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2The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, October 7, 1987
Pols show Jacksoe kadio
By MATT DIVENS
As the South's Super Tuesday
primaries draw closer, the Rev. Jesse
Jackson continues to lead the Demo
cratic presidential hopefuls in the
polls and to grab headlines with
unusual stunts, including a recent
offer to referee the National Football
League players' strike.
In a poll by The Atlanta Journal
and Constitution, Jackson topped the
presidential pack in nine of 12
Southern states and tied in Florida
with Massachusetts Gov. Michael
Some of Jackson's popularity
stems from name recognition, but
more support hails from his solid
black following, said William Keech,
a UNC professor of political science.
"His appeal is deep and substantial,
By STACI COX
North Carolina spends less per
capita on maintaining and expanding
its park system than any other state
in the country, devoting only a
fraction of each tax dollar to parks.
The state spends 89 cents per capita
on its state parks, while top-ranking
Kentucky spends $12.84 per capita,
said Phil McKnelly, Deputy Director
of the N.C. Division of Parks and
Of the 52 state-run parks in North
Carolina, only 32 have management
staffs, usually consisting of no more
than three people, McKnelly said.
State parks are open a minimum of
60 hours a week with no more than
-two people working at once, he said.
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
As the typical student gets older,
Southern community colleges are
seeing a sharp decrease in full-time
enrollment especially in black
Black enrollment does not meet
desegregation goals set by the Civil
Rights Act, according to a report
from the U.S. House of Represen
tatives Committtee on Government
In North Carolina, the number of
black students transferring into four
year programs and receiving associate
degrees from junior colleges has fallen
short of the goals, the report said.
in all of us!
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but still fairly narrow," Keech said.
Jackson's lead in the polls also
shows his ability to make headlines
and get publicity, Keech said. Jack
son's offer to moderate the NFL
players' strike will send more media
his way, he said.
White Southerners have divided
their votes among the candidates,
leaving the black voting bloc as the
most powerful, Keech said.
"YouVe got whites splintering their
preferences among these people who
don't have a lot of support," Keech
Because Jackson's black suppor
ters are generally liberal, Super
Tuesday, intended to give Southern
conservatives more clout in the
Democratic Party, may backfire on
Super Tuesday, which follows on
system lacks development funds
"Those three people are expected
to maintain the parks, create educa
tion programs for the public, manage
park resources, patrol hunting
grounds, and conduct search and
rescue missions," McKnelly said.
Minimal funding has persisted over
the years, putting the development of
N.C. parks far behind that of other
states, McKnelly said. In order for
the state to catch up, North Carolina
would have to invest about $100
million, he said.
Although N.C. parks are not in tip
top shape, more than 7 million
tourists visited the parks last year,
Several famous national attrac
tions, including the Blue Ridge
Parkway and the Great Smokey
"This is not unique to North
Carolina," said Mark Van Sciver,
assistant director for public affairs for
the N.C. Department of Community
Colleges. "What we're seeing is older,
working students coming back for
Van Sciver said that while black
full-time enrollment fell 18.1 percent
between 1976 and 1986, there was a
122 percent increase in part-time
"The composition of the student
body is changing," he said. "The
median age is 29.6 years, with over
55 percent female."
There is an overall decrease in full
time enrollment across the nation that
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the heels of the Iowa and New
Hampshire primaries, is considered a
key step to the presidential
On Super Tuesday, 13 Southern
states, including North Carolina, will
hold primaries to determine each
Democratic candidate's support and
to assign 35-40 percent of the dele
gates for the Democratic National
Convention later in the year, said
Pam Smith, press assistant for
"Just in terms of the delegate count,
it's a very important day," Smith said.
If Jackson wins the South, he
probably still wont win the Demo
cratic nomination, Keech said.
But a win in the South would give
Jackson more influence in the party,
and this influence may make it
difficult for another Democratic
Mountains National Park, draw the
tourists away from the state parks,
Kentucky parks and many parks
in other states have a resort atmo
sphere with lodges, golf courses and
ski slopes, McKnelly said. Most of
these parks charge fees to subsidize
park maintainance, he said. N.C.
parks do not have admission fees, and
most of the parks remain
Last session, the N.C. General
Assembly passed the State Parks Act,
mandating a system-wide, strategic
plan to be enacted in 1988, McKnelly
said. Under the act, the General
Assembly must approve any new
parks and appropriate enough money
to acquire and operate the park, he
seek to attract Macks
can be attributed to economics, Van
For every full-time student, there
are now three part-time students, he
said. In the 1985-86 school year, there
were almost four white students to
every non-white student enrolled.
Ron Hilbert, coordinator of Eval
uation and Research at Durham
Technical Community College, said
only 26 percent of students there are
full-time, compared with 69 percent
in 1976. The typical student is about
30, white, female, employed and
married, he said.
The trend nationwide has been for
part-time enrollment, said Jim
Palmer, director of research for the
nominee to unify the party, he said.
Although Jackson has not received
an answer from the NFL yet, Keech
said the offer showed his knack for
"He's the guy who went over to
Lebanon to free an American flier,"
he said. "He's a real political talent."
Jackson has had success in getting
opposite sides to sit down to hash
out their disagreements, Smith said.
"He has always had a concern for
sports and fairness in sports, so this
is consistent with what he stands for,"
If Jackson wants to appear to be
a peacemaker, volunteering to
mediate the strike was a good move,
said Phil Meyer, a UNC journalism
"If it's effective, it's nothing to
laugh at," he said..
In the last two legislative sessions,
Gov. Jim Martin has asked for
additional state park funding but has
not gotten it, said Martin's press
secretary, Tim Pittman.
"The Governor recognizes the
needs of state parks, but limited funds
have forced a choice between educa
tion and the parks, and education is
too critical to cut right now," Pittman
The Division of Parks and Recrea
tion will focus on maintaining the
parks until more funds are available,
"We understand that schools out
weigh parks' needs and dont expect
to recover all at once," McKnelly
American Association of Community
"As a matter of fact, we estimate
that between now and 1992, the
number of full-time students will
decrease by about 10 percent, while
part-time will increase by 7 percent,"
Palmer said the age of community
college students is a large factor in
these changes. Nationwide, the
median age is now 24 and the average
age is a little over 27. This changes
the economic makeup of the student
populations, he said.
Minority figures overall have also
increased. In 1984, there were 955,000
minority students, up from 760,000
in 1976, he said.
The effort to reach the goals for
non-white enrollment is ongoing, Van
Sciver said. The community college
system in North Carolina is under a
consent decree with the Office of Civil
Rights to increase minority enrol
lment. But because this plan only
addresses full-time enrollment, the
figures may be misleading, he said.
The trend for community colleges
is for the full-time enrollment to
increase when the unemployment rate
rises, and because the rate around the
Triangle is the lowest in the state, the
decrease is not surprising, Hilbert
"In a sense we're marketing to the
special student," he said. "We're
trying to meet the need there."
He said that Durham Tech in the
last few years has added a weekend
college system, night classes and
satellite campuses in Hillsborough
and Chapel Hill.
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More than 50 refugees die
after boat sinks in Caribbean
From Associated Press reports
SANTO DOMINGO, Domin
ican Republic A boat carrying
refugees overturned and sank
Tuesday in shark-infested waters
off the northeastern coast of the
Dominican Republic, killing at
least 50 people, authorities said.
Authorities rescued 32 people,'
who were treated at two hospitals
for exposure from the sun and
other injuries after the craft sank
three miles off the coast as it was
headed for Puerto Rico, police
Eugenio Cabral, head of the
Civil Defense in the Dominican
Republic, said "there are many
dead, more than 50."
Cabral said he made the esti
mated count while flying over the
zone in a small plane.
"I saw sharks eating the bodies
of the people," Cabral said.
Committee 9-5 against Bork
Robert Bork's embattled nomina
tion to the Supreme Court suf
fered its worst setback yet as the
Senate Judiciary Committee voted
9-5 Tuesday to recommend his
rejection, and a key Southern
Democrat and a fifth Republican
joined the opposition.
Sen. Joseph Biden, D-Del., the
committee chairman, said he
didn't see "any reasonable pros
pect that Judge Bork will be
Reagan insisted at the White
House that he would not give up
the fight. But his spokesman said
"it's tough" to win now. And Tom
Korologos, a lobbyist brought in
by the White House for the Bork
fight, said "I'm not kidding any
body; I'm not sure it's over but
we're in trouble."
Some Democrats were openly
urging Reagan to find a replace
The Judiciary Committee rec
ommended that the full Senate
reject the nomination when it
comes up for a vote, probably
within two weeks.
Senate OKs Iran import ban
approved legislation slamming the
door on all imports from Iran,
with backers saying that while it
may have little practical effect,
Jim and Tammy Bakker
set up phione-in service
By AMY WINSLOW
At the low, low price of $1.50 a
call, the latest scoop on the Bakker
saga is just a phone call away.
In an effort to tell "their side of
the story," Jim and Tammy Faye
Bakker, PTL notorieties, have
opened the phone lines to the public
with their 900-660-HOPE number.
At a cost of $1.50 for the first
minute and 35 cents for each addi
tional minute, callers can get a
prerecorded message on how Bakker,
the former head of the PTL television
ministry who lost his position amid
a sex scandal, was "destroyed" by the
The messages run for two to three
News in Brief
such a ban would send a signal
of outrage over Tehran's behavior
in the Persian Gulf.
The Senate voted 93-0 for a bill
that would immediately ban all
imports from Iran primarily oil
unless President Reagan certi
fies that the ban would harm U.S.
interests. In that case, the presi
dent could delay the effective date
of the cutoff by up to six months.
New FBI chief back in hospital
Director-designate William Ses
sions, suffering from a bleeding
ulcer, suffered a relapse that sent
him back to the hospital Tuesday
and forced indefinite postpone
ment of his swearing-in, FBI
Sessions, a former federal judge,
was hospitalized for observation
and treatment in San Antonio,
Texas, where he had returned after
being released from the George
Washington University Medical
Center here last Saturday.
"Judge Sessions is believed to
have experienced more bleeding,
which is not uncommon in these
cases," Dr. Richard Rubio, Ses
sions' private physician, was
quoted in an FBI statement as
Protesters arrested in Tibet
LHASA, Tibet About 60
people shouting the name of the
Dalai Lama, Tibet's exiled god
king, marched Tuesday to a
government office where armed
Chinese security forces quickly
arrested them, herded them into
trucks and drove them away.
The marchers, believed to be
Buddhist monks in street clothes,
did not resist arrest. About 2,000
bystanders made no attempt to
help them or four monks who were
arrested at about the same time
in the Jokhang Temple square,
where pro-independence protests
last week left at least 14 people
The Chinese government has
sent 1,000 armed police to Lhasa,
capital of the remote Himalayan
region of 2 million people, said a
source in the local Public Security
minutes and are changed daily, said
Fred Weiner, vice chairman of Phone
Programs, the New York-based firm
handling the phone-in service.
"We're so glad we have the chance
to chat with you today," said Tammy
Faye Bakker in last Tuesday's
Jim Bakker then revealed his
version of how Jimmy Swaggart, who
heads a competing television minis
try, worked with the Rev. Jerry
Falwell in "taking PTL away" from
Falwell took over as PTL head
after the Bakker scandal but has said
that he plans to resign in January.
The phone message also promotes
Tammy Faye's new record album,
which Jim Bakker said also tells "their
The Bakkers sign off with soap
opera-like suspense, promising more
revelations the next day.
No figures are available yet on the
number of calls that the Bakkers'
messages have received, said Charlie
DeNatale, vice-president of market
ing for Phone Programs.
The exact percentage of revenue
that the Bakkers will receive is also
not known at this time.
But if callers are really persistent,
they might catch the day that Tammy
Faye reveals her sloppy joe recipe.
For the Record
The chart accompanying Mon
day's article, "Town development,
traffic congestion result in better
business for bus system," incorrectly
gave the number of passengers riding
on Chapel Hill buses during January,
February and March 1987. The
number should riave been 615,785
rather than 15,785. The DTH regrets
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