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Where 'd you get those eyes? A
By HANNAH DRUM
Today's scientists have finally
found a way to foil mother nature.
Thanks to them, you can completely
change the color of your eyes. Well
. . . almost.
Tinted contact lenses can brighten
natural eye color or even completely
cover eye color to give you the baby
blues you always wanted.
Since they were introduced to the
public in 1983, tinted contacts have
sold well to style-conscious people
who were bored with their glasses or
contacts and also to those who
didn't need corrective lenses.
"I ask my patients if they would
be interested in trying some (tinted
lenses), but 50 percent say, 'No, I'm
satisfied with the color my eyes are
now," said Dr. Barry Adler, a
Chapel Hill optometrist specializing
in contact lenses.
"Then, I ask them if they are
curious to see what the lenses would
look like," Adler said. "After they try
them, 75 percent say they like the
Tinted lenses were originally
designed so that wearers could find
them more easily if they accidentally
Visitint, the light tinting used on
those contact lenses, is used only on
prescription lenses because the color
is not visible when placed on the eye.
The first cosmetically tinted con
tact lenses approved by the U.S. Food
ership in education should set the
tone for improvements.
Biden advocated visiting state
capitals to make the case for educa
tional programs and ensuring healthy
"I would spend as much time
talking about education as this
president has spent talking about Star
Wars," he said.
Babbitt emphasized parental invol
vement at an early age and supported
HeadStart, an early education pro
gram for disadvantaged children.
All of the Democratic candidates
agreed that schools need to attract
more teachers, especially minorities,
by raising teacher salaries. But they
were divided on whether teacher
salaries should be based on
Gephardt said effective methods of
evaluating teacher performance dont
exist now and must be developed.
Babbitt called for competency testing
of teachers before, raising, salaries.
Jackson wanted "combat pay!, for
teachers in the dangerous inner-city
Tuition tax credits, a proposal to
give tax breaks to parents whose
children attend private schools, were
opposed by Biden, Gephardt and
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Today, six major eye-care compan
ies offer lines of tinted contacts, and
each line is slightly different in design
All of the cosmetically tinted lenses
are soft. These are the most comfor
table and popular lenses on the
They are available for daily and
extended wear. Daily-wear lenses
must be removed and cleaned every
night; extended-wear lenses can be
worn for as long as a week at a time.
Some contact lens wearers can
have their old lenses custom-tinted at
specially equipped laboratories.
The first cosmetically tinted lenses
were designed to enhance a person's
natural eye color. Light blue and
green eyes could be changed to almost
any color, but darker eye colors could
not be hidden by these lenses.
Today, even the darkest brown
eyes can be changed to look baby
blue, emerald green, aqua or hazel.
Wesley-Jessen, a major manufac
turer of eye care products, developed
the patented process that applies dots
of color to the lens in a matrix pattern
to form an opaque lens.
The opaque lens can totally change
any eye color, but it also allows some
Gore. Simon said the amount of
money involved was negligible.
If tuition tax credits were imple
mented, Biden said, "public schools
would become second class."
But federal aid to colleges with high
tuition should not be used as a club
to for6e them to lower tuition,
Dukakis said. Instead state and local
governments should work with the
schools to lower tuition rates. Gore
considered withholding federal aid
only as a last resort, and noted that
most aid goes directly to the student
and not to a particular college.
Babbitt advocated scholarships for
public service-oriented jobs, while
Biden called for a system providing
loans for education at any point in
a lifetime with a repayment schedule
based on the borrower's income.
The candidates educational prior
ities ranged from improving teacher
prestige to increasing educational
; In his inaugural address, Gephardt
said he would set a goal to make
Americans the best e4ucated people
in the world by the year 2000.
Restoring a sense of prestige to
teaching and increasing teaching
salaries would be a priority, Biden
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of the natural color to come through,
creating a natural look.
Adler said the opaque lenses are
popular among people with brown
eyes, while the enhancing lenses are
still the most popular choice among
those with blue, green or gray eyes.
The color-enhancing lenses are
available in two styles. One type is
designed with a doughnut-shaped
ring of color on the lens that has a
clear opening over the pupil. The
other style has a solid disc of color
which covers the pupil.
Adler said the color over the pupil
does not affect vision and is "barely
The FDA regulates the number of
colors that can be used to tint contact
lenses, but manufacturers can vary
the amount of color used on the lens
to produce many different shades.
Tinted contacts are available in
shades of green from spring green to
hazel, a variety of blues from tur
quoise to sky blue and in combina
tions such as aqua, violet blue, royal
blue and amber.
Manufacturers are using sex
appeal to lure new customers to the
tinted contact lens market.
In July, Wesley-Jessen began a $5
million advertising campaign for its
DuraSoft 3 Colors contact lenses.
The ads say the lenses are for vision
correction "or just for fun."
The new hazel opaque lenses being
advertised are very popular among
women with dark complexions,
Gore said he would tell Secretary
of Education William Bennett to
"clean out his desk," and then appoint
a teacher to the position.
Simon called for a deeper commit
ment to education rather than an
election year speech. He said he was
disappointed that preschool educa
tion, adult illiteracy and educational
aid to the handicapped were not
discussed in the forum.
During the last half hour of the
forum, Judy Woodruff, chief
Washington correspondent for the
"MacNeilLehrer NewsHour," and
Edward Fiske, education editor for
The New York Times, questioned the
candidates about stands taken by the
National Education Association, the
largest teachers union in the country.
Gephardt disagreed with the
NEA's opposition of the 1986 tax
reform bill. He also supports merit
pay for teachers only after evaluation
methods are researched. The NEA
believes evaluation methods are
suitable and merit , pay should be
The NEA opposed the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings
Act to balance the
budget because it fears money for
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look at the
especially blacks and Hispanics,
Adler said the tinted contact lenses
are not as popular in Chapel Hill as
he thought they would be.
"I think they're more popular in
metropolitan areas where people are
more fashion-conscious," he said.
Adler said that the biggest prob
lems associated with the tinted
contacts are regular cleaning and
"Even if the contacts are not
prescription, you still need to have
regular eye exams because you still
have something in your eye," Adler
said. "You're still susceptible to all
the problems associated with
Tinted lenses have therapeutic as
well as cosmetic value.
The opaque lenses have changed
the lives of many people who suffered
from cosmetic abnormalities of the'
eyes. The lenses can conceal damaged
irises, two different-colored irises and
pink-colored irises associated with
The soft tinted lenses can also be
used to correct astigmatism, a vision
problem caused by an nonuniform
curvature of the cornea or lens.
In the Chapel Hill area, the enhanc
ing lenses cost $40 each. An opaque
lens costs around $75. The additional
cost of professional services for
consultation, fitting and checkups
education will be decreased. But
Simon said he favors the act because
money for education could come
from other areas.
Gore and Biden both called for a
longer school year, and Biden also
called for a flexible school year
allowing families a choice in schedul
ing school vacations for their child
ren. The NEA is opposed to both
Most of the candidates said they
were concerned with the deficit, but
education came first.
Cutting defense spending and
increasing revenue through excise
taxes would allow a $30 to $35 million
reduction in the deficit without
hurting education, Biden said.
Simon said a long-range approach
would provide the greatest monetary
return. Since high school drop-outs
make less money than graduates on
the average, educational programs to
lower the drop-out rate would
increase revenue in the long run.
Dukakis . said the ...deficit would
force hard choices on spending, but
money could be saved by emphas
izing education as a state
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from page 1
In order to improve education
programs nationwide while placing
the responsibility for education on the
states, Dukakis said state governors
should work with the president to
form their own educational
But Biden said federal funds could
be used to coerce states to comply
with presidential programs. He said
the president could visit state legis
latures to influence their policies.
Presidential leadership could also
be applied to setting a national policy
on the way acquired immune defi
ciency syndrome is handled in the
Gore said he would follow the
example of British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher in launching a
nationwide AIDS education cam
paign to allay fears that AIDS can
be spread through casual contact.
Gore did not favor segregating AIDS
infected children in the schools. .
Jackson supported expanding
AIDS research' and education with
no spending limit. '
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