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2The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday, September 23, 1986
Dy LAURIE MARTIN
Of the decisions students make
during their first weeks on campus,
the choice of a long-distance tele
phone service may seem
But this choice can become very
significant when your first telephone
bill arrives and you have to "phone
home for the money to pay it.
' UNC students can now choose
from seven long-distance companies.
If you don't choose a long-distance
firm as your private carrier, your
local phone company will assign you
one. How do you choose the best
: Greg Stitz, coordinator for the
Consumers Checkbook telephone
advisory service, said that because
rates of the long-distance carriers are
now relatively similar, your partic
ular calling pattern could determine
which company is the cheapest for
you. There are a number of things
Jo consider when choosing your
; Volume discounts, offered by
most companies, can save money for
students who make many long
By SCOTT LARSEM
The proposed tax package
. designed to overhaul the nation's tax
.system would affect those students
.receiving scholarships and loans. It
. might also affect charitable giving to
the University, according to campus
The new tax package is supposed
to go before the U.S. House and
. Senate next week for a vote.
Under the proposed legislation,
scholarship money not used to pay
tuition would be considered taxable
income, according to Eleanor Mor-
. ris, director of the UNC Student Aid
. This will not, however, generate
a lot of income for the federal
-government because students don't
- normally have enough income to pay
income tax, she added.
- The minimum taxable income is
This new provision would also
apply to those students using grants
such as the Pell Grant to pay for
their education costs, she said.
. Morris said that it was difficult
to understand why the federal
government would tax the grants
that help the extremely needy afford
- a college education.
' "There is something wrong about
UNC STUDENT STORES
Tues., Sept. 23
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HAPPY HOUR AT
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o Soft Drinks Wine Coolers
Hot Dogs o TV
Hwy. 54 Next To The New A&P
Open 7:30 am Midnight Every Day
Now seeking part time help. Phone 929-3101
distance obIIoius mnainmeiroiLiis
distance calls at least $20 worth
in most cases.
Students should check with their
long-distance company; some auto
matically apply the discount but
others require signing up. They
should ask if the discount applies to
the total bill, or only to the amount
above the specified minimum.
AT&T offers a number of volume
discount programs that may be
useful for students, said Lori Ann
Price, service specialist with the long
"For those who call mostly out-of-state.
Reach Out America would
be the best," Price said.
With this program, an hour of
night or weekend calling (from ll
p.m. to 8 a.m.) costs $10.15, regard
less of the distance. Each additional
hour costs $7.80.
Once you sign up for Reach Out
America, which costs about $10 to
set up, you are always billed for the
first hour. The extra hours are pro
rated. You also receive a 15 percent
discount on calls made from 5 to 1 1
AT&T also has a similar program
called Reach Out North Carolina for
change to cut
taxing those students that qualify for
maximum assistance," she said.
Another provision of the pro
posed tax law would no longer allow
interest paid on student loans to be
deducted from income tax.
"This could make the cost of
borrowing greater because there will
be no deduction down the road,"
According to Douglass Hunt,
assistant to Chancellor Christopher
Fordham, the latest proposal would
allow for taxation of all that income
after tuition, fees, books, supplies
Hunt said the exclusion from
taxation only applies to those stu
dents seeking degrees. Persons
taking courses for enrichment and
receiving scholarships and loans to
pay for those courses would have to
list that money as taxable income.
The tax package would also lower
tax rates, unquestionably hurting
charitable giving to colleges, said
Leslie Bram, director of planned
giving for the Carolina Fund.
The proposed law will make it
more difficult to give and the
incentives less beneficial for a donor
to make a large gift, she said.
"But we likevto feel that our donors
are motivated by more than just tax
purpqses,." Bram, said.
ill am-J pm rn
$20 Deposit J
in-state calls. For direct calling
within North Carolina during night
or weekend hours, the first hour
costs $9.50. Each additional hour
costs $8.50. This program also gives
a 15 percent discount on evening
ITT volume discounts are based
on how many calls each month
rather than what time of day, said
Robin Roy, ITT service specialist.
ITT automatically applies a 2 per
cent discount on your total bill if
your long-distance calls for the
month cost $15 to $75. The discount
for a long-distance bill between $75
and $200 is 5 percent; for more than
$200, 10 percent.
GTE Sprint gives a consumer who
makes $20 of long-distance calls a
discount of 10 percent on nighttime
calls, 9 percent on evening calls, and
3 percent on daytime calls, operators
Consumers are not obliged to use
their chosen company for all their
long-distance calls. Each company
has a five-digit code available by
calling the company's toll free service
Under the proposed law, the top
tax rate of 50 percent in 1986 will
drop to 38.5 percent in 1987 and to
28 percent in 1988. These changes
would effectively raise the net cost
to donors for making charitable
For example, when people in a 50
percent tax bracket make a donation
of $2,000 to charity, their tax bill
decreases by $1,000, in essence
making the cost of the gift only
. With the new top rate of 28
percent, these same people will lower
their taxes by only $560, and the gift
would in essence cost $1,440.
In addition, those tax filers who
don't itemize their deductions would
no longer be able to deduct their
charitable contributions, said Bram.
The tax law would also make it
Contest held in
The office of student government
is sponsoring a contest for an official
logo design for newsletters and fliers.
The winner will receive dinner for
two at Pyewacket Restaurant and
Bar and two tickets for the presen
tation of "Look Homeward, Angel"
at the Playmakers Theatre.
Sandy Rierson, student govern
ment executive, assistant, said that
UNC has never had an official logo
THE $3.50 SIPHeiMS
TUES. Hot Corned Beef &
Swiss on Rye wchips
WED. Turkey, Swiss, Cucumbers &
1000 Island Dressing,
THURS. Steamed Broccoli,
Cheddar, Onions, Sprouts,
Lettuce on Whole Wheat
Wheat wchips $3.50
CALL OR VISIT
CAPTAIN JOE AVERY
AIR FORCE ROTC
To use another long-distance
company's service, one simply dials
that company's code, 44 1" then the
area code and number. The company
will bill directly or through the local
phone company. Contact the local
operator for the company's code.
Consumers cannot receive volume
discounts if they use the 5-digit code
though, said Stitz.
Other things to look for when
choosing a long-distance company
are directory assistance and sign
up bonuses, Stitz said. Also find out
if the company charges a monthly
minimum, he added.
By analyzing a typical phone bill,
Consumers Checkbook can com
pare current charges to those of other
area long-distance companies to
determine what is the best service
available to you.
This service costs $10 to $100,
depending on the size of the bill.
To find out more about the
evaluation service, call Consumers
Checkbook toll-free at 1-800-441-8933.
possible for donors giving gifts of
appreciated property stocks, real
estate, or artwork to be subject
to an alternative minimum tax of 21
percent, she said.
"This aspect of the law would hurt
our biggest gifts and our wealthiest
donors," Bram said. "What it
amounts to is a lot of uncertainty
for our wealthiest donors.
Bram predicted the next three
months would be busy at the Carol
ina Fund with donors making gifts
and people paying off pledges before
the tax laws change.
The total effects of the proposed
tax package are still speculation at
this point, said Bram. But theoret
ically the changes should put more
money in people's pockets, leading
to donations of bigger gifts.
quest for logo
for student government.
"It's a problem with not enough
recognition, she said. "With so
many things we do, people just don't
associate (them) with student
Students are invited to turn in
completed designs at the student
government office in Suite C of the
Student Union. Contest deadline is
Sept. 26. ' '
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War on drug abuse needs
help from Latin America
From Associated Press reports
RALEIGH A successful war
on drug abuse will require "going
to the source" by pressuring Latin
American nations to cooperate
while drying up markets at home
through education and limited
testing, former Secretary of State
Alexander Haig said Monday.
Haig said in a speech to the
fifth annual Eastern Secondary
Mortgage Market Conference
that the Nixon administration
had been able to reduce the flow
of drugs to the Middle East
primarily Turkey and the Far
East in the early 1970s.
Haig, who was President Rea
gan's first secretary of state, said
he supported Reagan's use of the
U.S. military for raids on sus
pected drug manufacturing sites
in Bolivia and said the United
States should consider using
economic aid to help some Latin
American countries lessen their
dependence on the drug trade.
Haig, who told reporters he
would probably seek the Repub
lican presidential nomination in
1988, said politicians in both
parties were "pandering for votes
through hyping this problem."
Nations adopt security accord
STOCKHOLM, Sweden A
35-nation conference on Monday
formally adopted the first East
West security agreement since
Salt II, and diplomats say it could
be a step toward improved super
The conference did not deal
with actual disarmament or
State headed for legal trouble
if it refuses nuclear waste site
Ely DONNA LE1NWAND
Assistant State & National Editor J
North Carolina could be in legal
jeopardy if the state decides to
withdraw from the Southeast Com
pact Commission, a N.C. represen
tative to the commission said
By accepting the commission's
suggestion, North Carolina will serve
a 20-year term beginning in 1992 as
the host state. South Carolina
presently hosts the region's low-level
nuclear waste repository.
The N.C. General Assembly has
the option to withdraw from the
commission and thus, not host the
regional repository, said William
Briner, one of North Carolina's two
members of the commission. J
The commission, which met Sept.
12 in Atlanta, selected North Carol
ina as the host state for a low-level
nuclear waste repository. The com
mission is made up of 16 represen
tatives from eight states.
Briner, who is an associate pro
fessor of radiology at Duke Univer
sity, said if North Carolina withdrew
from the commission and built its
own repository the state could not
prevent other states from using it.
"If we built a waste disposal
facility, we would be in a legal
morass," Briner said. There are three
rather limited options open to North
Carolina. The first is a non-option
which is to do nothing. To pull out
of the commission is almost a non
option. Staying in the commission
is the most viable option, he said.
Gov. Jim Martin plans to make
a recommendation to the legislature
after meeting with Briner, commis
sion member George Miller, and
James MacCormac, his science
adviser, said Tim Pittman, the
governor's press secretary.
"The governor wants to consider
whether North Carolina was treated
fairly by the compact," Pittman said.
"If we host it, could the state prevent
others from dropping out of the
compact? If we built our own, could
we exclude other states? We dont
have all the answers and that's what
the governor wants to consider."
The North Carolina delegates
Excellence Starts Here
nuclear weapons. Its goal was to
reduce the risk of a military
surprise attack or conventional
war breaking out by a misunder
standing in Europe.
Delegates toasted the agree
ment with champagne, ending 32
months of prolonged deliberation
among the United States, Can
ada, the Soviet Union and all
European countries except
The accord is politically bind
ing and when ratified will come
into effect Jan. 1, 1987.
Pollution lawsuit settled
BOSTON Eight families
who claimed that water polluted
by W.R. Grace & Co. resulted in
six leukemia deaths announced a
settlement Monday, ending a suit
that could have set legal prece
dents on the liability of toxic
"In one way I'm glad it's over
with, but I'm sorry they didn't get
nailed to the wall," said Kathryn
Gamachi, whose husband,
Roland, died of leukemia during
Attorneys for both sides
refused to detail the arrangement,
but a source involved in the case
said in a television report that the
settlement for $8 million was
"fairly accurate." The source
spoke on the condition that he
not be identified further.
submitted an alternative study to the
commission that ranked Georgia
first rather than North Carolina.
Briner said he thinks North Carol
ina was probably treated fairly.
"The data was seriously consi
dered," Briner said.
Briner said he supported a waste
disposal facility in North Carolina
and expected that the legislature
would not withdraw from the
"The state will have to impose
conditions to protect the environ
ment and the public health," Briner
said. "The technology at the three
existing sites is shallow-land burial."
The majority of North Carolina's
low-level nuclear waste is packaged
and shipped to a repository in South
Carolina, said Mel Fry, the deputy
chief of the radiation protection
section of the Department of Human
Low-level waste includes items
that have had contact with radioac
tive materials such as gloves, absor
bent papers, resins and syringes from
nuclear medicine, Fry said.
"Some is very innocuous but it is
just a nuisance," he said. "Some is
Fry said North Carolina generates
about 100,000 cubic feet of radioac
tive waste per year.
"That's the size of a football field,
two feet deep," he said.
If North Carolina stays in the
commission, it will need a site built
by January 1992, when the South
Carolina plant is scheduled to close,
said Meredith M. Smith, director of
public affairs for the Department of
She said she expected Martin to
recommend staying in the
Smith said the advantage of
staying in the commission was that
after North Carolina had hosted the
site for 20 years the state would not
have to host the site again.
Mechanisms must be made to
guarantee that the other states will
stay in the commission, Briner said.
He said he is chairing a committee
to "develop some severe sanctions"
for those who drop out of the
commission or do not take respon
sibility for hosting a site.
at county office
The Orange County branch of the
N.C. Employment Security Com
mission has several jobs available for
"students out of the hundreds of jobs
it seeks to place regularly. Those
interested should go by the commis
sion's office at 317 Caldwell St.
Extension in Chapel Hill for more