North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, March 17, 19883
Shrinking ozone iayeir increases
nsk of skin canceir, NASAay
By ERIC GRIBBIN
The ozone layer above the Uni
ted States has shrunk by 2.3 percent
since 1969, according to a study
released Tuesday by NASA.
The National Aeronautics and
Space Administration panel calcu
lated that a I percent reduction in
ozone could result in a 5 or 6
percent increase in the number of
cases of skin cancer, said NASA
public affairs officer Charles
NASA blamed the ozone deple
tion on chlorofluorocarbons
(CFCs), chemicals used as refrig
erants and in power aerosol sprays,
"NASA said that the observed
ozone changes may be due wholly
or in part to CFCs," Redmond
said. "There is no other condition
that they can find, but there is the
possibility that another destructive
agent exists but the research has
not found one yet."
. The study covered all natural
phenomena, such as changes in
ozone due to the sunspot cycle, that
could possibly affect the ozone
level, Redmond said.
The NASA report came one day
after the U.S. Senate voted unani
mously to make the U.S. the first
major chemical-producing nation
to ratify the Montreal Protocol, a
treaty signed by 31 countries last
September, Redmond said.
The Protocol requires a reduc
tion in the use of fully-halogenated
CFCs, or those with the longest life
in the atmosphere, by 50 percent
over the next decade, Kevin Fay
said. Fay is the executive director
of the Alliance for Responsible
CFC Policy, an organization that
represents the interests of those
American industries that produce
"We are concerned about the
NASA survey," Fay said. "NASA's
models underpredict the ozone
levels at northern and far southern
latitudes and overpredict levels at
high latitudes, where they should
be most accurate.
"There's an awful lot of conflict
ing information. The fact that the
U.S. has ratified the Montreal
Protocol has a long-term effect, but
the report has no definite short
term effects (upon the industry).
We need some analysis of the risk
involved in order to determine
whether or not the current levels
of the Protocol are sufficient.'"
Chris Rice, spokesman for the
Environmental Protection Agency,
said the EPA initially limited the
use of CFCs in 1978. It banned the
non-essential use of CFCs as a
propellant in non-aerosol cans, and
most companies switched to hydro
carbons, leading to a 40 percent
drop in the use of CFCs. But by
1985, U.S. production of CFCs had
climbed back to 1978 levels.
That 1978 ban resulted from
heightened public awareness of the
dangers of CFCs detailed in the
landmark Rowland and Molina
paper, he said. This paper des
cribed the process by which ultra
violet light breaks off a chlorine
atom from the CFC molecule, thus
allowing this chlorine atom to
attack several ozone atoms and
break them apart, Rice said.
"A number of studies in the early
eighties cast doubts upon the
Rowland-Molina theory and led to
an increase in CFC use. But now
the NASA study has brought the
issue back to the forefront," Rice
Democrats slam Martin's campaign ads
By WILLIAM TAGGART
N.C. Democratic Party Chairman
Jim Van Hecke strongly criticized
campaign television advertisements
for Gov. Jim Martin Tuesday, saying
they quoted inaccurate job statistics
and failed to give credit to Lt. Gov.
Bob Jordan and the legislature for
improvements in the state's roads and
But Tim Pittman, press secretary
for Martin's re-election campaign,
refuted Van Hecke 's claims, saying
the reaction to the television ads
proves they are getting across.
"The Democrats have never faced
a person with true reforms like
Martin," Pittman said. "In the past,
politics ruled the government. Now,
good government rules the
"Gov. Martin has changed the way
the state does business."
The figure of 300,000 jobs quoted
in the ad is from the U.S. Bureau
of Labor, Pittman said. Because the
statistic is not from the state govern
ment, any claims of the figure being
padded are unfounded, he said.
"We agree completely with Van
Hecke's criticisms," said Phil Wells,
press secretary for Lt. Gov. Bob
Jordan's campaign for governor.
The economy of the state is doing
well and there have been great strides
recently, but the Martin administra
tion is built on the work of former
Democratic Gov. Jim Hunt, Wells
Martin should take credit for the
improvement of the state's roads,
Pittman said. His accomplishments
include the completion of Interstate
40, which is completely under con
tract for the end of 1988, and a new
strategy for building local roads, he
The campaign will continue its
strategy of focusing on the positive
from page 1
Results indicated that students
preferred a speaker who was involved
in national affairs rather than one
who was directly connected to the
University, he said.
"We wanted someone with a
national scope who could bring a
meaningful message to the gradu
ates," Freeman said.
McPhatter said the committee had
considered several prominent UNC
alumni, but members wanted a
unique speaker who had not spoken
at a UNC commencement before.
Students often propose celebrities
as commencement speakers, but
speaker fees that are sometimes as
high as $15,000 prevent the commit
tee from getting them, Freeman said.
The University will pay Bumpers'
expenses, but he will not receive a
speaker's fee, Freeman said.
"We're real excited about it,"
Freeman said. "We're looking for
ward to May 8!"
Seniors can get information about
caps and gowns, class rings, hotel
arrangements, parking and other
items concerning commencement
exercises today from 1 1 a.m. to 4 p.m.
in Great Hall in the Student Union.
Freeman said he did not know
what Bumpers would speak about,
but that he assumed it would center
on the importance of education, as
he is known for his support of
educational programs and opposition
to financial aid cuts.
It brings out the best
in all of us.
changes in the Martin administration,
Pittman said. They have no plans to
start a negative campaign.
"We will stay positive until it gets
so negative we must respond," Pitt
But Wells said Martin's campaign
established a negative tone for the
race by issuing a press release attack
The Jordan campaign will respond
with a positive ad campaign pointing
out the difference between Martin as
a sitting governor and Jordan as an
active lieutenant governor, Wells
Robert Jones, communications
director for the N.C. Republican
Party, said the criticisms are part of
the rhetoric of a political campaign.
"Campaigns interpret maneuvers
in their favor during a race," Jones
said. The Democrats publicize what
the legislature did, but do not
highlight what proposals of Martin
they defeated, he said.
Jordan does not deserve credit for
the positive developments of the last
four years, Jones said.
"The governor is the chief executive
officer of the state. If he takes the
blame for what goes wrong, he
deserves the credit for what goes
right," Jones said.
The rapid expansion of our fleet - already one of the largest in the skies - has
created new openings for flight attendants.
If you're about to start a career or want to make a career switch or if you're
interested in returning to the work force, we welcome your application. What
we have to offer is nothing less than an exciting and rewarding future with an
airline that's first in the air and second to none on the ground.
Friendly, outgoing personality
with neat, well-groomed
Willinq and able to relocate.
You must be a U.S. citizen or
lawfully permitted to work
in the U.S.
High school diploma or CCD.
Height: S'VA " to 6 0" without
shoes. Weight in proportion to
Age: 20 years minimum.
Vision: 2050 minimum (each
eye). Corrective lenses acceptable.
Two years college or two years public
contact experience preferred. Fluency
in a second language desired.
If interested, please send a self addressed,
business size envelope for an
application and career information to:
American Airlines, Inc.
Flight Service Recruitment
P.O. Box 619410. Mail Drop 908
DFW Airport. TX 75261-9410
ATTN: Dept. SUNCCH31788
American) Ai rl i mes
Bu irhamm boaird voices opposition
to hosting so peir collider project
By HELLE NIELSEN
The Durham County Board of
Commissioners voted unanimously
Monday not to support the supercon
ducting super collider (SSC) because
of the lack of information available
about the project's impact. The board
is the first public body to take such
The project would have a big
impact on Durham County, Commis
sioner Becky Heron said in an
"My main concerns are the disrup
tion of the Rougemont community,
the environmental impact and the
lack of a fiscal analysis," Heron said.
North Carolina is one of seven final
contenders for the super collider,' a
research project to study the creation
of matter by smashing subatomic
particles into smaller particles in an
If North Carolina gets the SSC,
the tunnel would be located under
ground in Durham, Granville and
Person counties, though the exact
location of the tunnel has not been
People now living on and owning
the chosen land would be displaced,
which is causing opposition to the
project in some areas, most notably
in Rougemont, north of Durham.
In addition, Heron had environ
mental concerns about a four-lane
road to be built through Durham's
watershed to accommodate the
"If the super collider isnt coming
we don't need all those roads," she
Heron criticized a 1987 executive
summary that concluded the project
would have no environmental impact.
"That's just not true," she said.
"Gov. (Jim) Martin also said there
is no resistance to the project," Heron
said. "That's bull. There's a lot of
In another development, Martin
announced he will appoint a 15
member commission on the super
conducting super collider, a decision
partially spurred by a suggestion from
the Durham County commissioners.
"The commission basically comes
out of an idea expressed at a Durham
County commissioners meeting Feb.
23," said Bill Dunn, the state project
director for the SSC. "(Martin) hopes
to have the commission ready within
about a month."
Dunn will head the commission.
"It will be reasonable to include
people with an awareness of the
issues," he said. "Those issues are
primarily land and property issues,
roads and environmental issues."
The commission's responsibilities
include making recommendations to
the state on the final siting of the
tunnel and roads. The commission
could also review "any property
acquisitions that might be contested"
by displaced land owners, Dunn said.
Kathy Register, a board member
of the environmental group "Save the
Water," said she thinks the commis
sion has the wrong focus, and she
criticized that it was headed by Dunn,
"an unabashed supporter" of the
"They assume that the collider is
going to be here," Register said. "The
question (for the commission) is not
whether the collider is a good idea;
to my mind that is what it ought to
DriveLf V .-i
Chapel Hill. NC
From E Franklin St.
turn on Couch Rd. at
Hours-. M-F9-6. Sat 10-5. Sun 1-
Take Advantage of our Oxford Club"
At Sunstone, we cater to the professional.
Whether you prize elegant interiors, social
activities, recreational activities or a
convenient location. Sunstone has it all.
yCi and ask about our flexible leasing
: J4 incentives r
In Chapel Hill '
An equal opportunity employer
Who's QhiBclk Taylor?
It was 1917. Before there was an NBA. Before anybody was playing basketball for a
living. Chuck Taylor, like most semi-pros, needed a second job so he could continue
playing the game he loved. He went to Converse, a small company in Maiden,
Massachusetts. They had just started to making basketball shoes, and hired Chuck as a
salesman. But before he started selling the shoes that would soon be called "Chucks,"
he suggested Converse make a few improvements. The young company took the
advice of its new salesman, and the "Ambassador of Basketball" went on to single
handedly make "Chucks" the most famous shoe in the game.
Cushion heel and arch, 8-ply toe
construction, peg top, and fun and flashy
colors combine court smarts and street
appeal. Get the hot, new Chucks today!
Chuck Taylors Classics
All Stars from
Resister To Win A
TT1IP F1 WJ
to see the Washinston
Bullets in action at the
Capital Center! Airfare and
hotel included! Other
prizes include shoes and
NBA poster packs. HURRY
resister at Durham
Sportins Goods by March
Listen to G 105 for more details!
University tell, Chapel Hill
South Square Hall, Durham
Northgatc Idall, Durham
:SF3TS Oahcreeh Village, Durham
llorth Hills f,lall, Raleigh
ttlaeGrcgor Village, Cary
Golden Bast, Roelry Mount
Parltvood t,lall, Vlilson
Where good sports get better
us r rmnr
w 2 Lyy
Come in for a live
The cookin's timed in seconds.
Hwy. 54 at I-40 493-8096 967-8227
i fchfrdMiiW. "" ' " it