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2The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, August 27, 1986
ABC off vMamne mesadlosa
By DONNA LEINWAND
Vitamins may be hazardous to
your health, according to a professor
at Duke University.
"By taking some vitamins, all you
are doing is enriching the vitamin
companies and probably not doing
yourself any good,'" said Henry
Kaoiin. a professor of biochemistry.
Kamin served as the chairman of the
Committee on Dietary Allowances
of the National Research Council
and National Academy of Sciences
from 1980 until 1985.
The committee, made up of
experts in particular nutrients, met
over a period of five years, Kamin
said. Each member was assigned to
report on a particular vitamin and
during periodic conferences they
criticized each other's findings, he
"Vitamin A is the worst culprit,"
he said. "If you take one supplement
every day over several years you
might get serious lier disease. If you
take more than one a day, you might
get it sooner."
Dr. Victor Herbert, a professor of
medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital
in New York, said vitamin A begins
to build up in the liver and destroys
the liver cells.
"If the over-the-counter supple
ment says it contains 500 percent of
the U.S. Recommended Daily Allo
wance, don't buy it," Herbert said.
Herbert and Kamin said vitamin
A can cause fetal defects in pregnant
"One of the insidious things is that
the most serious time when vitamin
A can be harmful is early in preg
nancy," Kamin said. "The woman
might not even know she is pregnant
and could be harming her baby."
Herbert filed a petition with the
Food and Drug Administration on
May 22 requesting that the FDA
require supplement sellers to put
warnings on vitamin A labels.
Another popular vitamin supple
ment that is potentially hazardous
is calcium, Kamin said. Many-
women take calcium supplements to
prevent osteoporosis, a crippling
"It's much better to get calcium
from dairy foods like milk and
cheese.'' Kamin said. "Dairy foods
eaten with consistency provide
enough calcium. If someone takes no
dairy products, they can take a
supplement but should limit them
selves to 500 milligrams per day.
"We don't want to use a whole
generation of guinea pigs to see if
supplements prevent osteoporosis.
The effects of calcium supplements
may not show up for a long time."
Kamin said a combination of
vitamin D and calcium can contrib
ute to kidney disease.
People may overdose on vitamins
because they hear studies about
certain nutrients preventing cancer,
Kamin said. Vitamin C is one such
nutrient advocated by Nobel prize
winning scientist Linus Pauling.
"Megadoses of vitamin C never
had any benefit on human health,"
Kamin said. "It's not very toxic so
it probably won't do any harm. Here
and there we hear of isolated inci
dents of diarrhea and other
Some people take such high doses
of vitamin C that they build up a
tolerance and end up with a condi
tion called rebound scurvy, Kamin
Rather than depending on supple
ments, Kamin recommends eating a
variety of foods.
"It is extremely difficult to get a
deficiency in any nutrient if you eat
a variety of food," he said. "Many
years ago, people in other countries
used to eat single grain rice and
wheat as a staple.
"Part of the industrial milling of
the grain removed some of the
nutrients and people who depended
on these foods sometimes got severe
and fatal deficiency diseases. People
got beriberi. Now the rice and bread
is enriched with the vitamins that are
taken out during the milling
Dieters oacMeg initio health centos
By KAREN McMANIS
Are you serious about losing those
extra pounds, starting an exercise
program or just shaping up? If the
answer is yes. chances are that you're
With the start of UNC's fall
semester, area weight-loss and fitness
centers have reported an increase in
business and membership.
The Gym in Carrboro offers a
number of diverse and specialized
programs for those who want to
shape up and for those who want
to stay in shape. Pat Jones, manager
and owner, said that university
students account for about 35
percent of the center's clients with
more than 600 members.
The Gym offers a complete line
of free weights, aerobics, tanning
beds, saunas and personalized train
ing programs. Prices vary from $5
for a single session on a tanning bed
to $330 for a year's membership.
Jones said that workout schedules
and payment plans can be individ
ually tailored to meet the student's
needs. "There are no high pressure
sales here," he said. "We believe in
a relaxed and friendly atmosphere.
Many members have been with us
since their freshman year."
All students are invited to come and
learn about the on-campus darkroom
facilities and benefits of club
membership. If interested, but Unable
to attend, call Cary Stedman,
9:00 a.m.-l:00 p.m., MWTh 962-1116
For those who prefer a more
structured weight-loss program, The
Diet Center of Chapel Hill provides
an opportunity for slow, safe weight
loss. Marge Morris, a registered
nurse and instructor for the center,
said she had seen many university
students come and go over the years.
"Some lose only a few pounds,
others up to 75, but they all lose,"
she said. The Diet Center stresses
safe weight loss and requires daily
weigh-ins as well as education in
good nutrition and eating habits.
The Diet Center is celebrating its
seventh anniversary and services
from 35 to 55 customers at a time.
The Nutri System Weight Loss
Medical Center also stresses a slow,
people will be
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safe weight-loss program ot two or
three pounds a week. Open since
1982, Nutri System sees about 50
customers, including many students,
at any one time.
Lana Hoerner, the area manager
for Durham and Chapel Hill, said
classes in behavior modification and
good eating habits were the most
important factors in the program.
Another option for those desiring
a highly personalized program is
Profiles Associates, a service based
entirely on an individual's behavior
and life style. The "one-on-one
approach to dieting" is one of the
strengths of the program, said
Marcia Mills, a registered dietician.
Mills said each of her 90 clients
must meet with her weekly and can
expect to lose between one and two
pounds a week. At the same time
clients become aware of the psycho
logical and behavioral reasons
behind their eating habits. Profiles
Associates has been operating for 1 1
years. One hour of instruction costs
Each of these weight-loss and
exercise centers focuses on a different
aspect of weight control and main
tenance. Whatever the reason behind
their popularity, these centers, unlike
their clients, are expanding rapidly.
African bugs with AIDS
pique scientists' interest
From Associated Press reports
PARIS Insects contami
nated with an acquired immune
deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
virus have been found in two
African nations, but there is no
evidence that they pose a threat
to humans, a leading French
researcher said Tuesday.
Most of the 80 mosquitoes,
cockroaches, ant-lions, tsetse flies
and other insects tested from
Zaire and the Central African
Republic, were infected with the
deadly virus, said Dr. Jean
Claude Chermann of the Pasteur
In a telephone interview with
the Associated Press, he said the
presence of the virus "reinforces
the idea of possible AIDS trans
mission by this path," but epide
miological studies have yet to find
evidence that the disease has
spread to humans from insects.
Arson suspected in bar fire
FAYETTEVILLE Arson is
suspected as the cause of a fire
that destroyed two downtown
night spots, one of them a con
troversial topless lounge, author
The blaze destroyed Rick's
Lounge and the Sassy Lady, both
in the same building on Hay
Street. Rick's has featured topless
Stats & National
dancers since the 1960s and was
the only remaining topless lounge
in downtown Fayetteville.
No one was injured in the blaze.
Pete Piner, Fayetteville fire
marshal, said Monday that
authorities were treating the case
as arson "until evidence can prove
that it was not."
Leaders' fav foods discussed
HONG KONG President
Reagan loves meat loaf and First 1
Lady Nancy Reagan likes piccata
of veal, but the favorite dishes of
Britain's Prince Charles and
Princess Diana will have to
remain a palace secret because of
Britain's Official Secret Act.
Those were some of the tidbits
offered as the favorite dishes of
world leaders were discussed
Tuesday at a news conference
held by members of the Club des
Chefs, a society of leading chefs
employed by royal households
and heads of state.
Henry Hailer, the club's vice
president, who has been chef
cuisinier at the White House since
1966, said Reagan sometimes
favored simple meals and occa
sionally asked for hamburgers.
Kent State building to keep
alive memory of riot victims
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
On May 4, 1970, four students
from Kent State University in Ohio
were killed and nine were wounded
by National Guardsmen in a dem
onstration against Vietnam.
Sixteen years later, plans are in
the works for a memorial to the
events of that day and the riots
leading up to it.
A memorial building designed by
a pair of Chicago architects will
feature a paving pattern symbolizes
the 13 people directly affected by the
event, according to Joe Durbin of
Kent State Univeristy News and
Information. They will be repres
ented by polished black marble disks
set in the floor, and the building will
be blended into the landscape,
Durbin said. There will also be a
rose-colored granite perimeter wall
with sheared, polished edges.
In his design statement, Bruno
Ast, one of the architects, said this
will "suggest a wider impact of these
events on the social, physical, and
psychological fabric of pur society
. . . The memorial marks the events
of May 4, 1970, and the promise of
an enlightened future. It suggests
containment and escape."
"It is not a memorial to the
students per se, but to the entire May
4th event and the events leading up
to it," Durbin said.
He added that the University felt
there were other victims as well as
those injured or killed, such as the
National Guardsmen who were(
called to the scene.
Karen Lynch, a senior at Kent
State, said the memorial does not
represent the need for peace as it
should. "Although I can't speak for
the whole student body, I don't think
the design is really what we want.
... Most students think it's good to
have a memorial, but this looks kind
of violent," she said.
Although it has been stressed that
. it is not intended as a memorial to
the students, those who look at it
in a few years will remember the
students who were killed, she said.
Plans are now being made for a
fund-raising campaign as the
memorial is expected to cost at least
$500,000, Durbin said.
"It is the University's intention to
raise the money privately," said
Michael Schwartz, student body
president of Kent State.
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