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6The Daily Tar Heel Monday, September 28, 1987
An astronomical achievement
By HANNAH DRUM
Although many people do not
realize it, the Morehead
Planetarium has brought the
stars to UNC in more ways than
The planetarium is not only a his
torical landmark, but a place where
learning and cultural enrichment
Lee Shapiro, the director of the
Morehead Planetarium for the last
five years, said he wanted the public
to explore the planetarium to see the
wide variety of things it has to offer.
"Part of our goal is to convince
the people that we're delighted they
came here in the fourth grade, but
we want them to come back again
because there is always something to
see," Shapiro said.
John Motley Morehead, the UNC
alumnus who also helped in the
funding of the Morehead-Patterson
Bell Tower for the University, began
making plans in 1938 for his gift
that would serve all North
Morehead met with Harvard
astronomy professor Harlow Snap
ley to discuss the possibilities of
building an astronomical observa
tory or a planetarium.
"And your state needs a cosmic
awakening," Shapley was quoted as
saying in the Winston-Salem Jour
nal in 1945. "North Carolinians are
the most astronomically ignorant
people in all America."
Their meeting was a disaster, but
By HANNAH DRUM
S Since the fitness craze of the
1970s, people have associated
tanned skin with active lifes
tyles, and with today's indoor tan
ning salons active people can tan
without having to wait on the sun.
Today many doctors are worried
that the health risks involved with
tanning by natural sunlight and arti
ficial tanning devices may outweigh
the cosmetic benefits of tanned skin.
Medical researchers have found
that exposure to the ultraviolet light
found in sunlight and indoor tan
ning bulbs causes premature aging
of the skin, wrinkles and, possibly,
In 1985 tanning salons in the Uni
ted States generated over $300 mil
lion. Regardless of the possible
health threats, the popularity of tan
ning salons continues to increase.
U2 performs with unforgit able fire - and Bruce Springsteen
U2 may not have found what it's
looking for, but the band's audiences
sure have. People who attended U2's
extraordinary performance at Phila
delphia's JFK Stadium Friday night
found that U2 is the most potent live
rock 'n' roll band around today,
whether it plays before crowds of
20,000 or 100,000. There are no
barriers strong enough to hold back
the spiritual force of U2's music.
. U2 opened with its current single
"Where the Streets Have No Name"
OCT. 9 8 P.M.
RESERVED SEAT TICKETS
Tickets Now On Sale
At Smith Center Box Office
All Ticketron Outlets And By Phone
Cash Only Accepted At Smith Center
And Ticketron Outlets
DEAN E. SLIITH CENTER
on the University of North Carolina Campus
If o Cameras or Recording Dericea Allowed At Conceit
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OCT. 30 SP.ri2,
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And Ticketron Outlets
Morehead was convinced that the
state needed a place that would
serve all the citizens instead of a few
highly trained scientists. North
Carolina would have its first
Since its start, the planetarium
has been a source of astronomical
information for the community and
Every astronaut who participated
in the United States' space program
between 1960 and the mid-1970s
studied celestial navigation at the
Former Planetarium Director
A.F. Jenzano developed the pro
gram approved by the National ,
Aeronautics and Space Administra-
tion, which taught the astronauts
how to guide a space capsule by the
All of the astronauts from the
Mercury, Gemini and Apollo sapce
missions used the planetarium's
chamber and the Zeiss Sky Projec
tor, a special device that projects
rays of light on the walls of the pla
netarium's dome to form images of
more than 9,000 stars. The Zeiss
Sky Projector is capable of repro
ducing the appearance of the sky
from any spot on the earth at any
given time. By the program's finish,
the astronauts were able to identify
every bright star and major
Astronaut Neil Armstrong spent
almost 130 hours in the planetarium
between 1963 and 1969 learning how
to guide and navigate by the stars in
tanning salons dangerous? That's
Lou Stephens, owner of Finesse, a
salon in Chapel Hill that offers cos
metic, wardrobe and tanning servi
ces, said her customers are curious
about the possible health hazards of
"I think people are probably more
discriminating today about where
and how they tan," Stephens said.
Today's indoor tanning equip
ment uses electronic bulbs or tubes
that produce the same kind of ultra
violet light that is emitted by the
sun, and this light can damage and
burn the skin.
The first sun lamps used in the
early 1970s emitted a type of ultravi
olet light that caused severe burning.
These ultraviolet MB" (UVB) bulbs
and then jumped into one of its first
singles "I Will Follow." Then Bono
explained the sling wrapped around
his neck and left arm. His injury
resulted from a spill he took last
weekend at a concert in Washington
D.C. He jokingly said there was a
case of a malfunction in the space
capsule's automatic programming.
Each astronaut received an
honorary degree from UNC, and
they have the same rights and privi
leges as do all other UNC alumni.
Shapiro said the astronaut train
ing program was never canceled, but
advanced technology has probably
outdated the program.
The planetarium's technology has
changed greatly in a decade, Shapiro
The Zeiss Sky Projector was
updated in 1969, and the rest of the
planetarium equipment was updated
in 1982 and 1985. Today the pro
ductions in the auditorium are com
"Now we have much more media
oriented presentations," Shapiro
said. For instance, there are about
100 projectors for slides and special
The special planetarium programs
shown to the public are produced
in-house by the planetarium staff.
"It takes an awful lot of effort to
produce a new show," Shapiro said.
Production time for one planetar
ium presentation is about six
The planetarium programming
offers special features for people of
all ages and interests. Shapiro said
that three-fourths of the counties in
North Carolina send students to the
planetarium each year. The
planetarium offers non-credit
courses for children, adults and
senior citizens as well as classes on
were banned from consumer use in
Many tanning salons advertise
that indoor tanning beds are safe
since the bulbs used in modern tan
ning devices emit about 95 percent
ultraviolet "A" (UVA) light, much
like the sun. But doctors say the
remaining 5 percent UVB light is
enough to cause tanning and
The American Academy of Der
matology said UVB light emitted by
indoor tanning devices causes skin
cell injury and injury to blood
circulating cells in the skin and con
tributes to the development of skin
cancer in laboratory animals.
Recent studies indicate that large
doses of UVA light may cause as
much skin damage as UVB li&ht.
A staff dermatologist at N.C.
Memorial Hospital said that UVA
rumor going around that the band
had busted his shoulder so he
wouldn't be able to play guitar any
more. "They can't keep me from
playing my harmonica, though," he
said. With that the band launched
into "Trip Through Your Wires."
When it came time midway
through the show to play Curtis
Mayfield's "People Get Ready,"
Bono asked the crowd for a guitar
player since he would not be able to
play. Bono joked that he usually plays
guitar for this song because it only
has three simple chords. After two
reject volunteers (following the first,
Bono quipped, "I thought all the liars
lived in Washington"), he finally
found a legitimate guitar player.
Later he'd fmd an even better one.
U2 played most of the songs off
The Joshua Tree and The Unforget
table Fire. U2 also played four pre-
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This internship program iri Asian countries is
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Graduating Seniors and Graduate Students (U.S.
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Further information available from the
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207 Caldwell Hall
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IF YOU WANT TO BE
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If you're willing to invest your skills
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It pays for:
Books, supplies, equipment and
Plus a monthly tome of more
TSgt Klrby Lindner ' ,
Station to Station Collect
&.-:ym T"'w: ;vw m.
navigation instruction for UNC stu
dents in the ROTC program.
The planetarium also has the
facilities to show special films on a
180-degree semi-panoramic screen.
By the time the planetarium pro
ject was completed in 1949, it had
cost $3 million, which was more
than Morehead had originally
planned, but the final product was
much more than a planetarium.
Morehead wanted the planetar
ium building to be more than just a
place to learn about stars and con
stellations. He asked architects
light may be even more damaging to
the skin than UVB because it can
penetrate to deeper layers in the
Customers use clamshell-like beds
for tanning sessions that can last
from 5 to 20 minutes, depending on
the customer's ability to tan.
Stephens said a person with blond
hair and light skin would only be
permitted to stay in a tanning bed
for 5 or 10 minutes for the first ses
sion since they are usually more sus
ceptible to sunburns. People with
red hair and extremely fair skin
might not be able to use the beds at
"If after the first session you can
tell you have been using the tanning
bed, you either shouldn't be using it
at all, or you should reduce the
length of the session," Stephens said.
Tanning equipment manufactur
ers say eight sessions usually pro
Unforgettable Fire songs "I Will
Follow," "Sunday Bloody Sunday,"
"October" and "New Year's Day."
The band didn't play any of the songs
on the B sides of its singles. Also
missing from the show were such
classics as "Gloria," "1 1 O'clock Tick
Tock," "The Electric Co." and "Two
Hearts Beat As One." U2 chose to
display its newer material instead.
For U2's first encore the band
played "With or Without You" and
"Party Girl," a song the band reserves
for special occasions.
The last song of the encore was
"Stand By Me." Before the song Bono
once again asked the crowd, "Does
anybody else want to play my guitar?"
He then said, "Does Bruce Spring
steen want to play my guitar?" And
with that the Boss came out to jam
with the Edge and sing a duet with
Tr if- ) rr
UNC's Morehead Planetarium was completed In 1949
Eggers and Higgins, the same firm
that designed the Jefferson Memor
ial, to add plans for an art gallery
that would house the Morehead col
lection of paintings.
The Genevieve B. Morehead
Memorial art gallery, a circular
shaped room with marble columns
and walnut wall paneling, contains
portraits from the 17th and 18th
centuries. The collection includes
portraits of George and Martha
In addition there are four dining
and reception rooms, which are now
the burning question
duce a tan, with one to three ses
sions needed each week to maintain
the base tan.
Although the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration has not placed
any restrictions on tanning salon
operations, some operators set
safety guidelines for the protection
of their clients.
Stephens, a registered nurse,
requires that everyone wanting to
use the tanning bed must complete a
medical history form to determine if
the person would be at a high risk
for skin damage or burns.
A person who has had acute sun
burns, a family history of skin
cancer, allergies or a sensitivity to
the sun might not be allowed to use
the beds, Stephens said.
In 1980, the FDA set require
ments for indoor tanning devices,
but it has not placed any restrictions
on frequency or length of use. Pro-
The band ended the glorious night
and the second encore with their usual
show-ending song, "40."
As viewed from some of the worst
seats in the horseshoe stadium, Bono
and the band seemed as small as little
plastic army men. The band did break
its ban on big screen videos, however.
JFK was also kind enough to rent
binoculars for the low, low price of
$10. For people who had seats in
Delaware, the high-powered specs
were worth the investment.
Even with bad seats, though, the
show was tremendous. Touching
Bono or handing Bono an Irish flag
does not make seeing U2 wonderful;
hearing U2's music does. The band
seems to sense that. Bono is no longer
doing stupid stage tricks or trying to
incite the crowd into a socially
conscious army. U2 is just having a
Don't you Thinh It's Time Voo Joined
w v; fe-
THE GYM has tripled its Aerobic and Freeweight
space. You'll now find the largest fitness center In
town just 1 14 miles from campus.
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EAT FREE OYSTERS
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We are seeking students to participate in a
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ALL SHELLFISH WILL MEET
ALL FEDERAL AND STATE
DIETARY GUIDELINES, NO
WILL BE GIVEN.
For Information or to Volunteer
Call Mon.-Fri. 966-1761
I ; :":: : -swt.-wx
I"? I t "l t
i - i I
t I I SI
s 4 5
Tar Heel file photo
used exclusively for University and
Shapiro said Morehead insisted
that the project remain a private
endeavor until the building was
completed. He wanted to donate a
"silk hat" to the University, but he
didn't want to be forced to follow
state expense regulations.
The art gallery and planetarium
shows operate 363 days a year,
excluding Dec. 24 and 25. Admis
sion to the main planetarium feature
is $2.50 for students and $3 for
itvuvt. tG gvjggita liiu&i uc wuiii
while using a tanning device, and
each tanning bed or booth must
have a timer that automatically
shuts it off.
The FDA also suggests that tan
ning devices display a warning sign:
"Danger, ultraviolet radiation. Fol
low instructions as with natural sun
light. Overexposure can cause eye
injury and sunburn; repeated expo
sure may cause premature aging of
skin and skin cancer. If you do not
tan in the sun, you are unlikely to
tan from the use of this product."
Many doctors prescribe occa
sional visits to tanning salons for
patients because ultraviolet light
helps the body absorb and use
vitamin D and calcium. Exposure to
ultraviolet light can also ease stress
and depression associated with the
wintertime, Stephens said.
good time and letting its music speak
for itself, whether it inspires people
to join Amnesty International or just
make them get up and dance.
U2 should consider a national
simulcast of one of its shows. That
way, everyone could hear U2 in
concert. The one-time broadcast
show would not mean U2 would just
do one show instead of touring. It's
just an innovative idea for U2 to reach
Don't be hesitant about seeing U2
in a football stadium. Just see the
band wherever it plays or whatever
it plays in. It's not worth waiting for
U2 to come to Chapel Hill. The band
will play with or without you. Take
a nice study break this exam period
and go see the band either in Atlanta
on Dec. 8 or 9 and or Hampton, Va.,
on Dec. 1 1 or 12. YouH find what
you're looking for.
1 Year $325
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