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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1986 The Daily Tar Heel
Volume 94, Issue 86
Tuesday, October 21, 1986
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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From staff and wirt report
General Motors Corp. announced
Monday that it was pulling out of
South Africa, a move Roger B.
Smith, chairman of the corporation,
attributed both to financial losses
and that nation's slowness to abolish
General Motors is the second
largest U.S. employer in South
Africa, behind Mobil, according to
the Investor Responsibility Research
Center in Washington, D.C. In 1985,
39 U.S. companies pulled out of
South Africa, followed by 22 so far
General Motors South African
Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary, has
annual sales in the $300 million range
and a 2,800-member work force that
is predominantly non-white.
It has assets worth about $140
million and makes cars by GM's
German and Japanese partners,
Adam Opel, Isuzu and Suzuki,
according to George Schreck, GM
As of July 31, 1986, UNC had
1,400 shares in General Motors; at
the time valued at $95,000, according
to the UNC Business and Finance
UNC had holdings in excess of $10
million in companies with facilities
in South Africa at that time. These
companies include GM, American
. Home . Corp.;. Bauscb and Lomb,
Eastman-Kodak, Corning Glass,
Goodyear Tire and Rubber and RJR
Current figures will not be avail
able until later this month, according
to Dianne Crabill, administrative
assistant to Wayne R. Jones, asso
ciate vice chancellor of finance.
Recently, the drive for colleges
and universities to divest holdings
from businesses that do business in
South Africa has peaked nationwide.
At UNC, members of the Anti
Apartheid Support Group demon
strated friday at UNC system pres
ident CD. Spangler's inauguration.
Holding signs saying "Spangler
take a stand," and "This function
sponsored by a white supremacy,"
members stood silently during the
two-hour ceremony. They were
protesting Thursday's UNC Board of
Trustee's tabling of a measure that
would demand UNC's divestment.
The measure, presented at the
meeting by Student Body President
Bryan Hassel, was tabled after
vigorous discussion. Board member
J. Clint Newton made a motion to
adopt a similar proposal that would
"encourage (UNC's Endowment
Board) to totally divest from South
Africa," but it was defeated.
"One of the problems I see is that
UNC symphony to
By BETH RHEA
A pair of familiar orchestral works
and a rather obscure bassoon con
certo are on the program for
tonight's UNC Symphony concert.
Under the direction of Alan Neilson,
the Symphony will perform in Hill
Hall auditorium with bassoonist
John Pederson as the featured guest
Pederson will perform Fonz Dan
zi's Bassoon Concerto. The other
works on the program are Beethov
Alcohol causes mo real weekeed
By JEAN LUTES
Assistant University Editor
Although drinkers didn't cause
problems before and during Satur
day's Homecoming game, Friday
night's Delta Upsilon all-campus
party created a dangerous situation,
University and Chapel Hill police
University police issued seven
warning citations for drinking at the
game, according to Sgt. Ned Comar
of University police.- Chapel Hill
I know only two tunes: one of them is " Yankee Doodle, "and the
"The decision was
simply helped by the
poor market condi
Gary Glaser, auto
the issue has been radically oversim
plified and Mr. Newton's resolution
is consistant with that," said board
member George Ragsdale.
GMSA is expected to be sold to
a group headed by the South African
management at its Port Elizabeth car
and truck assembly plant. The
purchase price was not disclosed.
Smith said GM was "struggling
desperately" in South Africa because
of the nation's economy. He said the
company's sales and market share
have dropped substantially in the
past year and no quick improvement
Smith said the proposed sale also
was a result of the South African
government's slowness in eliminat
"The ongoing economic recession
in that country, along with this lack
of progress, has made operating in
the South African environment
increasingly difficult, he said.
The No. 1 U.S. automaker has
been under pressure externally and
internally to divest its South African
interests. In May, in response to a
proposal by an investors' group,
Smith announced that GMSA
would no longer sell vehicles to the
South African police and military.
However, GMSA had only sold
1 1 vehicles to either branch in 1986
and those sales were carryovers from
1985, according to Schreck.
"They like to avoid resistance by
consumers and investors in the
United States to their continued
involvement in South Africa," said
Gary Glaser, an auto industry
analyst with First Boston Corp. "The
decision was simply helped by the
poor market conditions."
Glaser said GM's South African
operation was relatively small and
the sale would have little impact on
GM's balance sheet.
GM is suffering from losses which
have not been stemmed by deep
discount sales incentives it offered
from late August to early October
to clear out its inventory backlog in
the United States.
It is expected to show a third
quarter operating loss of at least $100
million when results are released
later this week.
en's Symphony No. 3 ("Eroica") and
excerpts from Wagner's . "Die
"They are selections from great
classical literature," said Neilson of
the works to be performed. "I think
people would enjoy hearing them,
and a standard repertoire (like this)
is good experience for the orchestra
at this stage."
Neilson said that although there
are many new members in the
orchestra, some of whom have had
limited ensemble experience, the
police officials said they didn't know
of any citations issued by their
About 20 University police offic
ers patrolled Saturday for drinking
at tailgate parties and inside Kenan
Stadium, along with Chapel Hill and
State Highway Patrol officers,
"It was pretty quiet for a State
game," said Lt. Manly Dawson of
the Chapel Hill police, one of 39
Chapel Hill officers at the game
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Mark Sgan applies the defense
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pieces they will be performing should
go smoothly. "The repertoire is not
easy, but it may at least be familiar
to the ear," he said. "It (the program)
was a good choice, considering the
makeup of the orchestra."
Neilson said he thought that a
bassoon concerto would be "an
interesting thing to do," so he asked
Pederson to perform in the Sym
phony's concert. Pederson has been
the principal bassoonist with the
North Carolina Symphony for 19
Although University police offic
ers wrote seven citations for consum
ing beei and wine, they didn't see
anyone drinking hard liquor, Comar
said. "Apparently they (people with
hard liquor) were aware of the
policy, and were concealing it on
The citations issued by University
police are just warnings, he said, and
"nothing really happens" to the
people who receive them, ."The
as Jeff Miller puts
Pederson had several reasons for
choosing to perform Danzi's con
certo. "1 feel it's a quality piece of
music that is not well known," he
said. "It is melodious, it's easy to
listen to and its themes are interest
ing." Pederson added that Danzi,
who was a contemporary of Mozart,
has not been given proper recogni
tion for his work. "I think people
will be surprised by the quality of
his orchestral writing," he said.
See SYMPHONY page 8
message about drinking just hasn't
gotten across yet."
Comar said the citations will
probably have a $25 fine in the
future. "After people learn about it,
and decide to thumb their noses at
the policy, well be fining them."
Although police efforts around
Kenan stadium were successful,
Comar said, the Delta Upsilon party
on Rosemary Street couldn't really
See ALCOHOL page 8
DTH Larry Childress
afternoon. Both are freshmen from Asheville who
live in Stacy dorm.
Afghani judge cites
By TOBY MOORE
Torture using electric chairs
and lit cigarettes is part of a Soviet
policy in Afghanistan that sur
passes simple atrocity and has
become "barbarism," an Afghan
judge told about 15 people during
a speech Monday night.
Mohamed Zalmy, president of
the National Commission on
Human Rights in Afganistan,
spoke in the Student Union. His
speech was sponsored by UNC
Students for America.
The commission headed by
Zalmy was founded two months
after the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan. It lobbies against
Soviet human rights violations in
Afghanistan before groups such
as the United Nations.
"We have to draw -a line,
between atrocities in the cities,
' where the Soviets are in control,
and . . . in the rural areas (where
Soviet control is less firm),"
other isn 't. Ulysses S. Grant
By TERESA KRIEGSMAN
A student-faculty committee on
housing that would serve as an
advisory advocacy group to the
Department of University Housing
is being formed by the Residence
Hall Association, members said at
its Monday meeting.
The committee would work to
improve interaction between stu
dents and faculty in the residence
halls, and it would advise area
governors about educational and
academic programming, said Ray
Jones, RH A president.
Jones' committee would replace
the Housing Advisory Board pro
posed by Donald Boulton, vice
chancellor and dean of student
"WeVe already got student and
faculty interest, which vice chancel
lor's committees don't always have,"
Also in Monday's meeting,
members decided that area gover
nors should sponsor floor meetings
to inform students about the Hous
ing department's recent proposal to
guarantee sophomores on-campus
The RHA should take an
informed stand on Housing's deci
sion to enforce a housing contract
clause allowing students whose
roommate moves out to either accept
a new roommate or pay a single
room rent, Jones said.
Jones said he had discussed gua
- ranteed sophomore housing at floor
meetings in Avery Residence Hall,
and Claire Watts, governor of Scott
Residence College, said she had
sponsored floor meetings in her area.
"Everybody's first thought is,
'Well, sophomore housing is a good
idea,' until they hear more about it,"
Jones said. "The meetings are not
to persuade anybody but just to
discuss the proposal and to get
information about it."
Jones said the area meetings
would give governors a chance to see
how residents felt about the sopho-r
more housing proposal.
"When we make our stand on it,
it should be based upon what we
understand our residents' beliefs to
be," Jones told the governors.
The governors also discussed
students' options when a roommate
moves out. According to the housing
contracts, when one roommate
leaves, the other can stay in the room
and pay a single-room rent, accept
another roommate or move in with
another student. This clause has not
been actively enforced by Housing
in the past.
"The question that needs to be
addressed is, 'What assurance is
there fdr a student that they won't
be penalized if their roommate
moves out?' " Jones said.
Zalmy said that in the Soviet
controlled cities, such as Kabul,
the capital city, there is no
freedom of speech, press, union
or assembly. Arrests and tortures
are common, with many of those
arrested being executed, he said.
He cited such cases as old
women being burned alive and
babies being bayoneted in front
of their mothers. "We should term
it barbarism," he said.
Also, he has documented 89
cases of the Soviets using chem
ical weapons, mostly poisonous
gases, he said.
Zalmy said between 20,000 and
30,000 Afghans have been exe
cuted since the Soviets invaded
the country in 1979, with total
deaths surpassing I million.
In addition, nearly one-third of
the country's 15 million people
have left the country, most seek-
t , See AFGHAN page 8