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2The Daily Tar HeelFriday. April 17, 1987
Witae tells, off search for war cmMnials
Dy MATT BIVEMS
The U.S. government must seek
out and prosecute all Nazi war
criminals hiding in the United States
because they are an affront to the
honor of American citizenship, an
expert in Nazi history told about 40
people in Greenlaw Hall Thursday
Dr. Charles Wright Sydnor Jr.,
President of Emory and Henry
College, author, and expert witness
for the government in numerous
cases against suspected Nazi war
criminals, spoke about "Denatural
ization and Deportation of Nazi War
Criminals in the U.S.," a lecture
sponsored by the Curriculum in
Peace, War and Defense and the
Department of History.
Public apathy and a lack of
government interest have been a
major obstacle in pursuing Nazi war
criminals, Sydnor said.
The invention of the computer
made the search for war criminals
much more efficient, Sydnor said.
Computers were used to compare
wanted lists of the Allied govern
ments and files of SS Officer Corps
with U.S. immigration records.
After cases of mistaken identities
were eliminated, the amount of
suspects still amounted to "an
embarrassingly high stack of cards,"
"At present, there are still 200
open files being investigated by OS I
(Office of Special Investigation). My
suspicion is that at least half of those
will warrant (legal) action," he said.
One of the files is that of accused
Nazi war criminal Karl Linnas of
Estonia, who fled to the United
States after being condemned to
death in abstentia by the Soviet
Union, he said.
Attorney General Edwin Meese
made a mistake in deporting Linnas
to Panama, instead of extraditing
him to the Soviet Union, he said.
"The (Reagan) administration
seems ideologically incapable of
accepting that the Soviet legal
system, while it may be different,
does function," he said. .
The U.S. problem of Nazi war
criminals began in December 1945,
when President Harry S. Truman
gave people displaced by the fighting
priority in immigration, he said.
After the war, a problem (that
had to be dealt with) was what to
do about the millions of people swept
away, uprooted by the war in
Europe," Sydnor said.
Congress also helped people made
homeless . by the war, by passing the
Displaced Persons Act to speedily
integrate them into the United
States, he said.
"The DP (displaced persons) Act
adopted certain exclusionary rules
... specifically against persons who
could be. identified or were judged
to be war criminals," Sydnor said.
"Also to be excluded were those who
advocated or assisted in the perse
cution of any person on the base of
race, religion, or national origin."
Under the Immigration National
ity Act, a related bill passed in 1952,
citizenship could be denied or
revoked: if applicants falsified their
records, Sydnor said.
"These facts stood in law," he said,
"but in practical applications they
did little: to keep out war criminals."
Commission discontinues cmMette tests
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
The Federal Trade Commission
will discontinue testing cigarettes for
tar and nicotine levels in order to
save $200,000 per year, commission
officials announced Wednesday.
The officials said its testing dupli
cated the information cigarette
companies provide annually.
The American Lung Association
criticized the idea, saying the FTC
will be using results from a vested
The association hopes the FTC
will continue to monitor the com
panies' results for accuracy and to
keep the public informed, said Karen
Monaco, spokeswoman for the Lung
Association. When the FTC began
publishing the results of the tests in
1971, it served to inform the public
of the differences in tar and nicotine
levels, and the need for this infor
mation continues today, she said.
Carlton Blalock, executive vice
president of the Tobacco Grower's
Association of North Carolina, said
he didn't think the FTC's decision
would be of much significance to
tobacco companies. The companies
have been running the same tests and
using the same techniques as the
FTC, and their reports are published
annually, he said.
The FTC's decision is an indica
tion of its confidence in the industry's
integrity and ability to continue to
properly test cigarettes, according to
a prepared statement issued by RJ
Reynolds Tobacco. RJR will not be
affected by the decision because it
has been using the FTC's method of
testing and the results have generally
The American Cancer Association
regrets that the FTC is stopping the
tests and hopes the FTC will recon
sider its decision, said Lois Callahan,
spokeswoman for the association.
"Certainly $200,000 annually in
terms of potential lives saved is not
a lot of money," she said. "There is
no question that stronger regulations
are needed rather than leaving it up
to the tobacco companies." ,
Shultz returns to U.S., briefs
Reagan on Soviet proposal
From Associated Ptms reports
PEASE AIR FORCE BASE,
N.H. - Predicting a prompt
decision by the NATO allies,
Secretary of State George P.
Shultz flew home Thursday to
brief President Reagan on a
Soviet proposal to unilaterally
remove an entire category of
nuclear missiles from Europe.
The proposal concerns the
elimination of about 50 shorter
range Soviet nuclear missiles in
East Germany and Czechoslova
kia, and could also involve the
dismantling of about 85 other
Scaleboard and Spider missiles in
the Soviet Union.
Federal judge denies request
WASHINGTON A federal
judge refused Thursday to order
retired Air Force Maj. Gen.
Richard V. Secord to release
records of foreign bank accounts
Senate investigators believe are
tied to the Iran-contra arms deals.
U.S. District Judge Aubrey E.
Robinson, Jr. denied a request by
the Senate panel investigating the
Iran-contra affair that he order
Secord to sign a directive releas
ing records of foreign accounts in
Switzerland, Panama and the
Robinson ruled that forcing
Secord to sign the document
would violate his constitutional
News in Brief
protection against self
incrimination. Shoplifting manual discovered
NEWARK, N.J. A "charis
matic" shoplifting mastermind
organized about 75 New York
City boys into a gang of thieves
and gave them a manual that
targets expensive designer clo
thing at suburban malls in four
states, authorities said Thursday.
In three out of 150 shoplifting
arrests made since January,
authorities have found boys
carrying a four-page manual that
explains how to shoplift.
Young giraffe injured
ASHEBORO, N.C: The
first giraffe to survive birth at the
N.C. Zoological Park, on exhibit
for the first time Tuesday, fell and
broke two legs, zoo officials said.
The legs were set during three
hours of surgery and prognosis
for recovery is hopeful, zoo
spokesman Rod Hackney said.
After several hours on exhibit,
the 5-month-old female wandered
away from her mother, then
panicked and slipped on a rock
slope while running, Hackney
Seat belt law may be repealed
By MEG CRADDOCK
A bill to repeal the 1985 man
datory seat belt law has been
introduced in the N.C. House of
Rep. Richard Wright, D
Columbus, who introduced the
bill, also introduced a measure to
schedule a referendum on the
issue for the 1988 presidential
Wright said he is not against
the use of seat belts, but the N.C.
General Assembly has no right to
mandate the use of them. There
should be ways to encourage
people to wear their seat belts
other than passing legislation,
"We should have a good public
re.ations campaign to encourage
people to wear their seat belts
rather than penalizing them $25
for not wearing their seat belt,'
The move to repeal the law is
very popular across the state, said
Kim Steffon, president of North
Carolinians for Seat Belt Choice.
If the law is not repealed, many
people will lose faith in the
government, Steffon said.
North Carolina would not lose
any of its federal highway funds
if the law were repealed, she said.
"Not one penny of federal
highway funding is at stake here,
and we have that in writing. That
is a false rumor started by those
in favor of the law," she said.
Repealing the law would also
not affect the similar child res
traint law, Steffon said.
Many members of Steffon's
group are actually in favor of
wearing seat belts and believe that .
they do save lives, but they do
not feel that the legislature has
the right to force anyone to wear
a seat belt, Steffon said.
Studies have shown that up to
now the law has been very effec
tive in saving lives, and therefore
should not be repealed, said B.
J. Campbell, director of the
Highway Safety Research Center.
"It has worked in other coun
tries, it has worked in other states,
and I think it will work in North
Carolina. As a citizen who's
interested in saving lives I would
hope it would not be repealed,"
The law does not infringe on
a citizen's personal rights, because
the state has an interest in the
safety of its citizens, said Eugene
Gressman, a professor in the
UNC Law School.
NuMear plant to reach fimll power
Staff Writer 1
The 900-megawatt Shearon Har
ris Nuclear Plant is expected to reach
full power and begin commercial
operations by late April or early
May, Carolina Power and Light Co.
Vice Chairman William Graham,
Jr., said Thursday.
The plant, located in Wake
County, was licensed by the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission in January.
Since then, the plant has . been
ahead of schedule in its progression
toward full power, Graham said. It
is operating at just over 75 percent
Graham said it is impossible to
give a specific date when the plant
will reach full power because
mechanical adjustments may have to
be made as power increases.
To pay for some of the $3.8 billion
plant costs, CP&L has applied to the
N. C. Utilities Commission for a 1 3. 1
percent rate increase, Graham said.
Before the rate increase can go into
effect, the plant must operate with
out interruption at full power for 100
hours. The rate increase would raise
the average residential customer's
monthly bill by about $10.
The commission will begin hear
ings on the increase on June 9.
There is a chance that the com
mission will not approve a full 13.1
"In past cases, we have not been
that successful," Graham said.
He said three years ago CP&L got
about half of the increase it had
A consumer advocacy branch of
the commission has been studying
the plant's expenses and will make
a recommendation to the commis
sion in June.
"The way it looks right now, we
think we can come up with some
thing less that what the company
(CP&L) has requested," said Dennis
Nightingale, director of the electric
division public staff of the
CP&L will be seeking another rate
increase of about 13 percent some
time this fall.
Graham said after the two
increases, the company does not
expect another one for 10 years. If
inflation grows, though, there is the
chance that a rate increase would be
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