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6The Daily Tar Heel Thursday. TUiemblSI'I'dsr"
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By KAREN HATTON
After a hard week of midterms and
papers, some uncomplicated and
lighthearted entertainment is in
order. Not a horror movie or an
intense thriller, but maybe a fantasy
like Rob Reiner's new movie. "The
The movie is centered around a
fairy tale being read to a sick boy
by his grandfather. A PG rating. A boy
and his grandfather. Fairy tales. What
could be more simple?
Although both the movie and
fairy tales in general are simple
on the surface, they are subtly
complicated by hidden depths.
"The movie can be enjoyed on
several different levels," said Dr.
Betty Gordon, an assistant professor
of clinical child psychiatry. "It is funny
because there is a lot of double
meanings, but children could enjoy it
on a simple level."
The movie itself is a fairy tale told
in a modem context, complete with
instant replays and fast-forward
Entertainment is not the only
purpose of fairy tales. Those in both
the literary and psychological fields
recognize other aspects of fairy tales.
"Psychoanalysts always see a
melodramatic pattern in fairy tales."
said Dr. Charles Zug. associate pro
fessor of English and folklore. "A
classic psychological point of view
particular to Bruno Bettelheim is that
a child reads or hears a fairy tale about
a hero that is usually very young. The
child identifies with the hero."
Because the story is always melo
dramatic in its form, the hero or
heroine must undergo various tests,
combats and perils before winning
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they're more than ordinary bedtime stories
-the battle in the end. said Zug. This
reassures the children that they can
defeat even mysterious and over
But fairy tales don't have the
powerful quality that movies have,
and this allows the child to come to
terms with the nature of the world.
"Because fairytales are told in a
less stylized, abstract manner, the
child isn't as moved by the violence
and hardships as he would be if he
saw an actual movie of blood running
or wretched, thin children running
around a little house in the woods,"
Gordon said all children have basic
fears and needs. One fear children
have is abandonment by divorce,
death or some other means.
"Fairy tales are just one vehicle
children use to overcome these
abstract fears." Gordon said. "Fairy
tales are a type of play therapy."
Fairy tales also have an educational
role. They teach morals and roles.
"A type of innate morality is built
into the story." Zug said. "It's not
overt. It's not something that hits
the kid in the head."
The moral is so well imbedded in
the story that children learn morality
without being aware of it. Zug said.
Fairy tales are pure melodrama. In
melodrama, good always defeats evil.
"There are some tales that use
helper figures with unusual powers."
Zug said. "The hero only gets the
helper figures if he deserves them."
But some of the morals of the fairy
tales no longer fit into modern
The passive princess is traditional
of fairy tales. Zug said. 'Some day my
prince will come' is the moral of the
story for young women, and it comes
as a shock that it doesn't work in
real life, he said.
"The stories perpetuate the rela
tionships between men and women
By KATHY PETERS
The same element shooting into
the cosmos on tiles aboard the space
shuttle is dangling from people's ears
all over the country.
And there's another element like
it one that the June 1984 Metal
Market magazine reported would
form the core of a high-tech atom
Introducing titanium and niobium.
Chapel Hillians may have seen
niobium before, especially about two
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that the man is aggressive and
does things." he said. "The woman
is passive and things are done for her.
She is the reward for the man's
Feminists criticize the "passive
years ago, when the niobium craze
"hit," as most jewelry sellers would
And folks have probably also seen
titanium, because 80 percent of this
extrordinarily strong metal is used in
surgical implants, sports equipment
and aircraft parts.
But the two metals are not just
for industry anymore.
Because titanium is extremely
lightweight, easily colored and U-V
stable (resistant to fading), and
because niobium is able to display
i with coupon only
princess" stories. Zug said women
scholars and folklorists have inter
viewed women who have heard these
old stories, and they have found that
the messages of the stories do have
lands in Chapel Hill
such a wide range of bright colors,
jewelers and craftsmen have hit on
these metals during the last 1 0 years,
according to Don Johnson, owner of
Creative Metalsmiths on Franklin
Johnson's store, along with nearby
Light Years shop, carries titanium and
In fact, the first dealer Johnson
ever bought titanium from a
fellow named Joe Kool got the
metal from space shuttle scraps.
Seven years later. Creative Metal
smiths still carries titanium work by
local craftswoman Lori Burek that
ranges in price from $18 to $40. Its
niobiumsterling items made by
artist Jennifer Bourgeois are more
expensive, though. According to
Johnson, the shop has always had
good luck selling titanium.
Light Years, which generally gears
its price range to the college budget,
has kept in stock niobium and
titanium earrings for the past two
years, according to co-owner Phillis
Maultsby. And though the Mautsbys
have sold more of the space-age
"They find out again and again that
the woman took the passive princess
as a role model and waited for her
prince to come." he said. "The women
saw that as their ultimate purpose
in life. They saw no need to act or
go to graduate school."
Such women become depressed
when they are divorced and aren't
able to support themselves because
they never learned how to do any
thing in the working world, he said.
Gordon said that fairy tales project
the cultural values of the time in
which they were written. Some of
these values are no longer approp
riate in the modem world.
Fairy tales also offer ah opportunity
for children to decide the difference
between reality and fantasy.
"Children love fairy tales because
they are actively working out the
differences between reality and
fantasy," Gordon said. "There's a lot
of fun and excitement in being able
to pretend and fantasize about things
that we know aren't real and can't
Sometimes fantasies can be scary
for little children because they don't
know where the boundaries of reality
are, she said. But once they know the
boundaries, fantasy becomes fun and
play, she said.
"There are stories where children
with poor, terrible environments use
stories to escape from the realities
of their lives." Gordon said. "They
become better people and can build
confidence in themselves and a sense
of importance that they might not
It seems that neither fairy tales nor
"The Princess Bride" are as simple
as they appear on the surface.
Instead, both provide something that
only a good fantasy can: escape. So
if you choose to indulge, you can
forget for a little while about that
exam or paper you bombed and
pretend instead that you're going to
live happily ever after.
metals in the past, they are still
having moderate success with them
in their shop and more than
moderate success with niobium at
But even though T'boli's owner and
jewelry buyer Steve Kohn loves the
niobium, he has never been able to
find an audience for it. Since his last
attempt about a year ago to rein
troduce the metal, he has given up
for a while.
"It's not a question of price." Kohn
continues. "There's something about
the material that people want to look
at but not buy."
Titanium costs slightly more than
copper, and with gold and silver prices
on the rise, semi-precious metals such
as titanium and niobium are compar
atively more affordable to the com
mon person, Johnson says. Before
jewelers began using titanium and
niobium, customers wanting color
found that enamel was their only
choice, and it was costly, Johnson
See METALS page 8