE COWAN
Stress is something that everyone experiences at
one time or another, but, according to John
Reinhold, senior clinical social worker in Student
Health Service, students these days may be
experiencing more than their normal share of it.
Stress is a very common phenomenon for students
at the end of the semester, Reinhold said. "It can
be overwhelming. The end of the semester is rushing
up on you and you may feel that there is a lot
you haven't gotten done. What students feel up
against may be very discouraging," he said.
One source of stress for students is worry that
they will not do well. "Students worry that they
will do poorly and then worry about how their
parents will react. This can add to their whole sense
of stress," Reinhold said.
"Some people may be fairly deep in a hole they've
dug by not keeping up with things earlier in the
semester. They might feel backed into a corner and
don't see how they will get out," he said.
Besides the end of the semester crunch, students
may have social stresses, said Sue Gray, director
of health education in Student Health Service.
"Some ol it is spring lever. In the winter you can
hide away more, but in spring relationships seem
more important. Then you have the stresses and
pressures involved with that," she said.
Seniors are especially likely to feel stressed,
Reinhold said. "A lot of seniors have mixed feelings.
Most are glad college is about finished. But many
feel sad about leaving.
"Some have to worry about completing all the
requirements. Some are trying to get that job, and
worry about where they will live or what their family
expects of them. Others worry about how well they
will do on the job," Reinhold said.
Several common indications of stress are
headaches, backaches or other physical symptoms,
fatigue, loss or increase of appetite, trouble sleeping,
trouble waking up, difficulty concentrating and
depression, Reinhold said.
There are many ways students can cope with end
of the semester stress, Reinhold said. One of the
main strategies for coping is simply to take time
"One thing a student can do is get an overall
picture of what needs to be done and map it out
for the remaining part of the semester and finals.
It seems common sense, but many people don't do
this." he said.
Students can also cope with stress by prioritizing
their commitments. Gray said. "Make a list of
everything happening in your life and then throw
out the unimportant things," she said.
Taking frequent breaks during studying is also
important, Reinhold said. "Students shouldn't try
to study for three hours straight. One break every
hour is a good rule of thumb, but some students
may need breaks more often," he said.
Students should schedule a balance of sleep,
exercise, a good diet and some breaks, Reinhold
"Some students try to study 20 hours a day,"
he said. "They just run themselves into the ground
and get to a point of diminishing returns," Reinhold
Students can take time off to do something nice
tor themselves, Gray said. "Take time to get yourself
away mentally or physically and reduce the noise.
A hot bath or a good book or a bowl of ice cream
might do it," she said.
Students should not feel afraid to talk to
somebody if they cannot handle it all themslves.
Gray said. "Talk to a friend or suitemate if you
can't handle it all on your own. Or if it gets really
uncomfortable, seek help through Student Mental
Health Services. That's what they are there for,"
SEP appoints Lisk to
chair Elections Board
By RACHEL ORR
Elections Board Chairman Candi
date Steve Lisk a sophomore from
Randleman, was unanimously
approved by the Student Congress'
Rules and Judiciary Committee in a
Lisk was appointed after the Student
Congress rejected the appointment of
Bruce Lillie, the current elections board
chairman, last Wednesday.
Lisk, appointed by Student Body
President Bryan Hassel, must still be
voted on by the entire congress in its
Hassel said he did not reappoint Lillie
because the Student Congress was
clearly opposed to the appointment.
"It was pretty clear the Student
Congress didn't want Bruce," he said.
"I didn't want to disregard the Student
Congress just to get this one
He also said he wanted to fill the
position before the fall so that whoever
was appointed could help in the revision
of the election laws.
If he had decided to reappoint Lillie,
Hassel said, the appointment would not
have been made until September.
Hassel said there was nothing par
liamentary about the selection of Lisk.
He said Student Congress member Jody
Beasley (Dist. 16) recommended Lisk,
and he agreed that Lisk was a good
candidate for the job.
"If I hadn't had a good candidate I
would've waited until the fall," Hassel
Lillie said, "I'm sure if Bryan
appointed him (Lisk), hell do a good
job. Ill be glad to give him any sort
of help that 1 can."
However. Lillie said: "After all the
stuff that happened, I'm not sure it
would be good to stay on (the elections
board) in an official position. Right now
I feel 1 should devote my time and
energy to other things."
Lisk said he hoped there would be
cooperation between the old elections
board officers and the ne.
When the press is free and every man able to read, all is safe. Thomas Jefferson