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2 The Daily Tar Heel Friday, January 16, 1987
Groups tattle warlike cartoons
By CHRIS CHAPMAN
As the sadistic Communist
menace threatens the safety of the
tfree world, the brave U.S. Army
; makes a pact with the satanic forces
'of the underworld to defeat the Red
I Although this may sound like the
prelude to World War 111, it is merely
jthe plot of one episode of "The
;Inhumanoids,"one of the three most
; violent cartoons on television along
w ith 44 Photon" and the "Cent urions. "
; "Nothing remotely as violent has
;ever been produced in children's
entertainment in the history of the
world," said Thomas Radecki,
; research director at National Coa
lition on Television Violence.
; Violence in children's television
1 has become a heated issue in the age
of Rambo, as the hours of war
cartoons broadcast per week has
.increased from 1.5 hours in 1982 to
;43 hours this year, according to
: statistics from the NCTV, a research
organization headquartered in
;By MATTHEW J. BIVENS
: N.C. unemployment rose by 0.3
; percent overall from October to
: November, and remained constant
; through December, according to
; figures released by the Employment
; Securities Commission early this
Unemployment rates increased in
77 of the state's 100 counties, and
the state's overall unemployment
rose from 5.1 percent to 5.4 percent.
The national unemployment rate is
Joe Richardson, a labor market
analyst for the Employment Secur
ities Commission, said nothing in
; particular had caused the state-wide
; rise in unemployment.
The influence of Research Trian-
gle Park is one reason North Carol
; ina's unemployment rates are lower
than the nation's, Thomas Kniesner,
UNC professor of economics, said.
There is a concentration of high-tech
jobs which remain filled and lower
the overall unemployment figures, he
"When a chemist loses his job, he
has several other options, while a
worker in a steel plant may have to
re-train before he can find a new
job," Kniesner said.
The N .C counties with the highest
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. NCTV statistics show that sales of
war toys have increased 700 percent
since 1982, and 1 1 of the 20 best
selling toys in America are war toys.
NCTV officials claim the psycho
logical well-being of children may be
threatened by exposure to war
"These cartoons, the toys ads and
the toys themselves teach children
that war is an exciting and patriotic
game," Radecki said. "Instead of
resisting evil with good, these car
toons teach a barbarian war philo
sophy of resisting evil with more
Since 1957 researchers have con
ducted 42 studies on the effects of
violent cartoons and war toys on
children. Radecki said 39 of the
studies have found at least some
Radecki said the problem with
violent programming has increased
to record levels.
An episode of "Centurions" fea
tured nuclear and nerve gas weap
onry. Radecki said this and the
"Inhumanoid" episodes are the first
Labor Force Employed Unemployed
Graham 2,070 1,510 560 27.1
Swain 5,290 4,370 920 17.4
Tyrrell 1,430 1,190 240 16.8
Hyde 2,180 1,890 290 13.3
Mecklenberg 248,070 236.80 11,230 4.5
Source: N.C. Dept of Commerce
rates of unemployment include
Graham at 27.1 percent. Swain at
17.4 percent, Tyrrell at 16.8 percent
and Hyde at 13.3 percent.
Graham and Swain counties are
located in the Appalachian Moun
tains. Hyde and Tyrrell are located
on Pamlico Sound.
The statistics for these four coun
ties were exaggerated by the small
size of their labor force and popu
lation compared to other N.C.
counties, Jim Nichols, a research
analyst at the Department of Com
Unemployment is high in the
coastal counties because of a sea
sonal drop in tourism, and a lack
of a major port for the fishermen,
Earl Bradley, chief of labor resources
at the Department of Commerce,
Tyrrell County relies primarily on
100 counties of the state, she would
go for him.
She said she considers herself a
liberal thinker like her husband, and
she discusses with him some of his
"I sure did get my ideas to him
about the campaign," she said.
But she admitted that her judg
ment was not always right, recalling
that she disapproved of one of
Sanford's advertisements which
reacted to the "whiney woman" in
Jim BroyhuTs advertisement who
complained about the food and
medicine tax Sanford had imple
mented as governor over 20 years
"1 said, Oh Terry, you should
never have said that that was
terrible.' But that was the turning
point in the campaign. People really
liked that," she said.
time children's television has fea
tured nuclear weaponry and the
Radecki said NCTV has two main
purposes. First, the organization
seeks to place the Surgeon General's
warning about violent programming
on 30-second public service
announcements to run during child
ren's viewing hours. The warning
reads, "Using violent and sexually
degrading matierial to entertain has
harmful unconscious effects on
children and adults."
The other goal of NCTV is to
prohibit cartoon companies from
using violence in advertising directed
at children. Radecki said NCTV is
lobbying Sen. Paul Simon, D-Ill.,
and other representatives to sponsor
such legislation in Congress.
"We're sort of the research arm
of the movement," Radecki said.
"We're trying to get the Surgeon
General's message out. We try to
take the most reasonable steps in a
democracy to deal with the
The New England War Resister's
agriculture and jobs created by
tourism in Dare County, while the
fishing industry is more important
to Hyde County, said J.D. Brick
house, Tyrrell County
In the northwestern counties of
Graham and Swain, unemployment
is high because of a severe lack of
industrialization, Bradley said.
Bradley said that the Department
of Commerce tries to encourage
companies to locate in these regions,
but most businesses have certain
requirements for operation that
counties such as Graham and Swain
"IH bet dollars to doughnuts that
85 percent of our clients demand to
be within 20 miles of a major
highway or an airport," he said.
Graham County has only two
major employers, Stanley Furniture
The Sanfords have two children,
a daughter, 37, and a son, 34.
Margaret Sanford said their daugh
ter took an active role in Sanford's
Margaret Sanford said that
although her husband's political
duties did leave her a heavy burden
of raising their family, she did not
mind the responsibility.
"It wasn't something that bothered
me," she said. "I didn't sit around
and think, 4Oh, he's neglecting me.'
I don't complain about his public
But she said that her husband's
political responsibilities upset their
"He'd say, 'My daddy doesnt have
time to take me to the Little League
like everybody else's.' He had a
patrolman taking him," she said.
But the children are now adults.
League of Norwich, Conn, is work
ing with the problem of war toys at
a local level.
Rick Gaumer, staffer with the
league, said his group formed in July
1985 after an article appeared in
Newsweek magazine about war toys
and war cartoons.
The group has developed a packet
that it distributes to groups in all 50
states and Canada which compiles
studies on the effects of war toys.
"The packet has developed from
a 15-page thing costing $1.50 to d
50-to-60 page packet costing $4.50.
WeVe sold almost a thousand of
them," Gaumer said.
The War Resister's League also
lobbies toy manufacturers to end
production of war toys. These efforts
have been unproductive, said
"It's important to have a multi
level approach, to deal with manu
facturers, parents, schools and even
kids," he said. "We've been very
successful at the micro-level, and
that's important to have a chance at
and American Uniform, a clothing
factory, said Martha Atwell, county
Atwell said another reason unem
ployment is high is that many people
are construction Workers, who have
a hard time finding work in the
Linda Cable, the assistant admin
istrator of Swain County, said that
the closing of the Singer Furniture
Manufacturing plant in February
1986 is largely responsible for
Swain's high rate of unemployment.
Bradley said that in some states
inducements are offered to compan
ies to locate in underdeveloped areas,
including tax breaks, subsidized
utilities and free land. North Carol
ina law prohibits the use of these
Gov. Jim Martin is actively'
recruiting businesses to these coun
ties, said Tim Pittman, Martin's
Pittman said Martin's highway
package should help bring indus
trialization to the , area by funding
If tax breaks or advantages are
offered to companies, he said, they
must be paid for with taxpayers'
money, and such advantages are
unfair to businesses already located
in the area. :
from page 1
and Margaret Sanford is preparing
for her new role as senator's wife,
traveling between her Durham home
and Washington apartment.
"I think once 1 get in (the new
apartment) and have it all furnished,
HI like it," she said. "Ill probably
stay up there more and more as I
get used to it."
Margaret Sanford said her hus
band told her that if he did not win
the senate contest, they would fake
a trip around the world or travel in
their 44-foot sailboat.
But since he Won the election, she
said they rarely have time together
for relaxation or a vacation, but they
do enjoy spending time together
sailing, gardening or cooking.
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U.S. may try suspect
for '8S TWA hijacking
From Associated Press reports
FRANKFURT, West Ger
many Police have arrested a
suspect in the 1985 hijacking of
a TWA jetliner to Beirut, the
Frankfurt prosecutor's office said
Thursday. The Lebanese man was
carryirig what authorities sus
pected were explosives.
In Washington, a Justice
Department spokesman said the
U.S. government will attempt to
have the man brought to the
United States and put on trial for
The hijacking, which involved
the murder of a U.S. Navy diver,
was "one of the most despicable
acts of international terrorism
ever carried out against Ameri
cans and we would like to see him
face the music," said Justice
Department spokesman Patrick
Korten said that discussions
were underway involving Richard
Burt, the U.S. ambassador to
Germany, "regarding the dispatch
of this individual" to the United
States to stand trial.
Arms talks continue
GENEVA Nuclear arms
talks between the superpowers
resumed Thursday with a lun
cheon meeting between U.S.
Speech on 'Star Wars'
piques Congress's ire
From Associated Press reports
ing in Congress this week for a $2
billion boost in Star Wars spending;
Defense Secretary Caspar Wein
berger tantalized some lawmakers
and alarmed others with hints that
he favors deploying the shield
against nuclear attack far earlier than
President Reagan last August
cautioned Star Wars boosters not to
get "aritsy," but Weinberger,
responding to pressure from conser
vatives on Capitol Hill, said several
times this week that he would like
to see some elements of an anti
UNC system to teach
hbw to make DOD deals
By LAURIE MARTIN
North Carolina businesses that
want to sell food to military instal
lations or clothes to cadets can learn
the logistics of selling to the govern
ment in upcoming seminars con
ducted by the UNC system.
UNC-system officials have
received an $80,000 Department of
Defense contract for a program to
teach businessmen how to compete
for federal dollars in a $20 billion
"North Carolina doesn't sell as
much to the federal government as
other states of its size," said Ed
Bishop, special assistant to the UNC
"The University has a responsibil
Monday, January 19
"The Dating Game"
Tuesday, January 20
Crusade for Christ International
I 71 I
Novjs in Oficf
delegation head Max Kampel
man and his new Soviet counter
part, Yuli Vorontsov.
The two delegation leaders met
privately at Soviet request,
instead of heading a meeting of
all three top negotiators from
each side, which normally marks
the beginning of a round.
eight-month surveillance pro
gram on Interstate 95 that netted
more than $1.5 million in drug
busts will continue because of its
high success rate, officials said
Lt. George Russ of N.C. High
way Patrol's district office in
Fayetteville said 18 pounds of
cocaine, 454 pounds of marijuana
and 50 marijuana plants have
been seized from 27 motorists
using the interstate a route
investigators say is a drug pipeline
from Florida to northern states.
Of the 27 people stopped, 24
were charged with drug law
offenses, Russ said. Four have
missile defense deployed "just as
soon as we can."
Since Reagan launched the Star
Wars program in 1983, his aides have
said the research was designed to
allow officials to decide in the early
1990s whether to build and deploy
an anti-missile shield. But Wein
berger's remarks suggested that the
cornerstone of the system could be
put in place sooner.
"I am very fearful that the patience
of the Congress is very thin," Sen.
Dan Quayle, R-Ind., told Wein
berger during a meeting of the Senate
Armed Services Committee on
ity to the private sector to provide
explanations on the ways of getting
through government red tape," said
Bishop. "It's a public service
The government subsidizes similar
educational programs in other states
as well, Bishop said.
The seminars, which will begin
Jan. 21 in Greenville, are open to
anyone interested. Three other
general seminars and nine topic
oriented seminars will be offered
throughout the state over the next
They will be administered by the
UNC Small Business and Technol
ogy Development Center based in
NORTH BY NORTHWEST
Saturday, Jan. 16 7:00, 9:30
Free with UNC ID
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