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4The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, September 11, 1986
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7 ooeeies to fuel electric Mils
By STEPHANIE BURROW
When the Shearon Harris nuclear
plant juices up for commercial
operation next spring. Chapel Hill
residents will not be affected.
The plant is owned by Carolina
Power & Light and would serve the
areas that CP&L serves. Chapel Hill
and Durham, however, are serviced
exclusively by Duke Power
According to Mack Harris of
CP&L, the plant will provide service
to 860,000 residential, industrial and
commercial customers and will
produce only a portion of the
electricity that customers will use.
The rest of the electricity will be
generated by present methods, he
CP&L serves cities in North
Carolina east of Raleigh, in southw
est North Carolina around Asheville,
and in northwest South Carolina.
"Our customers will see no differ
ences in service because it's all
electricity,' Harris said. "It doesn't
make any difference how it is
"There will be a rate increase,
however," Harris said. "The building
and use of the plant will have an
impact of a 20 to 25 percent increase.
That won't all happen at one time,
Harris said that in the past when
new plants were built they were
larger and more efficient utilities
used to be a decreasing-cost industry.
But now bringing new plants into
service costs more and utilities has
become an increasing-cost industry.
"Do not look at it (the building
of the plant) in isolation that's
wrong," Harris said. "It was built to
allow for growth in the area. With
additional customers and businesses
moving into the area, we must build
facilities to meet the growth."
"The decision to build a nuclear
power source was made on the basis
of an analysis which showed it to
be the most cost-efficient way to
meet the needs of the growing area,"
Plans for the $3.6 billion plant
began in the early '70s. Actual
construction began in 1978, and the
plant is just nearing completion.
According to Harris, the plant will
actually begin generating power this
fall as part of a testing process. It
was scheduled to be licensed and
loaded with nuclear fuel in July.
"First you must obtain a license
to begin testing," he said. "During
testing you produce electricity at
various levels for various periods of
"On the basis of your testing
results, a decision is made as to
whether or not to put the plant into
commercial operation," Harris said.
Harris said that a general evacua
tion plan had been approved by four
surrounding counties, although
there had been some discrepancy
over the summer when Chatham
County withdrew its approval.
Chatham County officials have
since voted to renew their approval.
The plan was reviewed in May 1985
and was deemed to be satisfactory,
"Orange County is not in any way
involved with the plan," Harris said.
"The radius for the emergency plan
is the area within 10 miles of the plant
and is considered to be greater than
"Outside of that radius, exposure
would not exceed EPA levels of
radiation exposure in the event of
a nuclear accident," he said.
Folio w-up study to trace smokers health
By SUSAN JENSEN
The American Cancer Society's
Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS 11)
will begin its second follow-up in
early September, and volunteers are
contacting local residents who par
ticipated in the original program to
gather current information on their
In 1982. CPS 11 recruited 283
participants to fill out questionnaires
concerning health, family history.
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job and home environments, eating,
drinking and smoking habits and
other aspects of lifestyle.
The purpose of the study is to
follow the habits of people from a
variety of social and ethnical back
grounds over a long period of time
to determine if there is any corol
lation between the answers on the
questionnaires and the development
of cancer, according to Betty Fran
cisco, chairman of the Orange
County Unit's CPS II.
Participants were given identifica
tion numbers and their files were sent
to Washington, D.C. in sealed
The files are now being studied to
give scientists an idea of which
factors may encourage the develop
ment of cancer during the subject's
In 1984, the participants were
contacted for the first time since the
questionnaires and asked about
current health status. The follow-up
this month will be the second one.
Doctors also supplied CPS with
death certificates for those who had
died since the beginning of the study.
This follow-up will register address
changes and report any new illnesses
or mortalities among the subjects.
Following two more updates, one
of which is planned for September,
1988, the information gathered will
be comparecl with cancer studies in
Seven volunteers have been keep
ing track of the local participants.
Of all the factors studied, food has
been a major question in the study
and CPS II has come up with the
same guidelines as the AM A for
reducing fat and sugar intake to fight
against cancer, said Dorothy Bas
night, one of the volunteer workers.
CPS II is best known for its
determination that cigarette smok
ing is a major cause of respiratory
illness, Basnight said.
"This study is a help (in nailing
down the causes of cancer), but we
have a long way to go," she said.
The study group has already
collected important data on the
smoking habits of physicians, nurses
and dentists, along with information
on the effects of artificial sweeteners,
"I think that the program has the
potential to do a lot of good for
cancer research," Francisco said.
Besides the study, the Orange
County unit of the Cancer Society
will sponsor a quit-smoking pro
gram, "Freshstart," Sept. 8, 10, 15
. The group, lead by Salli Benedict,
will meet from 7:30-9:00 p.m. in the
conference room of Duke Power
Company on Homestead Road in
For more information or to reg
ister, call 942-1953.
The DTH Campus Calendar will
appear daily. Announcements to be
run must be placed in the box
outside the Daily Tar Heel office,
Room 104 of the Student Union, by
noon one day before weekend
announcements by noon Wednes
day. Only announcements from
organizations will be printed.
6:00 p.m. The Presbyterian Student
Center is hosting an
dinner at 1 10 Henderson
7:00 p.m. IVCF Granville Off
campus chapter will meet
in Granville East's Lower
lounge. All welcome.
Items of Interest
Attention Pre-Health Undergrads:
Workshops are now offered to
improve your interviewing skills.
Sign up on bulletin board outside
Predent Premed Advising Office on
second floor of Steele.
The Executive Branch of the
Student Government announces the
opening of two positions as Supreme
Court Emergency Justice. Applica
tions are available in Suite C, room
217, of the Union. Freshmen are not
eligible for this position.
UNC-CH Student Extracurricular
Organization Applications for Offi
ceal University Recognition 1986-87
are due September 1 S in the basement
of Steele Building.
The Duke Craft Center is offering
classes in pottery, photography,
weaving, metal . workjewelry,
blacksmithing, and woodworking.
Registration is 12:00-4:00 p.m.,
Monday-Friday, in the Bryan Center
(Duke's West Campus).
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Chapel Hill. N.C. 27514
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