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2The Daily Tar Heel Wednesday, March 16, 1988
World and Natiom
From Associated Press reports
PANAMA CITY, Panama Riot
police using tear gas, shotguns and
a water cannon Tuesday broke up a
demonstration by unpaid public
employees as Panama's military
government announced it would
begin partial salary payments to
thousands of government workers.
More than 500 employees of the
Social Security Administration's
main hospital in Panama City
blocked a divided highway this
morning before three units of riot
police dispersed them.
"Fewer guns, more medicine," the
A nurse, who declined to give her
name for fear of reprisals, said the
hospital's 9,000 employees had been
given no explanation by supervisors
of when or how they would be paid.
Reporters saw five or six people
brought to the hospital with minor
injuries from birdshot fired by police
during the melee, which tied up traffic
for more than two hours. The facility
was offering only emergency services.
The presidential press office said
the partial payments would be made
on a sliding scale that would give full
wages to more than half of the public
servants, with others receiving a
percentage of their salaries.
The action came a day after
sporadic violence broke out in the
capital and the Caribbean port city
of Colon, the nation's second largest,
after word spread that public
employees would not be paid this
Directors of the National Feder
ation of Public Servants, which
represents nearly all government
employees, said they would reject the
government plan and demand full
Several miles away, police spraying
diluted tear gas from a water cannon
broke up another demonstration by
about 300 teachers and employees of
the Ministry of Education.
Disturbances erupted Monday
when thousands of public employees
failed to receive their semi-monthly
paychecks. Strikes that were begun
by teachers, dock and telephone
workers were joined Tuesday by
employees of the Ministry of Treas
ury and Finance.
The Reagan administration hopes
the government's inability to pay its
workers will bring down Manuel
Noriega, the military chief who
controls the government.
Noriega, under indictment in the
United States on federal narcotics
smuggling charges, on Feb. 26 engi
neered the ousting of President Eric
Arturo Delvalle after Delvalle tried
to fire him.
The United States imposed several
new economic sanctions on Panama
last Friday, including the withholding
of $6.5 million in Panama Canal fees
due this week. It earlier cut off all
economic and military aid to the
Foreign and local banks also have
remained closed in Panama.
In another development, the Pan
amanian government asked Terrence
Kneebone, director of the U.S.
Information Service, to leave the
country within 48 hours, a U.S.
Embassy source said.
The government did not explain
the expulsion. But Kneebone, a
leading embassy spokesman, has
formally responded to several govern
ment accusations in the past week,
including a formal charge that the
United States was preparing to invade
His response to that allegation was
that it was "ridiculous."
Church names first black U.S. archbishop
From Associated Press reports
ATLANTA Monsignor Eugena
Marino was named Roman Catholic
archbishop of Atlanta today, becom
ing the first black archbishop in the
Marino called his appointment "a
great sign of hope to all of our
Blacks have a rich religious tradi
tion, but "not a rich tradition that
enriches the Catholic church,"
Marino said today at a news confer
ence in Atlanta.
Marino said he was "not one to
dodge issues; at the same time I am
not one to go out and look for issues
for issues' sake."
He said he would try to follow the
example of Jesus Christ, who "never
quite went out of his way, either to
address needs or to avoid addressing
The appointment was announced
by the Vatican and in Washington
by Archbishop Pio Laghi, the Apos
tolic Pro-Nuncio in the United States.
Marino, 53 and a member of the
Josephite order, succeeds Archbishop
Thomas Donnellan, who died Oct.
15. Marino has been an auxiliary
bishop in Washington since 1974.
He now will be titular head of the
Roman Catholic church in Georgia,
North Carolina and South Carolina,
although his responsibilities beyond
the archdiocese in north Georgia are
Marino said he hopes to expand
the number of black Catholics in this
country. There are about 1.3 million
blacks among the 52 million U.S.
Marino is the first black Catholic
archbishop in the United States, said
William Ryan, spokesman for the
United States Catholic Conference in
In 1971, Marino became the first
black priest to hold the major office
of vicar general of a religious com
munity the Josephite Fathers, who
are headquartered in Washington.
He is also the first auxiliary bishop
to be elected to high office in the
National Conference of Catholic
Bishops and the United States
Catholic Conference. His three-year
term as secretary of the groups ends
Marino was bora in Biloxi, Miss.,
on May 29, 1934. He studied at
Epiphany Apostolic College in New
burgh, N.Y., from 1952 to 1955; at
Mary Immaculate Novitiate, also in
Newburgh, from 1955 to 1956; and
at St. Joseph's Seminary in Washing
ton from 1956 to 1962.
He also received a master's degree
in religious education from Fordham
Marion was ordained at the Shrine
of the Immaculate Conception in
Washington on June 9, 1962.
He taught at Epiphany College
from 1962 to 1968, and served as
spiritual director of the permanent
diaconate training program for the
Washington Archdiocese from 1969
Marino was elected to a four-year
term as vicar general of the Josephite
Fathers on July 13, 1971, and was
serving in that capacity when he was
named auxiliary bishop of Washing
ton and titular bishop of Walla Walla,
Wash., on July 15, 1974.
Gorbachev discusses tension
among Soviet ethnic groups
From Associated Press reports
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev,
on a five-day visit to Yugoslavia,
said Monday that ethnic minor
ities stirring unrest in his vast
country are raising old grievances
but not challenging the authority
of the Communist government.
Gorbachev is the first Soviet
leader to visit Yugoslavia since the
death of President Josip Broz Tito
in May 1980.
Referring to recent demonstra
tions in Yerevan, capital of Soviet
Armenia, and rioting in neighbor
ing Azerbaijan between ethnic
Azerbaijanis and Armenians that
left more than 30 people dead,
Gorbachev said the problems had
been brewing for a long time.
Late Monday, Gorbachev
began talks with President Lazar
Mojsov and Bosko Krunic, head
of Yugoslavia's party.
Yugoslavia's assistant foreign
minister, Ilija Djukic, later said
national minorities were not raised
as a separate topic, but that in a
general discussion on social devel
opments, Gorbachev stressed the
difficulty of resolving ethnic
Bus driver laws amended
RALEIGH The federal
government agreed on Tuesday to
a transition plan under which 17-year-olds
can continue to drive
North Carolina school buses in 42
counties until June 15.
But U.S. Labor Department
Secretary Ann McLaughlin
warned Gov. Jim Martin in a letter
that the state must abide by certain
regulations or risk losing the
exemption that allowed the state
to use the teenagers again.
Earlier this month, the labor
News in Brief
department notified North Caro
lina and South Carolina that it was
ending an exemption allowing the
17-year-old drivers because the
state had violated the terms of the
exemption, primarily by using
drivers who had moving
Legislation that would override
the labor department's Feb. 25
decision to disallow 17-year-old
drivers after April 1 passed the
House earlier this month.
N.C. lawyers disbarred
RALEIGH Two lawyers,
one in Sanford and one in Wil
mington, have been disbarred, two
Durham lawyers have been cen
sured and a Raleigh lawyer has
been reinstated, in actions
announced Tuesday by the N.C.
John Stokes of Sanford was
disbarred Jan. 15 by the Bar
Council after he surrendered his
license for appropriating a client's
funds to his own use.
Based on an affidavit signed by
Stokes, the council found that he
had taken the client's funds in a
real-estate settlement and given
the client a worthless check.
Stokes also signed, or directed
someone to sign, a notary's name
on legal documents and affixed the
notary seal without the notary's
knowledge, the council said.
M. Anderson Howell of Wil
mington was disbarred Oct. 23
after admitting to misappropriat
ing a client's funds. Howell sur
rendered his license, according to
the council's order of disbarment.
Shultz, Israeli prime minister still differ on Middle East peace plan
From Associated Press reports Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak But he called the first of three days others in the Middle East."
WASHINGTON Secretary of Shamir over a U.S. plan for opening of talks with Shamir constructive and Shamir underscored one of the
State George Shultz said Tuesday he Mideast peace negotiations by May said "we feel encouraged to continue main differences. He said that in
was unable to bridge differences with 1. our efforts to work with Israel and Israel's view, the Middle East peace
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conference Shultz wants to convene
next month to set the stage for
negotiations could not play "any
Meanwhile, President Ronald
Reagan sought to reassure Shamir he
would not be put under U.S. pressure
to agree to any particular solution to
Israel's ' 40-year dispute with the ;
Arabs. " 1 ' 1 "
But Reagan stressed that "making
progress toward peace in the Middle
East not only serves mutual interests,
it is urgent."
In a speech to the United Jewish
Appeal, the president said he would
tell Shamir at the White House on
Wednesday that "peace will not be
imposed by us or anyone else."
Shultz met with Shamir for about
three hours, first over blueberry
pancakes at the secretary's home in
suburban Maryland and then at his
State Department office.
"We haven't found our way to
bridge all of the differences," Shultz
said afterward. "I see quite clearly
what the nature of the differences are
and what they arent."
Shultz did not offer any details, but
Shamir restated his opposition to an
international forum that would
include the Soviet Union and China,
which do not have diplomatic rela
tions with Israel and usually support
"We are interested, first of all, to
negotiate directly with all the parties
concerned," Shamir said. "We don't
see any positive role for an interna
The prime minister described his
first round with Shultz as "very
serious and thorough." He pledged
to cooperate "to get peace and to
enhance the prospects for peace in
But, he added, the Arabs were not
willing to negotiate with Israel.
Avi Pazner, a spokesman for
Shamir, said the U.S. proposal for
an international conference was "a
sticking point that has to be resolved
. if we are going.to go ahead."
" King 1 Hussein of Jordan has
demanded the "conference. Pazner
said Hussein sees it as "an instrument
which would be used by the enemies
of Israel, both Arabs and non-Arabs,
like countries that do not have
diplomatic relations with Israel, to
put pressure on Israel to try to bring
Israel to agree to solutions it would
not agree to in free negotiations in
Washington with U.S. and Soviet
'blessing.' " Pazner said Shamir
stands by the offer even though it was
rejected by the king.
The Israeli spokesman said Shamir
did not give Shultz an answer to the
overall proposal for negotiations. "He
did not say yes, he did not say no,"
Israel imposed a travel ban Tues
day, one of several moves a moderate
Arab mayor said would increase
bitterness and hatred in the occupied
lands. Hospital officials said soldiers
killed two Arabs and wounded 12.
According to U.N. figures, 96
Palestinians have been killed since
violence began Dec. 8 in the terri
tories Israel occupied during the 1967
Middle East war, three from the
effects of tear gas and the rest from
gunfire or beatings.
The travel ban is one of several
restrictions Israel hopes will reduce
the underground Palestinian leader
ship's success in running strikes and
forcing the resignations of Arab
police and tax collectors.
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