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Copyright 1986 The Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 94, Issue 101
Friday, November 14, 1386
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Business Advertising 962-1163
By JO FLEISCHER
Assistant University Editor
UNC students signatures were requested for an anti
communist petition last week by members of CAUSA,
an organization founded by the Rev. Sun Myung Moon,
leader of the Unification Church, according to UNC
students and CAUSA members.
Ian Haycroft, a national CAUSA representative, said
petitioners nationwide were asking students to sign their
names and give their addresses and phone numbers on
the petitions. "We're asking people how they feel about
God, sin and morality," he said. "We're educating people
about communism and values that are very important
to this country."
Members of the Unification Church, popularly
referred to as "Moonies," founded CAUSA in 1980. The
organization continues to be funded through businesses
in the Unification movement and other individuals,
The church preaches that Moon is the sole, true god
who will reign on earth after the apocalypse.
CAUSA is an ecumenical and bipartisan group with
members of many religions who oppose communism
and who are concerned with educating people about
a decline in moral and religious values, Haycroft said.
Anna Baird, a UNC freshman, said she was
approached and asked to sign a petition earlier this year.
"He didn't say what the the organization was, so I didn't
give my number or my address. I didn't want to commit
myself, but I was for the things it had on the petition,"
Haycroft said the petitioners requested the students'
addresses and telephone numbers so that the church
could send them educational literature about CAUSA.
When asked if students would also receive information
about the Unification Church, he responded, "No,
absolutely not. That would be ridiculous,"
. The petitions, circulated nationwide, would be used
to show support for values important to the United
States, Haycroft said. "A large number of signatures
in North Carolina would be a strong statement to the
See MOONIES page 3
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Library clerks Reba Foster and Nancy
Watkins leave Davis Library Thursday
evening after working at the circula
of arms deal
with Iff ami
rrom Associated Press reports
Reagan confirmed Thursday night
that he undertook 18 months of
secret diplomacy with Iran and said
he sent "small amounts" of weapons
to improve relations, not to ransom
American hostages in Lebanon.
He said it was not his intention
to tilt U.S. policy toward Iran in its
six-year war with Iraq.
"Due to the publicity of the past
week, the entire initiative is very
much at risk today," the president
told the nation in an address broad
cast from the Oval Office in the
Saying that widespread rumors
about his dealings with Iran forced
him to speak, Reagan acknowledged
he sent former National Security
Adviser Robert McFarlane on a
four-day mission to Tehran last
spring "to raise the diplomatic level
of contacts" with moderates in Iran.
"Since then," Reagan said in his
hastily arranged address, "the dia
logue has continued, and step-by-step
progress continues to be made."
The president spoke in the midst
of clamor from Capitol Hill and
demands from many of his conser
vative political allies for a detailed
defense of the administration's
heretofore secret arms dealings with
Iran's ambassador to the United
Nations, Said Rajaie-Khorassani,
said of Reagan's speech: "To me it
was a very optimistic statement and
to some extent a constructive
Arms shipments had been cut off
by former President Jimmy Carter
after radicals seized the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran and took dozens
of Americans hostage. -
Reagan said it was "utterly false"
that the weapon shipments to Iran
at a time when the United States had
imposed an embargo on such deliv
eries, were intended to ransom the
Americans held hostage in Lebanon.
Nor had the United States "secretly
violated American policy against
trafficking with terrorists," he said.
"We did not repeat did not
trade weapons or anything else for
See REAGAN page 2
Spangler to turn over
system athletic report
State flies as top turkey producer
By CHRIS CHAPMAN
The days are getting shorter and the leaves
have fallen. Thai can mean only one thing
you're already two weeks late for the Christmas
But seriously, as Thanksgiving approaches,
millions will return home to gorge themselves
and Watch football as they commemorate those
hearty spirits on Plymouth Rock who celebrated
that first Thanksgiving so long ago.
There's a good chance that theyH be stuffing
themselves on turkeys grown in this state. This
year North Carolina will turn 39 million of our
feathered friends into those cute little bags
wrapped in yellow fishnet that overrun the frozen
food section. North Carolina is the nation's
leading turkey-producing state, garnering around
20 percent of the nation's total gobbler output.
This year's crop represents a five million bird
increase over last year's figure of 34 million
Ed Woodhouse, excutive director of the N.C.
Poultry Federation, says that despite last
summer's bird-slaying drought, production and
prices should remain stable. "Turkeys will be
plentiful, with prices ranging from 69 to 89 cents
Some lucky bargain hunters may be able to
lug home a bird for as little as 58 cents a pound.
Hoping to entice shoppers to buy all their
Thanksgiving necessities from pumpkin pie
to Pepto Bismol at the same store, grocers
often take a loss on turkeys.
Turkeys are just a small part of an awesome
N.C. poultry air force. Last year, according to
Woodhouse, the state produced 440 million
broilers, 5 million ducks, and 3 billion eggs to
earn more than a billion dollars in farm income.
Woodhouse said poultry now outranks tobacco
as a source of farm income in the state.
Although some of the state's birds are
exported, a great deal stay at home. Woodhouse
See TURKEY page 6
By KIMBERLY EDENS
UNC-system President CD.
Spangler will release the Special
Committee on Intercollegiate
Athletics reports when he delivers his
recommendation to the Board of
Governors today, according to a
"It has always been the plan to.
release them on Nov. 14," said
Wyndham Robertson, acting vice
president for communications.
Spangler and Arthur Padilla, the
associate vice president for academic
affairs, are defendants in a suit filed
by the N.C. Press Association and
The News and Observer Publishing
Co. to force release of the
The reports, which include infor
mation concerning SAT scores and
graduation rates of athletes, season
lengths, number ol contests and
recruitment, were submitted by the
chancellors of the 15 UNC-system
schools with athletic programs.
Spangler released parts of the
reports earlier because of pressure
from the press, Robertson said, but
the lawsuit is not his reason for
releasing the athletic report.
Spangler refused to release the
information earlier because he
believed continued press access to
similar documents in the future
would make it difficult for him to
do his job as president, according
to his affidavit.
During the Board of Governors
meeting, Spangler will mainly talk
about season length, Robertson said.
She would not comment further on
the content of Spangler's remarks.
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Cutbacks 'in free documents hurt libraries
Rudy Kessler shelves documents Thursday in Davis Library
By TRACEY MAXWELL
and S. BOSWELL DARLEY
Cutbacks in federal spending over
the last 15 years have led to a serious
decline in the amount of information
supplied to Davis Library, according
to a documents expert there.
"There is a lack of information and
a lack of control of information,"
said Ridley Kessler, federal docu
ments librarian at Davis.
The kinds of information affected
include statistics, consumer data,
demographics and government tech
Before the spending cuts, the
government supplied the informa
tion in print form to 1400 nation
wide depository libraries, which
include Davis, Kessler said.
Now it provides some information
in print, some only in microfiche and
some in a dual format, he said.
Along with depository status,
UNC is also one of 33 regional
libraries in the United States. Dep
ository libraries are given a list of
available documents and are allowed
to choose the information they will
Regional libraries are required to
house all available information.
Kessler is the regional librarian for
the area by virtue of his position at
Federal law requires the libraries
to provide this information to the
public free of charge. Kessler said
the problem resulted from several
attempts to cut federal spending,
mainly the Paper Reduction Act of
UNC library service V 3
former President Jimmy Carter's
administration, current general
cutbacks resulting from the budget
deficit and the Gramm-Rudman
budget-balancing plan implemented
"In an effort to cut back spending,
publishing is curtailed," Kessler said.
While there are things he would
like to receive but does not, he said
much of the reduction had been
warranted. But the government
became carried away in the reduction
effort, he said.
The UNC depository system is
threatened because the United States
does not have a solid information
policy, he said.
The current policy allows for
inconsistencies in the format of the
disseminated information, Kessler
said. The two key problems' are
missing information and the crip
pling effect of microfiche conversion,
He said that while microfiche is
a good form of cataloging, it is
cumbersome to use and unappealing
to the average person. It is not easily
accessible and print is necessary, he
M icrof iche is less expensive for the
government to produce, but more
expensive for libraries to use.
Many libraries cannot afford to
convert to a microfiche system, said
Kessler, who handles complaints
from various institutions under his
"I'm being swamped with micro
fiche," he said. "The problem is very,
But Kessler does not agree with
some of his colleagues that it is a
government plot to deny access of
"It's just a sign of the times," he
Librarians reject microfiche
Librarians nationwide brought the
issue to a head when the Congres
sional Joint Committee on Printing
decided to provide heavily used
manuals such as the U.S. Con
gresssional Record and the Code of
Federal Regulations only in
microfiche form, Kessler said.
Due to the fervor, the committee
ruled in October to revert to its
former policy of providing the
documents in dual format print
This does not mean that the
controversy has ended, Kessler said.
Many things are still unavailable or
not available in a" preferred form of
There has been a trend in the
government to contract with private
publishing firms to provide its
information. Whether this informa
tion will be available free of charge
is a debated issue.
Most of the information currently
provided by the private sector is
costly, Kessler said.
"1 spend $25,000 to $30,000 per
year on government information
from sources other than the govern
ment," he said.
Constitutionality in debate
Some observers feel that the
involvement of private business in
the gathering, publishing and selling
of data previously supplied by the
government for free may threaten an
individual's right to easy access to
"Some people feel that it's a
constitutional issue," said Bernadine
Hodusky, Joint Committee on Print
ing professional staff member.
There has always been a relation
ship between the government and
private companies, but the issue now
is who owns the information after
it has been collected, she said.
"There are specific laws that
govern how you contract with
private firms, but it's how you write
the specifications of the contract that
makes a difference," Hodusky said.
The Department of Energy issues
at least 13,000 contracts a year to
private researchers and publishers,
but does not allow copyrighting of
any of that information, she said.
But the Department of Education
issues several thousand contracts
and gives the copyrights to the
contractors. This allows the contrac
tor to sell the information to the
Private sector gain could lead to
a monopoly of information control,
causing the government to disregard
its responsibility to supply this
information, she said.
See LIBRARY page 3
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