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2The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday, November 4, 1986
peaker mrge ffoces om snrmrns policy
By PAUL CORY
The key to stopping the arms race
is to address the underlying policies
that drive it rather than the weapons
themselves, an author on nuclear
weapons told a crowd of 20 students
in the Hanes Art Center Monday.
Howard M or land delivered the
keynote address for UNC Students
Taking Action for Nuclear Disarma
Campus Y plans to educate
community on human rights
By NANCY HARRINGTON
- The question is, what can be done
to ensure human rights? The answer
Is to educate the world about itself.
The platform will be a four-day
event, Nov. 9-12, sponsored by the
The concept behind the project
"is to educate the campus and the
community about human-rights
: violations that happen in our coun
try and throughout the world," said
Rob Vanderberry, co-chairman of
the fourth annual Human Rights
Jack Healey, executive director of
Amnesty International, will give the
keynote address at 8 p.m., Sunday,
Nov. 9, in 100 Hamilton Hall.
Another highlighted speaker is
Maki Mandela, daughter of African
activists Nelson and Winnie Man
dela. Speaking at 8 p.m. Monday in
Memorial Hall, she is scheduled to
share her personal experience of
growing up under the apartheid
system in South Africa with an exiled
;l Removing ignorance from society
is one of the main purposes of
; Human Rights Week, said Vander
; berry, a sophomore RTVMP major
from Chesapeake, Va.
; "If we can dispel the ignorance,
then we can better fight together for
human rights," he said.
Vanderberry said he hoped to see
a lot more participation from stu
dents and the community because
UNC has always been a leader in
"I can't name a better place for
this program because weVe always
had a reputation for doing some
thing about things we believe are
wrong and standing up for the things
we believe in."
UNC is a protest community in
the fact that it recognizes and tries
to teach others that human rights are
abused, Vanderberry said. Thafs
why the week is so important, he
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ment's week-long program, "Ways
Out Of The Arms Race."
M orland is the author of the book,
"The Secret That Exploded", and the
article H-Bomb Secret" that des
cribes how a hydrogen bomb
worked. He is a staff member of the
Coalition for a New Foreign and
Since World War 11, U.S. military
planners have been worried about a
"We do want people to know that
we feel these violations are wrong,
and we need people's help to even
tually achieve a true equality
between people, regardless of race,
religion or sex."
Human rights in the Soviet Union
is one issue that won't be discussed,
"We Ye so flooded with propa
ganda in this country with how bad
the Russians are and how great the
United States is," he said. "So first
of all, people already know the
violations in the Soviet Union.
"(And) people in our country
choose to deny that there are just
as many types of human rights
violations in our own country."
UN1CEF will present two films on
their aid to South Africa on Mon
day, as human rights violations in
that country are highlighted.
Central and South America is
Tuesday's topic, with programs
ranging from the role of women in
traditional society to a comparison
of human rights in Nicaragua and
Discussions on date rape, immi
grant minorities, the death penalty
and discrimination will conclude the
week, as Wednesday focuses on the
United States. Donald Boulton,
dean Of student affairs, is also
scheduled to speak.
Community churches and the
Office of the Provost donated
heavily to the project, Vanderberry
For tho Dcccrd
In the article Oct. 29, "University
airport broadens horizons," The
Daily Tar Heel incorrectly reported
that the AH EC program provided
technical assistance in other states.
The Daily Tar Heel regrets this
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Soviet tank invasion of Western
Europe, he said. He quoted from
testimony given by former Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger in front of
a congressional committee in 1978.
Kissinger testified that a possible
Soviet invasion of Western Europe
had been stopped by U.S. gains in
nuclear striking power, vast U.S.
superiority in tactical nuclear wea
pons and the presence of enough
U.S. troops in Europe to trigger
nuclear retaliation by the United
M orland called for the rethinking
of U.S. policy towards the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization.
"We depend on nuclear weapons
and nuclear superiority and will
continue to do so unless we change
our relationship with our NATO
allies and deal with the mess in
Europe," he said. "If we have a
problem with Soviet tanks in
Europe, we should solve it without
According to Morland, the United
States could take a significant step
Freed hostage presses for
From Associated Press reports
WIESBADEN, West Germany
David Jacobsen told of his great joy
Monday in being released after more
than 17 months of captivity but said
other Americans still being held by
Lebanese kidnappers "are in hell"
and must be set free.
Jacobsen, 55, arrived at the U.S.
military air base in Wiesbaden one
day after being freed by his Shiite
Moslem captors. Anglican Church
envoy Terry Waite accompanied
Jacobsen, who was serving as admin
istrator of the American University
hospital in Beirut when he was
abducted on May 28, 1985.
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toward setting up a good climate for
arms control by not deploying the
submarine-based Trident D-5 mis
sile. Trident D-5s will be as accurate
as the MX, carry 10 independently
targeted warheads. The missile will
allow the United States, on paper,
to wipe out all 1,400 of the Soviet
Union's missile silos, by the mid
1990s. This would give the United
States unquestioned missile super
iority and upset the balance of terror,
Morland said nuclear weapons
should be reduced greatly and
advocated a small, well defended
nuclear force targeted at enemy cities
for both sides. He said such a force
would be useful only in the case of
a nuclear attack by the other coun
try, since a first strike could never
take out all of the enemy's missiles.
Morland said the Soviets were
foolish to insist the United States
give up the Strategic Defense Initi
ative before any arms control agree
ment could take place, because the
SDI plan would not work anyway.
Waite, who has negotiated since
last year to free the hostages, said
he would keep on seeking the release
of five other Americans who are
among 19 foreigners still missing in
Jacobsen, from Huntington
Beach, Calif., was examined at the
Air Force hospital. Col. Charles K.
Maffet, hospital director, said at a
news conference, "Although he is
tired, our initial impression is that
he is physically in very good con
dition. It also seems that he has dealt
with the stresses of his captivity
In an emotional statement soon
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Anglican negotiator's absence
causes break in hostage talks
From Associated Press reports
NICOSIA, Cyprus Angli
can envoy Terry Waite says he
will return soon after his effort
to free American captives in
Lebanon, but his absence to
accompany the latest released
hostage Monday indicated a loss
Waite's trip to West Germany
with freed captive David
Jacobsen meant a break in nego
tiations that could last several
days at least.
N.C. missions aid homeless
With homeless North Caroli
nians increasing in number and .
getting younger, and with more
females and entire families out on
the street, many communities are
unprepared to deal with the
problem, officials say.
Although federal and state
officials cannot estimate the
number of homeless people, the
Rev. Waymon Pritchard, execu-
release of other captives
after arrival, Jacobsen said his
happiness was greatly diminished by
the continued captivity of the others.
"I can't tell you how very, very
happy 1 am here today," he said. "But
it's with really mixed feelings to be
a free man again."
His voice shook and he appeared
on the edge of tears. "Those guys
are in hell, and we've gotta get them
"The best things in life are free,"
he said, "and by God they are."
Jacobsen was in the hands of pro-
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News in Brief
tive director of the Raleigh
Rescue Mission, Inc., said there
are seven other missions related
to his in North Carolina. Those
missions, together with the Sal
vation Army, serve about 1,200
homeless people a year, he said.
Cigarette battle smolders
CHICAGO A pair of essay
contests sponsored by bitter rivals
in the battle over cigarette smok
ing have the same goal: to increase
public awareness of the issue.
A contest sponsored by Philip
Morris Companies, Inc., asks
how a ban on advertising of
tobacco products would affect
"the future of free expression in
a free-market economy," said
Guy Smith, a spokesman for the
New York-based maker of Marl
Iranian Shiite group Islamic Jihad,
as are Terry A. Anderson, 39, and
Thomas Sutherland, 55.
He smiled occasionally and said
he felt well but gave no details of
his treatment during captivity.
Waite, 47, refused comment on his
attempts to free the others.
"We're being very careful about
what we say for the moment because
we're just at a very critical stage,"
he said. "Ill be here probably for
a couple of days, and then I may
be going back."
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