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The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, April 16, 19873
YMCA meeds-memberships to keep lake opeini
By KELLY JOHNSON
People using the YMCA's Clear
water Lake will be restricted to
weekend swimming this summer if
100 adult memberships are not sold
by May 1 5. YMCA officials
announced last week.
Clearwater Lake, which covers
five acres, is located six miles south
of Chapel Hill off of Mount Carmel
Church Road. The lake has areas for
swimming, sunbathing and
The YMCA permits public swim
ming six days a week on part of the
Town speeds most oe police protectiioe
By HOLLY BAKER
Police protection is the largest
ongoing item in city government
spending, and the town of Chapel
Hill takes on most of the burden of
costs because of shrinking federal
The average national per capita
spending for police protection
totaled $85.71 in 1984-85. according
to the latest Census Bureau study.
In 1984-85. taxes per Chapel Hill
resident averaged $176.60. Of this
amount. $72.40 went to police
protection, which is less than the
national average, according to the
Town of Chapel Hill Annual Budget
published for 1984-85.
Despite federal cutbacks, the
a UNC senior. "But 1 can't be sure.
It could have been the fact that they
were trying to increase minority
Ray Wallington, a UNC senior,
agreed. He said that the attitude that
blacks are accepted simply because
they're black shapes the way whites
think about black students. "1 think
that one of the attitudes that IVe
picked up over the years is that some
white students seem to have the
feeling . . . that most of the black
students here wouldn't get here or
wouldn't be here if it weren't for
affirmative action or the University
just letting us slide to fill a quota,"
The way UNC's recruitment effort
is set up will ultimately stall black
enrollment, he said. "The organiza
tional structure is the 'we're going
to go after these minority students
and we're going to tell.them to come
to Carolina because it's their respon
lake, while another part is used for
a day camp.
Rosemary Waldorf, vice president
of the YMCA Board of Directors,
said the YMCA must sell 100 adult
memberships to raise enough money
to run the lake program.
Operating expenses at the lake last
summer totaled $8,358, while income
was only $2,465. The YMCA sold
13 memberships, which raised only
$631 of the total income.
"Almost all the operating expenses
go to pay the, lifeguards," Waldorf
overall police department budget is
not shrinking, said Chapel Hill
police planner Keith Loehmann.
"As far as money from federal
funds, the police department has
received next to nothing since the
late 70s," he said.
In 1984-85, the Chapel Hill Town
Council allocated $2,186,999 for
police protection, with 68 percent
coming from town taxes, according
to town budget figures.
"Basically, the town is in fairly
good shape, as far as funds for
allocations, so the federal cuts aren't
killing us," Loehmann said.
The Town Council makes deci
sions on allocations after the police
department presents an estimated
sibility to help us up this minority
quota, to up this minority
That attitude often spells trouble
for minority students. The Univer
sity presents prospective students
with the image that officials will bend
over backwards to help them once
they get here, Wallington said.
"I think that has a lot to do with
why some of the blacks on campus
are having problems," he said. "They
come in as freshmen and they kind
of feel this, and they feel they need
to prove themselves right away,
rather than take their time and get
into the system."
Then, they'll take difficult course
loads to prove themselves smart
enough to be at UNC, he said.
"That's when they'll get into
Others say it's UNC's social
climate which makes it difficult to
increase enrollment. "In general.
from Fowler's at 301 W. FrannCdDim (Ilea Soap's MMocwi)
The YMCA also spent money last
summer for more sand around the
beach area, a new lifeguard chair,
a floating dock and chemicals to kill
weeds in the lake.
Dan Hecker. YMCA executive
director, said, "We're certainly
hopeful that well reach our limit. We
have a nice site at Clearwater Lake
if people will just avail themselves
to the opportunity."
He said YMCA will hold an open
house at the lake May 31, from I
p.m. to 6 p.m., for anyone to use
the recreation area.
"It will be free to whoever wants
budget, he said.
Fire protection, which is included
in public safety allocations with
police protection, costs about the
same for Chapel Hill as the national
city average of $46.34 per capita.
The budget shows that Chapel Hill
allocates 25 percent of local taxes to
the Chapel Hill Fire Department,
amounting to $44. 1 5 per capita.
Both the police and fire depart
ments are combined in public safety
allocations for the town, said Jim
Baker, town director of finance.
Together, expenditures totaled
$3,497,681 for 1984-85.
"We think we're getting our fair
share of the town's expenditures,"
said Loehmann. "But if they offered
us more money, of course we could
black students don't feel like they
belong," Wallington said. "I've
noticed a lot of minority students
who take the attitude 'if 1 can just
get out of here, if I can just get that
piece of paper, IH be happy.'
"They just don't feel like the
University is theirs," he said.
Also, the way students interact
tends to work against social integra
tion, said Sheila Simmons, a UNC
junior. "(At UNC) everyone sticks
in a lot of tight groups," she said.
"And they don't seem to intermingle
The talent-search team will talk to
about 40 students per hour and invite
25 students back that afternoon for
taped interviews, Wilson said. Stu
dents will only be asked to come
prepared to talk about themselves.
The tapes will be reviewed by an
v j 0 ) ri
to sample the atmosphere," he said.
Hecker and Waldorf said they are
working to increase the number of
memberships at the lake by publi
cizing it through the local media.
Waldorf said the YMCA has had
a decline in memberships over the
past three summers, which could be
attributed to more people going to
Jordan and Sugar lakes. The YMCA
also decreased the area of the lake
open for swimming, which could be
another reason that fewer people are
going to the lake, she said.
Before the summer of 1984,
swimmers could use the entire lake,
There are both advantages and
disadvantages to raising or lowering
taxes, he said, and the same would
be true for spending changes.
One reason for the low share of
federal funds in North Carolina is
the state's reluctance to accept
money that might compromise local
control, Loehmann said.
As a result. North Carolina
ranked last among the states in
federal monev received per resident
The federal government spent an
average of $3,391.94 per citizen
nationally in 1986, but federal per
capita spending in North Carolina
from page 1
"The campus really is separated,"
she said. "All the black people stay
on South Campus, and that causes
a segregation atmosphere right
About 90 percent of UNC's blacks
live in the four high-rise dormitories
which comprise South Campus.
Friday's story will explore how
black UNC students cope and the
future of the University's minority
from page 1
MTV "executive review committee"
after Newman returns from the 10
college tour, he said. The panel will
invite five of the best applicants from
all of the schools to New York for
an in-studio screen test. "Hopefully,
then well find our next VJ," New
man said, ,
Waldorf said. In 1984, the swimming
area was restricted by one-third, and
the next year it was restricted even
more to ensure the safety; of the
swimmers, she said.
Waldorf said after people became
irate about the restrictions, the
YMCA increased the swimming area
and hired more lifeguards.
"There will be anywhere from two
to three lifeguards on the stands
supervising the lake," Hecker said,
referring to the 1987 summer policy.
He also said about one-third of
the lake would be open for swim
ming this summer.
on finance matters
By RON CRAWFORD
You're a recent college gradu
ate. Y' u've got your first real job.
How do you make that starting
salary work for you?
That question and several
others were addressed by Joel
Freelander, an investment exec
utive with Prudential-Bache, in a
finance management workshop in
the Student Union Wednesday
In an informal discussion
directed at new college graduates,
Freelander offered advice on
saving, financing houses, buying
a first car and investing in Indi
vidual Retirement Accounts
"Pay yourself first," he said,
stressing the value of saving.
Saving means taking a percen
tage of every paycheck and setting
it aside in a savings account
before spending any money, he
said. Through saving, debts can
be avoided and liquid assets can
accumulate, he said.
"When financing a car or
house, borrow the money," Free
lander told the group of about 20
students. "Use someone else's
money and tie it up for as long
a term as possible." But borrow
money wisely to avoid accumu
lating debts, he said.
American Heart Association
"There will be plenty of room fqd
everybody," he said.
If the YMCA does not sell the 100i
adult memberships, it will close thet
lake for public use during the week,
and gates surrounding most of the
lake will prevent people from swim
ming, Waldorf said.
If accidents occur while people are
swimming without permission dur
ing the week, she said, the YMCA
might still be held liable.
Waldorf and Hecker said the day
camp would be unaffected by the
closure of the public swimming area.
Abusing credit cards can lead
to too many debts. "You don't '
need a lot of credit cards," he said.
"Just get a couple."
Freelander advised new grad
uates not to invest in IRAs right
away because they don't have
enough liquid assets. "You have
to crawl before you can learn to
walk," he said, adding that IRAs
help ensure financial security later
He said there is no "right time"
to buy stocks, and investors
should be aware of the risks
involved in buying them. "Stocks
go up and stocks go down," he
said. "Realize that there is no free
Freelander said investing in a
growth mutual fund, which "
encourages employees to invest in
their companies by offering
matching funds, is a good way
to accumulate assets without
spending much money.
When buying a car, he said,
shop around and only look at the t
bottom-line price. Never buy
during the first visit to a dealer
ship and never seem eager to buy.
This will ensure that the dealer
will make the best offer, he said.
When dealing with finances or
anything else, Freelander said, it
is important to be comfortable
and have fun.