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10AThe Daily tar Heel Thursday,
opelatioe 'growth catiasteg
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
Even in years with no drought,
state officials are predicting a need
for water conservation and long
range planning due to a rapid state
population growth, especially in the
"The Raleigh system depends very
heavily on Falls Lake ... it was
intended for 20 years (of use) . . .
but the population growth is prob
ably exceeding that rate," said Rick
Bailey of the Wake County Soil and
Water Conservation Office. "We're
well ahead of the predictions."
The state has grown to a popu
By MARIA HAREN
Construction of a $1.8 million
University Physical Plant building
on Airport Road will begin the first
of next year and should be completed
18 months lateV sometime in 1-988,
the former director of the Depart
ment of Physical Plant said Monday.
C. Eugene Swecker Jr., now the
Associate Vice Chancellor for Facil
ities Management, said the building,
to be located in front of the existing
plant, will house the offices of the
various physical departments now in
separate locations on Franklin
Street. "Combining a group of
functions will lead to better coordi
nation," Swecker said.
Included in the plans are the
Plant's offices of utilities, planning,
interior design, construction and
engineering. The Physical Plant is
responsible for some campus con
struction and maintenance of
grounds and University buildings.
"As the campus has grown,"
Swecker said, "the Physical Plant
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lation of 6.2 million and is expected
to be about 7 million by the year
Raleigh is now beginning to look
at Little River as a future reservoir,
and the planning report they released
suggests preparing it for use, Bailey
In Orange County the long-range
plan is focused on the construction
of the Cane Creek reservoir. This
should meet demands for the next
30 to 40 years, said Patrick Davis,
assistant to the executive director of
the Orange Water and Sewer
Authority. That prediction is based
eted for Plant toraldiiii!
has grown." A new plant has been
needed for a long time, he said, but
until recently funds had not been
Gordon H. Rutherford, director
of the Planning Office at 134 E.
Franklin St., said money for the
$1,783,000 project came from utility
sales dating back to 1957.
In that year, he said, the utility
system divested, giving the Univer
sity $32 million and the state $10
million. The University's money
went toward the construction of
several campus buildings, including
Walter Royal Davis library, the
Health Sciences library and Wilson
But the state government claimed
the University owed about $5 million
in back taxes, he said. The University
disagreed, put the money in escrow
and claimed no taxes on utilities.
Rutherford said the state dropped
the case last summer, opening up the
back taxes for capital-improvement
Three such projects include the
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on studies of the historical growth
and use of water in Orange County,
he said. Construction should begin
later this year, and there will be a
rate increase in January 1987 to
cover the additional financing
requirements, Davis added.
In Orange County the price struc
ture and the mandatory conservation
requirements are the main ways
conservation is encouraged, Davis
"Certainly the lack of water is a
vital matter of concern for any
growth area," said Bill Austin of the
state Soil and Water Conservation
renovation of the Ackland Art
Museum, to cost about $2.8 million;
the construction of an electrical
power plant, about a $9 million
project; and the construction of the
new 23,000 square foot, two-floor
Facilities Support Building (the
Physical Plant), Rutherford said.
Gantt Huberman Architects of
Charlotte has been working on the
building's exterior design for the last
six months, Rutherford said. The
Rural Property Committee of the
Board of Trustees met Wednesday
and the design was expected to be
Air Force ROTC
UNCs Air Force Reserve Officer
Training Corps program offers two,
two and a half, three and three and
a half in-college scholarships to
qualified freshman, sophomore or
senior applicants. The scholarships
pay for tuition, fees, provide a
reimbursement allowance for text
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students are commissioned officers
in the Air Force upon graduation.
Applicants must be 17 years old
and able to serve to 25 years of age
(29 for prior active duty service
personnel with four years of active
duty service). Students must have at
least two years of full time studies
remaining (undergraduate or grad
uate), to qualify for entry into the
program available. Applicants must
have a minimum 2.56 GPA to apply
Scholarships are available for
students pursuing degrees in mathe
matics, physics, computer science,
nursing, foreign languages, medicine
and other majors.
Scholarship and -other informa
tion is available at the Department
of Aerospace Studies in Chase Hall.
to 6:00 p.m.
to and from
e Beach to
The state does have a 75 percent
cost-sharing program to help
farmers, now in operation in 33
counties, said Bob Gennant of the
Agricultural Extension Service.
This has been in operation for
two years and we're looking forward
to more in funding, from $2 million
to $3 million, for cost-sharing
farmers : . . this increase will help
with growth," Gennant said. The
program should eventually cover all
100 counties, he added.
The program is also designed to
protect reservoirs like Jordan Lake
from further pollution, Gennant
By DONNA LEINWAND
Twelve members of Students
for America traveled to Teguci
galpa, Honduras, in early August
to study the refugee situation on
the Nicaraguan border, according
to the organization's national
"There are 41,000 refugees in
Honduras," Dave Fazio said.
"Many left-wing students on
campus travel to Managua and
tout the Sandinistas. We talked
to people who had their houses
burned by the Sandinistas. They
had to flee from Nicaragua."
Keith Poston, chairman of the
UNC chapter of SFA, also went
on the trip.
"We wanted to get a firsthand
account of Sandinista persecu
tion," Poston said. "You don't get
straight answers from the govern
ment or the media."
The group originally intended
to visit the refugee camps of the
Miskito Indians who were
removed from their traditional
lands in northeast Nicaragua in
January 1982 because of the war.
The Miskitos are loosely tied to
the National Democratic Force
(FDN) known as the Contras.
The FDN is fighting for the
overthrow of the Sandinista
government which came into
power seven years ago.
"We weren't able to visit the
camps because they were seven
hours outside of Tegucigalpa,"
Fazio said. "It was also flooded
and the bridge was out."
Fazio said another trip would
be planned for October or
December, during which they
would tour Nicaragua and return
to Honduras to see the Miskito
The group met with members
of the FDN to discuss human
rights concerns and FDN's rep
utation in the United States.
"One concern was if the accu
sations were legitimate, that the
'Freedom Fighters' were thieves
and rapists," Fazio said. "They
showed us their 'Code of Con
duct that every soldier carries
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over water sepply
Officials are taking a closer look
now at concerns for the ground
water. The focus has been primarily
on surface water during the drought
until the growth of demand for
water. "There have been very few
studies of that around the state
compared to surface water studies,"
Bailey said. '
Part of the problem lies in the fact
that with the growth of cities comes
more asphalt and less soil. Because
of this, there's not as much water
going into the ground, causing more
runoff and less percolation, Bailey
with him. It says they have to look
after the old, the women and the
children and if they catch a
Sandinista, they must bring him
back to the camp.
"I'm not saying that the 'Free
dom Fighters' are not guilty of
human rights abuses but if there
have been abuses, they were
Fazio said the FDN has not
seen the need to convince Amer
icans of their morality.
"Right now their only purpose
is to have American lawmakers
on their side," he said. "We're
trying to convince them that they
need to have the American public
on their side as well. Right now
the American people are against
the 'Freedom Fighters.' "
The group did visit a United
Nations camp in Honduras that
had about 4,000 refugees, Fazio
"They didn't support the
FDN," he said. "They didnt like
to talk because they had relatives
in Nicaragua and they were afraid
that we would go back and inform
the government. The ones that
did talk said that in Nicaragua
the FDN wasn't presented as a
legitimate force. 1 think that is
because of press censorship. They
read only what the government
wants them to read."
Most of the refugees were
children and teenagers, Poston
"Young boys left Nicaragua
because their parents didn't want
their kids in the army," he said.
"In Nicaragua, when you're
drafted, they don't send you a
card in the mail. They take you
off the street and out of your
home. Most of the refugees were
very religious. They're Catholic
and they don't have much reli
gious freedom. Trie Sandinistas
monitored church Services. There
was just harrassment in general."
The people in the camp are
anti-Sandinista, Poston said.
"The people say that Somoza
was bad but Ortega is worse," he
said. "They are a nation in exile.
There are Soviet troops . . .
per day will be distributed from
Butner to Durham, where it will be
treated. Through water lines existing
since 1968, Chapel Hill will receive
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The drought affects the soil even
more during the summer because in
the tree and plant life cycle the
maximum amount of water is used.
The recent rains have helped the
ground water level somewhat. Some .
farmers' wells in the southern part
of Orange County had gone dry, and ,
they received over two inches of rain. :
However, long-range plans are still ,
needed because rain in the fall and .
winter months, if it follows recent
patterns, will not be enough to make ,
up for the summer drought, Bailey .
Czechs, East Germans ... in
Nicaragua. Anyone who says the
Sandinistas are acting on their
own is just saying nonsense. The
people are anti-Sandinista but
they felt they didn't have enough
faith in the Contras. They (Con
tras) are trying to fight a Soviet
empire. All they hear is Sandi
nista rhetoric against the,
The group planned to bring 20
boxes of medical supplies, clo
thing, soap and fatigues to the
refugee camp but only two actu
ally were received, Poston said.
They were assured, however, that
the supplies would eventually get
to the camp, he said.
"They have miserable condi
tions in the camp," Poston added.
"They have nine people living in
shack&that are no bigger than the
shanties we had on our quad but
not one would go back to Nica
ragua. They'll do anything to get
The students had an informal
meeting with Celeo Arias Mon
cada, a minister of the Honduran
president, Poston said.
"The official Honduran posi
tion is that the FDN doesn't exist
in Honduras," he said. "They say
there are no Contra troops in the
country. They don't think the
Contras are drawing fire. They
say the Contras are acting as a
buffer zone. Honduras is pro
American. They really love the
The group has established three
main goals since it has returned,
"Each student has promised to
speak on five campuses to get our
findings out," he said. "Many
people don't know that the San
dinistas have increased their
attacks in Honduras.
"We're also having a nation
wide petition drive urging Pres
ident Reagan and Secretary of
State (George) Shultz to break all
ties with the Sandinistas and
recognize the refugees as a
government in exile. We would
also like to have another trip."
from page 9A
the treated water from Durham.
Davis said the additional water
supply could arrive by this Friday
if electricity is wired to the water
pumps by then.
But until water resources are
replenished, UNC students are still
urged to conserve water in any way
"Students as members of this
community will want to assist in
moderating the water shortage," said
Frederick Schroeder, dean of stu
dents. "Even with recent rains, we
are still below normal levels."
Staff writer Sheila Simmons contrib
uted to this story.
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