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2The Daily Tar HeelTuesday, March 15, 1988
World and Nation Hi
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PaoamaimSaini employees demand pay
From Associated Prats reports
PANAMA CITY, Panama
Work stoppages and violence broke
out in the capital Monday as public
employees learned they would not be
paid by a government that has run
out of money.
The government began selling
sacks of food, called "dignity bags,"
to unpaid workers. Some school
teachers, telephone company and
dock workers demanded cash and
struck to reinforce their demand.
Protesters erected flaming street
barricades of trash and debris. Others
yelled at security forces and were met
by volleys of tear gas.
For the first time, the disturbances
reached into the heart of the capital's
central business district, which had
been operating almost normally as
the crisis deepened in the past several
Riot police used tear gas to disperse
about 600 primary and secondary
school teachers blocking traffic in
Israeli army closes Arab produce market
From Associated Press reports
JERICHO, Occupied West Bank
Troops shut down one of the
biggest produce markets in the West
Bank on Monday, turning away 70
trucks of food grown by Arab farmers
and tightening the economic noose
on the occupied territories.
Soldiers also shot and wounded at
least 1 1 Arabs, and a 3-year-old girl
was in serious condition after she was
hit in the right eye by a rubber bullet,
hospital officials said.
The Israeli army also developed a
new way to ferret out rock-hurling
protesters, spraying them with paint
from helicopters so they can be
identified and arrested, the Daily
Yeiot Ahronot reported.
The army imposed a nightly 10
p.m. curfew over the entire occupied
Gaza Strip for the first time since
unrest began in the territories Dec.
8. A spokesman said the curfew is
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MWe want our pay!" shouted the
teachers. "Books yes, arms no!"
As the police, armed with rubber
truncheons and tear gas grenades,
forcibly removed them, the teachers
cried, "Noriega must go!" a
reference to the nation's military
strongman, Gen. Manuel Antonio
The protest lasted about three
hours. No arrests were reported.
Primary and secondary schools
were to have reopened Monday
following a three-month vacation,
but they stayed closed.
Alberto Williams, a secretary of the
Dock Workers Union, said about 700
employees walked off their jobs at 9
a.m. at the Port of Balboa, the Pacific
Ocean entrance to the Panama Canal,
after being told they would not be
paid their semi-monthly salaries.
"The strike is not a political
movement," said Williams, a forklift
in effect indefinitely.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
arrived in Washington with what he
said were new ideas for Mideast peace
Also on Monday, another 150
Arab policemen in Gaza announced
they would resign, joining 450 other
officers in the occupied territories
who quit earlier, according to an
Arab reporter who watched many
turn in their uniforms.
Israeli authorities acknowledged
some police quit but gave no figures.
About 1,000 Arab police worked in
the occupied territories.
The resignations were ordered by
the Palestine Liberation Organiza
tion two days after the slaying of a
Jericho policeman accused of collab
orating with the Israelis.
"It is clear their resignations were
not handed in freshly but because
they fear for their lives," Gaza Police
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operator who makes $5.85 an hour.
"All we want is that the workers get
Albert Soto, the port administra
tor, said the strike would have
"absolutely nothing" to do with the
passage of ships through the vital, 50
mile waterway linking the Pacific and
Atlantic Oceans. About 30 ships
normally make the transit each day.
U.S. officials in Washington have
said President Reagan's decision to
withhold a $6.5 million payment
owed to Panama on Tuesday was
aimed at impairing the government's
ability to pay Panama's 130,000
public workers this week.
Withholding the payment was one
of a number of economic sanctions
the United States has imposed against
Panama to pressure Noriega to leave
his post as chief of the defense forces.
Nearly one in every five working
Panamanians is employed by the
government. Until now, they have at
least outwardly supported Noriega.
commander Shimon Levy said on
Israeli radio. In apparent response to
the PLO-backed protests and unrests,
Israel stepped up economic sanctions,
including a ban on the shipment of
gasoline and other fuel to service
stations in the West Bank.
Uri Hakak of the Israeli-owned
Padeso Co., which supplies fuel to
50 West Bank gas stations, said
drivers were afraid to make deliveries
after two tank trucks were attacked
In Jericho, 22 miles northeast of
Jerusalem, soldiers closed the
regional fruit and vegetable markets,
turning away 70 trucks carrying
produce, Arab merchants said.
"We started to sell about 8 a.m.
when the soldiers came and forced
us to close," said one merchant who
refused to give his name. He said
Arab farmers tried to open informal
markets elsewhere, but soldiers
chased them away.
PLO leaflets have ordered Jericho
shops to open only in the morning.
But on Monday, merchants said
troops told them they could operate
only after noon.
Saeb Erakat, a political science
professor from An Najah University
According to Panamanian figures,
their payroll comes to about $33
million every two weeks. Diplomatic
sources and private economists,
speaking on the condition of anonym
ity, say the nation's treasury is broke.
Noriega met with the nation's new
civilian chief executive, Manuel Solis
Palma, and other top government
officials as an emergency economic
conference was resumed Monday
morning after recessing an earlier
session at 2 a.m. without comment.
Ndriega, who has ruled the country
from his military post since 1983, was
indicted by two federal grand juries
in the United States last month on
charges of drug trafficking and
The "dignity bags" contained such
staples of the Panamanian diet as rice,
beans, flour, onions, cheese and lard.
They were being sold for $ 1 5-$ 1 6, but
the government apparently was not
demanding immediate payment.
who lives in Jericho, said Israeli
authorities wanted to break the back
of the Palestinian strike with eco
"The military government is trying
to tell the people here who is boss.
Jericho is an agricultural city. To
order the market closed in the
morning amounts to killing it eco
nomically," Erakat said.
At least 91 Arabs have been killed
during unrest in the occupied terri
tories since rioting began, according
to United Nations figures.
In Jenin and the nearby West Bank
village of Yamoun, troops using live
ammunition shot and wounded 11
Witnesses in Ramallan said troops
also shot 3-year-old Rasha Youssef
in the eye with a rubber bullet in a
clash with Palestinians protesting
alleged harassment by Jewish settlers.
Court upholds death
From Associated Press reports
STARKE, Fla. Legal options
dwindled Monday for convicted killer
Willie Jasper Darden, who was
scheduled for execution Tuesday in
Florida's electric chair after surviving
an unprecedented six death warrants.' "
The Florida Supreme Court
refused to grant a stay Monday for
Darden, who became the focus of an
international campaign against cap
ital punishment. It was the eighth
time the state's highest court had
upheld either his conviction or death
Darden, who has steadfastly main-
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U.S., Soviet defense officials
' - - f
to discuss military doctrine
From Associated Press reports
Secretary Frank Carlucci was to
ask his Soviet counterpart at talks
beginning Tuesday in Switzerland
whether highly publicized changes
in Kremlin military doctrine mean
reductions in Soviet forces.
Carlucci, meeting Tuesday
through Thursday with Soviet
Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov,
will also discuss arms control,
human rights, the proposed Soviet
withdrawal from Afghanistan and
such dangerous military situations
as a collision between U.S. and
Soviet warships in the Black Sea
last month, a senior Pentagon
official told reporters Monday.
Carlucci has said he doesn't
want the meeting to pre-empt talks
on reducing nuclear and conven
tional forces, but he does want to
ask Yazov about the emerging
Soviet doctrine of "reasonable
"We will be asking them if this
(new doctrine) is . . . truly a
change in their policy and not just
a public recitation," said the
official, who spoke on condition
At the top of the American
agenda, said the official, will be
so-called dangerous incidents,
such as the bumping incident in
the Black Sea of Feb. 12, as well
as the slaying of a U.S. Army
officer in East Germany in 1985
and the wounding of another last
Officials prepare for peace talks
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
arrived here Monday with what
he called new ideas for Mideast
peace talks and said he would not
give a yes-or-no reply to the U.S.
blueprint for negotiations with the
Arabs during his four-day stay.
Shamir did not disclose the
tained his innocence in the September
1973 fatal shooting of a Lakeland
furniture store owner, was scheduled
to be electrocuted at 7 a.m. today at
Florida State Prison near this North.
Florida town. ' '
The Florida Supreme Court
rejected Darden's claim of ineffective
legal counsel and also the argument
that the trial court's finding that the
crime was "heinous, atrocious and
cruer was unsupported.
"We have papers already lodged in
U.S. Supreme Court," Larry Spald
ing, chief of the Office of Capital
Collateral Representative, a state
funded office of defense attorneys for
death row inmates, said before the
Darden's appeals had already gone
to the U.S. Supreme Court four
times. The last was rejected March
7 and Gov. Bob Martinez signed
Darden's seventh death warrant the
Darden, 54, was condemned for the
shooting of James Turman, who
interrupted a man robbing his wife
The Daily Tar
The Daily Tar Heel wants talented
people interested in writing, illustrat
ing and photography.
A meeting for prospective staff
members will be held Tuesday,
March 15 at 4:30 p.m. in the Student
Union auditorium. See Kathy Peters
in the DTH office for more
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News in Brief
revisions he will propose to Secre
tary of State George Shultz, who
devised the plan and set this week
as a deadline for a reply from the
Israeli and Jordanian
The State Department did not
indicate whether Shultz would be
willing to alter his formula for
negotiations. Spokesman Charles
Redman simply called it "a serious
proposal" that was under "active
consideration" in Israeli and Arab
Shultz is pushing for a three
year interim arrangement on the
Israeli-held West Bank and Gaza
Strip, with negotiations for an
overall settlement to open by
December. He is also prodding
Israel to cede territory in exchange
for Arab recognition.
Bakker returns to pulpit
CHARLOTTE A year after
he stepped down from his PTL
television ministry because of a sex
scandal, Jim Bakker returned to
the pulpit at a trailer park in
Tammy Faye Bakker intro
duced her husband to 225 sun
tanned retirees at a service Sunday
in Niland, Calif., according to a
report in Monday's Charlotte
Bakker, who resigned after
admitting having a sexual encoun
ter with church secretary Jessica
Hahn, preached about friendship
for 30 minutes, then grinned and
hugged members of the
"IVe always said over the years
if I could give you a gift, the most
important gift would be a good
friend," Bakker said.
of $15. Mrs. Turman later identified:
Darden as the assailant. :
A neighbor, Philip Arnold, also:
identified Darden during the trial.;
Arnold, then 16 entered the store;
after 'apparently-hearing Mrs. Tur-;
man s cries and was shot three times. ;
If executed, Darden will be the 1 8th;
man Florida has put to death since
Death penalty opponents claim
Darden was railroaded because he is
black, and that he is innocent of,
murder and has an alibi to prove it.
They claim there is evidence
statements from a minister and
another person that Darden could
not have committed the murder.
The signing of the warrant last
week gave defense attorneys only one
week to prepare.
"A lot of people feel the primary
reason for the seven-day warrant was
to limit Amnesty International's
ability to have sufficient time to
mobilize a public opinion assault as
they did very effectively for the sixth
warrant," said Spalding.
Heel needs you!
four the Dailee Tarheel. Proofreading,1:
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captions it fits right into your J
active, fun-loving lifestyle.
Come to Room 208 in the Student;.
Union Thursday at 4:30 p.m. for a;i
meeting and a chance to show off;'
your natural flair for copy editing.;
Bring a dictionary and or AP Style-;
book if you want. Call Karen Bell ;1
or Kaarin Tisue at the DTH office
if you cannot attend. i
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