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The Daily Tar Heel Friday, November 14, 19863
AM standards to change
By JUSTIN McGUIRE
Students whose financial aid loans
for next semester have not been
approved may be affected by changes
in eligibility standards, according to
Thomas W. Langston, associate
director for student aid, said the
Higher Education Reauthorization
Act of 1986 will cause changes in
how students must apply for aid for
"Students who already have been
guaranteed funds will receive those
funds for this year," he said. "How
eve those who are still in the process
of seeking aid may find they have
to provide more documents than
they originally thought they had to."
Private publisher supplies Davis
with government documents
By TRACEY MAXWELL
and S. BOSWELL DARLEY
The decline in the amount of
information supplied by the govern
ment to U.S. depository libraries has
created a new market for private
UNC's Davis Library is one of the
1,400 depository libraries across the
country that receives government
manuals and statistics.
Congressional Information Servi
ces Inc. (CIS), a Washington-based
publishing firm, sells a printed index
and a microfiche system of abstracts
for information formerly and still
available from the government,
according to CIS spokesman Rick
Readex Corporation, of New
Canaan, Conn., publishes a full set
of depository and non depository
documents, Vice President Carolyn
Dyer said. Her company has pub
lished government documents in
microform since 1953 and supplies
The information compiled by
these institutions is costly, said
Cost to the taxpayer is another
concern of possible rights violations,
Kessler said. Tax money runs the
Government Printing Office, which
is responsible for dissemination, he
said. Taxes also help pay for the
publications that the library buys
from private suppliers to keep the
library's information up to date.
"It's your information. You've
paid out of your tax dollars," he said.
American people," he said. When
asked repeatedly, he would not give
a specific example of how the
petition would be used, but said the
group cannot lobby legislators
extensively, because of its nonprofit,
educational group tax status.
Baird said a man asked her and
her roommate if they were anti
communist and supported funda
mental American values. Although
Baird didn't give her address and
phone number, her roommate did,
but she hasn't received any literature
When a friend told her that the
petitioner was probably a member
of the Unification Church, she said
she was surprised. "I didn't think
they'd be doing anti-communist
surveys," she said.
Bill Peaslee, chairman of the UNC
College Republicans, said his organ
ization tried to make its members
aware that CAUSA had strong ties
to the Unification Church. Peaslee,
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Langston said the only other
change involves graduate students.
"In the past, graduate students have
only had to provide us with their tax
forms," he said. "Now all students,
graduate and undergraduate, will
have to fill out the standard form."
The real effects of the change will
be on those applying for aid begin
ning next year, Langston said. He
said the changes, which were
approved by President Reagan on
Oct. 17, greatly alter federal require
ments for aid. "We are in the process
of making changes in our process to
see how the new law can best be
brought into effect," he said.
He said the new law had many
provisions, some that liberalized
requirements and some that res
Ridley Kessler, federal documents
librarian for UNC. For example, last
year Kessler paid $1,975 for the
American Statistics Index from CIS.
To purchase the actual informa
tion covered by the index would cost
UNC about $14,000.
CIS gathers information from
company representatives who attend
all congressional committee hearings
in Washington, Johnson said.
"In the early years we found much
more information than the govern
ment usually revealed, and we
produced it better," he said. "Rather
than trust the government to tell us
what they were publishing, we got
the information ourselves."
The information is thoroughly
researched and indexed by CIS, he
said. It is then sold for profit to
Because the market is open, CIS
specializes in this narrow area of
publishing. "We're in the business of
selling this information," Johnson
Readex publishes every document
that is listed in the government's
"Why should taxpayers pay twice?"
But Eugene Gressman, UNC
professor of law, said there is no
great constitutional issue involved
There would have to be a direct
denial of access to information for
it to infringe on personal rights, he
"It's more a matter of government
policy," he said. "It's a restrictive
who had been approached by a
CAUSA member last week, said the
petition was worded in a way that
nobody could be opposed to its
Frederic Schroeder, dean of stu
dents, said groups of all affiliations
have a constitutional right to air their
views without restriction in desig
nated areas under UNC's "facilities
CAUSA members were soliciting
viewpoints in the Pit, which is a
designated area under the policy.
The policy does not allow people to
disrupt classes or pedestrian traffic,
but expressing an opinion is an open
process, Schroeder said.
Another group with ties to Moon
the Collegiate Association for
Research in Principles (CARP)
tried to get students involved and
become an official student organi
zation this year and four years ago,
Peaslee said. Earlier this year, CARP
sent a representative to UNC to
tricted. Therefore, he said, it is
difficult to predict what the exact
changes will be. He said the changes
involve whether a student is classified
dependent on his or her parents.
There will most likely be a change
in the number of support documents
a student must provide to prove
He said that although the new law
only affects federal aid, all UNC aid
will be affected. UNC uses federal
standards to determine eligibility for
loans, whether the funds are feder
ally provided or not. "We certainly
have a lot of non-federal funds, but
all funds we award are based on the
standards set for federal aid," he said.
monthly catalog, Dyer said.
"Some (information) comes (to
libraries), some of it comes in
microfiche only, and some of it
doesn't come," she said.
Because the government printing
office does not provide all the
information to the libraries, Readex
is also able to furnish it for a profit.
"The entire set for 1986 will cost
in excess of $30,000," Dyer said.
She said the government's inabil
ity to publish all the information was
warranted financially. They supply
an index of the agencies who publish
the information to the libraries in the
monthly catalog, she said.
Readex generally supplies things
in microform only, Dyer said. But
print is available on request at a fee.
The information on the fiche is
exactly what is on the government's
original printed document, she said.
Kessler said the quality of infor
mation published by CIS and com
panies like Readex make it worth
the investment. "They often do a
better job of presenting the informa
tion than the government," he said.
from page 1
policy. There are many in this
Ultimately most constitutional
rights end up in the balance between
governmental interest and individual
rights, Gressman said.
"Maybe the government just
doesn't have the money. That might
, constitute a compelling government
interest," he said. "It's very much in
the gray area."
from page 1
establish a group, but it was not
recognized by the University, he said.
Schroeder said CARP had sought
recognition as a student group, but
the group was not listed as a UNC
recognized student organization.
-Cynthia Wolf, who oversees the
applications of groups seeking recog
nition, could not be reached for
comment Thursday afternoon.
Wiveka Lamson, a Unification
Church member at the organiza
tion's Raleigh office, said church
members were volunteering to work
with CAUSA as part of an "edu
She said CAUSA was a non
denominational group. "We're ask
ing people to say yes to God and
no to communism," she said.
PRESENTS AUDITIONS FOR:
Please have an accompanist to play your prepared songis) and wear
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Please bring your own bass, guitar, and drums. Rano will be provided.
unc Chapel Hill
Monday, Nov. 17, Carolina union Auditorium, 5-9 p.m.
university of NC Greensboro
Sat. Nov. 22, Elliot Univ. Center, Alexander Room, .1-6 p.m.
East Carolina university
' Friday Dec. 5, a. S. Fletcher Rehearsal Hall 101, 12-5 p.m.
Pinehurst Country Club
Sat. Dec. 6, Brassies, 12-4 p.m. '
For Further lnformc3tion Call (919) 295-681 1 ext. 6100
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Carolina Union committee members (from left to
right) Molly Donahue. Dave Bernath and Greg
Library eases subject-findin:
By PHYLLIS A. FAIR
Research for a paper can be
difficult work when a person doesn't
know the name of an author or the
title of a book. Davis Library has
made, that work easier by adding
subject headings to its on-line
As of Nov. 3, Davis has subject
headings on its on-line catalog, said
Joe Hewitt, associate University
librarian for technical services.
The added service makes it easier
for people to look for books, when
they don't know the author or title
of a book. "We developed . . . (the
system) in order to improve service
and access," Hewitt said.
People can now put the subject
name on the command line, and it
will list that subject as well as other
related subjects, Hewitt said.
Users of the on-line catalog said
adding the subject heading to the
Possible theft of electronic equipment
puzzles professor, stumps UNC police
From staff reports
The UNC police investigated the
possible theft of a pulse generator
Wednesday, according to Sgt. Ned
Comar of the UNC police. The
generator, valued at $4000, was
reported missing from a room in
The pulse generator is a piece of
electronic equipment used for laser
experiments, said Charles V. Bris
coe, assistant chairman of the phys
ics and astronomy department. "It's
puzzling to me why anyone would
want to steal it," he said. "It has
absolutely no resale value and no
practical uses outside this
Briscoe said the department has
had items stolen in the past, but they
are usually items that can be readily
Comar said the UNC police also
investigated the possible theft of
denture-fitting equipment from the
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system made working on papers a
lot easier. "I think it's great," said
David Williamson, a first year MBA
student. "That's what makes it
"It's very simple, and you can be
as productive in 10 minutes as you
would in a hour in the card cata
logue," he said. "I think most people
search by subject anyway."
Cynthia Adams, a reference librar
ian in the humanities department,
said it was tremendously useful, and
people seemed pleased with it.
Before, the on-line catalog was
useful to people who knew the
author or the title of a book, but
now it is more useful because it is
similar to the card catalog. "We
wanted the on-line catalog to have
the same features as the card cata
logue," she said.
Sometime in the near future
people will be able to use the on
line catalog to search for books at
men's locker room in the Dental
School. The haunarticulator, valued
at $400, was also reported missing
the Frankie Lcmmon Center
The Brothers of IX
wish to congratulate the winners
of Derby Days:
1st OM 2nd AAA 3rd ZTA
and the Derby Darling Molly O Tuel
Thanks for your contributions:
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aOE- ASO -KA0
KA - KKT - M - IIBO
ZEE - ZOB - ZTA
Score with our football specials
GM APE VINE
complete chicken dinner $3.00
Extra Point Special:
All-American hotdogs $1.90
Field Goal Special:
Pork, beef or chicken
barbecue box lunch $2.50
Frozen yogurt wtoppings 15$ oz.
20 oz. Milkshake $1.15
Hot popcorn .35$
On your way to Kenan ... in the
Brinkhaus Bullitt Bldg. next to NCMH
Lunch 10:45-1:45 pm
Dinner 4-7 pm
We appreciate your
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DTH Julie Stovall
Burlos update the information on the campus
cube next to the Pit
Duke and N.C.
libraries as well
as UNC's, Adams
The system should be completed
within the next month to month and
Presently the system isn't hooked
up because there is a problem with
the broad band cable between Davis
Library and Phillips' commutation
center, Hewitt said.
Along with the different types of
searches, Hewitt said there would be
some additional features added to
the system, like an acquisition
This will tell people if books are
on order, but not received or haven't
yet been cataloged. The total cost
should run about $3 million, Hewitt
Funding for the system came from
a federal grant and from the
Research Triangle Foundation, he
Wednesday, Comar said.
There are no leads in either case,