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AIDS policy to
By RUTH DAVIS
The N.C. Department of Human
Resources will probably request the
kN.C. General Assembly to take
legislative action to deal with the
AIDS virus and related problems.
State Health Director Dr. Ron
Alter the department studys and
reviews the state's communicable
diseases program, it plans to develop
a proposal suggesting ways for North
Carolina to handle acquired immune
deficiency syndrome, Levine said.
"The disease so far in North
Carolina is almost confined entirely
to the high-risk groups," he said.
"We're in a good position if we can
come up with an effective means to
Levine said North Carolina ranks
20th nationwide in incidence of
Kathy Kerr, health educator for
the N.C. AIDS Control Program,
said that as of Feb. 12, 186 cases
of AIDS were diagnosed statewide.
Of those, 130 died, she said.
Stanley Lemon, associate profes
sor of medicine, microbiology and
immunology at N.C. Memorial
Price reflects on the state off affairs
By NICKI WEISENSEE
Congressional leadership may be
more important as a result of the
the Iran-contra affair. Rep. David
Price, D-N.C, said in an interview
"1 think the main effect (of the
Iran-contra affair) will be to put an
additional premium on Congres
sional leadership," he said. "The
White House has been weakened. I
think it wouldVe been better if the
government had been more forth
coming from the beginning."
But he said Congress is not
preoccupied with the Iran-contra
"The government has not ground
to a halt," he said.
Budget deliberations are under
way, a trade bill is being written and
Congress recently passed the Clean
Water Act and a highway bill. Price
The fast start of Congress and the
leadership of House Majority Leader
Jim Wright have been very encou
raging, Price said.
Price, a member of the Banking,
Finance and Urban Affairs Commit
tee, and the Science, Space and
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At GiraiimvnflllcB TTaw(Bir?
Twenty-four hour front desk coverage
and an all-night patrol outside are a
couple of things we do.
Providing a large study lounge and
computer facilities to cut down on those
late night trips accross campus are two
GRANVILLE TOWERS University Square 929-7143
Hospital, saiu mat lor every one case
reported about 50 are undiagnosed.
"There could be as many as 8,000
to 10,000 persons in North Carolina
infected," he said. "(AIDS) is clearly
present in North Carolina, even
though North Carolina is not heavily
Ellen Casselberry at the Public
Health Services Office in Washing
ton said 31,834 cases of AIDS were
reported nationally as of March 2.
Of those, 17,851 have died.
Although about 30,000 cases have
been reported, Kerr said, between
one and two million people could
be unknowingly carrying the virus.
Three weeks ago a doctor from
North Carolina attended a confer
ence in Atlanta of communicable
disease experts and health officials
from across the nation to. discuss
AIDS. The group reached a concen
sus on issues including educational
efforts, counseling and testing for the
virus, Levine said.
The report produced at the con
ference concluded that because this
is a pre-vaccine era and transmission
of AIDS is through sexual inter
course, from pregnant women to
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Technology Committee, will join the
Small Business Committee if his
appointment is approved this week.
Price said his committees have
been busy on various projects, which
include tackling the savings and loan
insurance crisis, authorizing a space
The Place to be at
their babies and through hypodermic
B people must alter their sexual
educational efforts must be
continued and directed at everyone
through the media, public service
announcements and curriculum; 1
B the availability of one-on-one
AIDS counseling must be increased
B testing for , antibodies should
remain voluntary, but should be
offered and encouraged for the
highest-risk groups, including hemo
philiacs, people in the drug culture,
homosexuals and bisexuals. If
resources permit, heterosexuals at
higher risk should also be tested,
although they are still considered
B "blind" studies of serum from
different geographic areas should be
conducted to develop a statistical
idea of the incidence of AIDS.
The report also mentioned the
need for statutory protection from
discrimination and for confidential
ity of AIDS patients except in cases
to protect the public health, Levine
program and reauthorizing the
National Science Foundation.
He is cosponsoring a trade bill and
a G.I. education bill and is the
primary sponsor for a bill to elim
inate the proposed Eastern hazard
ous waste site.
"We have a waste site in the West
and we don't need one in the East,"
Price said. "One is sufficient."
Two major concerns of 4th district
constitutents have been the student
aid cuts in President Reagan's 1987
budget and the proposed aid to the
contras. Price said he is against both.
"Reagan's budget is excessive and
he knows it," Price said. "IVe been
watching the budget very closely and
have done my best to express by
views on the budget."
Price said many Democrats in
Congress are against Reagan's
budget and the drastic cuts will not
"The federal deficit is also very
discouraging," he said. "It's the cloud
that hangs over everything we do.
It's hard to hold the line or take new
Price said he does not support aid
to the contras and favors the method
advanced by Sen. Terry Sanford, D-
"The key is behavioral change,1"
he said. "If you're not abstinent, not
engaged in a solid monogamous
relationship and you want to engage
in casual sex, you have to take
precautions. People have to get
scared sometimes before they'll
change their behavior."
Lemon said some AIDS patients
at N.C. Memorial, Duke and other
hospitals around the state are being
treated with the drug Retrovir,
formerly known as AZT.
Casselberry said Retrovir treat
ment is limited to AIDS patients who
have certain related illnesses. She
said it is impossible to predict when
there will be a treatment for all AIDS
"Research is going on to find
treatments," she said. "But obviously
people must be careful about their
To those who dont wish to abstain
or maintain a monogamous relation
ship, she recommended using con
doms carefully throughout sexual
"They have a 10 percent failure
rate," Casselberry said, "but that's
the best we can do for now."
N.C, which calls for negotiation.
Price said he would not endorse
any particular candidate in the 1988
"I am very pleased that (Lt. Gov.)
Bob Jordan is preparing to run," he
said, "but I'm really not involved in
He said there are some good
candidates seeking the Democratic
presidential nomination, but he
wasn't committed to any one.
"My own race will be on me very
quickly," he said, "and that's not
going to leave me much time to
worry about the governor's race or
the presidential race."
Since taking office. Price has had
no major conflicts with any other
Price said he's working with Sen.
Jesse Helms, R-N.C, and several
others to get funding for the Ran
dleman Dam near Greensboro.
"I want to work with anybody I
can work with to help the state,"
Price said. "Of course (Helms and
I) have our political differences, but
on things of interest to the state
where we are in agreement well work
Price was chairman of the N.C.
Democratic Party during the 1933' 'j
Helms-Hunt senatorial battle. : r'v."
Price said he has four majox
concerns as a congressman which he
thinks are equally important.
"One is to make the investments
we must make in education. Second,
we need to get this country's fiscal
house in order," he said. "Third, we
need to get our balance of trade in
order and stop the loss of American
jobs. And fourth, we must make sure
meaningful progress towards arms
control is made and reduce super
Price is in Washington Tuesday
through Thursday and at his offices
in Chapel Hill, Raleigh or Asheboro
Thursday afternoon through Mon
He said, "It has its strains, but (my
family and I) talked about it before
1 ran and we knew what we were
Former ambassador criticizes
. policy toward .Nicaragua
By DONNA LEINWAND
State & National Editor
The United States should take a
stronger stand against the Sandinista
government in Nicaragua by break
ing diplomatic ties and recognizing
the United Nicaraguan Opposition
as an exiled government, said Curtin
Winsor, former U.S. ambassador to
"Nowhere have we betrayed
American ideals more than in Nica
ragua," Winsor told about 35 people
Tuesday night in Manning Hall.
"The United States, instead of
sucking its thumb diplomatically,
should break with Nicaragua. We
must recognize a democratic entity."
Winsor, who served as ambassa
dor from 1983 to 1985, said the U.S.
government should blockade or
quarantine Nicaragua until the
Although the Nicaraguan revolu
tion to overthrow the Somoza
regime was intended to be demo
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Makes a difference
Pro-contra activist confirms
having meetings with North
From Associated Press reports
tive activist Carl "Spitz" Channell
met with Lt. Col. Oliver North
as many as 14 times while North
was a White House aide, always
in the presence of contributors
from whom Channell raised
millions of dollars for the private
pro-contra efforts, a Channell
Although money was not sol
icited at the sessions during which
North spoke, North was "a
resource" for ChannelFs efforts to
help the contras, spokesman
Jared Cameron said.
The acknowledgment indicates
the most direct tie to North that
Channell has revealed since news
stories and the report of a pre
sidential investigative commis
sion linked him to the Iran
Poindexter pleads the Fifth
National Security Adviser John
Poindexter, a key figure in the
Iran-contra investigation, cited
Fifth Amendment protection
against self-incrimination Tues-
By PAUL CORY
The disagreement of U.S. policy
makers over the causes and effects
of instability in Latin America has
caused fluctuations in U.S. policy
towards the region, a UNC political
science professor told about 26
people attending a UNC Young
Democrats meeting Tuesday night in
the Student Union.
U.S. policymakers pay little atten
tion to the region until there is
instability, when they act like "geol
ogists studying an active volcano,"
said Lars Schoultz, who is also the
head of .the Institute of Latin
American Studies. "Everybody runs
over to peer over the edge and ask
'What's happening?' "
These disagreements among U.S.
policymakers have created a battle
between right- and left-wing groups,
Schoultz said. Those on the right
believe that communism causes
instability in Latin America and
threatens U.S. security. Groups on
the left believe poverty causes
instability, which does not; threaten
U.S. security. The majority of the
policymakers lie between the two
groups, he said.
The moderates agree with the left
on the causes of instability in Latin
America, but with the right on the
effects of instability on U.S. security,
Schoultz said. Neither side can gain
an absolute majority over the other,
In the years immediately following
World War II, U.S. policymakers
agreed communism caused instabil
ity, which threatened U.S. security,
Schoultz said. This consensus
allowed the United States to react
quickly and firmly to any instability
in Latin America, he said.
Since then, the consensus has been
fractured, Schoultz said. The con
sensus started to crack in the 1950s,
when several prominent Republicans
cratic, the Sandinistas seized control,
Winsor said, bringing in a commu
nist government under the guise of
"Communists thrive as the thieves
of government," he said. "They steal
Winsor said the Sandinistas prom
ised the Organization of American
States and the United States that
they would maintain free elections,
freedom of the press and freedom
of religion in Nicaragua.
"They have broken these prom
ises," Winsor said.
Based on the hope of a democratic
government in Nicaragua, the Uni
ted States gave considerable aid to
the Sandinistas, Winsor said.
"lt has been said that the United
States turned around and harassed
them (the Sandinistas)," he said.
"Nothing can be further from the
The Costa Rican government also
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News m Bmi
day in refusing to answer congres
sional questions about computer
His lawyer said Poindexter
feared the questioning would lead
to the Iran-contra matter.
Poindexter claimed Fifth
Amendment protection last
December, when he refused to
answer congressional committees
questions about his involvement
in the Iran-contra affair.
U.S. deficit soars
WASHINGTON The Uni
ted States sank further into the
hole as the world's largest debtor
nation in 1986, when the foreign
trade deficit soared to a record
While the United States has run
a deficit in merchandise trade for
15 of the past 16 years, it has been
offset by Americans' earnings on
overseas investments. But since
1981, a flood of foreign goods has
wiped out the cushion once
provided by investment earnings.
advanced the idea that poverty was
causing the instability in Latin
America, and continued to break up
through the 1960s, Schoultz said.
. During a question and.' answer
period,' Schoultz called for Demo
crats to re-evaluate the U.S. foreign
aid program to Latin America. The
Democrats created the current U.S.
foreign aid program in the 1960s, he
"The Democratic Party has to
come to grips with the fact that
traditional U.S. foreign aid (to Latin
America) is ineffectual," Schoultz
Schoultz also praised Costa Rican
president Oscar Arias' proposed
peace plan for Central America. The
plan calls for the end of foreign
military assistance to Central Amer
ica, an end to civil wars and free
"I believe its (the plan's) chances
of succeeding are strong," Schoultz
attempted to aid the Nicaraguans by
sending teachers and doctors, but
they were refused. But aid was
accepted from Cuba, he said.
Winsor said Cubans work with the
Sandinistas in the Ministry of
Security and defense operations.
Other groups, such as the Palestine
Liberation Organization, are also
present in Nicaragua, he said.
"Virtually every single member of
the terrorist international is repres
ented in Nicaragua," he said.
U.S. citizens should be concerned
with the problems in Nicaragua
because of its proximity to the
United States and its de-stabilizing
effects on the region, Winsor said.
The success of democracy in
Central America is almost directly
proportional to the amount of
support given by the United States,
Winsor said the the lack of full
fledged support for the contras was
immoral and unmanageable.
"We are, in effect, asking patriotic
Nicaraguans to fight. ... We are
asking freedom fighters to fight
(against the Sandinistas), and we will
not withdraw our embassy," he said.
"We're not giving them enough
money to win."
The typical member of the
National Democratic Front (FDN),
also called contras, is the small
farmer, he said.
He said 34 percent of the FDN
officers are former Sandinista men
who deserted the organization.
Somoza's former national guard
makes up about 12 percent, he said.
"To call it (the FDN) a Somocista
operation is an obscene outrage. It
is a lie," he said.
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