North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
2The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, February 10, 1988
i owe coumcmi approves mm
By AMY GRUBBS
, Chapel Hill residents' needs for
;more recreational facilities, better fire
; protection and another commuter
jparking lot will soon be attended to
jwhen the town purchases land to
'build a new community park.
The Chapel Hill Town Council
voted unanimously Monday to auth
orize the $1 million land purchase
south of Chapel Hill. The 50-acre
tract, located off U.S. 15-501, will be
converted into a park, including a fire
station and park-and-ride lot.
Funding for the purchase will come
from general obligation bond pro
Speaker describes U.S.-Mexkae
By STEVE LONG
The United States and Mexico are
cooperative but emotional partners
with many problems left to address,
said Carlos Rico, a former consultant
to the Mexican Foreign Minister, in
a Great Decisions speech Tuesday.
"Mexico and the United States are
peculiar allies," he said. Rico, a senior
researcher at the Colegio de Mexico
and an expert on U.S.-Mexican
relations, said it is only recently that
Mexico has become a high-priority
decision for the United States.
The present Mexican government
is the most pro-American govern
ment in many years, he said.
There are five realities of U.S.
Mexican relations, he said: the
border, nationalistic emotions, eco
nomic systems, multiple domestic
actors and complex interactions.
Iowa cauiciis shakes up candidates' status
By SHARON KEBSCHULL
State and National Editor
Monday's Iowa caucus established
at least three viable candidates and
created a challenge for previous front
runners, political scientists said
The strong showings of Democrats
Rep. Richard Gephardt and Sen.
Paul Simon demonstrated that "they
are in the game," said UNC political
science professor William Keech. The
Republican outcome, with Rep.
Robert Dole and former Rev. Pat
Robertson coming out on top, creates
a fuzzier forecast for the New Hamp
shire primaries next Tuesday, he said.
If Dole wins in New Hampshire,
he would replace Bush as the can
didate to beat in the Republican
Party, although for now Bush retains
his national front-runner status,
Keech said. It is also conceivable that
Robertson could win there, which
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ceeds, under the bond referendum
passed in 1986.
Town plans for the park include
building athletic fields, hiking trails
and a recreation center complex.
Other leisure activities will also be
"WeVe been dreaming about this
for years," said council member Joe
Herzenberg. "Since the mid-70s,
weVe been concerned about our lack
of adequate facilities."
Each acre will cost approximately
$21,000, which is not unreasonable,
considering rising property values in
the area, Herzenberg said.
"The 2,000 mile-long border, one
of the longest unarmed borders in the
world, is very much alive," Rico said.
"It is the only one where a Third
World country meets with the most
developed country in the world."
Relations between the United
States and Mexico are emotionally
charged, he said. Mexico lost much
of its territory to the United States,
which left many Mexicans resentful
"We have market economies that
tend to relate to each other," he said,
comparing the countries' economic
There are more than 40 U.S.
agencies dealing with Mexican affairs
would leave the party in disarray, he
Robertson's 25 percent showing
was stronger than analysts predicted,
but "there were glimmers of reasons
to expect Robertson to do remarka
bly well," Keech said. "It was not
But Sue Tolleson-Rinehart, a
visiting assistant professor in political
science, said she expected the strong
finish for Robertson, because data
from the past few elections predicted
Nicknaming Robertson's suppor
ters the "invisible army" is not
completely accurate, she said,
because although they're hard to
pinpoint,Jthey." were" involved in
politics before 1988. -
"These people probably always
voted," she said, although they were
not otherwise politically active.
Reagan appealed to both finan
cially conservative and socially con
servative Republicans, unifying the
party. But those groups have split
again in 1988 as Robertson appeals
to both the religious right and the
socially conservative, she said. They
are also intense participants in 1988,
she said, compared with Bush's more
The strength of religious conserva
tives in the Republican Party has also
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Chapel Hill Mayor Jonathan
Howes said he hoped residents would
be able to use the new parking lot
by next fall. The lot, which will be
located 1.3 miles from downtown
Chapel Hill, will serve park visitors
on weekends and nights, he said. The
lot will be used as a park-and-ride
lot during weekdays.
"The most congested road at rush
hour each morning is the one coming
from the south of town," Herzenberg
said. "This lot should ease the traffic
problem in that area."
Town officials have not yet decided
upon the number of spaces or cost
of parking at the lot.
which result in complex interactions,
Relations between the United
States and Mexico deteriorated over
the last five years because of changes
in the international system and
domestic political systems of both
countries, he said.
"The two countries had to look for
new terms of endearment," Rico said.
The United States wanted political
stability in Mexico, regardless of how
it was achieved, he said.
"The system was not democratic
then, as it is not now," he said.
Nationalism was important for
political stability and foreign policy
because Mexico could project a
revolutionary image, Rico said.
"The United States and Mexico
have very good reasons to disagree,"
Rico said economic complemen
taken over conservative Democratic
power, she said.
"This ends the stronghold of
conservatives in the Democratic
Party," she said. Twenty years ago,
Robertson could have run as a
conservative Democrat, but that
would not be possible today, she said.
But the results will not help
Robertson as much as theyll hurt
Vice President George Bush, said
Michael Lienesch, associate professor
of political science.
"Robertson's support is solid it's
always been there and it's always
going to be there," he said.
But Bush probably didnt expect
to come in third behind Robertson,
and he can only look forward to less
enthusiastic media coverage than he
has now, Lienesch said. Bush has
local mainstream support in New
Hampshire, and he must win there
to-retain his front-runner status, he
In the Democratic caucuses,
Gephardt and Simon were predicta
ble winners because of their regional
support, but other candidates are still
viable, the experts said.
Gov. Michael Dukakis (D-Mass.),
who came in third, is probably still
the candidate to beat in New Hamp
shire, Keech said. But with the top
finishes of Simon and Gephardt, he
is simply one of three strong candi
dates, and the New England state
could be his to lose, as it may be for
Bush, he said.
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Fire officials began a study several
years ago to determine the need for
a fifth fire station in Chapel Hill, said
Beverly Kawalec, administrative
assistant to the mayor. "(The study)
considered the response time, how
many fires there are and the popu
lation of the area," she said.
The study also indicated a need for
a fire station at the southern end of
town, Kawalec said.
Town officials said they expected
to close the sale at the end of
February, after which they will design
a master plan for the development
of the land.
tarity, different political centers and
the silent integration of the Mexican
economy into the U.S. economy are
some of those reasons.
"The United States government is
trying to pressure Mexico to mend
some of its ways," Rico said.
However, the "paradox of the
brink" keeps the U.S. government
from pushing too hard, he said.
"When Mexico is on the brink, the
United States never pushes it over."
Mexico's $ 100 billion debt problem
does not affect its relations with the
United States, Rico said, because
Mexico's government is responsible
and wants the debt paid.
Mexico has privately invested
more than $60 billion in U.S. banks
and real estate, and this amount is
more than it owes the United States,
Other Democrats have a less
positive outlook, Keech said. The
results destroyed former Sen. Gary
Hart's campaign, as he got less than
1 percent of the vote, Keech said, and
Albert Gore Jr. needs to do well in
a large number of Super Tuesday
states to be viable.
"Until Gore does something like
share first or second place with (Jesse)
Jackson in a large number of South
ern states, he's not a serious con
tender," Keech said. "But if he runs
that way, and runs strongly against
the white candidates, then he is
among the top contenders."
Gore chose not to campaign at all
in Iowa, focusing his energy on the
South, and received less than 1
percent of the vote Monday.
This leaves four serious players
Gephardt, Simon, Gore and Dukakis
in Super Tuesday, and Jackson,
while he has no possibility of winning,
will be very influential, Keech said.
U.S. envoy begins peace talks in Israel
From Associated Press reports
JERUSALEM The army said
Tuesday an Israeli officer shot and
wounded a 16-year-old Arab protes
ter, and Arab reports said another
youth died of beating injuries. A
Jewish settler was being investigated
in the fatal shooting of a
U.S. envoy Richard Murphy began
talks Tuesday night with Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir on a peace
process to help end rioting in occu
pied territories that has claimed 51
lives since Dec. 8.
The Palestine Press Service, an
Arab-run news agency, said Faud
Tarazi, 17, of Gaza City died Tuesday
of injuries sustained during a beating
while in army custody.
Palestinian sources said soldiers
chased the youth and arrested him
in his house after he threw stones
Monday. His mother told a reporter:
"They took my son, they beat him.
They broke his bicycle."
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New Arizona governor wants
to reinstate MLK holiday
From Associated Press reports
PHOENIX, Ariz. Acting
Gov. Rose Mofford's call for
reinstating a Martin Luther King
holiday drew a partisan reaction
from legislators Tuesday, with
Republicans calling it a "divisive"
reminder of problems facing
impeached Gov. Evan Mecham.
One of Mecham's first moves
after taking office last year was to
rescind former Gov. Bruce Bab-
bitt's order for a holiday honoring
the slain civil rights leader, to be
observed by all executive branch
Mecham rescinded Babbitt's
executive order in January 1987,
contending it was illegal. He also
said he did not believe King
deserved a holiday, creating a
storm of controversy.
Although each house of the
Legislature has passed a King Day
bill in recent years, the measure
has not made it through both
houses in the same year. Some
lawmakers said there's no guaran
tee that Mofford's backing will
change that this year.
The Senate formally scheduled
an impeachment trial for Feb. 22 another manifestation of Gorba
for Mecham, who also faces a May chev's policy of glasnost, or more
17 recall election and criminal
charges of allegedly concealing a
$350,000 campaign loan. Mecham
has pleaded innocent to the crim
Waldheim guilty, panelists say
VIENNA, Austria Claims
that an investigative panel found
President Kurt Waldheim inno
cent of war crimes "stand in
starkest contrast to our findings,"
a commission member said
The international panel of six
historians declared in the report
that Waldheim was in "direct
proximity to criminal actions"
during his World War II service
as a German army lieutenant in
They said Waldheim knew of
Nazi atrocities and did nothing to
stop them. The 202-page docu
ment said the investigators found contra rebels in Nicaragua,
no proof that he was guilty of war Blandon also testified that
crimes but were leaving the ques- Noriega, Panama's military chief,
tion of guilt open. worked closely with the CIA and
It became clear during a news regularly received classified
conference Tuesday that panel reports on the political leanings
members had argued until the last and personal lives of U.S. senators
minute about whether to say and congressional staff members.
Waldheim bore "moral guilt" for Noriega has adamantly denied
his conduct. the accusations by Blandon, a
Panel member Manfred Mes- political rival. Noriega's lawyers
serschmidt of West Germany and have demanded the right of cross
panel chairman Hans Rudolf Kurz examination to protect their client
of Switzerland said the phrase was from allegedly "vicious untruths."
The army confirmed Tarazi's death
but said the cause was under
A military spokesman said that
during a demonstration an Israeli
officer drew his pistol and shot a 16-year-old
Palestinian in the legs in
Rafah, a Gaza Strip town bordering
Yosef Fares, spokesman for
Samaria police, said a Jewish settler
would appear before a judge for a
bail hearing in the shooting death of
a 25-year-old Arab on Monday.
Fares said two settlers from the
Jewish settlement of Kedumim came
to the Arab village of Kfar Qaddoum
to pick up workers Monday and were
stopped by stone-throwing, masked
youths. He said one settler shot in
the air with an Uzi submachine gun.
"We suspect that the man who was
killed was killed by one of those
bullets," he said, adding that under
Israeli law a suspect may be held in
custody but is not charged until the
News in Brief
dropped late Monday morning
after the members decided they
might be accused of overstepping
the mandate with a "judgmental"
Soviets broadcast parliament
MOSCOW Soviet television
brought glasnost to the seat of
Soviet power Tuesday when it
broadcast a live session of the
Supreme Soviet with officials
urging ratification of the treaty
In an unprecedented move, state
television ran two hours of the
session held in the Presidium of
the Supreme Soviet, the nominal
Speaking under the gold
hammer-and-sickle seal of the
Soviet state, top officials called for
the treaty's ratification, but ques
tioned the trustworthiness of the
Major newspapers published
the schedule of the live broadcast,
openness on some issues. In the
past, hearings of Soviet govern
ment committees have been held
behind closed doors.
Panama's top man condemned
WASHINGTON A former
associate portrayed Panamanian
strongman Manuel Antonio
Noriega on Tuesday as the driving
force behind a "gigantic machine"
that generated hundreds of mil
lions of dollars through drug
trafficking, money laundering and
other criminal enterprises.
Jose Blandon, a former Pana-
manian intelligence official fired
by General Noriega as his coun-
try's counsel general in New York,
told a Senate Foreign Relations
subcommittee that one cocaine
shipment by an alleged Noriega
associate involved an apparent
connection to the U.S. -backed
investigation is completed.
Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin
said a minority of the 65,000 Jewish
settlers were involved in vigilante acts,
but they could cause great harm.
He added that in most cases rumors
alone had touched off violent
Shamir, who met Murphy at his
home, reportedly rejected Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres' suggestion
that the two meet jointly with the U.S.
Murphy arrived from Cairo after
meeting Jordan's King Hussein and
the leaders of Syria and Saudi Arabia.
U.S. officials said his mission was to'
bring about Arab-Israel negotiations
and help ease tensions in the occupied
An aide said Shamir would insist
any new peace proposals be based on
the 1978 Camp David accords which
envisioned limited autonomy for the
1.5 million Palestinians in occupied
in all of usi